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Democratic Transition And Prospects For PTI in GE-2018

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Elections in Pakistan have always been Marred by Turmoil, rigging, Horse trading, Nepotism, favouritism, manipulation and bartering of votes.The Voters are influenced and threatened to face dire consequences if they did not vote and support any specific  Party Leader usually a traditional  Feudal who even warns to forcibly displace or disappear any person if they or their favourite candidate was not voted. In the past several decades, Pakistan has never witnessed any free, fair and transparent elections.

However, The  Elections held in 1988 under Army are said to be the fair ones as people believe that people were given free choice to vote for their  Favourite candidates. Luckily, PPP under Benazir with simple majority  formed their Government.

Afterwards, PPP and  PML-N had their turns  one after another and maintained their duopoly until General Parvez Musharraf’s Toppling of  PML-N second Government when his Plane was denied landing  and  Even The Army chief was changed in his absence while he was on the official visit.

The Army supported their General and helped him become the Marshal Law administrator and then President after Holding a Public Referendum.

Musharraf enjoyed the largest tenure as Martial Law Administrator and then President of Pakistan  After  General Zial Haque who had enjoyed the largest tenure as both Martial Law Administrator and Then President. Though ,later he declared  that  he had not imposed any Martial law.

It is Irony that Pakistan has experienced mostly   Military Coups  than Civilian Governments as a result we  had  Iskandar Mirza, General Ayoob Khan, General Yahya, General Zial Haq, Zulfiquar Ali Bhutto  and Musharraf as CMLAs though General Musharraf Declared  that  It was not  Martial Law but when he imposed  Emergency in the  country  and  kept the  constitution in abeyance . The people called it Martial  Law or Military Rule  as the constitution was suspended.

His reforms especially for improving and reforming Local Governance System and an introduction of  New  Local Governance system in which  Commissionerate  System was replaced with District Governments where the District Nazim was the  Most Powerful Administrator whereas a Grade  20 Officer worked as District coordination officer to ensure coordination between the  Various Departments.

Each  Department was headed by a grade 19/20 Officer as Executive  District officer such as EDO (finance and Planning) EDO (education ) EDO (Health), EDO (Revenue ) EDO (Agriculture  ) and So. It was the first time that Finance Department was devolved at District Level which benefitted the  People since each Departmental Budget was released from Account-IV of District instead of  Account-I i.e. Provincial Government.

The  District Nazim with help of  EDO(F&P) prepared their own budget and approved the required schemes upon the recommendation of the District Council members and thus over 80 % of the allocated budget was utilized. Such Utilization changed the shape of Urban and Rural areas and Development was evident from the Massive Development schemes and their Proper Implementation.

The  Mayor Karachi, Naimutullah Khan did the best and changed the whole scenario of Karachi and made a very  Clean and Green City and later the MQMs Mustafa Kamal became Mayor Karachi and targeted the own areas for Development.

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Musharraf held a so called referendum and got himself elected as President and then Held Elections in which his party  PML Q came into power and formed the Government in Sindh, Center and Punjab. Then in his era, Benazir Bhutto was assassinated and he was held responsible for Benazir Killing. The Country experienced bloody Riots as  the angry mobs set the  Govt Buildings, Banks, Schools and  Police  Station on fire and there was Chaos all-around since  Musharraf had stopped the Security Personnel not to resist or stop the Protesters who were protesting against the Brutal Killing of their  Leader Benazir  Bhutto.

At least Benazir  Bhutto was successful to make Musharraf as a civilian President when he was compelled through Political Pressure to withdraw from Military Uniform.

PPP  won  2008 Election owing to sympathy vote and Yousuf raza   Gillani Became the Prime Minister and then Musharraf was given  Clear passage to leave the country and Zardari became the President of  Pakistan and completed their Tenure of Five Years.  Even Supreme court disqualified Gillani over defiance to Write a letter to swiss Government to Freeze the Bank accounts of  Zardari   by awarding 30 second Sentence . Thus , Raja Parvez Asharaf replaced him as PM

It was the first time that any Democratic Government had completed its tenure, As earlier, none was able to complete their tenure since most of the civilian governments lasted for  2 to three years hardly which were either dissolved by the presidents under articles  58 2B or ousted by  CMLAs.

