It is disappointing to pen these painful thoughts for such an apex recruiting Agency of Sindh that kept serving the people of Sindh for decades and kept providing respectable elite Civil services jobs to the underprivileged people regardless of their colour, creed or religion.
SPSC remained the only hope for the youth to get elevated civil service jobs such as EX-PCS and Secretariat services as well as Jobs in other cadres from BS-16 to BS-20 in various departments of Sindh.
Unfortunately, SPSC bears the brunt of Malpractices and corrupt practices of its chairman and Members who tempered with the result of Meritorious candidates and passed their blue-eyed Candidates through nepotism and favouritism and deprived the deserving candidates of getting Elite Civil Service slots.
The jobs were reportedly sold like commodities stabbing meritocracy and bringing in a swarm of inefficient and ineligible bureaucracy that played in the hands of feudal lords.
The saga starts from tempering the marks of candidates of CCE 2003 that took almost two decades in litigation but so far no respite has been provided to the candidates/petitioners who approached the Sindh High court to knock the door for justice.
Despite winning the case at all platforms and getting favourable reports i.e Departmental Enquiry, Anti Corruption Establishment Report, NAB report and Judicial Enquiry reports, it was proven that those recommended for appointment were not eligible as most of the candidates were fail in written part and Interview. Even some of the candidates who did not appear in the test were declared as pass.
The result of the final recommended candidates was tempered. The marks on the face sheet of answer copies were changed as per the reports surfaced.
It is worthy to mention here that those appointed through unfair means and tempered results, surprisingly promoted to the next Grades from time to time and now they are in Grade 19.
Later, in CCE 2013 there was a similar hue and cry about tempered results and bribery amounting to millions, the Sindh High Court passed its judgment making the result Null and void and directed SPSC to conduct both written and interviews afresh.
Thus hundreds of candidates bore the brunt of Malpractices of Commission authorities and many who got recommendations as Section Officers, ACs, AD labour etc were shocked. They wondered why they were punished for the fault of some unscrupulous people that earned a bad name for the SPSC.
Though being disappointed and dejected from the Honourable Courts decision, the candidates reappeared in the written and Interview but shockingly very few got through since the majority of candidates who had cleared the exam previously, could not qualify even written part and Interview.
The Education standards in Sindh have already deteriorated alarmingly, yet those who toil and work hard in the hopes of being the part of Elite Civil service, got disillusioned and dejected when the news broke that all the appointments were made either on payment of huge bribes or political support, plunging the poor hardworking and talented youth into the darkness of Disappointment, Dejection and Hopelessness.
These incidents were still fresh in the minds of candidates when they got the shocking news that Sindh High Court Hyderabad Bench announced yet another shocking judgment that jolted the candidates.
The judgment suspended the SPSC act and made the Recruitments of CCE 2018, Medical Officers and others null and void. Even it suspended all the Members including Chairman and Secretary. The judgments directed the Sindh Government to legislate a new SPSC act making Governor as head to appoint Chairman and Members instead of Chief Minister Sindh.
There have been several interpretations of Law experts regarding the impact of judgment that whether the judgment applies to mentioned Recruitments i.e CCE 2018, Health Department Medical Officers or all the Recruitments to date.
Even the Honourable High court ordered to make the SPSC website offline until the new SPSC act is promulgated.
The news had serious repercussions on the future of youth in Sindh, especially those who had passed the exam with hard work and are serving in the field for almost three years. The clouds of uncertainty have engulfed them and they are waiting for their fate since their training has also been discontinued. There is no clarification whether their services are discontinued in the light of Judgment or still intact. It will be clear after the outcome of the appeal in the Supreme court of Pakistan Karachi registry.
Their future is bleak. Even, several candidates had either appeared in the written tests of various departments and cleared including those who were awaiting Interview results. There were some candidates whose interviews were scheduled but all in vain.
With each passing day, the suspicion and fears are mounting with concerns that whether the SPSC will be restored with the appointment of a new chairman, Members and Secretary or it will remain in a dormant state since the Honourable court has not given any time frame to Sindh Government for legislation and transfer of powers of appointment of Chairman and Members to Governor so that concerns of candidates may be addressed.
Furthermore, the decision also impacted the recruitment process of lecturers in the college Education Department where more than 6000 lecturers were to be appointed and even written tests were conducted from over 100000 candidates and subsequently their results were uploaded on the SPSC website.
Ironically, public service commissions of other provinces such as PPSC, BPSC, KPPSC, AJKPSC and FPSC are Functioning in full swing and the recruitment process in other provinces has been transparent but unfortunately, the Sindh Government has wreaked havoc with all the institutions and did not even spare SPSC -the apex Civil service Recruitment Agency to pursue the meritocracy and transparency in appointment of Civil servants.
