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Tribal Clashes and the Bloodshed

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Tribal Clashes in the parts of Baluchistan and Sindh bring miseries and destruction as warring tribes go on Killing Sprees and do not stop until they equal the numbers.

They go on a massive scale and target indiscriminately, the young and old are consumed in the fire of revenge and vengeance.

Tribal clashes create several socioeconomic problems that compel the tribes men to adopt criminal activities for instance armed robbery, mobile snatching, motorbike snatching and stealing in the rural areas where police patrolling is not available.

Sindh, Baluchistan, KP and Punjab are embedded in the Feudal fabric that is controlling the social, cultural and political arena of these provinces.

This is obviously the great game of some sardars and politicians to incite the tribes to fight to settle their dispute. The disputes are triggered from trivial issues like water share, agriculture land disputes, grazing of animals in somebody’s farmlands, marriage, illicit relations and Karo Kari (honour Killings).

These tribal feuds have already consumed thousands of innocent lives since our judicial system fails to provide relief so people are forced to seek justice from the traditional jirga system, run by the tribal chiefs. Regrettably, the Jirga’s decisions are unmerited in most cases,women are given in exchange to settle the disputes,and the verdicts are binding on both parties.

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During the colonial era British conferred various benefits to these feudals due to their allegiance to the British Empire. They were awarded lands and properties along with various titles that still exist in today’s Pakistan.

Titles such as sardar,Mir,Nawab, Khan Bahadur, rais and Muqdum are used even today. The princely states were also classified as Salute and Non-salute states, depending on their favorability with the British.

These states were controlled indirectly by British India. Some examples include Bahawalpur, Khairpur, Makran, and Kalat.

For a long time these entitled elite have been ruling and controlling Sindh, Baluchistan and Punjab, for more than seven decades they have had a stronghold in these areas socially, economically and politically.

There are several sardars who traditionally hold hereditary Turbans (pug) of Tribal chief and control their community along with other communities.

In Baluchistan, the most active Sardari tribes are Bugti, Marri, Mengal, Bizenjo, Jamali, Magsi and Rind, In Sindh Sundrani, Bijarani, Mahar,Chandio, Mazari, Lund, Pitafi, Arbabs, Khoso, Chachar, Teghani, Jatoi, Bhayo and Shar. Syed tribes have been ruling the roost in Sindh for several decades, the most important seat of CM falls in their domain.

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The heads of these tribal chiefs are autocratic princes and have totalitarian control over the people of their tribes;they enjoy the full authority in their respective areas.

These jirgas are not only lucrative businesses for the sardars, but they also aid them in consolidating their influence over their tribe members who then vote them to assemblies and the Parliament

The Sundrani, Bijarani, Mahar and Chandio Tribal chiefs control the greatest number of tribes in Sindh whereas Rind, Marri, Bugti and Mengals control most of the Baloch tribes in Baluchistan.

The extent of their control can be assessed on the following point that no one can have even matrimonial proposal without their consent and their verdict is final in all matters.

Feudal influence persists in these areas only because of the absence of writ of state and of law and order.Therefore, the tribesmen are compelled to opt for the Jirgas to settle disputes.

These jirgas delegate infinite powers to the arbitrator (Tribal Chief) consequently some decisions are astounding and illogical, but the communities cannot challenge them because of fear and oppression.

The Jirga process is very slow,both warring tribes must mutually agree to end the dispute, this may involve several sittings. Sometimes, the tribes resume their clashes soon after a settlement and pursue the killing spree owing to resentment by one tribe.

The women especially the young girls bear the brunt of these tribal clashes as unmarried girls are exchanged for compensation in case of murder settlements.These girls live in misery as the family members treat them as the daughter of the enemy and resort to domestic abuse and violence.Consequently, the innocent girls become the victims of these tribal jirgas.

The school going children also become victims of these tribal clashes amid fear of attack if they go to school, the enemy may target these students. Such incidences have been reported in the past.

In a recent incident between the Teghani and Bijarani tribes, two innocent students of matriculation were killed they were prepared to appear in the exams this March, unfortunate death took care that.

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In another ironic incident a 70-year-old man was shot in the head when he was riding his donkey cart to work so he could feed his minor children and wife. Instead of getting food on the table in the evening the family received his dead body.

One recent incident still resonates in the minds of many when 30 innocent lives were lost in exchange of fire between two tribes owing to a trivial issue of illegal grazing of a cow. This continues to happen due to widespread illiteracy and unrestricted use of sophisticated weapons.

