Pakistan has always oscillated between the good and the bad Governance Models as both the civil and the military powers holding the reins of the country one after another. It is unfortunate for the people of Pakistan that despite the passage of 71 years of Independence, we have not been able to find the best Governance Model yet that may serve our subjects in a better way and bring social and economic prosperity.
The Post-Independence period was tattered as Pakistan faced various economic, Social and infrastructural challenges.Pakistan was deprived of its due share from the joint resources at the time of partition.
Yet, Quaid’s able leadership and brave leadership did not let Pakistan go down since he was visionary and had the clear roadmap to steer the county through crisis to prosperity with planning and untiring efforts. He was of the View that if Pakistan’s problems were not addressed or resolved, It may have failed as the state.
The consequential Martial Laws furthered the woes of people that implemented dictatorial laws which were not meant for the people and were contrary to human rights as safeguarded by the constitution. These were the basis that prompted people to denounce such the military coups and raised their voices to regain their freedom of speech and freedom to act according to one’s wishes and intentions.
Pakistan has experienced both the Presidential and parliamentary form of governance. It has also experienced Civil and Military coups and even sustained so far except the Fall of Dhaka in 1971 when Sheikh Mujib was denied the Government despite having an absolute majority to form the government.
As a result of Governance Crisis, Pakistan has suffered on many fronts i.e economic, social and Security. The Ill-will of the feudal nature of Politicians has forcibly sunk the ship of Pakistan by creating a leadership vacuum and gave rise to corrupt practices that played havoc with its fragile and fractured path.
The changing Governance Models, lack of proper Constitutional Development and consensus building have forced the Fragile state to fall in the Governance crisis since no policy framework was followed that may have provided the basis of Constitutional development. The Institutional Building was not initiated that triggered the constant pull in the civil-military relationship.
That was evident from the promulgation of First Constitution on 23rd March 1956, Nine years after the independence, unfortunately, the Martial law was imposed after two and half years of its inaction on 7th October 1958 by the powerful man in our history General Ayoob Khan.
Being a military General, Ayoob khan wanted a controlled and reasonably weaker form of Democracy, since he believed the western form of Democracy does not suit to Pakistan. Consequently, he introduced the 1962 Constitution which came into force on 1st March 1962.
The biggest change in form governance was the introduction of the Presidential form of government since all the powers vested in the president. He was both head of state and head of Government. The Provinces were given autonomy, equality of mankind, independence of the judiciary; rights of minorities were salient features of the constitution.
The Islamic advisory council was also constituted to advise Govt. over Islamic injunctions or laws.
The presidential form of Government was more suitable since all the power vested in President who was elected directly and there was no burden of ineffective legislators just the skeleton Ministers, Provincial Governors and the staff was enough to run the state affairs in a very effective manner since decision making was on the fast track.
“Even the founder of Pakistan, Quaid-e-Azam had envisaged 71 years ago during his speech found in the handwritten paper that the presidential form of Government is suitable for Pakistan since a parliamentary form of Government does not work owing to feudal vested interests, illiteracy and lack of visionary leadership.
Actually, he had given clear roadmap that as long as feudalism and feudal approach exists in Pakistan, the democracy cannot develop its roots deeper since these feudal politicians have vested interests that are detrimental to people who vote them to power and tantamount to Islamic Ideologies.”
With the resignation of General Ayoob, the constitutional crises once again aggravated with the abrogation of 1962 constitution.
The story unfolded when Sheikh Mujib ur Rahman had succeeded in winning the majority in the first ever general elections of Pakistan held in 1970 but the then military ruler, President General Yahya Khan, had refused categorically to transfer power to him. Sheikh Mujib was imprisoned in Mianwali. General Yahya resigned succumbing to internal pressure.
