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Implications of emerging world order

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The world is changing with the passage of time and this change has been so rapid and significant after the pandemic hit the global economy by dragging businesses worldwide to a halt.

As the vaccine shots are being administered around the world the covid-19 cases have started coming down. But still, the various variants such as Delta and Omicron are ringing the alarm bells for the world. Health concerns are on the rise engulfing the entire world. The experts do predict that this pandemic may stay for a long time in this world and all nations must take preventive measures to tackle the possible infections.

In the meantime, the country from where Covid-19 sprung has been on a greater mission, followed by Russia. This is because of the failure of the US invasion of Afghanistan after the passage of two decades despite investing millions of dollars in infrastructure and regime change tactics.

The superpower has started experiencing isolation in the world due to its autocratic offensives and egoism as harboured and shown by the Trump Administration.

The Trump Administration almost messed up the diplomatic affairs and completely polarized the political landscape, which had sparked the Capitol Hill Mayhem. The dirty game changed the attitude of Republican supporters from patience to violence. That was the reason people voted for Joe Biden to become their new president: to start mending the foreign policy blunders committed by the insensible media celeb-turned-politician Donald Trump.

Though President Joe Biden has shown restraint from further aggravating the situation due to the shameful withdrawal from Afghanistan as the Taliban took over Kabul without any resistance from Afghan or American forces and got full control there.

The hatred, anger and opposition generated by the devilish role of the USA in Afghanistan, its hybrid war with Iran and support of Israel against Palestinians have further added to the mess. Though Ukraine is a close ally of the USA, it has completely failed to build pressure over Russia for the possible conquering of Ukraine.

So far, the separatist movement in two parts of Ukraine have been recognized as Independent states and Russia sent its forces to make peace. Russia shocked the USA and other NATO allies, and an emergency session of the UN has been called to impose sanctions on Russia and the parts of Ukraine that Russia has recognized as independent states.

The increasing power of  Eastern players,  China and  Russia, have created concerns for the West, especially the USA,  to contain and curtail the powers of both  Russia and  China so that the former may not occupy Ukraine and the latter may not use force against Taiwan. The isolated  USA  under Joe Biden is  trying hard  to use all  resources, allies and  even NATO to put pressure on both to  secure its relevance in the ever-changing world  order  since the  covid-19 pandemic took the world by storm, impacting the world’s biggest economies and imposing lockdowns.

The world is becoming one based on shared goals, peace and equality without the comparison of wealth, economy, development or structure. The vacuum left by the USA has been filled by China by helping the developing nations through the Belt and Road Initiative.

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With the Taliban signing various agreements with China, it is evident that the mess left by the so-called superpower is being cleaned to reset the relations with global and regional powers.

Within the ever-changing world order, China has positioned itself tactfully leaving the USA stranded to the extent that a close ally as mentioned by the USA has turned his back and joined the party with Russia and China for a global reset of diplomatic relations.

It will be hard to digest that Pakistan has realigned its foreign policy towards regional power and has distanced itself from the USA, divorcing itself based on insincerity and double standards.

The USA is seen in political circles and the leadership as an opportunist. The experts and political pundits do contend that the USA always got something in return from Pakistan for Aid.

Though Pakistan has always delivered and facilitated thev USA, it has paid a heavy price for this because Pakistan has sacrificed thousands of civilians and soldiers fighting for the cause against terrorism. When it comes time for payback in the same coin, the USA withdraws support on all the key matters, especially the Kashmir dispute, the FATF grey list and the IMF tough conditions for loaning.

Inflation is exploding and the prices of daily use items are skyrocketing with the levy of taxes and price hikes in petroleum prices. In such circumstances, US support on the above matters might have been vital to maintaining the ever depleting foreign exchange reserves.

Thanks to Saudi Arabia, the UAE and China coming forward and offering help in the shape of fixed deposits, foreign exchange reserves have been protected, and may not drop further and the country’s trade may not be impacted.

Russia has been trying to regain its past glory, especially the position it had in the days of the USSR, since it has clear plans in place to regain and re-annexe Ukraine or the parts where separatist movements are in place. Formerly, it was the part of the USSR, which also included all the independent central Asian states such as Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan,, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan to resurrect the East bloc or even the USSR itself, taking the fullest advantage of an inactive USA due to a flawed, autocratic and Jewish-centric foreign policy that has impacted its global status and causing resistance to its anti-Muslim policies, especially towards Iran, Palestine and Afghanistan.

The tremors of change are echoing and the countries have started sorting ways to engage, align or realign their diplomatic policies given the circumstances of changing world order.

