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What is the future of education?

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               “Education is the question of Life and Death for us: –Quaid-e-Azam

Education is the backbone of any country and plays a pivotal role in shaping the future course of the nations in the world. Education builds the nation’s roots deeper and stronger and prepares them for the competitive and contemporary world. It is because of Education.

There is the debate that is the traditional approach to education still relevant in the age of Are traditional approaches to education still relevant in the era of the Fourth Industrial Revolution? Fred Swaniker. He negates the idea by saying don’t think so.

Fred Swankier: “It starts with recognition amongst all educators that the world is changing. To prepare people for the future, you need to design an education system that is forward-looking and not backwards-looking.”

According to educational experts that in today’s world, artificial intelligence, robotics and industrial revolution has bestowed the nations with tremendous growth and innovation in education and teaching methodologies. The rapid development is also caused by the advancement in science and technology and space engineering. Scientists have done a marvellous job in changing the landscape of the world with innovative inventions all because of imparting quality education especially the higher education in the universities. This requires a reorientation all the way from early childhood education to primary school to university education. It means encouraging flexibility rather than specialization. It requires training and retraining teachers, as well as redesigning education systems and curricula.

In order to have a futuristic outlook, we need to reimagine and innovate education with the support of ICT (Information Communication Technology that may reshape the future world of Education and make it paper free for the students by providing Digital Education that knows no boundaries at all.  We need to make the learning fun, excitement and interesting so that our parents may not force their children to seek education. Instead, the students go on their own and learn through gadgets.

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In this connection, there need to be overhauling at every level of education from primary to Secondary, College and University level buy designing futuristic course materials with help of experts and training the teachers in the lines of the future generation. Since the communication gateways are flowing like rivers and every person wants to quench his thirst for education with the standard dose of materials developed by the experts. The Startups and Business innovation Ideas should be promoted so that we can produce entrepreneurs for running businesses like Yahoo, Google, Apple, PayPal and Microsoft. We need more standard companies like these by young entrepreneurs so that they may create jobs and do not seek jobs. This approach will change the real face of the countries especially the developing countries.  

Education should be skillet based not just theoretical that destroys prime years of innovation. We need to bring the expert brains to the classroom that can teach the future generations the most latest and advanced Knowledge so that they may take the nation to heights of success.  The societal development should also be focused so that barriers to female education may clear and thus participatory development will boost the economy of the country. Education will help increase the knowledge economy and will definitely in taking informed forecasting and budgeting needs of the nations.

Finally, Education Never ends, it is a life long process. It helps you to focus on what is important for learning and what is not. Every Individual learns a lot from the experiences, schooling at classroom and projects they work on. So, it could be said that you learn a variety of things during learning. Even in a professional career, you attend training and workshop to boost your Knowledge and wisdom. So it is evident from the above discussion that Education is a lifelong process and the future of education bright and the world without education is like a room without light.

Education

Revolutionizing Sindh’s College Education: Unveiling Shocking Secrets Behind Principal Hirings, Training Woes, and Management Nightmares!

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College education in Pakistan, particularly in Sindh, has been facing several challenges due to flawed recruitment policies, lack of training institutions, inadequate guidance, and poor management practices. These issues have resulted in low-quality education, which has negatively impacted students’ academic performance and prospects.

The college education department was carved out from the school education Department where the management cadre exists. The Head Masters are appointed directly through SPSC and from HSTs by Promotion. Thus they get promotions as Senior HM, Admin cadre posts such as Deputy DEOs, TEOs, AEOs, DEO and Directors at Division Levels while no such stream exists in the College Education Department where Lecturers are appointed through SPSC Directly and get late Promotion from Lecturers BS-17 to Assistant Professiors BS-18.

It can take college teachers a minimum of 10-15 years to move to the next grade, while civil servants such as PSS, PCS, PAS, and SG can get promoted in just 5 years. These disparities hurt the overall productivity of college teachers, as some students may end up being recruited to the same grade as their former teachers after 10 to 15 years. It can be disheartening for college teachers to learn that they are still working in the same grade despite the passage of 15 years. Unfortunately, college teachers are denied their rightful promotion opportunities as per the Civil Servants Act. This issue needs to be addressed to ensure fairness and equal opportunities for all.

One of the major challenges that colleges in Sindh face is the flawed recruitment policy for principals. The current system is based on political patronage, which often results in the appointment of unqualified individuals who lack the necessary skills and experience to lead educational institutions effectively. This, in turn, has a negative impact on the quality of education and the overall performance of the college.

The education system in Sindh faces a significant challenge in providing adequate training for principals. The field of educational leadership demands specialized training, yet there are few institutions in the region that offer such programs. As a result, many principals lack the necessary skills and knowledge to effectively manage their institutions, exacerbating the problems faced by colleges in the area and undermining the quality of education. While teachers in the school education sector have access to training opportunities at institutions such as PITE, STEDA, and NIM, college teachers are still waiting for similar opportunities to become available.