Then we had the best constitution gifted by Shaheed Zulfiquar Ali Bhutto. The 1973 constitution promulgated on 14th August 1973 with an overwhelming majority. The 1973 constitution was the turning point in the history of Pakistan as it was considered the complete constitution which safeguarded the rights of every citizen. Though East Pakistan was separated in 1971, yet Bhutto steer the country out of governance and constitutional crisis and had solved the long-standing issue.
Even, he was not spared, he was hanged under Zia regime and was inducted in the Murder plot of Nawaz Mohammad Ahmad Khan Kasuri’s, consequently hanged on 3rd April 1978. Bhutto during his premiership reshaped the foreign policy and made people friendly and people-centric decisions that disrupted the status quo and had great economic extinct since he wanted to establish a World Islamic Bank in Pakistan with the help of Islamic Countries.
Bhutto’s speech UN general assembly still echoes in our hearts as No leader in our history had made such fearless and emotional speech that rocked the Superpowers.
Unfortunately, we could not get such a brave and fearless leader who could speak eye to eye with the enemies and even to the Superpowers.
Though we had a leader like Mohammad Khan Junejo who was also a good Statesman and had ignited the real dream of Welfare State his powers were curtailed by former Chief Martial law Administrator and later Elected President through the so-called referendum General Ziaul Haq.
Later, Benazir Bhutto, the great daughter of Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto rose to heights of success but his teammates sunk her ship through corrupt practices in Government. Then, Pakistan went into the two-party system i.e. PPP and PML from 1988 to October 1999.
In 1999, Pakistan experienced yet another military involvement that sent PML-N government packing by General Musharraf. PM Nawaz was jailed and later released on the interference of Saudi kings and exiled with family.
Musharraf after three years, held elections and his Party PML-Q win the elections. In 2007, Benazir Bhutto returned from Self Exile and apparently assassinated during the Public gathering.
Benazir’s Murder brought the turmoil in the country. PPP won 2008 elections on a sympathy vote and Zardari became the President after Musharraf relinquished due to fears of impeachment.
It was the first time that any civilian Government had completed their term and laid the foundation of Democratic Transition.
The PPP government was not impressive and effective but the only good thing they had done that was the 18th amendments that had offered autonomy to the provinces and few federal ministries were devolved to the Provinces including Health and Education.
The 18th amendment also paved the way for the premier to be elected for the third term as earlier it was just two terms. PML-N won 2013 elections with the majority and completed their term but PM Nawaz was disqualified due to Panama Papers case few months before completion of the tenure.
Finally, democratic transition worked again, and the PTI came into power with the slogan of change and making Naya Pakistan.
if we analyze our history, we would be disappointed to know that most of the time, the Martial Law Administrator governed our country as compared to the civilian Government. This gives the message that Pakistani electoral framework only suits a single powerful system means the presidential form of Government as practised in Turkey, Afghanistan and US.
The presidential form of Government is the strong as the president is the head of State and the head of a Government at the same time. He appoints his ministers from professionals, technocrats and Legislature. He makes timely decisions as a Parliamentary form of Government does not allow implementing policies without the debate and without approval from the parliament.
We are still going through a transition and learning from our past mistakes, yet we need to mull over that which Governance Model suits our people–Parliamentary form of Government or Presidential form of Government or Mixture of both.
It is not the time of meddling with both systems or engage in the debate of good or bad system but we should adopt the best governance system suits Pakistan and benefits the common men and bridges the gap between state and the subjects. The system which provides access to justice offers equal opportunities regardless of religion, caste or creed.
It has been seven decades since independence that we are struggling to form a strong and vibrant system that benefits the people of Pakistan. The issue warrants public debate and is open to the public to give their input which system of Governance may be fruitful for them that strengthens the federation, Federating units and builds the basis of good governance.
Though we have a new government in place but the old players of Opposition Parties PPP, PML-N and JUI, MMA and ANP are giving a tough time to hide their corrupt practices. Therefore, if we want the state to flourish and prosper, we need to put the presidential form of governance for a four or five year to analyze whether it is physible for Pakistan and produces desired results. Either, We have to part ways with the parliamentary form of Government or adhere to the Presidential form of Government as practised in developed nations of the world.