Due to misappropriation, mismanagement, nepotism, favouritism and corruption, today the Prestigious body SPSC was forced to close the doors for youth and it has borne the brunt of corrupt souls who have not left any stone unturned to mint money from poor people whose dream to become part of Civil service stood unfulfilled even seems a nightmare. According to some reports if Assistant Commissioners get the seats on the payment of ten million then the poor can only dream of such elevated and lucrative posts and their intelligence, efficiency and talent get rotten if meritocracy is strangulated under the weight of Bribery.
It is high time that our youth should be vocal and raise their voice against the criminal silence of the Sindh Government as the Government has failed miserably to pursue the case in the Supreme Court due to its unwillingness and negligence, leaving hundreds of youth falling prey to unemployment, disappointment and disillusionment.
The Chief Justice Supreme court of Pakistan and Chief Justice High Court of Sindh are humbly appealed to review the decision and pass orders to Sindh Government for legislation to restore SPSC and appointment of new Chairman and Members by Governor as practised in other provinces so that future of youth could be saved and they should be prevented from getting overage.
Furthermore, in the upcoming CCE 2022, 20 years of General age relaxation may be granted so that the delay caused by various judgments of the Honourable Courts due to corrupt practices of Commission may be compensated and the level playing field may be provided to candidates to contest Competitive Exam. The courts always provide relief to petitioners but the culprits behind such corrupt practices may also be punished so that future incidents could be averted.
It is further recommended that on the lines of FPSC’s, Section Officers Promotional Exam (SOPE) may be introduced through which lower grade employees having completed 5 to 7 years in departments can be appointed through SPSC as SOs and unlike Transfer to OMG Policy of FPSC, there should be an exam for those in BS-17 and BS-18 officers of other cadres to be part of PMS or PSS. This will help in filling the shortage of civil servants in the provincial secretariat.
It is also recommended that there should be Executive Service where BS-19 officers could be inducted from senior Civil Servants of various departments.
SPSC is the driving force to bring in a bunch of civil bureaucracy, Professionals, Technical hands and other security personnel of higher grade. The dormant state SPSC has already created serious staff shortages and impacted the performance of various departments especially College Education, School Education, Health and Civil Bureaucracy that are in constant need of fresh blood to serve the nation with dignity and dedication.
A Tribute to Late Li Keqiang: The Former Premier of China
Table of Contents
In a world marked by political upheavals and power struggles, the life and legacy of Li Keqiang, the former Premier of China, stand out as a testament to leadership, vision, and unwavering dedication. This opinion article pays tribute to a man whose name has become synonymous with transformative change and indomitable will. Li Keqiang often referred to as “PM” for his role as the Premier of China, left an indelible mark on the world stage. This piece will delve into his remarkable contributions, his visionary leadership, and the grand state funeral that honoured his memory.
Li Keqiang: A Brief Biography
Li Keqiang, born on July 1, 1955, in Hefei, Anhui Province, China, had a humble beginning. He rose through the ranks of the Communist Party of China and, after years of dedicated service, became the Premier in 2013. His journey from an ordinary Chinese citizen to one of the most influential political figures in the world is a testament to his perseverance and commitment to public service.
Early Life and Education
Li’s early life was marked by modesty and a deep desire for knowledge. He pursued his education diligently and later graduated from Peking University, where he earned a degree in economics. This solid academic foundation would prove crucial in shaping his vision for China’s future.
Li Keqiang’s Contributions
Economic Reforms and Modernization
Li’s tenure as Premier witnessed significant strides in China’s economic growth. His commitment to economic reforms and modernization programs played a pivotal role in lifting millions of Chinese citizens out of poverty. His “Chinese Dream” initiative aimed to make China a more equitable and prosperous nation.
Li believed that economic development should benefit all segments of society, not just the elite. His policies aimed at reducing income inequality, ensuring equal access to education and healthcare, and creating opportunities for entrepreneurs and small businesses.
Under Li Keqiang’s leadership, China took significant steps to address environmental issues. He recognized the importance of sustainability and pushed for initiatives to combat air pollution, promote clean energy, and reduce carbon emissions. His emphasis on environmental protection showcased his commitment to a harmonious society and a better future for the planet.
As China’s Premier, Li played a vital role in shaping the country’s foreign policy. He believed in peaceful coexistence, diplomatic negotiations, and mutual respect among nations. His vision for a globally interconnected world that respected each country’s sovereignty marked a shift in China’s approach to international relations.