This was the one of the worst examples when dozens of men, women and children got butchered in a single day,in a blatant display of barbarity.

The role of Police is very dismal rather dubious since such incidences also occur in cities,in broad day light. Police usually arrive late giving these trigger happy thugs a license to kill innocent people.

The open display of sophisticated weapons like fully automatic fire arms to rocket launchers makes one question how these communities manage to purchase such expensive arms when their purchase requires official approval and some are not even meant for civilians.

In some instances the police becomes an accomplice taking monetary benefits form the tribe that intends on attacking it’s rival turning a blinds eye.

The Government is clueless or an accomplice like the police in these incidents or deliberately avoids legislation against this butchery of humanity since most of the MPA’s and MNA’s are tribal chiefs themselves. They will never legislate against these crimes as they are well aware that legislation means curtailing their own powers and monetary losses.

It is high time that civil society, legal fraternity, and human rights defenders must come forward to stop this massacre in the name tribal disputes and the Supreme Court of Pakistan must take notice of this cold-blooded murder.

The Government should ban the jirgas completely and all murders under the guise of Honour Killings and Tribal disputes should be treated as a crime against humanity with exemplary punishments. Government should also control issuing of licenses to civilians.

The civil society must create awareness against and promote love and harmony among the communities so that they may settle their differences peacefully and never engage in fighting.Precious human lives need to be preserved especially those of the youth.

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Kashmir Lockdown, UNGA & Thereafter

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The Kashmir lockdown enters the Third Month but Modi is undeterred from Lifting Curfew in Indian Occupied Kashmir ever since he took the unilateral move to change disputed Status of Jammu and Kashmir by Scrapping Articles 370 & 35-A of Indian Constitution.

The Maiden Speech of PM Imran Khan in UNGA was curtain-raiser since he advocated the case of  Kashmir aggressively and strongly along with raising Key points of Islamophobia and Blasphemy. On the contrary, Modi even did not mention Kashmir dispute.

Imran Khan’s UNGA Speech was very impressive and represented the spirit of Statesman. The world was apprised that Indian unilateral move has put Kashmir at stake and over 90 days lockdown has brought the State into Turmoil and severe Economic Crisis since the Shops and Businesses are closed. Services of Telephone, Cell phone and Internet services are suspended.

 There is a complete ban on Electronic and Print Media. Even Indian Opposition leaders were returned from the Airport by Indian Forces to hide the draconian laws that are aimed at ethnic cleansing by Killing innocent Kashmiris with pelt Guns and the banned Cluster Bombs.

Pakistan has urged the world Community especially UN to send independent observers to review the law order situation and the grave human rights violation and the misery caused by unjust and inhuman 90 days lockdown that has created serious Food and Medicine shortage and 12 Million People are restricted to House arrest and all the leadership is detained.

 Pakistan has highlighted the issue and the Issue went Global that has baffled India to follow up PM Imran Speech by levelling biased and baseless allegations that had nothing to do with the PM’s Speech or Kashmir Dispute.

Even the Trump administration realized that the lockdown or 90 Days curfew has played havoc with the lives of the innocent Kashmiris making the situation miserable and abysmal for living. On the contrary, the Ceasefire violations on part of India on LOC are very intense that escalated the already tense Situation owing to Modi’s unilateral move. The Recent LOC Shelling by Indian armed forces is targeting Civilian settlements that are tantamount to Human rights.

Pakistan Army invited a great number of Diplomats belonging to various countries to visit sites affected by the Indian Army Shelling along the LoC. They all opined that India has deliberately targeted civilian Population since they did not find any sign of Terrorist Camps since the area is residential and categorically rejected Indian claims. They also declared the people as peaceful citizens.

According to Indian claims that they hit the terrorist camps and destroyed their hideouts but so far it has failed to provide any solid evidence.

Even, the Indian High Commissioner was invited to visit the site but he did not bother to visit the site owing to Modi’ extensive Pressure to serve Indian interests. India has been playing with fire to drag Pakistan in the conventional war that would be disastrous for the two arch-rival neighbours and the whole region. since China has already expressed its concerns regarding Kashmir conflict. Indian doesn’t miss any opportunity to blame Pakistan if any adverse thing happens in India or IOK.

The point behind these war tactics of India may be that it wanted to divert the attention of the world community from J&K atrocities, Genocide and ethnic cleansing towards escalating  LOC situation by exchange firing to target civilians.

The world stands mum over the grave situation in J&K after Modi’s move of forcible annexation of August 5, 2019, making J&K and Ladakh as Union Territories and allowing  Indian citizens to buy properties and getting citizenship so that the bloody plan of converting Muslim majority into a minority could be perpetrated. 