President Dr Arif Alvi Confers Civil Awards on Independence Day
On the occasion of Independence Day, 14th August, 2021, the President of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan has been pleased to confer the following ‘Pakistan Civil Awards’ on citizens of Pakistan as well as Foreign Nationals for showing excellence and courage in their respective fields.
The investiture ceremony of these awards will take place on Pakistan Day, 23rd March, 2022:- S. No. Name of Awardee Field
1 Mr. Muhammad Naeem (Punjab) Science (Chemistry)
2 Mr. Nazar Muhammad Rashid alias N.M Rashid (late) (Punjab) Literature
3 Mr. Majeed Amjad alias Abdul Majeed (late) (Punjab) Literature II. HILAL-I-PAKISTAN
4 Mr. Li Xiaopeng (China) Services to Pakistan
5 Mr. Zhou Xiaochuan (China) Services to Pakistan
6 Dr. Inam ur Rehman (Punjab) Science (Nuclear Physics)
7 Dr. Qamar Mehboob (Punjab ) Engineering (Nuclear)
8 Mr. Tahir Ikram (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)
9 Mr. Jamshed Azim Hashmi (Sindh) Engineering (Electrical & Mechanical)
10 Mr. Rohail Hayat (Punjab) Art (Music Composer)
11 Ms. Kishwar Naheed (Punjab) Literature
12 Mr. Mohamad Azmi Abdul Hamid (Malaysia) Services to Pakistan
13 Mr. Darren Sammy Services to Pakistan
14 Mr. Takamitsu Matsumura (Japan) Literature
15 Sheikh Ahmed bin Hamad Al Khalili (Oman) Religious Scholar
16 Mr. Muhammad Bux Buriro (Sindh) Gallantry
17 Ms. Reshma (Sindh) Gallantry
18 Col. Shafi Ullah Khan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Gallantry
19 Dr. Muhammad Masood ul Hassan (Punjab) Science (Physics)
20 Dr. Syed Hussain Abidi (Punjab) Science (Industrial Biotechnology)
21 Mr. Aslam Umer (Sindh) Engineering (Mechanical)
22 Mr. Tariq Hameed (Punjab) Engineering (Nuclear)
23 Dr. Muhammad Shahzad (Punjab) Control Design System
24 Dr. Syed Waqar Azim (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)
25 Dr. Naveed ur Rehman (Punjab) Avionics & Aerospace
26 Dr. Muhammad Iqbal (Punjab) System Engineering
27 Mr. Arshad Nawaz Khan (Punjab) Engineering (Chemical)
28 Ms. Abida Riaz Shahid Alias Nelo (late) (Punjab) Art (Acting)
29 Mr. Rashid Ali Rana (Punjab) Fine Arts
30 Mr. Shahid Abdullah (Sindh) Architect
31 Syed Akeel Bilgrami (Sindh) Architect
32 Mr. Salman Iqbal (Punjab) Sport (Services to Cricket)
33 Maj. Gen. Arshad Naseem (Punjab) Public Service
34 Ms. Roshan Khursheed Bharucha Social Work
35 Mr. Mehmood ul Haq Alvi (late) Philanthropist
VII. PRESIDENT’S AWARD FOR PRIDE OF PERFORMANCE
36 Syed Tajammul Hussain (Punjab) Science (Artificial Intelligence & Data Science)
37 Dr. Yasar Ayaz (Punjab) Science (Robotics)
38 Mr. Mumtaz Hussain (Punjab) Engineering( Metallurgy)
39 Mr. Zulfiqar Ali (Punjab) Engineering (Nuclear)
40 Dr. Muhammad Siddique (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)
41 Mr. Shabbir Ahmad (Punjab) Engineering (Chemical)
42 Mr. Wasim Naser (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)
43 Mr. Abdul Ghafoor (Punjab) Engineering (Chemical)
44 Mr. Muhammad Noaman (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Engineering (Mechanical)
45 Dr. Muhammad Shafqat (Punjab) Engineering (Chemical)