The Visionary Leader
Li Keqiang was not merely a statesman; he was a visionary leader who saw China’s potential on the world stage. His vision extended beyond economic growth to encompass a global perspective. He envisioned a China that would lead in innovation, technology, and sustainable development.
State Funeral: A Grand Tribute
Li Keqiang’s passing was a moment of profound sorrow for the Chinese people. To honor his memory, a grand state funeral was held. Dignitaries from across the world attended, paying their respects to a leader who had left an indelible mark on history.
The funeral was a sombre yet majestic event, reflecting the respect and admiration Li commanded. It served as a reminder of the significant contributions he made to his nation and the world.
In the annals of history, Li Keqiang’s name will forever be etched as a visionary leader and a statesman of unparalleled influence. His contributions to China’s growth, his commitment to environmental stewardship, and his vision for a globally interconnected world continue to inspire. The grand state funeral that honoured his memory was a fitting tribute to a life well lived.
Li Keqiang’s legacy serves as a reminder that true leadership goes beyond politics; it is about leaving the world better than you found it. His journey, from humble beginnings to the highest echelons of power, is a testament to the potential within each of us to make a positive impact on the world. Li Keqiang will always be remembered as a beacon of hope, a symbol of dedication, and a source of inspiration for generations to come.
From Gerontocracy to Youthcracy: The Dilemma of Political Parties in Pakistan
Table of Contents
The political landscape of Pakistan is undergoing a profound transformation, marked by a shift from gerontocracy to youthcracy. This article provides an in-depth exploration of this transition, its implications for political parties, and the evolving dynamics of power in the country. In a comprehensive examination, we delve into the challenges and opportunities faced by political parties as they adapt to this rapidly changing political landscape.
Gerontocracy, a term that has been frequently used to characterize the Pakistani political system, describes a situation where the elderly wield considerable power and influence in the governance of a nation. In Pakistan, this phenomenon has prevailed for decades, with senior politicians dominating the political stage. However, as the demographics of the country evolve, with a growing population of young citizens, political parties are confronted with a complex dilemma.
The Emergence of Youthcracy
The Power of the Youth Vote
Pakistan boasts a vibrant and youthful population, with a significant percentage under the age of 30. These young individuals are increasingly becoming politically aware and active, wielding the potential to reshape the nation’s political landscape. The emergence of youth power, often referred to as youthcracy, has become a defining feature of contemporary Pakistani politics.
The power of the youth vote cannot be overstated. The sheer number of young voters makes them a formidable force to be reckoned with. Political parties are beginning to recognize that winning the allegiance of this demographic is no longer an option but a necessity.
Challenges Faced by Political Parties
Balancing Experience and Fresh Perspective
One of the foremost challenges confronting political parties in Pakistan is how to navigate the delicate balance between the seasoned politicians who have long held sway and the energetic yet relatively inexperienced youth. The interplay between experience and fresh perspectives has become a pivotal factor for the success of any political party.
While experienced politicians bring a wealth of knowledge and a deep understanding of the intricacies of governance, they may also be associated with entrenched interests and resistance to change. In contrast, the youth represent innovation, fresh ideas, and a desire for reform. Striking the right equilibrium between these two demographics is crucial for political parties seeking to remain relevant and effective.
Adapting to Modern Communication
The youth are digitally connected, and their political awakening often happens on social media platforms. Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and TikTok have become powerful tools for mobilization and advocacy. Political parties must adapt to these changing communication dynamics to engage with the younger generation effectively.
Traditional campaign methods, such as door-to-door canvassing and rallies, are no longer sufficient. Digital campaigns, online debates, and viral content creation have become the norm. Political parties must invest in sophisticated digital strategies, engaging with the youth where they are most active and receptive.
Strategies for Political Parties
Navigating the transition from gerontocracy to youthcracy requires strategic foresight and adaptability. Here are key strategies that political parties can employ to thrive in this evolving political landscape:
Encouraging Youth Participation
To embrace youthcracy, political parties must actively encourage young individuals to participate in politics. This goes beyond tokenism and superficial youth wings within parties. It involves offering substantial leadership roles to young politicians, mentorship programs, and providing platforms for the youth to voice their concerns.
Moreover, political parties should prioritize issues that resonate with the youth, such as education, employment opportunities, and environmental sustainability. Addressing these concerns demonstrates a commitment to the aspirations of the younger generation.
Embracing Technological Advancements
Utilizing technology for outreach, campaigns, and information dissemination is no longer optional—it is imperative. Political parties need to harness the power of data analytics, targeted advertising, and social media engagement to connect with the younger audience effectively.
