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Drought Hit Achhro Thar

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The people of Thar are facing severe water the water available through the old Wells has become salty and contaminated and considered very dangerous for health requiring Immediate attention from the government authorities. The food items are scarce and that has made the life of poor Tharis miserable under the sizzling hot weather.

The Recent drinking water crisis in Thar in wake of severe drought has opened a new Pandora box of  the Sindh Government regarding their tall claims that the Situation in Thar has been under control which is tantamount to hiding the grave crisis that prompted several  Thari Sindhis to commit suicide and get rid  of these challenging situation in which they lost their hopes from all  the quarters as they did not  have the rains for the last two years that has caused such a large Scale natural calamity.

 It is really sluggish on the part of Provincial Disaster Management authority not making any contingency plan for such natural calamity that might have been an eye-opener for the Federal and Provincial Government to take immediate measure for its control.

Though, it was a welcome decision from Sindh Government had declared the emergency in Thar due to the severe drought that has created a serious scarcity of  Drinking water and Fodder for the livestock in the  Achhro Thar (white Thar) named due to white Sand in Khipro Tehseel of the District Sanghar.

The abysmal living conditions in Achhro Thar mostly located in Khipro Tehseel of  District Sanghar warrant to take serious steps so that the drought-hit areas may be given assistance in food as well as Clean drinking water may be provided to help mitigate disaster effects.

The drought has completely destroyed the water quality as it has become poisonous and causing various water-born diseases and gobbling the precious lives of the People of¬† Thar.¬† Even, in Chhachharo, the¬† Government’s so-called¬† RO plants are not functional these have further aggravated the already worst situation.

It was debated and criticized by the Sindh Assembly members during their session that Federal Government has sent 40000 Tons of¬† Wheat to Afghanistan on goodwill gesture but they have forgotten their Fellow Pakistanis i.e People of¬† Thar to show the same¬† level of goodwill gesture. The members of the Assembly belonging to ruling PPP, Criticized the Federal Government’s move and demanded to announce¬† Thar Relief Package so that poor¬† Thari¬† People may have resources needed for their survival.

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To some extent, the demand is genuine since the  People of  Achhro Thar are Pakistani first and then Sindhis within the purview of  Sindh Province, but the Federal Government cannot be held responsible for the all this mess and calamity happening due to severe climate Change and negligence.

The Provincial Government must come forward on the emergency basis and help poor Thari People including Men, Women , Children and prevent them from dying of Hunger and Thirst. The Thari people must be helped on the basis of the Humanitarian Grounds and as per the citizenry rights assured by the Constitution of Pakistan. 

The  UN Agencies such as Unicef, UNFPA, UNDP, WFO and WHO must come forward to help the Provincial Government of Sindh in this natural calamity. The Development Partners and Philanthropists must come forward on the same page devise a comprehensive disaster management policy that may be implemented to prepare the people of Thar against future natural disasters and strengthen their resilience.  The Blame game should be and the Federal Government must announce the immediate Relief package for the  People of  Thar and should work with Provincial Government to help improve the living conditions of the People and make Sustainable living Plans for the People of the area.

There should not be any discussion or argument or debate that whether this disaster is  Provincial Subject or Federal Subject but the Debate should be that how to prepare these people for these natural  Disasters and build their resilience against such climate Change Happenings.

All the Chief Ministers of  Provinces must come on the single page and help each other in times of natural calamities-  be it Earth Quake, Rain Flooding or   Canal or River Water Flooding or  Drought in the desert areas of Sindh, Baluchistan and Punjab where the main source of sustenance is the  Livestock. If the Livestock starts dying of hunger and Thirst, then how will people of Thar survive in such dismal living conditions.

In this whole  saga , the role of  National Disaster Management Authority and provincial PDMAs is pivotal since their main purpose of establishment is to create awareness amongst the communities  regarding the  serious effects of drought and protect  the Lives of  People and their Properties and their livestock . The NDMA and  PDMA Sindh should immediately form a team containing the  Experts of  Disaster Management for the Damage assessment and recommend   the sustainable solutions so that in future the level of damage may be minimized.

It is criminal negligence of  NDMA and  PDMAs owing to their  inactiveness,  given the serious  drought condition where the drinking water is becoming extinct  and the  insufficient  water  taken out from the ancient wells  is  injurious to health owing to high level of contamination as according to reports of some  development Sector organizations  that the water samples  taken from the Thar Desert contain alarmingly 6000 to 7000 TTC that means  that water is  just like  slow Poison as such a high TTC may cause  severe bodily or abdominal complications leading to deaths due to such water contamination.