46 Mr. Nadeem Rasul (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)
47 Mr. Haseeb Ahmed (Punjab) Engineering (Chemical)
48 Mr. Muhammad Iqbal (Sindh) Engineering (Aerospace)
49 Mr. Shahid Hameed alias Shahid (Punjab) Art (Acting)
50 Ms. Durdana Butt (Punjab) Art (Acting)
51 Mr. Ismail Tara (Sindh) Art (Acting)
52 Mr. Manzoor Ali Mirza (Sindh) Art (Acting)
53 Syed Sajid Hassan (Sindh) Art (Acting)
54 Mr. Shaharyar Zaidi (Sindh) Art (Acting)
55 Syed Mumtaz Ali Shah (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Art (Acting)
56 Mr. Shoukat Mehmood (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Art (Singing)
57 Ms. Qamro Jan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Art (Folk Singing)
58 Ms. Shakila Naz (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Art (Singing)
59 Mr. Jan Ali (Gilgit-Baltistan) Art (Folk Music)
60 Mr. Shakoor (Sindh) Art (Instrumentalist)
61 Mr. Noor Muhammad Jarral (Punjab) Art (Na’at Khuwani)
62 Mr. Imdad Ali Vighio (Sindh) Art (Block Making)
63 Mr. Madad Ali Sindhi (Sindh) Literature
64 Mr. Rifat Abbas alias Ghulam Abbas (Punjab) Literature
65 Mr. Ayaz Gul (Ayaz Ali Dal) (Sindh) Literature
66 Dr. Fazal Khaliq (Balochistan) Literature
67 Mr. Tahir Afridi (late) (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Literature
68 Mr. Muhammad Ali Sadpara (late) (Gilgit Baltistan) Sport (Mountaineer)
69 Ms. Nargis Hameedullah Hazara (Balochistan) Sport (Karate)
70 Mr. Shehzada Sikandar ul Mulk (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Sport (Polo)
71 Ms. Azmat Hassan Baloch (Balochistan) Public Service
72 Ms. Parveen Saeed (Sindh) Social Welfare
73 Ms. Soni Faisal (Sindh) Social Work (Polio & Corona Virus)
74 Mr. Irfan Ullah Jan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Social Activist/ Philanthropist
75 Mr. Lu Shan (China) Services to Pakistan
76 Mr. Oh Jay-Hee (Korea) Services to Pakistan
77 Mr. Khalid Mahmood (Norway) Public Service
78 Mr. Muhammad Akbar Khan (Gilgit Baltistan) Gallantry
79 Mr. Iqbal Masih (late) Gallantry
80 Mr. Abdul Ghaffar Shaikh (late) (Sindh) Gallantry
81 Mr. Zia Hussain (late) (Sindh) Gallantry
82 Mr. Tabassum Shabbir Awan (Punjab) Gallantry
83 Mr. Irfan Ahmed Khan Durrani (Islamabad) Gallantry
84 Mr. Asadullah Qureshi (Sindh) Gallantry
85 Mr. Muhammad Ali (Gilgit Baltistan) Gallantry
86 Mr. Ahmed Ali (Gilgit Baltistan) Gallantry
87 Mr. Sadiq Hussain (Gilgit Baltistan) Gallantry
88 Mr. Noor ud Din (Gilgit Baltistan) Gallantry
89 Malik Dara Khan (late) (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Gallantry
90 Mr. Muhammad Rahim Shah (Gilgit Baltistan) Gallantry
91 Mr. Saeed Khan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Gallantry
92 Mr. Muhammad Waleed Sabir Khan (Azad Jammu & Kashmir) Gallantry
93 Mr. Waqar Ahmed (Islamabad) Gallantry
94 Mr. Abdul Qahhar Khan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Gallantry
95 Dr. Samina Roohi (Punjab) Science (Bio-Chemistry)
96 Dr. Nusrat Jehan (Punjab) Science (Physics)
97 Dr. Irfan Ullah Khan (Punjab) Science (Chemistry)
98 Prof. Dr. Syed Ghulam Musharraf (Sindh) Science (Chemistry)
99 Dr. Muhammad Aftab Rafiq (Punjab) Science (Physics)