Despite recording protest on the international platforms of UN and UNSC, Pakistan has not been able to win much support from the world powers except China and Russia since fair-weather friend the US has left Pakistan and especially Kashmir people echoing in the desert where the world sleeps but Kashmir bleeds.

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Pakistani Premier also raised his strong voice against  Islamophobia and  advocated the case  of  Blasphemy against  Sacred beliefs and Personalities and specially  presented the case of Kashmir in a strong manner  that was seconded by China, Malaysia, Turkey and Iran

The presence of 8 lac armed forces in Jammu and Kashmir heralds the actual scenario and the gravity of imbroglio and conflict further aggravated after the 90 Days continuous curfew that has made over 12 million Kashmiris as hostages -a grave human rights violations goes unnoticed by UN and World powers having a stake in New World Order.

Over 90 Days curfew has restricted  Kashmiris in houses resulting acute shortage of Food Items, Medicines and other utilities. There has been complete Media Blackout, Internet and Telecommunication has been suspended and people are plunged into darkness.

The Schools, Colleges and Universities are closed calling for immediate UN intervention to put pressure on India to lift the illegal and inhuman curfew lasting for over three months that has paralyzed the paradise-like valley.

The People of Kashmiris are denied fundamental rights that have thrown these innocent souls in the well of Disappointment and deprivation since these unarmed souls are helpless before the cruel armed forces who are there to loot, plunder and torture the youth and take them to detention centres in order suppress the demand and dismantle freedom movement.

Calling itself a secular state but coward inside to extent that it has unscrupulous plans to have Kashmir sans Kashmiris and to give vent to his ambitious plan through, the turmoil, genocide, chaos and bloodshed and causing bloodbath will never be fulfilled.

Despite the passage of 3 months, there is no respite for innocent Kashmiri People. The situation has been so tense that our PM apprised the world that Kashmir has become the nuclear flashpoint and if two nuclear efficient neighbours got engaged in a conventional war, the repercussions would be very gruesome and will expand to the whole region.

Though Pakistan has globalized  the Kashmir dispute, the world response has been quite dismal as UNGA has not called a session to discuss   the issue  to prevent nuclear war between India and Pakistan over the core issue of Kashmir  as both the neighbours are claiming to hold the control of  the valley but the plebiscite is the only solution in light of  UN resolutions to determine the future course of action  that whether Kashmiris want to be annexed with Pakistan, India or just want to retain their  Independent status . 

Pakistan has shown the real face of Modi at every world platform so that the world should come forward to exert pressure on  India to lift illegal Curfew and release the Kashmiri leadership inclusive of those who were pro India.

It is the right of Kashmiris to decide about their future regardless of any pressure or force since violence has aggravated the situation and added fuel to fire in an already grave situation in IOK.

Pakistan has done a tremendous job in highlighting the  Kashmir and taken into confidence UK, US, Iran, China Malaysia, Russia and Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) pleading to raise the voice against serious human rights violations and atrocities committed by 8,00,000 lac  forces who are ransacking  houses, killing innocent Kashmiris in order to establish their Nazi-type  writ  in IOK .

The issue should be discussed in the UN and the Kashmiris be given right of self-determination by holding a plebiscite under the UN in Jammu and Kashmir. The state should be restored to previous disputed status so that Indian claims may be quashed as per partition plan of 1947.

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In a recent move to escalate the situation and integrate the disputed state, Delhi has formally repealed the disputed state of Jammu and Kashmir’s constitutional autonomy and divided it into two federal territories in an attempt aimed integrating it in entirety with India instigating yet another reason for escalation on Loc and protests in IOK. 

 

The midnight move of cowardice has further worsened the situation when the state of J&K was formally taken under direct federal control and divided into the territories of Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh that ended decade’s long semi-autonomous rule owing to the disputed status of IOK guaranteed by articles 370 and 35-A of Indian constitution.

The unilateral and hegemonies move  by Indian Premier  Modi calls  for immediate  UN intervention to prevent war  since  after the Wednesday’ move  to divide  IOK into two states and giving them in direct Federal control has irked  the sentiments of  Kashmiris and  Pakistanis altogether  having established strong reasons for escalation that may lead to full scale war between Pakistan and India given the grave circumstances .

India has crossed all the limits of atrocities and the innocent Kashmiris are looking towards Pakistan and the World powers especially UN to play their active and strong role to put pressure on India to backtrack from its aggressive policy and settle the dispute through dialogue and in light of UN resolutions. 