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The Chairman Sindh Water Commission  Chief Justice (retd) Amir Hani Muslim has already raised the eyebrows of the Government by presenting  the  water Quality report that  99%  of  The people of Sindh drink contaminated water and rather compared it with the sewage water, that is really embarrassing and the eye-opener for the people to wake up and raise their voice.

Finally, The Sindh Government must wake up from the deep slumber and immediately establish Thar Welfare Fund or Relief Fund to help our fellow Pakistani brothers who are living under severe conditions.

The Chief Justice of  Pakistan must take suo-motto notice of  drought in Achhro Thar and  pass strict orders to the Federal Government as well as  the provincial government of Sindh to help  the People of  Thar to face this natural calamity with great level of resilience since they have already fought with it all alone  but we as  Pakistanis  should not  leave  them alone in this hour of Need . Since we are one nation and should feel the pain in any organ of our Federation.

It is really pity for us that though the United  Arab Emirates is a desert area it attracts the people around the world and their main economic source is tourism.

Pakistan should develop these  Desert areas and establish Purified  Artificial Water storages, Schools ,Colleges and Modern Hospitals so that living standards of these calamity challenged people may be improved and Economic activities  may be created   such as  handicrafts  and the music industry since thari people are  very skilled in handicrafts and they have great interest  in folk music as well.

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China

A Tribute to Late Li Keqiang: The Former Premier of China

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Introduction

In a world marked by political upheavals and power struggles, the life and legacy of Li Keqiang, the former Premier of China, stand out as a testament to leadership, vision, and unwavering dedication. This opinion article pays tribute to a man whose name has become synonymous with transformative change and indomitable will. Li Keqiang often referred to as “PM” for his role as the Premier of China, left an indelible mark on the world stage. This piece will delve into his remarkable contributions, his visionary leadership, and the grand state funeral that honoured his memory.

Li Keqiang: A Brief Biography

Li Keqiang, born on July 1, 1955, in Hefei, Anhui Province, China, had a humble beginning. He rose through the ranks of the Communist Party of China and, after years of dedicated service, became the Premier in 2013. His journey from an ordinary Chinese citizen to one of the most influential political figures in the world is a testament to his perseverance and commitment to public service.

Early Life and Education

Li’s early life was marked by modesty and a deep desire for knowledge. He pursued his education diligently and later graduated from Peking University, where he earned a degree in economics. This solid academic foundation would prove crucial in shaping his vision for China’s future.

Li Keqiang’s Contributions

Economic Reforms and Modernization

Li’s tenure as Premier witnessed significant strides in China’s economic growth. His commitment to economic reforms and modernization programs played a pivotal role in lifting millions of Chinese citizens out of poverty. His “Chinese Dream” initiative aimed to make China a more equitable and prosperous nation.

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Li believed that economic development should benefit all segments of society, not just the elite. His policies aimed at reducing income inequality, ensuring equal access to education and healthcare, and creating opportunities for entrepreneurs and small businesses.

Environmental Stewardship

Under Li Keqiang’s leadership, China took significant steps to address environmental issues. He recognized the importance of sustainability and pushed for initiatives to combat air pollution, promote clean energy, and reduce carbon emissions. His emphasis on environmental protection showcased his commitment to a harmonious society and a better future for the planet.

Global Diplomacy

As China’s Premier, Li played a vital role in shaping the country’s foreign policy. He believed in peaceful coexistence, diplomatic negotiations, and mutual respect among nations. His vision for a globally interconnected world that respected each country’s sovereignty marked a shift in China’s approach to international relations.

The Visionary Leader

Li Keqiang was not merely a statesman; he was a visionary leader who saw China’s potential on the world stage. His vision extended beyond economic growth to encompass a global perspective. He envisioned a China that would lead in innovation, technology, and sustainable development.

State Funeral: A Grand Tribute

Li Keqiang’s passing was a moment of profound sorrow for the Chinese people. To honor his memory, a grand state funeral was held. Dignitaries from across the world attended, paying their respects to a leader who had left an indelible mark on history.

The funeral was a sombre yet majestic event, reflecting the respect and admiration Li commanded. It served as a reminder of the significant contributions he made to his nation and the world.

