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The Roads of Death in Pakistan

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The abysmal and dilapidated condition of National Highways presents a grim picture, causing frequent mishaps resulting loss of precious lives including man, women, and children. The situation calls for immediate dualization of highways and deployment of National Highways and Motorways police to control over speeding, rash driving especially diverting heavy traffic to alternate locations so that smaller vehicles may not face the ill-fated accidents.

The transportation of goods is considered the lucrative business in Pakistan as it is being done at a large scale. There are many heavy traffic vehicles such as the small and big trucks, trawlers containers and oil tankers. The biggest company that deals with huge logistic operations are National Logic Cell popularly known as NLC. It carries the most of logistic operations along with few other operatives of such business.

The overtaking has more chances for the accident as N55 is the single road and had swallowed over 200 lives last year and so far, N55 has gobbled 150 lives this year.

The condition of highways is very poor as these are bumpy, broken and having cracks at most of the parts. Even the sides are too narrow to that extent that two large vehicles cannot cross at the same time.

People using public transport always board the vehicles such as vans, blue lines, and rickshaws by holding their breath when these cross any huge vehicle such as fast-moving Blue Line, a trawler, or oil tanker. Sometimes there is a narrow escape from possible accidents.

It is ironic that the NHA collects over 2000 million per year through its so-called toll plazas but we have not seen any major repairs of the highways throughout Pakistan especially in Sindh where death always looms around the small vehicle owners and motorists. The NHA & Motorways Police is always seen missing from the scenes and there are no safety instructions or boards along the Highways as mostly these are displayed along the highways; reduce the speed as there is a town ahead, there is diversion, under construction, bridge, a dangerous interchange, single carriage road due to maintenance and other boards.

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The NHA Police have never been seen guiding the drivers regarding safety instructions to help minimize dangers but they are very quick to challan the vehicles if caught violating the speed limits.

The drivers have issued licenses without conducting any driving skills test so that only qualified and skilled persons may be issued LTV and HTV licenses. The minors belonging to elite class drive cars, jeeps, Prado, bikes and their frequent overspeeding and rash driving cause several terrible accidents.

The other bad practice committed by these elites include one wheeling that is very dangerous and several youths have lost their lives during one wheeling as the bikes go out of their control while one wheeling thus these riders are pushed by oils tankers, trawlers or fast moving Blue lines to the deathbed. The occurrence of such severe mishaps is mostly caused due to two narrow lanes since there are no separators or dividers between them that may help in smooth crossing.

The biggest company that deals with huge logistic operations are National Logic Cell popularly known as NLC. It carries the most of logistic operations along with few other operatives of such business.

On single highways like N55 from Shikarpur to Rajanpur, it is estimated that every month an average 15 to 20 people lose their lives due to the mistake of the public transport drivers, oil tankers drivers or the blue lines drivers. The overtaking has more chances for the accident as N55 is the single road and had swallowed over 200 lives last year and so far, N55 has gobbled 150 lives this year.

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The appraising of traffic rules and road safety measure will play a vital role in helping the Government to bring the figures of frequent road accidents down.

I still remember that how a doctor lost his life along with his whole family while returning from Karachi by his car. The Car had a head-on collision with an oil tanker and was crushed under the tanker and none of the family members survived; that was really very tragic for its relatives as well.

Such incidents raise several questions about the risk of heavy traffic using the same tracks and causing frequent casualties due to narrow lanes where public transport drivers escape at hair’s breadth.

Furthermore, there is strong need to establish rescue centers at every 20 to 30 Kilometers or at cities on the highways so that seriously and partially injured people may be shifted to nearby hospitals on time and the life of maximum people may be saved.

Pakistan must follow international road safety procedures as practiced worldwide to minimize traffic accidents. Finally, NHA& Motorway police must increase its patrolling along the road and monitor the spending limits on the highways and motorways throughout Pakistan so that risks for unfortunate accidents may be minimized and the citizens must be provided awareness regarding the traffic rules.

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Economy

Unveiling the Megacities: A Comprehensive Look at the World’s Urban Giants

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Introduction

In the vast canvas of global urbanization, megacities emerge as the epicentres of human civilization, shaping the narrative of our collective existence. This meticulously crafted exploration aims to peel back the layers of the top ten largest cities worldwide, offering an intricate tapestry of insights that go beyond mere statistics.

From the pulsating energy of Tokyo’s technological marvels to the historical grandeur of Istanbul’s dual-continent embrace, each city becomes a chapter in the dynamic saga of urban life. Join us on this journey as we dissect the unique characteristics that propel these megacities into the forefront of global attention, transcending borders and unlocking the essence of modern living.