Table of Contents

Key Takeaways

  • Flawed recruitment policies for principals have resulted in the appointment of unqualified individuals who lack the necessary skills and experience to lead educational institutions effectively.
  • Introduction of Management cadre from the post of Vice Principal (BS-18) will start the journey of Future Principals of BS-19/20 as per SNEs of respective colleges.
  • This will strengthen the management of the College better as Academic responsibilities will be overseen by Vice Principals while the Princiapls will take care of management and Strategic Goals to transform the college to Degree Awarding Institutions as ( BS 4 Years Degree Programs )are being Introduced at various Colleges .
  • The recruitment Policy should be revised to create the post of Vice principals (BS-18) the eligibility criteria should be 20% Direct through SPSC and 80% from Assistant Professors BS-18 (Through Search Committee or College Managment Institute etc. Qualification : MA/M.Sc Plus 5 years experience in teaching at College Level .
  • The lack of training institutions for principals has resulted in a shortage of qualified educational leaders, which has undermined the quality of education in Sindh. Establishment of College Training Institute (CTI) or College Managment Institute (CMI) will help build the capacity of Principals , Faculty and Staff on lines of NIM and PIM .
  • Training should be mandatory for Vice Princiapls ,Principals ,Fresh Lecturers , Promotees such As Assiatnt professors , Associate Professors and professors , Directors and Director General College .This will build the capacity of both teachers,staff and management by enhancing their skills and Productivity .
  • CTI or CMI should be headed by Executive Director of BS-20 to steer the institute for imparting trainings and Policy advice to the department for various issues and technology challenges such biometric ,Attendance ,payroll and capacity building issues .
  • Poor management practices in colleges have further exacerbated the problems faced by educational institutions in Sindh, resulting in low-quality education and poor academic performance.

Overview of College Education in Sindh

College education in Sindh, Pakistan, faces many challenges that hinder its growth and development. The province has a large population, and many colleges are catering to the needs of students. However, the quality of education is not up to the mark, and there is a lot of room for improvement.

Flawed Recruitment Policy for Principals

One of the major issues with college education in Sindh is the flawed recruitment policy for principals. The recruitment process is not transparent, and many individuals are appointed based on political influence rather than merit. This results in the appointment of unqualified and inexperienced individuals who lack the skills and knowledge necessary to lead a college effectively.

Lack of Training Institutions and Guidance

Another challenge facing college education in Sindh is the lack of training institutions and guidance for teachers and administrators. There are very few institutions that offer training and professional development opportunities for college teachers and principals. This results in a lack of innovation and creativity in teaching methods and a failure to keep up with the latest trends in education.

Poor Management

Poor management is another significant issue that affects college education in Sindh. Many colleges lack proper infrastructure, including classrooms, libraries, and laboratories. Additionally, there is a lack of accountability and transparency in the management of college funds, leading to mismanagement and corruption.

In conclusion, college education in Sindh faces many challenges that need to be addressed to improve its quality and effectiveness. By addressing the flawed recruitment policy for principals, providing training and guidance to teachers and administrators, and improving the management of college funds, Sindh can improve the quality of education and provide a better future for its students.

“Navigating the educational landscape in Pakistan, specifically in Sindh, resembles a challenging journey marked by flawed recruitment policies, a scarcity of training institutions, insufficient guidance, and subpar management practices. Within this intricate tapestry of obstacles, the canvas of college education struggles to flourish. The consequence is a mosaic of low-quality education, casting a shadow over the academic journey of students and dimming the prospects that should ideally shine bright with promise.”

Challenges in College Education in Sindh

College education in Sindh faces numerous challenges that hinder its ability to provide quality education to students. Some of the challenges that need to be addressed are:

Flawed Recruitment Policy for Principals

The recruitment policy for principals in colleges needs to be revisited. Currently, the policy is flawed, as it does not take into account the qualifications and experience of the candidates. As a result, many colleges are headed by principals who lack the necessary skills and experience to manage and lead the institution effectively.

Lack of Training Institutions and Guidance

Another challenge is the lack of training institutions and guidance for teachers and principals. The absence of such institutions makes it difficult for teachers and principals to keep up with the latest teaching methodologies and management techniques. This results in outdated teaching practices and ineffective management, which ultimately affects the quality of education provided to students.

Poor Management

Poor management is another major challenge that affects college education in Sindh. The lack of effective management practices results in poor resource allocation, inadequate infrastructure, and insufficient support services. As a result, the quality of education suffers, and students are unable to receive the education they deserve.

To improve college education in Sindh, it is essential to address these challenges and implement effective solutions. This can be achieved by revisiting the recruitment policy for principals, establishing training institutions and guidance programs for teachers and principals, and implementing effective management practices in colleges.

Flawed Recruitment Policies for Principals

The recruitment process for principals in Sindh’s colleges is flawed. The selection process is based on political influence, nepotism, and favoritism instead of merit and experience. As a result, many underqualified and inexperienced individuals are appointed as principals, which negatively impacts the quality of education in these institutions.