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Conclusion

In the annals of history, Li Keqiang’s name will forever be etched as a visionary leader and a statesman of unparalleled influence. His contributions to China’s growth, his commitment to environmental stewardship, and his vision for a globally interconnected world continue to inspire. The grand state funeral that honoured his memory was a fitting tribute to a life well lived.

Li Keqiang’s legacy serves as a reminder that true leadership goes beyond politics; it is about leaving the world better than you found it. His journey, from humble beginnings to the highest echelons of power, is a testament to the potential within each of us to make a positive impact on the world. Li Keqiang will always be remembered as a beacon of hope, a symbol of dedication, and a source of inspiration for generations to come.

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Democracy

From Gerontocracy to Youthcracy: The Dilemma of Political Parties in Pakistan

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Introduction

The political landscape of Pakistan is undergoing a profound transformation, marked by a shift from gerontocracy to youthcracy. This article provides an in-depth exploration of this transition, its implications for political parties, and the evolving dynamics of power in the country. In a comprehensive examination, we delve into the challenges and opportunities faced by political parties as they adapt to this rapidly changing political landscape.

Understanding Gerontocracy

Gerontocracy, a term that has been frequently used to characterize the Pakistani political system, describes a situation where the elderly wield considerable power and influence in the governance of a nation. In Pakistan, this phenomenon has prevailed for decades, with senior politicians dominating the political stage. However, as the demographics of the country evolve, with a growing population of young citizens, political parties are confronted with a complex dilemma.

The Emergence of Youthcracy

The Power of the Youth Vote

Pakistan boasts a vibrant and youthful population, with a significant percentage under the age of 30. These young individuals are increasingly becoming politically aware and active, wielding the potential to reshape the nation’s political landscape. The emergence of youth power, often referred to as youthcracy, has become a defining feature of contemporary Pakistani politics.

The power of the youth vote cannot be overstated. The sheer number of young voters makes them a formidable force to be reckoned with. Political parties are beginning to recognize that winning the allegiance of this demographic is no longer an option but a necessity.

Challenges Faced by Political Parties

Balancing Experience and Fresh Perspective

One of the foremost challenges confronting political parties in Pakistan is how to navigate the delicate balance between the seasoned politicians who have long held sway and the energetic yet relatively inexperienced youth. The interplay between experience and fresh perspectives has become a pivotal factor for the success of any political party.

While experienced politicians bring a wealth of knowledge and a deep understanding of the intricacies of governance, they may also be associated with entrenched interests and resistance to change. In contrast, the youth represent innovation, fresh ideas, and a desire for reform. Striking the right equilibrium between these two demographics is crucial for political parties seeking to remain relevant and effective.

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Adapting to Modern Communication

The youth are digitally connected, and their political awakening often happens on social media platforms. Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and TikTok have become powerful tools for mobilization and advocacy. Political parties must adapt to these changing communication dynamics to engage with the younger generation effectively.

Traditional campaign methods, such as door-to-door canvassing and rallies, are no longer sufficient. Digital campaigns, online debates, and viral content creation have become the norm. Political parties must invest in sophisticated digital strategies, engaging with the youth where they are most active and receptive.

Strategies for Political Parties

Navigating the transition from gerontocracy to youthcracy requires strategic foresight and adaptability. Here are key strategies that political parties can employ to thrive in this evolving political landscape:

Encouraging Youth Participation

To embrace youthcracy, political parties must actively encourage young individuals to participate in politics. This goes beyond tokenism and superficial youth wings within parties. It involves offering substantial leadership roles to young politicians, mentorship programs, and providing platforms for the youth to voice their concerns.

Moreover, political parties should prioritize issues that resonate with the youth, such as education, employment opportunities, and environmental sustainability. Addressing these concerns demonstrates a commitment to the aspirations of the younger generation.

Embracing Technological Advancements

Utilizing technology for outreach, campaigns, and information dissemination is no longer optional‚ÄĒit is imperative. Political parties need to harness the power of data analytics, targeted advertising, and social media engagement to connect with the younger audience effectively.

Digital platforms provide an opportunity for direct interaction with voters, allowing parties to gauge sentiment, address concerns in real time, and tailor their messaging to specific demographics. This digital transformation also extends to fundraising efforts, which can now be conducted online with greater efficiency and transparency.

Promoting Transparency and Accountability

The youth are often more critical of corruption and inefficiency in government. Political parties must prioritize transparency and accountability to gain the trust of this demographic. Implementing robust anti-corruption measures, disclosing sources of funding, and holding party members accountable for misconduct are essential steps.

