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The United States Policy Towards Kashmir: Past & Present

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The Kashmir conflict is often referred as potentially the most dangerous dispute in the world, as it involves the fate of 1.5 billion people of South Asia which is one fifth of total human race. Yet it is amazing that the world powers, with the United States as the sole super-power, maintains a largely leave-it-alone posture towards the problem. It is true that, at points of tension, world powers including the United States counsel restrain to India and Pakistan and warn them of the dangers of brinkmanship. Despite these warnings, hostilities do break out, conflict remains unresolved, the colossal waste of an arms race remains unavoidable, and peace is not made secure,” this was stated by Dr. Ghulam Nabi Fai, Secretary General, World Kashmir Awareness Forum during 5th International ASSAM Islamic Union Congress, held in Istanbul on December 18-19,2021

The conference was held with the participation of Üsküdar University (ÜÜ), Kütahya Dumlupınar University (KDU), Justice Defenders Association (ASDER), Union of NGOs of the Islamic World (UNIW) and Pakistan Centre for Aerospace and Security Studies (CASS), on ‘Determination of Principles and Procedures of Joint Foreign Policy for the Muslim world.’

Dr. Fai’s topic was, “The policy of the United States towards Kashmir.’ Other issues that were discussed during the two-days international conference were, ‘Islamophobia’; Afghanistan; Palestine; Lebanon; Yemen; Iraq; Syria; Libya, Sudan-Ethiopia; East Turkestan; TRNC and Eastern Mediterranean issues. 63 scholars, academics, diplomats from more than two dozen countries presented their research papers.

Dr. Fai elaborated that it was a historical fact that when the Kashmir dispute erupted in 1947-1948, the United States championed the stand that the future status of Kashmir must be ascertained in accordance with the wishes and aspirations of the people of the territory. The United States was the principal sponsor of the resolution # 47 which was adopted by the Security Council on 21 April 1948 and which was based on that unchallenged principle. Following the resolution, the United States as a leading member of the United Nations Commission for India and Pakistan (UNCIP), adhered to that stand. 

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“Historically, the Kashmir dispute has been the most lasting victim of the cold war, during which the Soviet Union vetoed every resolution of the Security Council to implement the Council’s agreed upon resolution. It is tragic that, even after the end of the cold war, the imbroglio has persisted, and the people of Kashmir have been subjected to grave abuses of their human rights. This is a fact which should weigh heavily on the international conscience. It should also be a challenge to international statesmanship,” Fai added.

Fai warned that an indication of the misplaced focus of the world powers including the United States is the wrong-headed talk about the “sanctity” of the line of control in Kashmir.  It is forgotten that this line continues to exist only because the international agreements which had been concluded between India and Pakistan, with the full support of the United States. This line was originally formalized by that agreement as a temporary cease-fire line pending the demilitarization of the State of Jammu and Kashmir and the holding of a plebiscite under impartial control to determine its future. To regard this line as a solution is to regard disease as remedy.  Any kind of agreement procured to that end, whether by the U.S. or under its influence, will not only not endure; it will invite resentment and revolt against whichever leadership in Kashmir will sponsor or subscribe to it.

Fai said that it was hard to understand why, contrary to its traditional principled stand on the Kashmir dispute, the world powers have been in recent years treating the problem as if it were an unchartered terrain about which no road map exists. The United Nations has at its inception devoted immense labor and thought, extending over a hundred meetings of the Security Council with active U.S. participation, to its solution. The fact cannot be dismissed that the terms of settlement the United Nations worked out did elicit the signed agreement of both India and Pakistan.  It may be admitted that those terms seem to be in need of revision in the light of current or emergent realities but their basis, the consent of the people of Kashmir, remains inviolable.  Neither pragmatism nor morality would sanction the setting aside of that basis.