Moreover, there is a lack of transparency in the recruitment process, which further adds to the problem. The appointments are made without any proper advertisement or open competition, leaving many qualified candidates out of the process. This has led to a shortage of experienced and competent principals in Sindh’s colleges.

The flawed recruitment policies for principals also result in a lack of diversity in the leadership of these institutions. Women and individuals from marginalized communities are often overlooked and discriminated against during the selection process. This not only violates the principles of equality and fairness but also deprives these institutions of valuable perspectives and experiences.

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To address this issue, the government of Sindh needs to establish a transparent and merit-based recruitment process for principals. The process should be open to all qualified candidates, regardless of their political affiliations or personal connections. Additionally, the government should ensure that the selection committee comprises of experienced and competent individuals who can evaluate the candidates based on their qualifications and experience.

The flawed recruitment policies for principals in Sindh’s colleges are a major obstacle to improving the quality of education in the province. The government must take immediate steps to address this issue and ensure that only qualified and experienced individuals are appointed as principals.

Impact of Recruitment Policies on Education Quality

Recruitment policies play a crucial role in determining the quality of education that students receive. In Pakistan, especially in Sindh, the recruitment policies for principals of colleges have been flawed, which has had a negative impact on the education quality.

One of the major issues with the current recruitment policies is the lack of transparency and merit-based selection criteria. The recruitment process is often influenced by political pressure, nepotism, and favoritism, which results in the appointment of unqualified and incompetent principals. This not only affects the education quality but also demotivates the qualified and deserving candidates who are overlooked due to the flawed recruitment policies.

Another issue with the recruitment policies is the lack of emphasis on the skills and qualifications required for the position of principal. The current policies do not prioritize the experience and training of the candidates, which results in the appointment of principals who lack the necessary skills and knowledge to effectively manage the college. This leads to poor management and ineffective decision-making, which ultimately affects the education quality.

Moreover, the absence of proper training institutions and guidance for the principals exacerbates the problem. The newly appointed principals are often left to their own devices, without any guidance or support, which makes it difficult for them to effectively manage the college. This results in poor decision-making, mismanagement, and ultimately, a decline in the education quality.

In conclusion, the recruitment policies for principals in colleges in Sindh need to be reformed to ensure transparency, merit-based selection criteria, and emphasis on skills and qualifications. Proper training institutions and guidance should also be established to support the newly appointed principals. These reforms will not only improve the education quality but also motivate the qualified and deserving candidates to apply for the position of principal, which will ultimately benefit the education system in Pakistan.

Strategies for Improving Recruitment Policies

Recruitment policies are crucial for hiring competent faculty members, especially for the position of principals. However, the recruitment policies in Pakistan, particularly in Sindh, are flawed and require immediate attention. To improve the recruitment policies, the following strategies can be implemented:

1. Developing Clear and Comprehensive Job Descriptions

The first step towards improving recruitment policies is to develop clear and comprehensive job descriptions for the positions of principals. The job descriptions should outline the required qualifications, experience, and skills, as well as the responsibilities and duties of the position. This will help in attracting the right candidates and ensuring that they possess the necessary skills and qualifications for the job.

2. Conducting a Thorough Recruitment Process

The recruitment process should be thorough and transparent to ensure that the best candidates are selected for the position. This can be achieved by conducting interviews, reference checks, and background checks. The recruitment process should also be free from any biases or discrimination based on gender, ethnicity, or religion.

3. Providing Training and Development Opportunities

Once the candidates are selected, they should be provided with training and development opportunities to enhance their skills and knowledge. This will not only improve the performance of the principals but also the overall quality of education in the institutions.

4. Offering Competitive Compensation Packages

To attract and retain competent faculty members, institutions should offer competitive compensation packages that are in line with the market rates. This will motivate the faculty members to perform better and stay with the institution in the long run.

By implementing these strategies, the recruitment policies for principals in Sindh can be improved, and the overall quality of education in the institutions can be enhanced.

Lack of Training Institutions for Principals

One of the major challenges in improving college education in Pakistan, especially in Sindh, is the lack of training institutions for principals. According to a research paper, the principals in Pakistan are not satisfied with the current Continuous Professional Development (CPD) opportunities and the content of the training programs.

The lack of training institutions for principals leads to a lack of guidance and support, which results in poor management and ineffective leadership. Without proper training, principals may not have the necessary skills to manage the college effectively. They may also not be able to provide guidance to teachers, which ultimately affects the quality of education provided to students.

To address this issue, the government of Sindh should establish training institutions specifically designed for principals. These institutions should provide regular training programs to principals and equip them with the necessary skills to manage the college effectively. The training should be tailored to the specific needs of principals and should cover topics such as leadership, management, and effective communication.

In addition to this, the government should also provide financial support to principals who wish to attend training programs outside of their college. This will ensure that principals have access to a variety of training programs and can choose the ones that best suit their needs.