Furthermore, political parties should adopt a culture of inclusivity, where decisions are made collectively, and policies are developed through open dialogue. This approach not only fosters trust but also ensures that the concerns of diverse segments of the population, including the youth, are considered.

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Conclusion

The transformation from gerontocracy to youthcracy is reshaping the landscape of Pakistani politics. This paradigm shift presents both challenges and opportunities for political parties. Those who successfully adapt to these changes will be better positioned to address the evolving needs and aspirations of the Pakistani population.

As we move forward, the key to political success in Pakistan lies in embracing the demographic realities of the country. The youth are not merely the future; they are the present. Their voices, aspirations, and demands must be at the forefront of political agendas.

In conclusion, the era of youthcracy in Pakistan signals a new dawn in the nation’s political history. It is a testament to the vitality and dynamism of the country’s youth. Political parties that understand this transition and respond proactively will not only survive but thrive in the evolving landscape of Pakistani politics.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. What is gerontocracy in the context of Pakistani politics? Gerontocracy refers to a political system where older individuals hold significant power and influence in the government.
  2. What is youthcracy, and how is it affecting political parties in Pakistan? Youthcracy represents the growing influence of the younger generation in politics, challenging traditional power dynamics within political parties in Pakistan.
  3. Why is the youth vote important in Pakistani politics? The youth vote is crucial because Pakistan has a significant young population, and their political engagement can shape the country’s future.
  4. How can political parties in Pakistan encourage youth participation? Political parties can encourage youth participation by offering leadership roles, mentorship programs, and creating platforms for young voices.
  5. What role does technology play in the transition to youthcracy? Technology is essential for reaching and engaging with the youth. Political parties need to utilize digital strategies for effective communication.
  6. Why is transparency and accountability important in attracting the youth to vote? The youth often demand transparency and accountability in politics, and parties that prioritize these values are more likely to gain their trust.
  7. What are the benefits of a political party embracing both experience and fresh perspectives? Embracing both experience and fresh perspectives allows a party to draw on the wisdom of seasoned politicians while also tapping into the energy and innovation of the youth.
  8. How can political parties effectively use social media to engage with the youth? Political parties can use social media by creating engaging content, participating in online discussions, and addressing the concerns and issues that matter most to young voters.
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Analysis

As America’s Influence in Asia Wanes, Asian Economies Are Integrating

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Introduction

In the 21st century, Asia has emerged as a global powerhouse, both economically and geopolitically. The region, with its diverse cultures, languages, and histories, has seen a remarkable transformation over the past few decades. One of the most significant trends is the increasing integration of Asian economies as America’s influence in the region appears to wane. This phenomenon has wide-ranging implications for the global economy, politics, and the future of international relations.

The United States, for much of the post-World War II era, played a dominant role in shaping the political and economic landscape of Asia. The American presence was felt through alliances, trade partnerships, and military bases across the region. However, in recent years, we have witnessed a gradual shift in the balance of power. As America’s focus turned inward, and its foreign policy priorities evolved, Asia began to chart its own course. This article will delve into the factors driving the integration of Asian economies and how it is redefining the dynamics of the region.

black blue and red graph illustration
Photo by Burak The Weekender on Pexels.com

I. The Changing Geopolitical Landscape

A. The Rise of China

One of the most significant drivers of the changing dynamics in Asia is the rise of China. With its rapid economic growth, China has become an economic juggernaut and a global superpower. Its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is reshaping the infrastructure and trade landscape across Asia, connecting China to countries throughout the region and beyond. The BRI, coupled with China’s increasing military capabilities, has significantly altered the balance of power in Asia.

China’s assertiveness in the South China Sea, its territorial disputes with neighboring countries, and its growing influence in international organizations have all raised concerns among its neighbors and global powers like the United States. The perception of a more powerful and assertive China has prompted Asian countries to rethink their alliances and seek greater economic and political autonomy.

B. U.S. Policy Shifts

The United States, for decades, played a pivotal role in ensuring stability and security in Asia. Its military alliances with countries like Japan and South Korea provided a strong deterrent against potential threats. However, recent shifts in U.S. foreign policy have raised questions about its long-term commitment to the region.

The “America First” policy of the Trump administration signaled a more transactional approach to foreign relations, leading many Asian countries to seek alternative partnerships. Furthermore, the U.S. withdrawal from the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) and its reluctance to fully engage in regional trade agreements like the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) left a void that Asian nations were eager to fill.