100 Dr. Ammad Hussain Qureshi (Punjab) Engineering (Metallurgy)
101 Mr. Muhammad Ashraf Khan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Engineering (Mechanical)
102 Maj (R) Imtiaz Ahmed (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)
103 Mr. Muhammad Jamil (Punjab) Engineering(Fluid Power)
104 Mr. Imtiaz Sarwar (Islamabad) Engineering (Electrical & Electronics)
105 Dr. Muhammad Yasir (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Engineering (Aerospace)
106 Mr. Abid Bin Abdul Quddus Qazi (Islamabad) Engineering (Civil)
107 Dr. Muhammad Abid (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)
108 Prof. Dr. Robina Farooq (Punjab) Education
109 Eng. Dr. Faizullah Abbasi (Sindh) Education (Engineering)
110 Prof. Dr. Osman Hasan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Education (Engineering/ Electrical)
111 Prof. Dr. Muhammad Junaid Mughal (Punjab) Education (Science & Technology)
112 Ms. Ghuncha Bibi Alias Saima Noor (Punjab) Art (Acting)
113 Mr. Lal Muhammad (Aman) (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Art (Acting)
114 Ms. Rubina Mustafa Qureshi (Sindh) Art (Singing)
115 Mr. Ejaz Sarhadi (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Art (Sarinda Player)
116 Ms. Momina Duraid Qureshi Art (Drama Director/ Producer)
117 Mr. Sajjad Ahmed (Balochistan) Art (Television Producer)
118 Al-Haaj Saeed Hashmi (late) (Sindh) Art (Na’at Khuwani)
119 Mr. M. Anis Nagi (late) (Punjab) Literature
120 Mr. Johar Ali Raki (Gilgit Baltistan) Public Service
121 Mr. Mansoor Hassan Siddiqui (late) (Punjab) Public Service
122 Ms. Shehla Baqi (Sindh) Public Service (Health)
123 Mr. Asad Mahmood (Punjab) Public Service (Rendering dedicated services with selfless devotion)
124 Mr. Muhammad Hanif Tayyab (Sindh) Social Services
125 Dr. Muhammad Haroon Memon (Sindh) Social Work (Thalassemia)
126 Mr. David Shoebridge (Australia) Human Rights
Missing You! SPSC
It is disappointing to pen these painful thoughts for such an apex recruiting Agency of Sindh that kept serving the people of Sindh for decades and kept providing respectable elite Civil services jobs to the underprivileged people regardless of their colour, creed or religion.
SPSC remained the only hope for the youth to get elevated civil service jobs such as EX-PCS and Secretariat services as well as Jobs in other cadres from BS-16 to BS-20 in various departments of Sindh.
Unfortunately, SPSC bears the brunt of Malpractices and corrupt practices of its chairman and Members who tempered with the result of Meritorious candidates and passed their blue-eyed Candidates through nepotism and favouritism and deprived the deserving candidates of getting Elite Civil Service slots.
The jobs were reportedly sold like commodities stabbing meritocracy and bringing in a swarm of inefficient and ineligible bureaucracy that played in the hands of feudal lords.
The saga starts from tempering the marks of candidates of CCE 2003 that took almost two decades in litigation but so far no respite has been provided to the candidates/petitioners who approached the Sindh High court to knock the door for justice.