Security and foreign policy experts are of the view that ever-increasing interventions in the region in socio-economic projects by visionary Chinese President XI Jinping have made the USA have sleepless nights, followed by the Russian military manoeuvring and build-up along the Ukraine border to take control of the close US ally, Ukraine, or at least its pro-Russian areas. This will have far repercussions that might create chances of a world war. Though the Russian move has sent a clear message to the USA and NATO to stay away from the issue, the USA is finding it very hard to swallow this bitter pill.

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But peace lovers need to expect restraint from mighty Russia against any possible use of force to occupy Ukraine and annex it. Afghan soil was used to disintegrate the USSR and the same is being used against the USA due to the power game.

It is pivotal for the leadership of Muslim countries including Pakistan to watch out and realign sensibly as they may face some issues. China enjoys great power and it has displayed it during skirmishes with Indian forces in Laddakh. India has been a diehard ally of the USA, being grilled on all sides by global power parleys.

The recent statement from the Taliban foreign Minister heralds that the Kashmir dispute may be resolved very soon as fascism and radicalism rule the roost in Modi’s India making the lives of minorities, especially Muslims, miserable. The recent incident of the Muslim girl Muskan Khan’s hijab controversy has gone viral and the BJP came in for serious criticism across the world.

It is imperative for world powers to understand the dimensions and position themselves in the new world order, or as some call it, the China order, due to its giant economy keeping flourishing even in the pandemic situation.

Wars and battles bring miseries in the world, so it is imperative that instead of heading towards misery and destruction, the world must adhere to peace and make joint efforts to prevent wars to secure the world.

Moreover, as PM Khan  and the members of the cabinet are visiting Russia on Invitation of President Vladimir Putin of Russia, Pakistan should avoid becoming part of any bloc at the moment, given the complex and serious circumstances that may create problems if bigwigs like the USA, Russia and NATO forces started fightibg. It would be sensible to stay non-aligned with any bloc or group so that Pakistan may not pay the price as happened in Afghanistan.

New fronts do open for superpower as happened in the Cold War or during the invasion and occupation of Afghanistan by both  the USA and the then Soviet Union as both sustained heavy set back afterwards politically and Economically .

Though PM Imran Khan during his interview  with the Russian Media have made it clear that  Pakistan was  not going  to be part of any bloc given the myriad outlook of issues grilling various  nations .

The increasing power of  Eastern players,  China and  Russia, have created concerns for the West, especially the USA,  to contain and curtail the powers of both  Russia and  China so that the former may not occupy Ukraine and the latter may not use force against Taiwan. The isolated  USA  under Joe Biden is  trying hard  to use all  resources, allies and  even NATO to put pressure on both to  secure its relevance in the ever-changing world  0rder  since the  covid-19 pandemic took the world by storm, impacting the world’s biggest economies and imposing lockdowns .

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Climate Change

Global Climate Action: Are International Agreements Enough to Combat Climate Change?

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Climate change is one of the most pressing challenges of our time. With rising global temperatures, increasing sea levels, and more frequent extreme weather events, the need for coordinated global action has never been more urgent. This article delves into the effectiveness of recent international climate agreements and examines the roles that major countries play in mitigating climate change.

The Paris Agreement: A Landmark Accord

Goals and Commitments

The Paris Agreement, adopted in 2015, marked a significant milestone in international climate diplomacy. It brought together nearly 200 countries with a common goal: to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, with an aspirational target of 1.5 degrees Celsius. The agreement also emphasized the importance of enhancing adaptive capacities, strengthening resilience, and reducing vulnerabilities to climate impacts.

Implementation and Progress

Since its inception, the Paris Agreement has spurred a range of national commitments known as Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). These NDCs represent each country’s plan to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and adapt to climate change. However, the effectiveness of these commitments has been mixed.

According to the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Emissions Gap Report 2023, the current NDCs, even if fully implemented, would still lead to a global temperature rise of approximately 2.7 degrees Celsius by 2100. This highlights a significant gap between the pledges and the level of action required to meet the Paris targets.

Challenges in Implementation

Several challenges hinder the effective implementation of the Paris Agreement:

  1. Ambition Gap: Many countries have set targets that are not ambitious enough to meet the global goals. There is a need for more stringent and comprehensive policies to bridge this gap.
  2. Finance: Developing countries often lack the financial resources to implement their climate plans effectively. The promise of $100 billion per year in climate finance from developed to developing countries remains unmet, undermining global solidarity.
  3. Monitoring and Accountability: Ensuring transparency and accountability in tracking progress is crucial. The enhanced transparency framework under the Paris Agreement aims to address this, but disparities in reporting capacities among countries pose challenges.