Overall, the lack of training institutions for principals is a major obstacle in improving college education in Pakistan, especially in Sindh. By establishing training institutions and providing financial support, the government can ensure that principals have the necessary skills and knowledge to manage the college effectively and provide quality education to students.

The Role of Training in Educational Leadership

One of the key factors contributing to the poor state of college education in Pakistan, especially in Sindh, is the lack of proper training and guidance for educational leaders. The recruitment policy for principals is flawed, which results in the appointment of unqualified and inexperienced individuals who lack the necessary skills to lead educational institutions effectively.

To address this issue, it is crucial to provide training and development opportunities for educational leaders. This can be done through the establishment of training institutions that offer courses and programs specifically designed for school leaders. These programs should cover a range of topics, including leadership and management skills, curriculum development, student assessment, and teacher training.

In addition to formal training, educational leaders should also have access to ongoing professional development opportunities. This can include attending conferences, workshops, and seminars, as well as participating in online training programs. By staying up-to-date with the latest trends and best practices in education, educational leaders can better serve their students and staff.

Moreover, the training should not only focus on technical skills but also on soft skills such as communication, teamwork, and problem-solving. These skills are essential for building positive relationships with students, staff, parents, and the wider community.

Overall, providing comprehensive training and development opportunities for educational leaders is crucial for improving the quality of college education in Pakistan, especially in Sindh. By equipping school leaders with the necessary skills and knowledge, they can create a positive learning environment that fosters student success and achievement.

Proposals for Establishing Training Institutions

To address the lack of training institutions for college principals in Sindh, Pakistan, several proposals have been put forward. These proposals aim to improve the quality of education in the province by providing adequate training and guidance to principals.

One proposal is to establish specialized training institutions for college principals. These institutions would provide comprehensive training programs that cover various aspects of college management, including financial management, human resource management, and academic leadership. The training programs would be designed to equip principals with the necessary skills and knowledge to effectively manage their colleges.

Another proposal is to establish mentorship programs for college principals. These programs would pair experienced principals with newly appointed principals to provide guidance and support. The mentors would share their knowledge and experience with the mentees, helping them to navigate the challenges of college management.

To ensure the effectiveness of these proposals, it is important to involve relevant stakeholders in their design and implementation. This includes college principals, education experts, and policymakers. By working together, they can develop training programs and mentorship models that are tailored to the specific needs of college principals in Sindh.

Overall, the establishment of training institutions and mentorship programs for college principals in Sindh is a crucial step towards improving college education in the province. It will help to address the current flaws in the recruitment policy for principals and poor management practices, ultimately leading to better outcomes for students.

Inadequate Guidance for College Principals

College education in Sindh is facing numerous challenges that are hampering the quality of education. One of the major issues is the inadequate guidance provided to college principals. According to a report by Dawn News, 250 out of 286 government colleges in Sindh lack principals, which is a clear indication of the flawed recruitment policy for principals in the province.

The lack of proper training institutions and guidance has resulted in the appointment of unqualified and inexperienced individuals as college principals. This has led to poor management of colleges, which has a direct impact on the quality of education provided to students.

To address this issue, the Sindh government needs to establish proper training institutions for college principals, where they can receive the necessary training and guidance to effectively manage their institutions. The training should cover various aspects of college management, including curriculum development, teacher training, student counseling, and financial management.

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Moreover, the government should introduce a transparent and merit-based recruitment policy for college principals to ensure that only qualified and experienced individuals are appointed to these positions. This will not only improve the quality of education but also enhance the overall management of colleges in the province.

In conclusion, the inadequate guidance provided to college principals in Sindh is a major obstacle to improving the quality of college education in the province. The government needs to take urgent steps to address this issue by establishing proper training institutions and introducing a transparent and merit-based recruitment policy for college principals.

Developing a Support System for Principals

One of the major flaws in the education system in Sindh, Pakistan is the flawed recruitment policy for principals. Most of the principals are appointed based on political affiliations, personal connections, and nepotism, rather than merit and qualifications. This leads to a lack of competent leadership and management in educational institutions.

To address this issue, it is essential to develop a support system for principals that includes regular training and guidance. This support system should be designed to help principals improve their leadership and management skills, as well as their knowledge of educational policies and practices.

One way to develop this support system is to establish training institutions that provide ongoing professional development for principals. These institutions should be equipped with the necessary resources, such as experienced trainers, training materials, and technology, to help principals improve their skills and knowledge.

Another important aspect of the support system is to provide guidance and mentorship to principals. This guidance should come from experienced educators who can provide advice and support to principals as they navigate the challenges of managing an educational institution.

Overall, developing a support system for principals is essential to improving the quality of college education in Sindh, Pakistan. By providing regular training and guidance, principals can become effective leaders who can create a positive learning environment for students.

Poor Management Practices in Colleges

In addition to flawed recruitment policies and a lack of training institutions, poor management practices are a significant issue in colleges in Pakistan, particularly in Sindh. These practices can impact the quality of education that students receive.