Despite winning the case at all platforms and getting favourable reports i.e Departmental Enquiry, Anti Corruption Establishment Report, NAB report and Judicial Enquiry reports, it was proven that those recommended for appointment were not eligible as most of the candidates were fail in written part and Interview. Even some of the candidates who did not appear in the test were declared as pass.
The result of the final recommended candidates was tempered. The marks on the face sheet of answer copies were changed as per the reports surfaced.
It is worthy to mention here that those appointed through unfair means and tempered results, surprisingly promoted to the next Grades from time to time and now they are in Grade 19.
Later, in CCE 2013 there was a similar hue and cry about tempered results and bribery amounting to millions, the Sindh High Court passed its judgment making the result Null and void and directed SPSC to conduct both written and interviews afresh.
Thus hundreds of candidates bore the brunt of Malpractices of Commission authorities and many who got recommendations as Section Officers, ACs, AD labour etc were shocked. They wondered why they were punished for the fault of some unscrupulous people that earned a bad name for the SPSC.
Though being disappointed and dejected from the Honourable Courts decision, the candidates reappeared in the written and Interview but shockingly very few got through since the majority of candidates who had cleared the exam previously, could not qualify even written part and Interview.
The Education standards in Sindh have already deteriorated alarmingly, yet those who toil and work hard in the hopes of being the part of Elite Civil service, got disillusioned and dejected when the news broke that all the appointments were made either on payment of huge bribes or political support, plunging the poor hardworking and talented youth into the darkness of Disappointment, Dejection and Hopelessness.
These incidents were still fresh in the minds of candidates when they got the shocking news that Sindh High Court Hyderabad Bench announced yet another shocking judgment that jolted the candidates.
The judgment suspended the SPSC act and made the Recruitments of CCE 2018, Medical Officers and others null and void. Even it suspended all the Members including Chairman and Secretary. The judgments directed the Sindh Government to legislate a new SPSC act making Governor as head to appoint Chairman and Members instead of Chief Minister Sindh.
There have been several interpretations of Law experts regarding the impact of judgment that whether the judgment applies to mentioned Recruitments i.e CCE 2018, Health Department Medical Officers or all the Recruitments to date.
Even the Honourable High court ordered to make the SPSC website offline until the new SPSC act is promulgated.
The news had serious repercussions on the future of youth in Sindh, especially those who had passed the exam with hard work and are serving in the field for almost three years. The clouds of uncertainty have engulfed them and they are waiting for their fate since their training has also been discontinued. There is no clarification whether their services are discontinued in the light of Judgment or still intact. It will be clear after the outcome of the appeal in the Supreme court of Pakistan Karachi registry.
Their future is bleak. Even, several candidates had either appeared in the written tests of various departments and cleared including those who were awaiting Interview results. There were some candidates whose interviews were scheduled but all in vain.
With each passing day, the suspicion and fears are mounting with concerns that whether the SPSC will be restored with the appointment of a new chairman, Members and Secretary or it will remain in a dormant state since the Honourable court has not given any time frame to Sindh Government for legislation and transfer of powers of appointment of Chairman and Members to Governor so that concerns of candidates may be addressed.
Furthermore, the decision also impacted the recruitment process of lecturers in the college Education Department where more than 6000 lecturers were to be appointed and even written tests were conducted from over 100000 candidates and subsequently their results were uploaded on the SPSC website.
Ironically, public service commissions of other provinces such as PPSC, BPSC, KPPSC, AJKPSC and FPSC are Functioning in full swing and the recruitment process in other provinces has been transparent but unfortunately, the Sindh Government has wreaked havoc with all the institutions and did not even spare SPSC -the apex Civil service Recruitment Agency to pursue the meritocracy and transparency in appointment of Civil servants.