Then in 2013, PML –N came to power and Formed their Government and  Mian Mohammad Nawaz Sharif Became the only Person in the History who had become the  PM third time in Pakistan . As PPP Government had brought 18th Amendment and made the way for the PM third time to hold the Office and given Provincial Autonomy .

The PML N- Government came under fire when PTI complained that there was rigging in General Elections. Even the Speaker  NA  Ayaz Sadique was disqualified and there was re-poll on his constituency but he re-won the seat and became the Speaker again.  The Model town incident and  Long March and  Dharnas became the order of the Day and then the tremors of   Panama Leaks shook the world hard and  The Names of Mian Nawaz Sharif, His Sons Hassan and Hussain Nawaz and Her daughter came in corruption list of  Panama Papers. All the  Parties  Started protests and demanded resignation from  Nawaz Sharif but his stubbornness cost him lot and he was disgraced publically when he was disqualified on 20th April, 2017 by   Supreme Court of  Pakistan after the JIT  findings in Panama Papers Case.

Nawaz’s Bad luck did not stop here, He was sentenced on Friday, July 6, 2018, for  Ten Years and His  Daughter  Mariam Nawaz for  7 Years and His  Son law Captain Safdar for one Year in Aven Field  Reference Filed by NAB  under Directions of  Supreme court of Pakistan.

With Elections 2018 are just three days Away, All the Political Parties are busy in their Election campaigns. Some of  The Election rallies are targeted by Suicide  Bombings in Mastung and Among the dead were the Workers of  Baluchistan Awami Party) including the party’s provincial candidate, Siraj Raisani whereas in Peshawar Suicide Attack ANP Leader for Provincial Seat Haroon Ahmed Bilour was killed and other Party workers were also Killed in the Suicide Blast .

The  Political  Pundits and  Analysts are of the View that  the PTI enjoys a Strong position in KPK, Punjab and Sindh followed by  Alliance of  Religious Parties  (Muttahida Majlis e-Amal  ) MMA has also strong position in KPK, Punjab, Sindh and Baluchistan. The  Baluchistan is Center for religious parties and has always Mix support for  Nationalists such as Baluchistan Awami Party, National Party of Pakistan,  JUI, PPP and  PML – N.

In Sindh, the  Old Parties such as  MQM has strong hold in Urban Population of  Karachi , Hyderabad ,Mirpur Khas whereas PPP has Strength in Interior Sindh . They are facing strong Resistance from Grand Democratic Alliance headed by PML-Functional  Head Pir Pagara and other Nationals. Though MQM has seat adjustment with GDA, yet MQM has always preferred to be in power be it PPP or PML-Q. The Other new Force is Pak Sarzameen Party (PSP) Headed by Mustafa Kamala. The  Party consists the old stalwarts of  MQM who left MQM after differences with  Farooque Sattar and joined PSP. This would be the First Election for them to  contest and prove their Strength.

ALSO READ :  Disparities and Protests

It is estimated that GDA  will grab more than  40 Seats in Sindh and form their  Government in Sindh and will be recognized as an Alternate Force to PPP  .

It is very difficult to break the Monopoly of PPP in Sindh yet People are hopeful that they will  get rid of  PPP hegemony forever and will prefer Service Delivery. If  PTI  forms an alliance with GDA in Sindh, With National Party in Baluchistan and with  MMA in Punjab, KPK and Baluchistan, it will easily form Government and both  PPP and PML-N will sit in opposition benches.