Digital platforms provide an opportunity for direct interaction with voters, allowing parties to gauge sentiment, address concerns in real time, and tailor their messaging to specific demographics. This digital transformation also extends to fundraising efforts, which can now be conducted online with greater efficiency and transparency.
Promoting Transparency and Accountability
The youth are often more critical of corruption and inefficiency in government. Political parties must prioritize transparency and accountability to gain the trust of this demographic. Implementing robust anti-corruption measures, disclosing sources of funding, and holding party members accountable for misconduct are essential steps.
Furthermore, political parties should adopt a culture of inclusivity, where decisions are made collectively, and policies are developed through open dialogue. This approach not only fosters trust but also ensures that the concerns of diverse segments of the population, including the youth, are considered.
The transformation from gerontocracy to youthcracy is reshaping the landscape of Pakistani politics. This paradigm shift presents both challenges and opportunities for political parties. Those who successfully adapt to these changes will be better positioned to address the evolving needs and aspirations of the Pakistani population.
As we move forward, the key to political success in Pakistan lies in embracing the demographic realities of the country. The youth are not merely the future; they are the present. Their voices, aspirations, and demands must be at the forefront of political agendas.
In conclusion, the era of youthcracy in Pakistan signals a new dawn in the nation’s political history. It is a testament to the vitality and dynamism of the country’s youth. Political parties that understand this transition and respond proactively will not only survive but thrive in the evolving landscape of Pakistani politics.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
- What is gerontocracy in the context of Pakistani politics? Gerontocracy refers to a political system where older individuals hold significant power and influence in the government.
- What is youthcracy, and how is it affecting political parties in Pakistan? Youthcracy represents the growing influence of the younger generation in politics, challenging traditional power dynamics within political parties in Pakistan.
- Why is the youth vote important in Pakistani politics? The youth vote is crucial because Pakistan has a significant young population, and their political engagement can shape the country’s future.
- How can political parties in Pakistan encourage youth participation? Political parties can encourage youth participation by offering leadership roles, mentorship programs, and creating platforms for young voices.
- What role does technology play in the transition to youthcracy? Technology is essential for reaching and engaging with the youth. Political parties need to utilize digital strategies for effective communication.
- Why is transparency and accountability important in attracting the youth to vote? The youth often demand transparency and accountability in politics, and parties that prioritize these values are more likely to gain their trust.
- What are the benefits of a political party embracing both experience and fresh perspectives? Embracing both experience and fresh perspectives allows a party to draw on the wisdom of seasoned politicians while also tapping into the energy and innovation of the youth.
- How can political parties effectively use social media to engage with the youth? Political parties can use social media by creating engaging content, participating in online discussions, and addressing the concerns and issues that matter most to young voters.
As America’s Influence in Asia Wanes, Asian Economies Are Integrating
Table of Contents
In the 21st century, Asia has emerged as a global powerhouse, both economically and geopolitically. The region, with its diverse cultures, languages, and histories, has seen a remarkable transformation over the past few decades. One of the most significant trends is the increasing integration of Asian economies as America’s influence in the region appears to wane. This phenomenon has wide-ranging implications for the global economy, politics, and the future of international relations.
The United States, for much of the post-World War II era, played a dominant role in shaping the political and economic landscape of Asia. The American presence was felt through alliances, trade partnerships, and military bases across the region. However, in recent years, we have witnessed a gradual shift in the balance of power. As America’s focus turned inward, and its foreign policy priorities evolved, Asia began to chart its own course. This article will delve into the factors driving the integration of Asian economies and how it is redefining the dynamics of the region.
I. The Changing Geopolitical Landscape
A. The Rise of China
One of the most significant drivers of the changing dynamics in Asia is the rise of China. With its rapid economic growth, China has become an economic juggernaut and a global superpower. Its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is reshaping the infrastructure and trade landscape across Asia, connecting China to countries throughout the region and beyond. The BRI, coupled with China’s increasing military capabilities, has significantly altered the balance of power in Asia.
China’s assertiveness in the South China Sea, its territorial disputes with neighboring countries, and its growing influence in international organizations have all raised concerns among its neighbors and global powers like the United States. The perception of a more powerful and assertive China has prompted Asian countries to rethink their alliances and seek greater economic and political autonomy.
B. U.S. Policy Shifts
The United States, for decades, played a pivotal role in ensuring stability and security in Asia. Its military alliances with countries like Japan and South Korea provided a strong deterrent against potential threats. However, recent shifts in U.S. foreign policy have raised questions about its long-term commitment to the region.
The “America First” policy of the Trump administration signaled a more transactional approach to foreign relations, leading many Asian countries to seek alternative partnerships. Furthermore, the U.S. withdrawal from the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) and its reluctance to fully engage in regional trade agreements like the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) left a void that Asian nations were eager to fill.