One issue is the lack of supervision and accountability for teachers. Many teachers are not held responsible for their performance, which can lead to a lack of motivation and decreased effort. This can result in poor quality teaching and a lack of engagement with students.

Another issue is the lack of resources available to colleges. Many colleges do not have adequate funding to provide necessary resources such as textbooks, laboratory equipment, and technology. This can lead to a lack of hands-on experience for students and an inability to keep up with advancements in their field.

Additionally, there is a lack of communication and coordination between different departments within colleges. This can lead to confusion and inefficiencies, which can negatively impact the quality of education.

To address these issues, it is essential to implement better management practices in colleges. This includes providing regular training and professional development opportunities for teachers and administrators, increasing accountability and supervision, and improving communication and coordination between different departments. It is also crucial to allocate adequate funding for resources and technology to ensure that students receive a quality education.

Improving College Management and Administration

To improve college education in Pakistan, especially in Sindh, it is essential to address the flawed recruitment policy for principals, lack of training institutions and guidance, and poor management.

One of the key issues in college management is the recruitment policy for principals. Currently, the selection process is based on political affiliations rather than merit, resulting in the appointment of unqualified and inexperienced individuals. To address this issue, the government must establish a transparent and merit-based selection process that prioritizes qualifications and experience over political affiliations.

Another issue is the lack of training institutions and guidance for principals and other administrative staff. Without proper training, they may lack the necessary skills to manage and lead the college effectively. The government should establish training institutions and provide regular training sessions to equip principals and administrators with the necessary skills to manage the college effectively.

Additionally, poor management is also a significant issue in college education in Pakistan. The lack of proper management systems and procedures can lead to inefficiencies, delays, and confusion. To address this issue, the government must establish clear management systems and procedures, including policies for financial management, human resources management, and academic management.

In conclusion, improving college management and administration is crucial to improving college education in Pakistan, especially in Sindh. By addressing the flawed recruitment policy for principals, lack of training institutions and guidance, and poor management, the government can ensure that colleges are managed effectively and efficiently, leading to improved education outcomes for students.

Policy Recommendations and Reforms

Improving college education in Pakistan, especially in Sindh, requires significant policy recommendations and reforms. The following paragraphs outline some of the key areas that need attention.

Recruitment Policy for Principals

The recruitment policy for principals in colleges across Sindh needs to be reformed. Currently, the policy is flawed, and it does not guarantee the appointment of competent and skilled individuals. The government should ensure that the recruitment process is merit-based, transparent, and competitive. This can be achieved by establishing an independent selection committee that evaluates the candidates based on their qualifications, experience, and skills. The committee should also conduct interviews to assess the candidates’ leadership, communication, and problem-solving abilities.

Lack of Training Institutions and Guidance

The lack of training institutions and guidance for college teachers and principals is another significant issue that needs to be addressed. The government should establish training institutions that provide professional development opportunities for teachers and principals. These institutions should offer training programs that focus on teaching methodologies, curriculum development, assessment techniques, and leadership skills. The training programs should be mandatory for all college teachers and principals, and they should be evaluated regularly to ensure their effectiveness.

Poor Management

Poor management is a significant factor that contributes to the low quality of college education in Pakistan. The government should establish a monitoring and evaluation system that assesses the performance of colleges and their principals. The system should evaluate the quality of education, infrastructure, facilities, and student outcomes. The evaluation results should be made public, and the colleges that perform poorly should be held accountable for their shortcomings. The government should also provide incentives to colleges that perform well, such as funding for infrastructure development and teacher training programs.

In conclusion, improving college education in Pakistan, especially in Sindh, requires significant policy recommendations and reforms. The government should address the issues related to the flawed recruitment policy for principals, lack of training institutions and guidance, and poor management. By implementing these reforms, the government can ensure that college education in Pakistan provides high-quality education to its students.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the college education system in Sindh, Pakistan, is facing several challenges that need to be addressed to improve the quality of education. The flawed recruitment policy for principals, lack of training institutions and guidance, and poor management are some of the major issues that need to be tackled.

To improve the recruitment process for principals, the government needs to establish a transparent and merit-based system that ensures the selection of the most qualified and competent candidates. The recruitment process should be based on a comprehensive evaluation of the candidates’ academic qualifications, teaching experience, leadership skills, and other relevant factors.

In addition, the government needs to establish training institutions and guidance programs to provide professional development opportunities for teachers and principals. These institutions should offer training programs on the latest teaching methodologies, curriculum development, assessment techniques, and other relevant topics.

Moreover, the government needs to improve the management of colleges to ensure that they are run efficiently and effectively. This includes developing clear policies and procedures for college administration, ensuring that the necessary resources are available, and establishing effective monitoring and evaluation mechanisms.

Overall, improving college education in Sindh, Pakistan, requires a concerted effort from the government, education authorities, teachers, and other stakeholders. By addressing the challenges facing the education system, Sindh can provide its students with a high-quality education that prepares them for success in the 21st century.