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“What should be the procedure for putting the Kashmir dispute on the road to a settlement? For the United States to do so by itself would be to arouse undue suspicion as though the United States has its own axe to grind. The better way would be that United States asks the Secretary General of the United Nations, with the concurrence of the Security Council, to engage himself, directly or through a representative of high international standing, in a sustained effort of mediation which should (a) ensure that the positions of the people of Kashmir is fully taken into account and (b) aim at a settlement within a reasonable time-frame, providing for a transitional period, if necessary, for a calming effect,” Fai suggested.

“In order to quicken and strengthen the peace process, United States would definitely recommend improving the atmosphere in Kashmir by revoking the Domicile Law, which is designed to change the demography of Kashmir, releasing of all political prisoners, a full restoration of civil liberties, including the liberty to express themselves peacefully on the question of their own future,” Fai concluded.

Dr. Fai can be reached at: 1-202-607-6435.  Or. [email protected]

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Kashmiris have not forgotten UN promises

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Kashmir is a natural paradise, surrounded by India, Pakistan, China, Afghanistan, and with a narrow Wakhan stripe, separating it from Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. Compared to existing 193 countries in the world taken individually, Kashmir is larger than103 and more populous than 129. It is also more than three times the size of Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxemburg combined. The people of Jammu & Kashmir have not forgotten that it was on April 21, 1948, that the United Nations Security Council adopted resolution # 47 which states that the future of Kashmir shall be decided by its inhabitants.

There have been successive United Nations security Council resolutions that pledged to the people of Kashmir their right to self-determination. The Indian Government has barred the exercise of this right and has waged a campaign of terror against the people of Kashmir. The Kashmiris have become victims of systematic and extreme brutalities, and nothing has been done by the world powers or any organ of the United Nations including the Secretary General to permit them any relief or redress.

Each time the people of Kashmir have demanded the right to self-determination, Indian authorities have responded with extreme repression. India is a signatory to the ‘Universal Declaration of Human Rights,’ which guarantees that ‘everyone has the right to life, liberty, and security of person,’ that ‘no one shall be subjected to torture, or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment,’ and that ‘no one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.’

These rights are being violated by the Indian army and its paramilitary forces, day in, day out. Since 1989, the Indian Government has embarked upon a campaign of mass slaughter, rape and robbery against the people of Kashmir. It is estimated that since January 1990, more than 100,000 people have been killed in Kashmir at the hands of the Indian forces of occupation. More than 10,000 persons have involuntarily disappeared. Their wives are called “Half-widows” because no one knows whether they are dead or alive.

Further, it is estimated that hundreds of Kashmiris are held as political prisoners by the government of India. Very recently, on November 15, 2021, the killing of three innocent Kashmiris, Dr. Mudasir Gul, Altaf Butt and Mohammad Amir in Hyderpora, Srinagar, Kashmir in a fake encounter has once again shaken the conscience of the global civil society. This act of barbarism by occupation army signifies the death of so-called Indian democracy.

This latest killing of innocent civilians needs a transparent investigation by a neutral outside agency, like the United Nations. And, now the Arrest of World-renowned Human Rights Activist Khurram Parvez by NIA of India on November 21, 2021 is obviously travesty of justice. Mary Lawlor, the UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights Defender tweeted: Khurram Parvez is not a terrorist. He is a Human Rights Defender.  India has legalized torture, arbitrary arrest, wanton destruction of property and has given its soldiers the right to kill at sight, and to conduct searches without warrant. 

Here are few black laws authorized by the Government of India which clearly violate international standards. The Jammu and Kashmir Public Safety Act (PSA). This law enables the Indian armed forces in Kashmir to detain civilians for up to one year without trial or due process for a wide variety of reasons, including the exercise of free speech. Under this law, an individual who prints pamphlets and newsletters that advocate the implementation of the United Nations resolutions calling for a plebiscite in Kashmir can also be arrested and detailed without formal charge or due process. 

That is why the Amnesty International calls the Jammu and Kashmir Public Safety Act, ‘Lawless Law. In 2011, Amnesty International’s ‘Lawless Law’ report revealed that, given the political context in J&K, the PSA was used to detain, among others, political leaders, lawyers, and individuals who challenged the state through political action or peaceful dissent. The report found that the PSA provides for arbitrary detention, which violates the right to liberty under human rights law binding on India.