Due to misappropriation, mismanagement, nepotism, favouritism and corruption, today the Prestigious body SPSC was forced to close the doors for youth and it has borne the brunt of corrupt souls who have not left any stone unturned to mint money from poor people whose dream to become part of Civil service stood unfulfilled even seems a nightmare. According to some reports if Assistant Commissioners get the seats on the payment of ten million then the poor can only dream of such elevated and lucrative posts and their intelligence, efficiency and talent get rotten if meritocracy is strangulated under the weight of Bribery.
It is high time that our youth should be vocal and raise their voice against the criminal silence of the Sindh Government as the Government has failed miserably to pursue the case in the Supreme Court due to its unwillingness and negligence, leaving hundreds of youth falling prey to unemployment, disappointment and disillusionment.
The Chief Justice Supreme court of Pakistan and Chief Justice High Court of Sindh are humbly appealed to review the decision and pass orders to Sindh Government for legislation to restore SPSC and appointment of new Chairman and Members by Governor as practised in other provinces so that future of youth could be saved and they should be prevented from getting overage.
Furthermore, in the upcoming CCE 2022, 20 years of General age relaxation may be granted so that the delay caused by various judgments of the Honourable Courts due to corrupt practices of Commission may be compensated and the level playing field may be provided to candidates to contest Competitive Exam. The courts always provide relief to petitioners but the culprits behind such corrupt practices may also be punished so that future incidents could be averted.
It is further recommended that on the lines of FPSC’s, Section Officers Promotional Exam (SOPE) may be introduced through which lower grade employees having completed 5 to 7 years in departments can be appointed through SPSC as SOs and unlike Transfer to OMG Policy of FPSC, there should be an exam for those in BS-17 and BS-18 officers of other cadres to be part of PMS or PSS. This will help in filling the shortage of civil servants in the provincial secretariat.
It is also recommended that there should be Executive Service where BS-19 officers could be inducted from senior Civil Servants of various departments.
SPSC is the driving force to bring in a bunch of civil bureaucracy, Professionals, Technical hands and other security personnel of higher grade. The dormant state SPSC has already created serious staff shortages and impacted the performance of various departments especially College Education, School Education, Health and Civil Bureaucracy that are in constant need of fresh blood to serve the nation with dignity and dedication.
Tribal Clashes and the Bloodshed
Tribal Clashes in the parts of Baluchistan and Sindh bring miseries and destruction as warring tribes go on Killing Sprees and do not stop until they equal the numbers.
They go on a massive scale and target indiscriminately, the young and old are consumed in the fire of revenge and vengeance.
Tribal clashes create several socioeconomic problems that compel the tribes men to adopt criminal activities for instance armed robbery, mobile snatching, motorbike snatching and stealing in the rural areas where police patrolling is not available.
Sindh, Baluchistan, KP and Punjab are embedded in the Feudal fabric that is controlling the social, cultural and political arena of these provinces.
This is obviously the great game of some sardars and politicians to incite the tribes to fight to settle their dispute. The disputes are triggered from trivial issues like water share, agriculture land disputes, grazing of animals in somebody’s farmlands, marriage, illicit relations and Karo Kari (honour Killings).
These tribal feuds have already consumed thousands of innocent lives since our judicial system fails to provide relief so people are forced to seek justice from the traditional jirga system, run by the tribal chiefs. Regrettably, the Jirga’s decisions are unmerited in most cases,women are given in exchange to settle the disputes,and the verdicts are binding on both parties.
During the colonial era British conferred various benefits to these feudals due to their allegiance to the British Empire. They were awarded lands and properties along with various titles that still exist in today’s Pakistan.
Titles such as sardar,Mir,Nawab, Khan Bahadur, rais and Muqdum are used even today. The princely states were also classified as Salute and Non-salute states, depending on their favorability with the British.
These states were controlled indirectly by British India. Some examples include Bahawalpur, Khairpur, Makran, and Kalat.
For a long time these entitled elite have been ruling and controlling Sindh, Baluchistan and Punjab, for more than seven decades they have had a stronghold in these areas socially, economically and politically.