1. Tokyo: A Technological Wonderland

Tokyo, the pulsating heart of Japan, emerges as a seamless blend of tradition and innovation. Boasting a skyline that mirrors its technological prowess, the cityscape is punctuated by iconic landmarks such as the Tokyo Tower and the Shibuya Crossing. With a population density that defies expectations, Tokyo’s efficient public transport system intertwines the fabric of this sprawling metropolis.

2. Delhi: The Cultural Melting Pot

In the vibrant tapestry of India, Delhi stands tall as a cultural melting pot. From the historic Red Fort to the bustling markets of Chandni Chowk, every corner whispers tales of a bygone era. The city’s rich history, coupled with its contemporary vigor, makes it a fascinating subject of exploration for locals and tourists alike.

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3. Shanghai: The Economic Powerhouse

Shanghai, a beacon of China’s economic ascent, commands attention with its glittering skyline along the Huangpu River. As a global financial hub, Shanghai epitomizes the rapid evolution of China’s economic landscape. The juxtaposition of colonial architecture in the Bund and futuristic skyscrapers in Pudong paints a vivid picture of the city’s dynamic identity.

4. SĂŁo Paulo: Latin America’s Megacity

SĂŁo Paulo, the sprawling megalopolis of Brazil, pulsates with a rhythm uniquely its own. Nestled within the lush landscape, this city is a testament to the resilience and vibrancy of Latin American culture. From the bustling Paulista Avenue to the tranquillity of Ibirapuera Park, SĂŁo Paulo captivates with its diverse offerings.

5. Mumbai: The Maximum City

Mumbai, India’s financial powerhouse, unfolds as a narrative of contrasts. The city’s iconic skyline, adorned with skyscrapers, stands in stark contrast to the serene shores of the Arabian Sea. With Bollywood at its heart and the Dabbawalas weaving through its streets, Mumbai encapsulates the essence of India’s cultural diversity.

6. Beijing: Where Tradition Meets Modernity

Beijing, China’s ancient capital, showcases a kaleidoscope of history and innovation. From the Forbidden City, a testament to imperial grandeur, to the avant-garde architecture of the Bird’s Nest Olympic Stadium, Beijing seamlessly intertwines its rich heritage with a vision for the future.

7. Istanbul: Bridging Continents

Istanbul, straddling Europe and Asia, unfolds as a city where history and geography converge. The Hagia Sophia and the Blue Mosque are timeless witnesses to the city’s imperial past. The Bosphorus Strait, a natural masterpiece, not only divides but also unites this city of two continents.

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8. Lahore: Pakistan’s Cultural Gem

Lahore, a jewel in Pakistan’s crown, resonates with an aura of cultural grandeur. Standing as architectural marvels, the Lahore Fort and Badshahi Mosque reflect the city’s Mughal legacy. The bustling streets of the Walled City exude an old-world charm, inviting exploration into the heart of Pakistan’s cultural heritage.

9. Shenzhen: The Silicon Valley of Asia

Shenzhen, a testament to China’s technological prowess, emerges as the Silicon Valley of Asia. With a skyline dominated by sleek skyscrapers, the city is a breeding ground for innovation. From the vibrant electronics markets to the avant-garde architecture, Shenzhen epitomizes the fusion of technology and commerce.

10. Jakarta: Southeast Asia’s Megacity

Jakarta, the vibrant capital of Indonesia, unfolds as a sprawling metropolis between the Java Sea and the Bogor Highlands. From the historic remnants of the Old Town to the modernity of the National Monument, Jakarta encapsulates the diversity and dynamism of Southeast Asia.

Conclusion

By dissecting the stories of these megacities, we are able to see beyond national borders and gain insight into the global pulse of urban life. Every city adds to the rich tapestry of human civilization with its own fusion of modernity and tradition, providing a mosaic of experiences that capture the spirit of urban life and pique the imagination.

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China

12 Reasons How CPEC Will Transform the Economy of Pakistan and Bring Prosperity

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Introduction

The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is a significant infrastructure and development project that aims to connect Gwadar Port in southwestern Pakistan to China’s northwestern region of Xinjiang, via a network of highways, railways, and pipelines. This ambitious initiative is expected to bring numerous benefits to Pakistan’s economy, fostering growth, and paving the way for prosperity. In this article, we will explore 12 compelling reasons why CPEC will transform the economy of Pakistan and contribute to its overall development.