Pakistan has always played the role of peacemaker and has been the frontrunner in War on terror and brought the Taliban on Negotiation table to sign a peace deal with the US so that US Troops withdrawal may be possible.

Even PM Imran’s visit to Iran and Saudi Arab is aimed at diffusing tensions between Two Islamic countries to avert economic crisis likely to emerge if Oil prices go up due to conflict between two major oil-producing countries.

Finally, the Azadi march led by Moulana Fazal and other opposition parties likely to benefit India in their move to annex IOK and their control over the State.

One might be wondering that what prompted Moulana for Azadi March, demanding resignation from PM after 13 Months, is still unclear but some analysts are of the view that there must be some hidden hands involved behind this Azad March or some figures of power corridors that are supporting and financing the marchers in background. These characters may appear on the big screen as the time goes by and as Moulana unfolds his agenda of March or so-called dharna.

Being an analyst, I predict conspiracy against PTI government to put pressure on Government to get unethical demands accepted made by opposition or there would be anarchy if any skirmishes emerge between the marchers and The Government. 

This was not the perfect time to march or stage dharna since Pakistan is in state of unannounced war with India and the Poor Kashmiris are looking towards Pakistan to express solidarity with their indigenous freedom movement and extending support.

Moulana Fazal Rahman is a senior Politician and a very sensible person, will not commit any blunder revolting against the state but to some extent, the march could be vindicated given the inflation and sudden increase in the prices of Commodities.

Let’s hope that Opposition’s rehbar Committee and Government’s Committee will resolve the issues peacefully and the marchers will return safely to their home if both committees agree on the legitimate demands except PM’s resignation since it would be unjust to topple the Government.

 Let PTI Government complete their 5-year Term so that opposition may have the valid reason to criticize the Policies that put the economy on risk or become responsible for isolation owing to weak or ineffective diplomacy.

At the moment Both Government and Opposition should come on the same page so that our enemies may not take benefits of internal differences; all attention should be directed towards national interests rather than personal interests. 

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China-India Stand-Off and the Emerging World Order

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The Recent showdown between  People’s Liberation Army and Indian Army has escalated the situation in Galwan valley along the  Line of Actual Control  (LAC) Between China and India. The unarmed fight resulted in the killing of 20 Indian Soldiers while the casualties on China side have not been confirmed yet.

The analysts link the fight with Indian Unilateral move on August 05 2019, when it annexed the disputed territory of  Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh by repealing article 370. 

This move irked both Pakistan and china and both raised the issue at UNSC and UNGA and recorded their protest against such unilateral move that was tantamount to UN Security Council Resolutions that asked for holding a plebiscite in disputed  Jammu and Kashmir. 

Unfortunately, India has worst diplomatic relations with its neighbours such as Afghanistan, China, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. It has used all its resources to destabilize neighbouring states especially Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh and  Sri Lanka. 

The recent clash has serious repercussion after 40  years when both Nations clashed in 1962. The war clouds are looming as both Nations are preparing to engage in a full-scale war that might be disastrous for the whole region. So much so that  UK  Newspapers called it World War –III as two biggest South Asian Countries engaged in fighting that was a heavy blow to Fascist Modi who is the mastermind of Muslim Massacre and Genocide. 

Even linked  Covid-19 outbreak with Muslims, that showed his Hindutva mindset and stupidity. The Indian reaction to boycott Chinese Brands will cost the heavily economically as world economies are already fragile owing to two-month lockdown that has paralyzed the business and Trade and limited people to their houses.

Pakistan has been watching the emerging situation after  June 15 Clash between Chinese PLA and Indian Army, is ready to defend its frontiers as Forces put on Red Alert.

The high-level negotiations were held to deescalate the situation but all efforts of peacemaking have not produced positive results and Modi’s BJP is underfire internally since Congress has been posing hard questions as Chinese forces are present in areas claimed by India.

There are protests in Nepal against India as new released Map has reflected some disputed areas in India that have also sparked protests in Nepal. Though India still enjoys support from the US especially from President Donald Trump he is himself under pressure from Republicans owing to his failure to manage the pandemic and the cases are soaring each day.

America is worst affected by the pandemic with the maximum number of infections and deaths over one lac. India has also close relations with Israel and has purchased fighter jets and other war-related items.

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The recent mysterious bomb blasts targeting Iran’s Nuclear Installations and army camps have raised serious questions on the state of Iran’s internal l security measures as well as it let everybody wondering that who was behind the attacks but Iran has blamed Israel for the blasts.