Frequently Asked Questions

What measures can be taken to enhance the recruitment process for principals in Sindh’s educational institutions?

The recruitment process for principals in Sindh’s educational institutions can be enhanced by implementing a more rigorous and transparent system. This can be done by developing clear guidelines and criteria for the selection of principals, including the evaluation of their qualifications, experience, and leadership skills. Moreover, the establishment of an independent body to oversee the recruitment process can ensure that it is free from political interference and nepotism.

How can the establishment of training institutions contribute to the improvement of Sindh’s education system?

The establishment of training institutions can contribute to the improvement of Sindh’s education system by providing teachers and administrators with the necessary skills and knowledge to effectively carry out their roles. These institutions can offer training programs that focus on teaching methodologies, curriculum development, and educational leadership. By investing in the professional development of educators, the quality of education in Sindh can be improved.

What strategies can be implemented to address the issue of poor management in Sindh’s schools?

To address the issue of poor management in Sindh’s schools, strategies such as the implementation of accountability measures and the establishment of clear lines of authority can be useful. This can be achieved by developing performance indicators for school administrators, and by providing them with the necessary resources to effectively manage their schools. Additionally, the establishment of a grievance redressal mechanism can help to address issues related to poor management.

In what ways can teacher training and guidance be improved to elevate the quality of education in Sindh?

Teacher training and guidance can be improved by developing comprehensive training programs that focus on the needs of teachers in Sindh. These programs can include training in teaching methodologies, classroom management, and subject-specific content. Additionally, the establishment of mentorship programs can provide teachers with the necessary guidance and support to improve their performance in the classroom.

What are the primary obstacles to effective implementation of education policies in Sindh, and how can they be overcome?

The primary obstacles to effective implementation of education policies in Sindh include political interference, bureaucratic hurdles, and lack of resources. To overcome these obstacles, it is important to develop a collaborative approach that involves all stakeholders, including government officials, educators, and community members. Additionally, the allocation of sufficient resources to education, along with the development of clear policies and guidelines, can help to ensure that education policies are effectively implemented.

How can stakeholder collaboration be improved to address educational challenges in Sindh?

Stakeholder collaboration can be improved by developing a participatory approach that involves all stakeholders in the decision-making process. This can be achieved by establishing forums for dialogue and consultation, and by involving community members in the development and implementation of educational policies. Additionally, the establishment of partnerships between government agencies, NGOs, and private sector organizations can help to leverage resources and expertise to address educational challenges in Sindh.

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Analysis

United Nations in Disarray: Is Its Relevance Fading?

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Introduction

The United Nations (UN) was founded in the aftermath of World War II with a noble vision: to promote international cooperation, maintain peace and security, and address global challenges collectively. Over the decades, it has played a crucial role in preventing conflicts, providing humanitarian aid, and fostering development worldwide. However, as the world has evolved, so too have the challenges facing the UN. In this blog post, we will explore the question of whether the UN has lost its relevance in the contemporary world.

Historical Significance of the United Nations

To understand the UN’s current relevance, we must first acknowledge its historical significance. The UN was established in 1945 with the signing of the United Nations Charter, which sought to prevent another world war by promoting diplomacy and international cooperation. It replaced the League of Nations, which had failed to prevent World War II.

One of the UN’s primary functions is to maintain international peace and security. It has played a pivotal role in mediating conflicts, deploying peacekeeping missions, and preventing the outbreak of wars between nations. Notable examples include the resolution of the Cuban Missile Crisis and the peacekeeping efforts in Cyprus, Bosnia, and Kosovo.

The UN also prioritizes human rights, development, and humanitarian assistance. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted in 1948, set the foundation for international human rights standards. UN agencies like UNICEF and the World Food Programme (WFP) have made significant contributions to alleviating global poverty and suffering.

A.Challenges to UN Relevance

While the UN has achieved many milestones, it faces several challenges that have raised questions about its relevance in the modern world.

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1.Ineffectiveness in Conflict Resolution:

One of the primary functions of the UN is to prevent and resolve conflicts. However, its track record in this regard has been mixed. Conflicts in Syria, Yemen, and South Sudan have persisted for years despite UN involvement. The Security Council’s veto power, which gives the five permanent members (the P5) – the United States, Russia, China, France, and the United Kingdom – disproportionate influence, has hindered effective decision-making.

2.Rising Nationalism and Sovereignty:

In recent years, there has been a resurgence of nationalism and a push for greater sovereignty among nations. Some argue that the UN’s influence has waned as more countries prioritize their own interests over international cooperation. The rise of populist leaders in various countries has challenged the multilateral approach that the UN embodies.

3.Bureaucracy and Inefficiency:

Critics point to the UN’s bureaucratic structure as a hindrance to its effectiveness. Complex decision-making processes, budgetary constraints, and inefficiencies within the organization have led to slow responses to global crises, such as the COVID-19 pandemic.