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Furthermore, the report found that state authorities also used the PSA to facilitate other human rights violations, including incommunicado detentions, torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment (other ill-treatment) in custody, and detention on vague grounds. Based on these findings, the report called on the Government of J&K to repeal the PSA, abolish the administrative detention system, either release those held under the PSA or charge them with a recognised criminal offence, and to try them in a regular court in proceedings which meet international standards of fairness.  The Terrorist and Disruptive Act (TADA).

This act allows Indian forces to round up and detain citizens for up to one year without formal charges, due process of law or formal trial. When and if court hearings are held, they are held in secret. Victims are not allowed to confront their accusers, and witnesses can keep their identities secret. The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act 1967 (UAPA). Under UAPA a person can be incarcerated up to 180 days without a charge sheet being filed. It does not allow right to dissent. The Amnesty International Executive Director has said that UAPA has been used to “target journalists and human rights defenders who criticize government policies.” 

The National Security Act. Under this law, the Indian armed forces can detain individuals for up to one year without charges or trial to prevent them from ‘acting in a manner prejudicial to state security.’ Under his law, an individual does not even have to take a specific action to be detained. If the Indian authorities believe that he is about to do something, they can detain him without charge to prevent him from acting/. The Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) [Jammu and Kashmir].

This law was passed on September 10, 1990. It allows the Governor of the State of Jammu and Kashmir to unilaterally ‘declare the whole or any part f the state to be a disturbed area.’ By identifying Kashmir as a disturbed area, this act empowers the armed forces to search homes without warrant, arrest Kashmiri people without warrant, destroy entire home and villages and shoot innocent civilians in the streets with intent to kill. 

The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights in her report issued on July8, 2019 states, “The Armed Forces (Jammu and Kashmir) Special Powers Act 1990 (AFSPA) remains a key obstacle to accountability. As described in the June 2018 OHCHR report, this Act grants broad powers to the security forces operating in Jammu and Kashmir and effectively bestows immunity on security forces from prosecution in civilian courts for their conduct, by requiring the Central Government to sanction all prospective prosecutions against such personnel.” 

Justice Rajinder Sachar, former Chief Justice of Delhi High Court, during an event organized by ‘People’s Union for Civil Liberties’ on May 7, 2016, urged all to unite to pressurise the government to repeal sedition laws and Armed Forces Special Power Act (AFSPA) Dr. Syed Nazir Gilani, President, Jammu Kashmir Council for Human Rights submitted a written statement to the UN Human Rights Council on August 30, 2019.

He elaborated that there was a war going on between the people of Kashmir and the Indian Security forces. The June 2018 and July 2019 reports by OHCHR have detailed the situation. According to these reports “The Armed Forces (Jammu and Kashmir) Special Powers Act (AFSPA) grants broad powers to the security forces in Jammu and Kashmir and effectively bestows immunity on security forces from prosecution in civilian courts for their conduct, by requiring the Central Government to sanction all prospective prosecutions against such personnel”. 

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 For any of the above actions, article 7 of the act, titled ‘protection of persons acting in good faith under this act’ holds that ‘no prosecutions, suit or other legal proceeding shall be instituted…against any person in respect to anything done or purported to be done in exercise of the powers conferred by this act. This means that any member of the armed forces who conducts the above-described human rights violations – torture, summary executions of civilians, burning down homes and villages, and arbitrary arrest – can do so with total immunity from prosecution. These draconian laws violate articles 9 and 14 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political rights (ICCPR). 

Currently, two dangerous misunderstandings exist about the Kashmir issue.  If allowed to continue, they can destroy the potential of peace making in the subcontinent:  These are:  (a)  Kashmiris have been battered into submission by Indian forces through these draconian laws. (b)  India is unbendingly opposed to giving up her occupation of Kashmir; so it is futile to bring any pressure on her. 