Though none has accepted the responsibility of attacks, Iran has alleged Israel as Israel is the soul of the US and may be involved in a bombing incident.

The conflict will expand in the Middle East and South Asia if Iran takes aggressive action against Israel and on the other hand  If China and India engage in a full-scale war. 

The situation is getting tougher and complicated day by as US has been struggling to tackle with the pandemic issue that has infected millions of American baffling  US President Donald to the extent that It power game is waning each passing day and Global influence is declining due to economic crisis and massive unemployment owing to the pandemic.

The pandemic has forced hundreds of companies to lay off staff as they could not afford to pay the salaries of Staff given the lockdowns imposed by various Governments in the world as well as the sense of uncertainty gripping the enterprises and startups.

Though the health companies, Pharma and Tech companies, online stores and markets are booming with profit the most profitable business, travel and Tour, entertainment and Hotel Business and wedding Party and Even management Companies have almost been closed for an indefinite period owing to the restrictions placed by the Governments to control the outbreak of Covid-19.

US being superpower has been weakened or jolted by the pandemic and gradually losing its hold on world Affairs. On the contrary, China has been regaining the control and even declared itself superpower of the world. The World order is constantly changing and china has put itself in a strong geostrategic position even in the time of Pandemic.

Recent China and Iran Pact have further paved the for the success of CPEC since  Iran may join CPEC to make its oil available to China, Pakistan and  Central Asian Muslim Countries.

The inclusion of Iran in CPEC may further Isolate  India in the region since it will be surrounded by all sides i.e. China, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iran. Pakistan may play a leading role in the region since America has lost a sincere ally in South Asia.”

Pakistan Army and Civilian Leadership played a pivotal role peacemaking in Afghanistan by bringing the Taliban on the negotiation table and signing the deal with the US providing safe passage to US Troops Withdrawal.

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Turkey also emerging great power and may have a role in changing world order where US, UK may fade in history books as some international Policy Experts are of the view that Pandemic has provided a golden chance to countries like China to play a leading role as American hegemony has bitten the dust.

The upcoming  Presidential Elections will carve the future of America as Trump Administration has completely failed to manage and control Covid-19 and even put curbs on new Testing  Policy which is already under fire from his  Rival  Political  Party the  Democrats, especially the  Presidential Election Nominee  Joe Biden.

The November is just two months away and these  Presidential Elections will be both violent and historical since the African American will support Democrats as they are fed up with Trump over racist thoughts especially brutal Killing of  African American George Floyd that prompted worldwide  Protests against racism and Police  Brutalities. 

The  Recent deal between Israel and UAE inked with efforts  Donald Trump has irked both Arab and  Non Arab Nations as recognition of  Israel will have serious repercussions on the Muslim world. 

 Efforts are being made by Turkey, Iran, Pakistan to form a new  Block as Since  Independence  Pakistan has clear Policy that it will never recognize Israel until Establishment of  Palestine  State as per the wishes of  People of  Palestine.  

Pakistan is the only Islamic country in the world that has reflected on its Passport that it is valid for all countries except Israel sending a strong message that It will never recognize Israel as it is an occupant.

Though at the moment, Pakistan is under pressure from the US  to recognize Israel this will not happen any time soon. The statement of  Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood  Qureshi has escalated  Pak Saudi diplomatic relations as Qureshi criticized that  OIC has not adopted the strong stance on Kashmir Issue. Though  Army Chief along with ISI chief paid a visit to Saudi Arab to mend ways but Pakistan’s weak economic structure will compel it to bow down before Pressure.

China is playing on the front foot as it’s expedition inside  Indian Controlled areas is advancing rapidly the escalation is high. The weakened structure of the US has given birth to new regional powers carving new world order as the US is waning due to wrong policies of  Donald. The emerging situation is favouring China, Russia, Turkey, Iran and Pakistan.

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PAKISTAN STRONGLY CONDEMNS ATTACKS AT A SCHOOL IN KABUL, AFGHANISTAN

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Pakistan strongly condemns the reprehensible attacks at a school in Kabul, Afghanistan which led to loss of many precious lives and injuries. The Government and the people of Pakistan offer heartfelt condolences to the Government and the people of Afghanistan and pray for quick recovery of the injured.

Pakistan condemns terrorism in all forms and manifestations. At this moment of grief, Pakistan stands by Afghan brethren in their struggle against the scourge of terrorism. Pakistan will continue to support Afghanistan on its path to peace, progress and prosperity.

Pakistan always wanted a peaceful and stable Afghanistan and has taken various initiatives to restore peace in Afghanistan .

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