II. Economic Integration in Asia
A. Regional Trade Agreements
One of the most visible manifestations of Asian economic integration is the proliferation of regional trade agreements. The RCEP, signed in November 2020, is the world’s largest trade pact, covering nearly one-third of the global population and GDP. It includes countries like China, Japan, South Korea, Australia, and the ten member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
The RCEP is just one example of the growing trend of Asian countries coming together to promote economic cooperation. These agreements are seen as a way to reduce dependence on any single market, diversify export destinations, and promote economic growth. They also provide a platform for dialogue on non-economic issues, further deepening regional integration.
B. Supply Chain Resilience
The COVID-19 pandemic exposed vulnerabilities in global supply chains, prompting many Asian countries to rethink their economic strategies. The desire for supply chain resilience has led to a reevaluation of trade relationships and an emphasis on regional production networks.
Countries like Japan, for instance, have introduced policies to encourage companies to diversify their supply chains away from overreliance on China. This has opened up opportunities for greater economic integration within Asia, as countries seek to build more robust and diverse supply chains by collaborating with neighboring nations.
C. Infrastructure Investment
Infrastructure development is another key driver of Asian economic integration. China’s BRI, as mentioned earlier, is a prime example of the massive infrastructure investments taking place across the region. These projects not only promote connectivity but also foster economic interdependence.
In response to China’s BRI, Japan has launched its own infrastructure initiative, the Partnership for Quality Infrastructure (PQI). Other countries, such as India, are also investing heavily in infrastructure development to enhance regional connectivity.
III. Implications of Asian Economic Integration
A. Economic Growth and Prosperity
The integration of Asian economies has the potential to drive significant economic growth and prosperity. By increasing trade and investment flows among nations, economies can benefit from the comparative advantages of their neighbours. This can lead to increased innovation, higher productivity, and ultimately, improved living standards for millions of people in the region.
B. Geopolitical Implications
As Asian economies become more integrated, they also become more interdependent. This interdependence can act as a stabilizing force, reducing the likelihood of conflicts among nations. However, it can also create challenges if disputes arise, as economic ties can be used as leverage in diplomatic negotiations.
The changing dynamics in Asia have also led to shifts in alliances and partnerships. Some countries are hedging their bets by maintaining strong ties with both the United States and China, while others are aligning more closely with one or the other. This fluidity in alliances is a reflection of the evolving power dynamics in the region.
C. Global Trade and Investment
The integration of Asian economies has far-reaching implications for global trade and investment. As Asia becomes more economically cohesive, it strengthens its position as a global economic powerhouse. This, in turn, affects the balance of power in international institutions like the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
Moreover, the rise of regional trade agreements in Asia challenges the traditional dominance of global trade agreements. The WTO, which has struggled to reach meaningful agreements in recent years, faces competition from regional pacts like the RCEP that set their own trade rules.
IV. Challenges and Considerations
A. Economic Disparities
While economic integration offers numerous benefits, it also brings to the forefront issues of economic inequality within and among countries. Not all nations in Asia are on an equal footing, and some may struggle to keep up with the pace of integration. Addressing these disparities is crucial to ensuring that the benefits of integration are shared more broadly.
B. Political Differences
Asia is not a monolithic bloc, and political differences among nations persist. Historical rivalries, territorial disputes, and differing political systems can create tensions that hinder deeper integration. Resolving these political differences will be an ongoing challenge for the region.
C. External Factors
External factors, such as the United States’ foreign policy decisions, global economic trends, and geopolitical developments, can all influence the trajectory of Asian economic integration. The region must navigate these uncertainties while pursuing its integration goals.
As America’s influence in Asia undergoes a transformation, the integration of Asian economies is gaining momentum. The rise of China shifts in U.S. foreign policy, and a growing emphasis on regional cooperation are reshaping the geopolitical and economic landscape of the continent. This integration has the potential to drive economic growth, enhance regional stability, and redefine the global balance of power.
However, the journey toward greater economic integration in Asia is not without its challenges. Economic disparities, political differences, and external factors all present obstacles that must be navigated carefully. Nevertheless, the determination of Asian nations to shape their own destiny and assert their influence on the world stage is a defining feature of the 21st century.
In today’s changing world, it is crucial to closely monitor the growth of Asia and its economic integration. The choices made by Asian nations in the upcoming years will not only impact their own futures but also have significant consequences for the global community. With the evolution of America’s role in Asia, the narrative of Asian economic integration will undoubtedly steer the direction of the 21st century.
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