As regards the first, one need only to recall what happened to a nation as great as France under the 5-year Nazi occupation.  That so many prominent Frenchmen and sections of French society refused to offer any resistance to German forces; that men of standing like Petain and Laval collaborated with the Nazis are undeniable facts.  Did they betoken even a limited popularity of the Nazis?  Certainly not.  All they brought out was the opportunism of a few individuals or groups and the weakness inherent in human nature when confronted with life’s necessities.  The thinking runs along these lines: life is to be lived; if an overarching issue is remaining undecided, one has still to face relatively minor but pressing day-to-day matters and one has to try to tackle them. 

If this happened in France in four or five years of alien occupation, is it any wonder that it should happen in Kashmir after seventy-four years of unremittingly suppressive alien rule. The second misunderstanding arises from a superficial reading of realities.  It is true that successive governments in India have persistently presented a completely intransigent front on the Kashmir issue.  But if no cracks are visible in that front, it is because no pressure whatsoever has been applied which would expose the realities under the surface.  During the last two years or so, particularly since August 5, 2019, when Article 370 and 35A were abrogated, several articles have appeared in the international press and even in mainstream India press written by thoughtful Indians opposed to the official policy on the issue. 

They take their stand not on morality but realistically on India’ own long-term interest.  That an unresolved Kashmir issue, the occupation of Kashmir in defiance of the people’s wishes, has damaged India’s democratic credentials and hence her standing and aspiration for an enhanced status in the United Nations is a point of emphasis in their pleadings.  Only shallow thinking will regard this current of Indian opinion as inconsequential. 

If world powers want to help bring about a peaceful settlement of the Kashmir dispute, it must demand from India as a first step, the immediate repeal of these black laws. The world powers and particularly, the United Nations Human Rights Council is in a position to arrest the course of brutalities by examining and exposing the situation and persuading both India and Pakistan that the way to bring peace and stability to the region of South Asia is by resolving the Kashmir dispute to the satisfaction of all parties concerned. 

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Conflict

Kashmir Lockdown, UNGA & Thereafter

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The Kashmir lockdown enters the Third Month but Modi is undeterred from Lifting Curfew in Indian Occupied Kashmir ever since he took the unilateral move to change disputed Status of Jammu and Kashmir by Scrapping Articles 370 & 35-A of Indian Constitution.

The Maiden Speech of PM Imran Khan in UNGA was curtain-raiser since he advocated the case of  Kashmir aggressively and strongly along with raising Key points of Islamophobia and Blasphemy. On the contrary, Modi even did not mention Kashmir dispute.

Imran Khan’s UNGA Speech was very impressive and represented the spirit of Statesman. The world was apprised that Indian unilateral move has put Kashmir at stake and over 90 days lockdown has brought the State into Turmoil and severe Economic Crisis since the Shops and Businesses are closed. Services of Telephone, Cell phone and Internet services are suspended.

 There is a complete ban on Electronic and Print Media. Even Indian Opposition leaders were returned from the Airport by Indian Forces to hide the draconian laws that are aimed at ethnic cleansing by Killing innocent Kashmiris with pelt Guns and the banned Cluster Bombs.

Pakistan has urged the world Community especially UN to send independent observers to review the law order situation and the grave human rights violation and the misery caused by unjust and inhuman 90 days lockdown that has created serious Food and Medicine shortage and 12 Million People are restricted to House arrest and all the leadership is detained.

 Pakistan has highlighted the issue and the Issue went Global that has baffled India to follow up PM Imran Speech by levelling biased and baseless allegations that had nothing to do with the PM’s Speech or Kashmir Dispute.

Even the Trump administration realized that the lockdown or 90 Days curfew has played havoc with the lives of the innocent Kashmiris making the situation miserable and abysmal for living. On the contrary, the Ceasefire violations on part of India on LOC are very intense that escalated the already tense Situation owing to Modi’s unilateral move. The Recent LOC Shelling by Indian armed forces is targeting Civilian settlements that are tantamount to Human rights.