1. Enhancing Connectivity and Trade Opportunities

CPEC will establish extensive transportation links, including highways and railways, connecting Pakistan’s major cities, industrial zones, and borders with China. This enhanced connectivity will lead to an exponential increase in trade opportunities, enabling businesses to transport goods more efficiently and cost-effectively.

2. Infrastructure Development on a Massive Scale

The project’s focus on infrastructure development will lead to the construction of modern roads, bridges, railways, and pipelines across Pakistan. This development will not only enhance domestic connectivity but also attract foreign investment, fostering economic growth and creating employment opportunities.

3. Energy Sector Revolution

Pakistan has been facing a severe energy crisis for years, with frequent power shortages hampering industrial productivity. CPEC aims to address this issue by investing in energy projects, including the development of coal, solar, wind, and hydroelectric power plants. The increased energy supply will not only meet domestic demands but also enable Pakistan to become an energy exporter.

4. Boosting Industrialization and Job Creation

CPEC will play a pivotal role in promoting industrialization in Pakistan. Special Economic Zones (SEZs) will be established along the corridor, attracting both local and foreign industries. This development will create job opportunities and foster technological advancements, leading to increased productivity and economic growth.

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5. Agricultural Advancements and Modernization

The agriculture sector holds great significance for Pakistan’s economy. Through CPEC, agricultural advancements will be made possible, including the introduction of modern farming techniques, access to high-quality seeds and fertilizers, and improved irrigation systems. These advancements will boost agricultural productivity, reduce post-harvest losses, and contribute to food security.

6. Gwadar Port: A Game-Changer for Maritime Trade

Situated at the crossroads of major international shipping routes, Gwadar Port holds immense strategic importance. With the development of Gwadar under CPEC, Pakistan will witness a surge in maritime trade and become a regional hub for transhipment and logistics. This will lead to increased revenue, employment opportunities, and economic growth.

7. Stimulating Tourism and Hospitality

CPEC’s infrastructure development and improved security conditions will unlock Pakistan’s tourism potential. The scenic beauty of the northern areas, historical sites, and cultural heritage will attract both domestic and international tourists. This influx of tourists will boost the hospitality industry, creating jobs and contributing to the overall economic growth of the country.

8. Human Resource Development

CPEC emphasizes human resource development through various skill enhancement programs, vocational training, and scholarships. This investment in education and training will equip the Pakistani workforce with the necessary skills to meet the demands of modern industries. A skilled and educated workforce will attract foreign investment and foster innovation, driving economic progress.

9. Regional Integration and Cooperation

CPEC aims to enhance regional connectivity by linking Pakistan with China, Central Asia, and the Middle East. This regional integration will open up new avenues for economic cooperation, trade, and investment. Pakistan’s strategic location will position it as a gateway to regional markets, further boosting its economic prospects.

10. Foreign Direct Investment Influx

CPEC has attracted substantial foreign direct investment (FDI) from China and other countries. This investment will not only fund infrastructure projects but also stimulate economic activities in various sectors, such as manufacturing, services, and technology. The influx of FDI will create employment opportunities, transfer technology, and contribute to economic growth.

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11. Improved Security and Stability

The successful implementation of CPEC will lead to improved security conditions in Pakistan. With the development of infrastructure and increased economic activities, the government can focus on ensuring stability and security for both domestic and foreign investors. A secure environment will instil confidence in businesses and attract further investment.

12. Socioeconomic Upliftment and Poverty Alleviation

CPEC’s multifaceted impact on the economy will uplift the living standards of the Pakistani people and contribute to poverty alleviation. The development of infrastructure, industries, and job opportunities will create a ripple effect, benefiting various sectors of society. This inclusive growth will reduce inequality, improve social indicators, and bring prosperity to the nation.

Conclusion

The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) holds immense potential for transforming Pakistan’s economy and bringing prosperity to the nation. Through enhanced connectivity, infrastructure development, energy projects, industrialization, and various other initiatives, CPEC will create a favourable environment for economic growth, job creation, and improved living standards. With the successful implementation of this ambitious project, Pakistan is poised to reap the benefits of a transformed economy and secure a brighter future for its people.


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. How will CPEC benefit Pakistan’s economy in the long run?

CPEC will benefit Pakistan’s economy in the long run through enhanced connectivity, infrastructure development, energy projects, industrialization, job creation, and regional integration. These factors will foster economic growth, attract foreign investment, and improve living standards.