The Role of Major Emitters

United States

The United States, as one of the largest historical emitters of GHGs, plays a critical role in global climate action. The Biden administration rejoined the Paris Agreement in 2021, signaling a renewed commitment to climate action. The administration’s ambitious climate agenda includes a target to achieve net-zero emissions by 2050, significant investments in clean energy, and stringent regulations on emissions.

However, political polarization and legal challenges pose risks to sustained climate action. The Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 marked a significant step, providing substantial funding for renewable energy and carbon capture technologies. Continued leadership and consistent policies are essential for the U.S. to maintain its role in global climate mitigation.

China

China is the world’s largest emitter of GHGs, contributing over 25% of global emissions. The country has set a target to peak carbon emissions before 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality by 2060. China’s 14th Five-Year Plan emphasizes green development, renewable energy expansion, and technological innovation in clean energy.

While China’s investments in renewable energy are commendable, its continued reliance on coal poses a significant challenge. Balancing economic growth with environmental sustainability remains a complex issue for China’s climate strategy.

European Union

The European Union (EU) has been a frontrunner in climate action, with ambitious policies and binding legislation. The European Green Deal aims to make Europe the first climate-neutral continent by 2050. Key initiatives include the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS), the Fit for 55 package, and substantial investments in renewable energy and energy efficiency.

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The EU’s approach integrates climate action into various sectors, including agriculture, transportation, and industry. However, achieving these targets requires significant political will, coordination among member states, and addressing socio-economic disparities.

India

India, with its rapidly growing economy and population, faces unique challenges in balancing development and climate action. As the third-largest emitter of GHGs, India has committed to achieving net-zero emissions by 2070. Its updated NDCs include increasing non-fossil energy capacity and enhancing forest and tree cover.

India’s climate policies focus on renewable energy, particularly solar power, which has seen remarkable growth. However, the transition away from coal, which is a significant energy source, and ensuring energy access and equity remain critical issues.

Evaluation of Recent International Agreements

COP26 Outcomes

The 26th Conference of the Parties (COP26) held in Glasgow in 2021 brought renewed focus and urgency to global climate action. Key outcomes included:

  1. Glasgow Climate Pact: This agreement called for countries to strengthen their 2030 targets by the end of 2022 and phase down unabated coal power and inefficient fossil fuel subsidies. However, the language on fossil fuels was less stringent than many had hoped.
  2. Article 6 Rulebook: Finalizing the rules for international carbon markets under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement was a significant achievement. This framework aims to promote market-based mechanisms for reducing emissions while ensuring environmental integrity and avoiding double counting.
  3. Finance and Adaptation: COP26 saw developed countries pledging to double adaptation finance by 2025 and discussions on establishing a mechanism for loss and damage due to climate impacts. However, concrete financial commitments fell short of expectations.

COP27 Highlights

COP27, held in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt, in 2022, built on the progress of COP26 but faced criticism for lack of substantial new commitments. Key areas of focus included:

  1. Loss and Damage Fund: A landmark decision was made to establish a fund for loss and damage to support vulnerable countries affected by climate impacts. While this was a significant step, the details of funding and implementation remain to be worked out.
  2. Adaptation: The conference emphasized enhancing global efforts towards adaptation, with countries urged to submit adaptation communications and integrate adaptation into national planning.
  3. Mitigation Work Programme: A new work programme was established to scale up mitigation ambition and implementation. However, the absence of stronger language on phasing out fossil fuels was a notable gap.

Regional and Sub-National Actions

While international agreements set the framework for global action, regional and sub-national efforts play a crucial role in driving implementation and innovation.

North America

In North America, states and provinces have often led climate initiatives, sometimes surpassing national commitments. For instance, California’s ambitious climate policies, including its cap-and-trade program and renewable energy targets, have set benchmarks for other states and countries.

Europe

In Europe, cities and regions have been at the forefront of climate action. The Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy brings together thousands of local governments committed to reducing emissions and enhancing resilience. Innovative projects in cities like Copenhagen and Stockholm showcase urban leadership in climate mitigation and adaptation.

Asia

Asian countries face diverse challenges and opportunities in climate action. In Japan, local governments and businesses are key players in achieving national climate targets. South Korea’s Green New Deal aims to foster green industries and create jobs while reducing emissions.