Pakistan Army invited a great number of Diplomats belonging to various countries to visit sites affected by the Indian Army Shelling along the LoC. They all opined that India has deliberately targeted civilian Population since they did not find any sign of Terrorist Camps since the area is residential and categorically rejected Indian claims. They also declared the people as peaceful citizens.

According to Indian claims that they hit the terrorist camps and destroyed their hideouts but so far it has failed to provide any solid evidence.

Even, the Indian High Commissioner was invited to visit the site but he did not bother to visit the site owing to Modi’ extensive Pressure to serve Indian interests. India has been playing with fire to drag Pakistan in the conventional war that would be disastrous for the two arch-rival neighbours and the whole region. since China has already expressed its concerns regarding Kashmir conflict. Indian doesn’t miss any opportunity to blame Pakistan if any adverse thing happens in India or IOK.

The point behind these war tactics of India may be that it wanted to divert the attention of the world community from J&K atrocities, Genocide and ethnic cleansing towards escalating  LOC situation by exchange firing to target civilians.

The world stands mum over the grave situation in J&K after Modi’s move of forcible annexation of August 5, 2019, making J&K and Ladakh as Union Territories and allowing  Indian citizens to buy properties and getting citizenship so that the bloody plan of converting Muslim majority into a minority could be perpetrated. 

Despite recording protest on the international platforms of UN and UNSC, Pakistan has not been able to win much support from the world powers except China and Russia since fair-weather friend the US has left Pakistan and especially Kashmir people echoing in the desert where the world sleeps but Kashmir bleeds.

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Pakistani Premier also raised his strong voice against  Islamophobia and  advocated the case  of  Blasphemy against  Sacred beliefs and Personalities and specially  presented the case of Kashmir in a strong manner  that was seconded by China, Malaysia, Turkey and Iran

The presence of 8 lac armed forces in Jammu and Kashmir heralds the actual scenario and the gravity of imbroglio and conflict further aggravated after the 90 Days continuous curfew that has made over 12 million Kashmiris as hostages -a grave human rights violations goes unnoticed by UN and World powers having a stake in New World Order.

Over 90 Days curfew has restricted  Kashmiris in houses resulting acute shortage of Food Items, Medicines and other utilities. There has been complete Media Blackout, Internet and Telecommunication has been suspended and people are plunged into darkness.

The Schools, Colleges and Universities are closed calling for immediate UN intervention to put pressure on India to lift the illegal and inhuman curfew lasting for over three months that has paralyzed the paradise-like valley.

The People of Kashmiris are denied fundamental rights that have thrown these innocent souls in the well of Disappointment and deprivation since these unarmed souls are helpless before the cruel armed forces who are there to loot, plunder and torture the youth and take them to detention centres in order suppress the demand and dismantle freedom movement.

Calling itself a secular state but coward inside to extent that it has unscrupulous plans to have Kashmir sans Kashmiris and to give vent to his ambitious plan through, the turmoil, genocide, chaos and bloodshed and causing bloodbath will never be fulfilled.

Despite the passage of 3 months, there is no respite for innocent Kashmiri People. The situation has been so tense that our PM apprised the world that Kashmir has become the nuclear flashpoint and if two nuclear efficient neighbours got engaged in a conventional war, the repercussions would be very gruesome and will expand to the whole region.

Though Pakistan has globalized  the Kashmir dispute, the world response has been quite dismal as UNGA has not called a session to discuss   the issue  to prevent nuclear war between India and Pakistan over the core issue of Kashmir  as both the neighbours are claiming to hold the control of  the valley but the plebiscite is the only solution in light of  UN resolutions to determine the future course of action  that whether Kashmiris want to be annexed with Pakistan, India or just want to retain their  Independent status . 

Pakistan has shown the real face of Modi at every world platform so that the world should come forward to exert pressure on  India to lift illegal Curfew and release the Kashmiri leadership inclusive of those who were pro India.

It is the right of Kashmiris to decide about their future regardless of any pressure or force since violence has aggravated the situation and added fuel to fire in an already grave situation in IOK.