There are several sardars who traditionally hold hereditary Turbans (pug) of Tribal chief and control their community along with other communities.
In Baluchistan, the most active Sardari tribes are Bugti, Marri, Mengal, Bizenjo, Jamali, Magsi and Rind, In Sindh Sundrani, Bijarani, Mahar,Chandio, Mazari, Lund, Pitafi, Arbabs, Khoso, Chachar, Teghani, Jatoi, Bhayo and Shar. Syed tribes have been ruling the roost in Sindh for several decades, the most important seat of CM falls in their domain.
The heads of these tribal chiefs are autocratic princes and have totalitarian control over the people of their tribes;they enjoy the full authority in their respective areas.
These jirgas are not only lucrative businesses for the sardars, but they also aid them in consolidating their influence over their tribe members who then vote them to assemblies and the Parliament
The Sundrani, Bijarani, Mahar and Chandio Tribal chiefs control the greatest number of tribes in Sindh whereas Rind, Marri, Bugti and Mengals control most of the Baloch tribes in Baluchistan.
The extent of their control can be assessed on the following point that no one can have even matrimonial proposal without their consent and their verdict is final in all matters.
Feudal influence persists in these areas only because of the absence of writ of state and of law and order.Therefore, the tribesmen are compelled to opt for the Jirgas to settle disputes.
The Jirga process is very slow,both warring tribes must mutually agree to end the dispute, this may involve several sittings. Sometimes, the tribes resume their clashes soon after a settlement and pursue the killing spree owing to resentment by one tribe.
The women especially the young girls bear the brunt of these tribal clashes as unmarried girls are exchanged for compensation in case of murder settlements.These girls live in misery as the family members treat them as the daughter of the enemy and resort to domestic abuse and violence.Consequently, the innocent girls become the victims of these tribal jirgas.
The school going children also become victims of these tribal clashes amid fear of attack if they go to school, the enemy may target these students. Such incidences have been reported in the past.
In a recent incident between the Teghani and Bijarani tribes, two innocent students of matriculation were killed they were prepared to appear in the exams this March, unfortunate death took care that.
In another ironic incident a 70-year-old man was shot in the head when he was riding his donkey cart to work so he could feed his minor children and wife. Instead of getting food on the table in the evening the family received his dead body.
One recent incident still resonates in the minds of many when 30 innocent lives were lost in exchange of fire between two tribes owing to a trivial issue of illegal grazing of a cow. This continues to happen due to widespread illiteracy and unrestricted use of sophisticated weapons.
This was the one of the worst examples when dozens of men, women and children got butchered in a single day,in a blatant display of barbarity.
The role of Police is very dismal rather dubious since such incidences also occur in cities,in broad day light. Police usually arrive late giving these trigger happy thugs a license to kill innocent people.
The open display of sophisticated weapons like fully automatic fire arms to rocket launchers makes one question how these communities manage to purchase such expensive arms when their purchase requires official approval and some are not even meant for civilians.
In some instances the police becomes an accomplice taking monetary benefits form the tribe that intends on attacking it’s rival turning a blinds eye.
The Government is clueless or an accomplice like the police in these incidents or deliberately avoids legislation against this butchery of humanity since most of the MPA’s and MNA’s are tribal chiefs themselves. They will never legislate against these crimes as they are well aware that legislation means curtailing their own powers and monetary losses.
It is high time that civil society, legal fraternity, and human rights defenders must come forward to stop this massacre in the name tribal disputes and the Supreme Court of Pakistan must take notice of this cold-blooded murder.
The Government should ban the jirgas completely and all murders under the guise of Honour Killings and Tribal disputes should be treated as a crime against humanity with exemplary punishments. Government should also control issuing of licenses to civilians.
The civil society must create awareness against and promote love and harmony among the communities so that they may settle their differences peacefully and never engage in fighting.Precious human lives need to be preserved especially those of the youth.
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