Africa

In Africa, regional cooperation is vital for addressing climate impacts. The African Union’s Climate Change and Resilient Development Strategy aims to enhance regional coordination and integrate climate action into sustainable development. Local initiatives, such as community-based adaptation projects, are also crucial in building resilience.

Technological Innovations and Climate Mitigation

Technological advancements are pivotal in the fight against climate change. Innovations in renewable energy, energy storage, carbon capture and storage (CCS), and electric mobility are transforming the energy landscape.

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Renewable Energy

The rapid decline in the cost of renewable energy technologies, particularly solar and wind, has made them competitive with fossil fuels. According to the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), renewable energy accounted for 82% of global new power capacity in 2020. Investments in grid infrastructure and energy storage are essential to support the integration of renewables and ensure energy reliability.

Carbon Capture and Storage

CCS technologies capture CO2 emissions from industrial processes and power plants and store them underground. While CCS has potential, its large-scale deployment faces technical, economic, and regulatory challenges. Enhanced policy support and investment are needed to scale up CCS and make it a viable part of the climate solution.

Electric Mobility

The transition to electric vehicles (EVs) is a critical component of reducing emissions from the transportation sector. Advances in battery technology and supportive policies are driving EV adoption. The International Energy Agency (IEA) projects that the global EV fleet could reach 230 million by 2030, up from 11 million in 2020. Ensuring sustainable supply chains for battery materials and expanding charging infrastructure are key to this transition.

Social Dimensions of Climate Action

Effective climate action must consider social dimensions, including equity, justice, and inclusivity.

Just Transition

A just transition ensures that the shift to a low-carbon economy benefits all, particularly workers and communities dependent on fossil fuels. Policies should focus on retraining and upskilling workers, creating new green jobs, and supporting affected communities. The International Labour Organization (ILO) emphasizes the importance of social dialogue and stakeholder engagement in achieving a just transition.

Climate Justice

Climate justice addresses the disproportionate impacts of climate change on vulnerable populations and promotes equitable solutions. Indigenous communities, women, and marginalized groups often face the brunt of climate impacts while contributing the least to emissions. Integrating indigenous knowledge, ensuring gender-responsive policies, and empowering vulnerable communities are essential for achieving climate justice.

Youth and Public Engagement

The growing youth climate movement underscores the importance of public engagement in climate action. Youth activists have been instrumental in raising awareness and pushing for more ambitious policies. Governments and institutions must

create platforms for meaningful youth participation and integrate public input into decision-making processes.

The Path Forward

Addressing climate change requires a multi-faceted approach, combining ambitious policy frameworks, technological innovations, financial investments, and inclusive social strategies.

Strengthening International Cooperation

International cooperation is essential to bridge the ambition gap and achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement. Enhanced collaboration on technology transfer, capacity building, and climate finance can support developing countries in their climate efforts. Strengthening global institutions and mechanisms for accountability and transparency is also crucial.

Enhancing National Ambition

Countries must enhance their NDCs and implement robust domestic policies to meet their commitments. This includes phasing out fossil fuels, increasing renewable energy investments, and promoting energy efficiency. National climate strategies should be integrated with economic development plans to ensure sustainability and resilience.

Leveraging Technological and Financial Innovations

Investing in research and development can drive breakthroughs in clean technologies. Public and private sector collaboration is vital to scale up innovative solutions and make them accessible and affordable. Climate finance, including green bonds and sustainable investment funds, plays a crucial role in mobilizing resources for climate action.

Promoting Social Equity and Inclusion

Climate policies should prioritize social equity and inclusion, ensuring that no one is left behind in the transition to a low-carbon economy. Engaging diverse stakeholders, including vulnerable communities, women, and youth, enhances the effectiveness and fairness of climate action.

Conclusion

Climate change is a global challenge that requires urgent and coordinated action. Recent international climate agreements have laid the groundwork for collective efforts, but their effectiveness depends on ambitious commitments and robust implementation. Major emitters like the United States, China, the European Union, and India play pivotal roles in driving global mitigation efforts. Regional and sub-national initiatives, technological innovations, and inclusive social strategies are also critical components of effective climate action.

As we move forward, strengthening international cooperation, enhancing national ambition, leveraging technological and financial innovations, and promoting social equity will be key to achieving a sustainable and resilient future. The path to a climate-resilient world is challenging, but with concerted efforts and unwavering commitment, it is within our reach.

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Analysis

Discovering Peace of Mind: The Top 30 Safest Countries in the World for 2024

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Introduction

In an ever-changing world, safety and security are paramount considerations for travellers, expatriates, and those seeking a peaceful environment to call home. This article delves into the top 30 safest countries in the world for 2024, providing valuable insights and analysis to help you make informed decisions.