4.Security Council Reform:

The structure of the UN Security Council, with its veto-wielding P5 members, has long been a subject of controversy. Many argue that this structure does not reflect the current geopolitical landscape and that it perpetuates power imbalances. Calls for Security Council reform to include more countries as permanent members have yet to see substantial progress.

5.Funding and Resource Constraints:

The UN relies on member states for funding, which can lead to financial instability and dependence on a few major contributors. Additionally, resource constraints often limit the UN’s ability to respond adequately to humanitarian crises and development needs.

B.Efforts to Address Challenges

Despite these challenges, the UN has not been passive in adapting to the changing global landscape.

1.Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):

The adoption of the SDGs in 2015 marked a significant shift in the UN’s approach to development. These 17 goals aim to address global issues such as poverty, inequality, climate change, and education by 2030. The SDGs emphasize a holistic and inclusive approach to development, encouraging member states to work together to achieve common objectives.

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2.Climate Change and Environmental Issues:

The UN has been at the forefront of global efforts to combat climate change. The Paris Agreement, reached in 2015, is a testament to international cooperation on this critical issue. The UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) provides scientific assessments that inform global climate policies.

3.Humanitarian Assistance:

UN agencies like the WFP and UNHCR continue to provide vital assistance to refugees and those affected by conflicts and disasters worldwide. Their work demonstrates the UN’s continued relevance in addressing humanitarian crises.

4.Peacekeeping and Mediation:

Despite challenges, the UN remains engaged in peacekeeping efforts in various regions. While it may not always achieve immediate success, the presence of UN peacekeepers can help stabilize situations and lay the groundwork for lasting peace.

5.Diplomacy and Conflict Resolution:

The UN continues to serve as a platform for diplomatic negotiations and conflict resolution. Even when solutions are elusive, the dialogue facilitated by the UN remains essential in preventing further escalation.

Conclusion

The question of whether the United Nations has lost its relevance is complex and multifaceted. While it faces numerous challenges, including inefficiency, conflicts, and calls for reform, the UN continues to play a vital role in addressing global issues. Its work in sustainable development, climate change, and humanitarian assistance underscores its importance.

To remain relevant and effective in the 21st century, the UN must adapt to the evolving global landscape. This includes addressing issues such as Security Council reform, streamlining its bureaucracy, and increasing transparency and accountability. Furthermore, member states must reaffirm their commitment to multilateralism and international cooperation.

In an interconnected world facing unprecedented challenges, the United Nations remains a symbol of hope for a more peaceful and prosperous future. Its relevance depends on the collective will of the international community to work together in pursuit of common goals. The UN’s mission, as outlined in its Charter, remains as important today as it was at its inception: to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, promote human rights, and foster social progress.

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Democracy

Missing You! SPSC

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It is disappointing to pen these painful thoughts for such an apex recruiting Agency of Sindh that kept serving the people of  Sindh for decades and kept providing respectable elite Civil services jobs to the underprivileged people regardless of their colour, creed or religion.

SPSC remained the only hope for the youth to get elevated civil service jobs such as EX-PCS and Secretariat services as well as Jobs in other cadres from  BS-16 to BS-20  in various departments of Sindh.

Unfortunately, SPSC bears the brunt of Malpractices and corrupt practices of its chairman and Members who tempered with the result of Meritorious candidates and passed their blue-eyed Candidates through nepotism and favouritism and deprived the deserving candidates of getting Elite Civil Service slots.

The jobs were reportedly sold like commodities stabbing meritocracy and bringing in a swarm of inefficient and ineligible bureaucracy that played in the hands of feudal lords.

The saga starts from tempering the marks of candidates of CCE 2003 that took almost two decades in litigation but so far no respite has been provided to the candidates/petitioners who approached the Sindh High court to knock the door for justice.

Despite winning the case at all platforms and getting favourable reports i.e Departmental Enquiry, Anti Corruption Establishment Report, NAB report and Judicial Enquiry reports, it was proven that those recommended for appointment were not eligible as most of the candidates were fail in written part and Interview. Even some of the candidates who did not appear in the test were declared as pass.

The result of the final recommended candidates was tempered. The marks on the face sheet of answer copies were changed as per the reports surfaced.

It is worthy to mention here that those appointed through unfair means and tempered results, surprisingly promoted to the next Grades from time to time and now they are in Grade 19.

Later, in CCE 2013 there was a similar hue and cry about tempered results and bribery amounting to millions, the Sindh High Court passed its judgment making the result Null and void and directed SPSC to conduct both written and interviews afresh.

Thus hundreds of candidates bore the brunt of Malpractices of Commission authorities and many who got recommendations as Section Officers, ACs, AD labour etc were shocked. They wondered why they were punished for the fault of some unscrupulous people that earned a bad name for the SPSC.

Though being disappointed and dejected from the Honourable Courts decision, the candidates reappeared in the written and Interview but shockingly very few got through since the majority of candidates who had cleared the exam previously, could not qualify even written part and Interview.