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II. Economic Integration in Asia

A. Regional Trade Agreements

One of the most visible manifestations of Asian economic integration is the proliferation of regional trade agreements. The RCEP, signed in November 2020, is the world’s largest trade pact, covering nearly one-third of the global population and GDP. It includes countries like China, Japan, South Korea, Australia, and the ten member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).

The RCEP is just one example of the growing trend of Asian countries coming together to promote economic cooperation. These agreements are seen as a way to reduce dependence on any single market, diversify export destinations, and promote economic growth. They also provide a platform for dialogue on non-economic issues, further deepening regional integration.

B. Supply Chain Resilience

The COVID-19 pandemic exposed vulnerabilities in global supply chains, prompting many Asian countries to rethink their economic strategies. The desire for supply chain resilience has led to a reevaluation of trade relationships and an emphasis on regional production networks.

Countries like Japan, for instance, have introduced policies to encourage companies to diversify their supply chains away from overreliance on China. This has opened up opportunities for greater economic integration within Asia, as countries seek to build more robust and diverse supply chains by collaborating with neighboring nations.

C. Infrastructure Investment

Infrastructure development is another key driver of Asian economic integration. China’s BRI, as mentioned earlier, is a prime example of the massive infrastructure investments taking place across the region. These projects not only promote connectivity but also foster economic interdependence.

In response to China’s BRI, Japan has launched its own infrastructure initiative, the Partnership for Quality Infrastructure (PQI). Other countries, such as India, are also investing heavily in infrastructure development to enhance regional connectivity.

III. Implications of Asian Economic Integration

A. Economic Growth and Prosperity

The integration of Asian economies has the potential to drive significant economic growth and prosperity. By increasing trade and investment flows among nations, economies can benefit from the comparative advantages of their neighbours. This can lead to increased innovation, higher productivity, and ultimately, improved living standards for millions of people in the region.

B. Geopolitical Implications

As Asian economies become more integrated, they also become more interdependent. This interdependence can act as a stabilizing force, reducing the likelihood of conflicts among nations. However, it can also create challenges if disputes arise, as economic ties can be used as leverage in diplomatic negotiations.

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The changing dynamics in Asia have also led to shifts in alliances and partnerships. Some countries are hedging their bets by maintaining strong ties with both the United States and China, while others are aligning more closely with one or the other. This fluidity in alliances is a reflection of the evolving power dynamics in the region.

C. Global Trade and Investment

The integration of Asian economies has far-reaching implications for global trade and investment. As Asia becomes more economically cohesive, it strengthens its position as a global economic powerhouse. This, in turn, affects the balance of power in international institutions like the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Moreover, the rise of regional trade agreements in Asia challenges the traditional dominance of global trade agreements. The WTO, which has struggled to reach meaningful agreements in recent years, faces competition from regional pacts like the RCEP that set their own trade rules.

IV. Challenges and Considerations

A. Economic Disparities

While economic integration offers numerous benefits, it also brings to the forefront issues of economic inequality within and among countries. Not all nations in Asia are on an equal footing, and some may struggle to keep up with the pace of integration. Addressing these disparities is crucial to ensuring that the benefits of integration are shared more broadly.

B. Political Differences

Asia is not a monolithic bloc, and political differences among nations persist. Historical rivalries, territorial disputes, and differing political systems can create tensions that hinder deeper integration. Resolving these political differences will be an ongoing challenge for the region.

C. External Factors

External factors, such as the United States’ foreign policy decisions, global economic trends, and geopolitical developments, can all influence the trajectory of Asian economic integration. The region must navigate these uncertainties while pursuing its integration goals.

Conclusion

As America’s influence in Asia undergoes a transformation, the integration of Asian economies is gaining momentum. The rise of China shifts in U.S. foreign policy, and a growing emphasis on regional cooperation are reshaping the geopolitical and economic landscape of the continent. This integration has the potential to drive economic growth, enhance regional stability, and redefine the global balance of power.

However, the journey toward greater economic integration in Asia is not without its challenges. Economic disparities, political differences, and external factors all present obstacles that must be navigated carefully. Nevertheless, the determination of Asian nations to shape their own destiny and assert their influence on the world stage is a defining feature of the 21st century.

In today’s changing world, it is crucial to closely monitor the growth of Asia and its economic integration. The choices made by Asian nations in the upcoming years will not only impact their own futures but also have significant consequences for the global community. With the evolution of America’s role in Asia, the narrative of Asian economic integration will undoubtedly steer the direction of the 21st century.

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