Pakistan has done a tremendous job in highlighting the  Kashmir and taken into confidence UK, US, Iran, China Malaysia, Russia and Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) pleading to raise the voice against serious human rights violations and atrocities committed by 8,00,000 lac  forces who are ransacking  houses, killing innocent Kashmiris in order to establish their Nazi-type  writ  in IOK .

The issue should be discussed in the UN and the Kashmiris be given right of self-determination by holding a plebiscite under the UN in Jammu and Kashmir. The state should be restored to previous disputed status so that Indian claims may be quashed as per partition plan of 1947.

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In a recent move to escalate the situation and integrate the disputed state, Delhi has formally repealed the disputed state of Jammu and Kashmir’s constitutional autonomy and divided it into two federal territories in an attempt aimed integrating it in entirety with India instigating yet another reason for escalation on Loc and protests in IOK. 

 

The midnight move of cowardice has further worsened the situation when the state of J&K was formally taken under direct federal control and divided into the territories of Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh that ended decade’s long semi-autonomous rule owing to the disputed status of IOK guaranteed by articles 370 and 35-A of Indian constitution.

The unilateral and hegemonies move  by Indian Premier  Modi calls  for immediate  UN intervention to prevent war  since  after the Wednesday’ move  to divide  IOK into two states and giving them in direct Federal control has irked  the sentiments of  Kashmiris and  Pakistanis altogether  having established strong reasons for escalation that may lead to full scale war between Pakistan and India given the grave circumstances .

India has crossed all the limits of atrocities and the innocent Kashmiris are looking towards Pakistan and the World powers especially UN to play their active and strong role to put pressure on India to backtrack from its aggressive policy and settle the dispute through dialogue and in light of UN resolutions. 

Pakistan has always played the role of peacemaker and has been the frontrunner in War on terror and brought the Taliban on Negotiation table to sign a peace deal with the US so that US Troops withdrawal may be possible.

Even PM Imran’s visit to Iran and Saudi Arab is aimed at diffusing tensions between Two Islamic countries to avert economic crisis likely to emerge if Oil prices go up due to conflict between two major oil-producing countries.

Finally, the Azadi march led by Moulana Fazal and other opposition parties likely to benefit India in their move to annex IOK and their control over the State.

One might be wondering that what prompted Moulana for Azadi March, demanding resignation from PM after 13 Months, is still unclear but some analysts are of the view that there must be some hidden hands involved behind this Azad March or some figures of power corridors that are supporting and financing the marchers in background. These characters may appear on the big screen as the time goes by and as Moulana unfolds his agenda of March or so-called dharna.

Being an analyst, I predict conspiracy against PTI government to put pressure on Government to get unethical demands accepted made by opposition or there would be anarchy if any skirmishes emerge between the marchers and The Government. 

This was not the perfect time to march or stage dharna since Pakistan is in state of unannounced war with India and the Poor Kashmiris are looking towards Pakistan to express solidarity with their indigenous freedom movement and extending support.

Moulana Fazal Rahman is a senior Politician and a very sensible person, will not commit any blunder revolting against the state but to some extent, the march could be vindicated given the inflation and sudden increase in the prices of Commodities.

Let’s hope that Opposition’s rehbar Committee and Government’s Committee will resolve the issues peacefully and the marchers will return safely to their home if both committees agree on the legitimate demands except PM’s resignation since it would be unjust to topple the Government.

 Let PTI Government complete their 5-year Term so that opposition may have the valid reason to criticize the Policies that put the economy on risk or become responsible for isolation owing to weak or ineffective diplomacy.

At the moment Both Government and Opposition should come on the same page so that our enemies may not take benefits of internal differences; all attention should be directed towards national interests rather than personal interests. 

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Kashmir

Pakistan Mission Islamabad Celebrates “KASHMIRI SOLIDARITY DAY “

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Pakistan’s Permanent Mission to the United Nations today organized a photo exhibition in solidarity with the Kashmiri brothers and sisters, says a press release received here today from New York. The event was held in a virtual and hybrid format in view of COVID-19 restrictions. All the proceedings of the event were broadcasted live on Twitter.