The Education standards in Sindh have already deteriorated alarmingly, yet those who toil and work hard in the hopes of being the part of Elite Civil service, got disillusioned and dejected when the news broke that all the appointments were made either on payment of huge bribes or political support, plunging the poor hardworking and talented youth into the darkness of Disappointment, Dejection and Hopelessness.

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These incidents were still fresh in the minds of candidates when they got the shocking news that Sindh High Court Hyderabad Bench announced yet another shocking judgment that jolted the candidates.

The saga starts from tempering the marks of candidates of CCE 2003 that took almost two decades in litigation but so far no respite has been provided to the candidates/petitioners who approached the Sindh High court to knock the door for justice.

 The judgment suspended the SPSC act and made the Recruitments of CCE 2018, Medical Officers and others null and void. Even it suspended all the Members including Chairman and Secretary. The judgments directed the Sindh Government to legislate a new SPSC act making Governor as head to appoint Chairman and Members instead of Chief Minister Sindh.

There have been several interpretations of Law experts regarding the impact of judgment that whether the judgment applies to mentioned Recruitments i.e CCE 2018, Health Department Medical Officers or all the Recruitments to date.

Even the Honourable High court ordered to make the SPSC website offline until the new SPSC act is promulgated.

The news had serious repercussions on the future of youth in Sindh, especially those who had passed the exam with hard work and are serving in the field for almost three years. The clouds of uncertainty have engulfed them and they are waiting for their fate since their training has also been discontinued. There is no clarification whether their services are discontinued in the light of Judgment or still intact. It will be clear after the outcome of the appeal in the Supreme court of Pakistan Karachi registry.

Their future is bleak. Even, several candidates had either appeared in the written tests of various departments and cleared including those who were awaiting Interview results. There were some candidates whose interviews were scheduled but all in vain.

With each passing day, the suspicion and fears are mounting with concerns that whether the SPSC will be restored with the appointment of a new chairman, Members and Secretary or it will remain in a dormant state since the Honourable court has not given any time frame to Sindh Government for legislation and transfer of powers of appointment of Chairman and Members to Governor so that concerns of candidates may be addressed.

Furthermore, the decision also impacted the recruitment process of lecturers in the college Education Department where more than 6000 lecturers were to be appointed and even written tests were conducted from over 100000 candidates and subsequently their results were uploaded on the SPSC website.

Ironically, public service commissions of other provinces such as PPSC, BPSC, KPPSC, AJKPSC and FPSC are Functioning in full swing and the recruitment process in other provinces has been transparent but unfortunately, the Sindh Government has wreaked havoc with all the institutions and did not even spare SPSC -the apex Civil service Recruitment Agency to pursue the meritocracy and transparency in appointment of Civil servants.

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Due to misappropriation, mismanagement, nepotism, favouritism and corruption, today the Prestigious body SPSC was forced to close the doors for youth and it has borne the brunt of corrupt souls who have not left any stone unturned to mint money from poor people whose dream to become part of Civil service stood unfulfilled even seems a nightmare. According to some reports if Assistant Commissioners get the seats on the payment of ten million then the poor can only dream of such elevated and lucrative posts and their intelligence, efficiency and talent get rotten if meritocracy is strangulated under the weight of Bribery.

It is high time that our youth should be vocal and raise their voice against the criminal silence of the Sindh Government as the Government has failed miserably to pursue the case in the Supreme Court due to its unwillingness and negligence, leaving hundreds of youth falling prey to unemployment, disappointment and disillusionment.

The Chief Justice Supreme court of Pakistan and Chief Justice High Court of Sindh are humbly appealed to review the decision and pass orders to Sindh Government for legislation to restore SPSC and appointment of new Chairman and Members by Governor as practised in other provinces so that future of youth could be saved and they should be prevented from getting overage.

Furthermore, in the upcoming CCE 2022, 20 years of General age relaxation may be granted so that the delay caused by various judgments of the Honourable Courts due to corrupt practices of Commission may be compensated and the level playing field may be provided to candidates to contest Competitive Exam. The courts always provide relief to petitioners but the culprits behind such corrupt practices may also be punished so that future incidents could be averted.

It is further recommended that on the lines of FPSC’s, Section Officers Promotional Exam (SOPE) may be introduced through which lower grade employees having completed 5 to 7 years in departments can be appointed through SPSC as SOs and unlike Transfer to OMG Policy of FPSC, there should be an exam for those in BS-17 and BS-18 officers of other cadres to be part of PMS or PSS. This will help in filling the shortage of civil servants in the provincial secretariat.

It is also recommended that there should be Executive Service where BS-19 officers could be inducted from senior Civil Servants of various departments.

SPSC is the driving force to bring in a bunch of civil bureaucracy, Professionals, Technical hands and other security personnel of higher grade. The dormant state SPSC has already created serious staff shortages and impacted the performance of various departments especially College Education, School Education, Health and Civil Bureaucracy that are in constant need of fresh blood to serve the nation with dignity and dedication.

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