2. What are the key sectors that will experience significant growth due to CPEC?

Key sectors that will experience significant growth due to CPEC include infrastructure, energy, manufacturing, agriculture, tourism, and services. These sectors will witness increased investment, technological advancements, and job opportunities.

3. Will CPEC address Pakistan’s energy crisis?

Yes, CPEC aims to address Pakistan’s energy crisis by investing in various energy projects, including coal, solar, wind, and hydroelectric power plants. The increased energy supply will help meet domestic demands and reduce power shortages.

4. How will CPEC promote regional integration and cooperation?

CPEC will promote regional integration and cooperation by linking Pakistan with China, Central Asia, and the Middle East. This enhanced connectivity will open up new avenues for economic cooperation, trade, and investment among the participating countries.

5. What role will Gwadar Port play in CPEC?

Gwadar Port will serve as a game-changer for maritime trade in the region. Its strategic location and development under CPEC will attract increased shipping activity, transshipment, and logistics, leading to economic growth and employment opportunities.

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News

Huawei, Tianjin Port jointly build the intelligent horizontal transport system

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Huawei and Tianjin Port have jointly collaborated on a driverless, zero-carbon “vehicle-cloud synergy” horizontal transportation solution and built an intelligent horizontal transport system at Tianjin Port.

The project has achieved Level 4 autonomous driving, enabling 76 Intelligent Guided Vehicles (IGVs) in a fleet to collaborate efficiently. Huawei used cloud-based centralized dispatching to increase port-wide efficiency.

As hubs of global supply chains, ports play a critical role in promoting international trade. Traditional ports rely on humans to operate container cranes working under harsh working environments, are labor intensive and suffer from workforce shortages.

These challenges hinder the rapid development of global sea transportation. Therefore, port automation and intelligent reconstruction have emerged as the industry’s overarching goals, according to a press statement.

Ports worldwide are going through a process of automation driven by the latest technologies like 5G, Cloud, and AI. A typical port deals with vessel arrivals and departures, shore-side operations, horizontal transport, yard operations, manual tractor-trailer transport, and gate operations.

One of the key steps in port digitalization is automating horizontal transport that handles cargo within the port. Currently, conventional horizontal transport faces three major challenges: harsh working environments, safety risks due to driver fatigue, and inefficient manual dispatching.

Huawei’s intelligent horizontal transport system has five key advantages. First, it offers global path planning. Huawei has designed a global path planning algorithm based on vehicle kinematics, which ensures that individual vehicles stay on their path.

The algorithm enables multiple IGVs to make turns smoothly, whether traveling in one or both directions. This is the key to safe and efficient multi-vehicle cooperation. The solution also features dynamic short path planning on the cloud, responding to many terminal operations and adjusting tasks in real-time.

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The second advantage is its high-precision positioning. Huawei uses BeiDou, 5G, HD maps, and roadside sensing assistance to assure high-precision lane-level positioning. As a result, 90% of quay cranes successfully align on the first try, significantly improving operational efficiency.

Third, Huawei developed the MDC intelligent driving platform. The upgraded Huawei MDC offers automotive-grade assurance, including ultimate computing power and long service life. It also simplifies O&M by providing standardized hardware.

The fourth advantage is core system integration. In addition to core service systems such as TOS, Huawei’s intelligent horizontal transport system can quickly interconnect with other peripheral service systems. With Huawei’s intelligent charging dispatching algorithm, IGVs are charged at the best possible time, preventing interruptions to fleet services. Using Huawei’s intelligent intersection dispatching algorithm, ports can preset intersection traffic policies to ensure proper access by manual tractor-trailers and autonomous trucks.

The fifth advantage is cloud-vehicle decoupling. Huawei decouples the cloud from vehicles through an open ecosystem. As a result, the solution can support a wide range of intelligent driving vehicle models, making it more cost-effective and easier to promote.

In the event of an IGV fault, an operator can remotely take over operations. The service takeover rate for a regular autonomous driving solution is about 5% to 6%. For Huawei’s solution, it’s less than 0.1%, ensuring safer operations.

IGVs rely on 5G networks. Huawei performs dynamic short-path planning to ensure that IGV paths never cross each other. This prevents collisions even if the network is abruptly disconnected.

Intelligent, horizontal transport must meet three conditions. More than five operation lines must function simultaneously to support large vessels, while the system should be able to also manage large-scale fleets. Furthermore, it must support dispatching in complex port scenarios.

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Section C terminal in the Beijing Port Area of Tianjin Port is the first smart terminal of its kind to deploy an intelligent horizontal transport system that performs large-scale, normalized operations.

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