1: Methodology Behind Safety Rankings
To accurately determine the safety of a country, various factors are taken into account, including crime rates, political stability, healthcare quality, natural disaster risk, and more. Organizations like the Global Peace Index and the Institute for Economics and Peace play a crucial role in compiling these rankings.

2: Top 10 Safest Countries in the World

  1. Iceland
  2. New Zealand
  3. Portugal
  4. Austria
  5. Denmark
  6. Singapore
  7. Japan
  8. Canada
  9. Czech Republic
  10. Switzerland

3: Europe Dominates the Safety Rankings
Europe stands out as a region with a strong presence in the list of safest countries, with its stable governments, low crime rates, and high-quality healthcare systems contributing to its overall safety.

4: Factors Contributing to Safety

  • Low crime rates and effective law enforcement
  • Political stability and lack of conflict
  • High-quality healthcare systems
  • Robust infrastructure and emergency preparedness

5: Emerging Trends in Safety Rankings
Countries like Portugal and New Zealand have been steadily climbing the safety rankings due to their proactive measures to ensure the well-being of their citizens and residents.

6: Challenges to Safety
While many countries excel in providing a safe environment, challenges such as cybercrime, terrorism, and climate change pose ongoing threats that require constant vigilance and adaptation.

7: Tips for Safe Traveling and Living Abroad

  • Research your destination’s safety profile before travelling.
  • Stay informed about local laws and customs.
  • Keep important documents secure.
  • Register with your embassy when living abroad.
  • Stay aware of your surroundings at all times.
ALSO READ :  Politicians should Keep the National Interest Supreme

Conclusion:
As we navigate an increasingly complex world, knowing which countries offer the highest levels of safety is invaluable. By understanding the factors that contribute to safety rankings and staying informed about emerging trends and challenges, you can make well-informed decisions when it comes to travel or relocation.

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News

Air India’s Exclusive Offer: Affordable Flights to Europe

Introduction Air travel has become more accessible than ever, and Air India is at the forefront of making it even more affordable. In a strategic move, Air India is offering exclusive prices for flights to five splendid cities in Europe. This exciting opportunity has garnered attention from travellers looking to explore the beauty and culture […]

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Introduction

Air travel has become more accessible than ever, and Air India is at the forefront of making it even more affordable. In a strategic move, Air India is offering exclusive prices for flights to five splendid cities in Europe. This exciting opportunity has garnered attention from travellers looking to explore the beauty and culture of Europe without breaking the bank.

Unlocking Europe

Air India’s latest offer is making dreams come true for travellers who have longed to explore the enchanting cities of Europe. The airline’s commitment to affordability is evident in this game-changing offer, which has opened doors for globetrotters to visit five prominent European destinations.

Destination One: Paris

Paris, the City of Love, is one of the first stops on this remarkable journey. Eiffel Tower, Louvre Museum, and Champs-Élysées await, and now, you can experience it all without straining your wallet.

Destination Two: Rome

The Eternal City, Rome, is another jewel on the itinerary. With its rich history and iconic landmarks like the Colosseum and Vatican City, exploring this historic city is now within your reach.

Destination Three: Barcelona

Barcelona, a city renowned for its art and architecture, is a must-visit destination. Gaudi’s masterpieces, the Gothic Quarter, and beautiful beaches are just some of the experiences that await you.

Destination Four: Amsterdam

Amsterdam, with its picturesque canals and vibrant culture, is calling. Enjoy the scenic beauty, world-class museums, and a unique atmosphere that only this Dutch capital can offer.

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Destination Five: Vienna

The musical and cultural capital of Europe, Vienna, is the final stop on this incredible journey. From classical music concerts to historic palaces, Vienna has something for every traveller.

Affordable Pricing

Air India’s commitment to affordability is clear through this limited-time offer. By providing unbeatable prices, Air India is ensuring that travellers can explore the charm and history of Europe without the hefty price tag.

Plan Your European Adventure

To avail of this fantastic opportunity, book your tickets with Air India today. This offer is a gateway to a European adventure like no other. So, pack your bags and embark on a journey filled with culture, history, and unforgettable experiences.

Air India’s special pricing for flights to Europe is a golden opportunity for travel enthusiasts. With affordability at the core of this exclusive offer, you can explore the timeless beauty and culture of Europe like never before. Don’t miss out on this extraordinary journey that will create memories to last a lifetime.

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