The ceremony began with the recitation of the Holy Qur’an. A message of Pakistan’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations Munir Akram was broadcasted. In his message on the occasion of Solidarity Day, he expressed his unwavering support to the Kashmiri brothers and sisters who have been fighting against the brutal occupation for seven decades. “We salute their unparalleled bravery.” Ambassador Munir Akram said, “The heart of Pakistan is Kashmir. In Pakistan, ‘K’ means towards Kashmir. Pakistan’s dream is incomplete without it.” “The people of Pakistan have always stood firm with their Kashmiri brethren against Indian atrocities and aggression.” The deployment of more than 900,000 Indian troops has made IIOJK one of the most militarized areas in the world, he said.

In his message, Munir Akram said that “Since 05 August 2019, India has turned 8 million Kashmiris into prisoners in their own land through the deployment of over 900,000 occupation troops. History has few precedents of such suffocation and violation of the fundamental rights at this scale. For over 500 days, India has imprisoned all Kashmiri political leaders, illegally detained 13000 Kashmiri youth, tortured many of them, summarily executed young boys, put down protest violently, including the use of pellet guns against peaceful protestors and imposed collective punishment by demolishing homes and burning entire neighbourhood and villages”. “The Permanent Mission of Pakistan remains the voice of the Kashmiris at the UN and other international forums.

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We have urged the international community to play its role in ensuring respect for the fundamental human rights and freedoms of the Kashmiri people and averting grave risks to global peace and security posed by India’s belligerent rhetoric and aggressive action. Through these persistence diplomatic efforts and under the guidance of Prime Minister Imran Khan, the Kashmir issue is once again re-internationalized”: said the Ambassador. “Kashmir issue is once again re-internationalized. It’s under active consideration of the UN Security Council.

UN Secretary General, the President of the General Assembly, High Commissioner for Human Rights and other high-ranking UN human rights experts and Special Rapporteurs have on numerous occasions expressed grave concerns over India’s massive atrocities and crimes in Occupied Jammu and Kashmir. During its recent meeting in Niger, the OIC Council of Foreign Ministers have reaffirmed its unwavering support to the legitimate Kashmiri struggle”: Ambassador Munir Akram said. “The day is not far when the people of Kashmir will be able to free themselves from the yoke of Indian occupation. Unity of purpose and a single-minded determination of the Kashmiris remains the biggest strength of the Kashmiri struggle” he concluded with the note of hope.

Later a documentary on the struggle of Kashmiris was shown at the event. A digital album titled: Kashmir: between resistance and resilience, a collection of photographs featured in international media. The album features photographs and impressions taken by Kashmiri and international reporters and photojournalists based on the struggles of Kashmiris, their plight and their current situation.

Deputy Permanent Representative Mr. Amir Khan expressed his views in his closing remarks. Expressing solidarity with the Kashmiris in his address, Aamir Khan said, “Today is a day to recognize the legitimacy of the Kashmiri freedom struggle in the face of Indian brutality, occupation and state-sponsored terrorism in Indian Illegally Occupied Jammu and Kashmir; to express our unstinting solidarity with our Kashmiri brothers and sisters; to underscore India’s consistent and blatant disregard of the Kashmiris’ right to self-determination and its obligations under international law”.

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“As members of the Pakistan Mission to the UN, we are at the forefront of the Kashmiri struggle for freedom. The legal and moral case of our brethren pivots around our representation. In line with the directions of our leadership, wishes of the Pakistani people and the aspirations of millions of Kashmiris, we must continue to leave no stone unturned in our efforts to highlight all aspects of the Kashmir dispute. This is not only our national duty but also a prerequisite of our Imaan”: he said. “We reiterate our collective resolve and commitment to extend full moral, political and diplomatic support to the people of Jammu and Kashmir” he concluded. At the end of the ceremony, a special prayer was offered for the liberation of Kashmiris.

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