Despite all this , it will be very difficult to  make any prediction before General  Election 2018  but as per the  Social  Media Surveys, Gallup  Pakistan Surveys and  Media Debates, It is  assumed that  PTI  will have the lion’s share in NA and PA  Seats in KPK, Punjab, Sindh and Baluchistan followed by  MMA and  GDA in Sindh. The sympathy vote may play a role for   PML-N as their Leader Mian Nawaz Shareef is in Adiala jail along with his daughter as there is no any other chance for them as they were tested thrice by the People of Pakistan. PTI has brighter and stronger position to sweep the  GE-2018 and Elect Imran Khan as Next PM of  Pakistan Let   July 25, 2018, come and decide the Future of mainstream parties i.e PTI, PPP, PML-N or  MMA  who will be the Next PM. Let’s Wait for Elections Results to pour in.

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Democracy

President Dr Arif Alvi Confers Civil Awards on Independence Day

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On the occasion of Independence Day, 14th August, 2021, the President of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan has been pleased to confer the following ‘Pakistan Civil Awards’ on citizens of Pakistan as well as Foreign Nationals for showing excellence and courage in their respective fields.

The investiture ceremony of these awards will take place on Pakistan Day, 23rd March, 2022:- S. No. Name of Awardee Field

I. NISHAN-I-IMTIAZ

1 Mr. Muhammad Naeem (Punjab) Science (Chemistry)

2 Mr. Nazar Muhammad Rashid alias N.M Rashid (late) (Punjab) Literature

3 Mr. Majeed Amjad alias Abdul Majeed (late) (Punjab) Literature II. HILAL-I-PAKISTAN

4 Mr. Li Xiaopeng (China) Services to Pakistan

5 Mr. Zhou Xiaochuan (China) Services to Pakistan

III. HILAL-I-IMTIAZ

6 Dr. Inam ur Rehman (Punjab) Science (Nuclear Physics)

7 Dr. Qamar Mehboob (Punjab ) Engineering (Nuclear)

8 Mr. Tahir Ikram (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)

9 Mr. Jamshed Azim Hashmi (Sindh) Engineering (Electrical & Mechanical)

10 Mr. Rohail Hayat (Punjab) Art (Music Composer)

11 Ms. Kishwar Naheed (Punjab) Literature

IV. SITARA-I-PAKISTAN

12 Mr. Mohamad Azmi Abdul Hamid (Malaysia) Services to Pakistan

13 Mr. Darren Sammy Services to Pakistan

14 Mr. Takamitsu Matsumura (Japan) Literature

15 Sheikh Ahmed bin Hamad Al Khalili (Oman) Religious Scholar

V. SITARA-I-SHUJA’AT

16 Mr. Muhammad Bux Buriro (Sindh) Gallantry

17 Ms. Reshma (Sindh) Gallantry

18 Col. Shafi Ullah Khan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Gallantry

VI. SITARA-I-IMTIAZ

19 Dr. Muhammad Masood ul Hassan (Punjab) Science (Physics)

20 Dr. Syed Hussain Abidi (Punjab) Science (Industrial Biotechnology)

21 Mr. Aslam Umer (Sindh) Engineering (Mechanical)

22 Mr. Tariq Hameed (Punjab) Engineering (Nuclear)

23 Dr. Muhammad Shahzad (Punjab) Control Design System

24 Dr. Syed Waqar Azim (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)

25 Dr. Naveed ur Rehman (Punjab) Avionics & Aerospace

26 Dr. Muhammad Iqbal (Punjab) System Engineering

27 Mr. Arshad Nawaz Khan (Punjab) Engineering (Chemical)

28 Ms. Abida Riaz Shahid Alias Nelo (late) (Punjab) Art (Acting)

29 Mr. Rashid Ali Rana (Punjab) Fine Arts

30 Mr. Shahid Abdullah (Sindh) Architect

31 Syed Akeel Bilgrami (Sindh) Architect

32 Mr. Salman Iqbal (Punjab) Sport (Services to Cricket)

33 Maj. Gen. Arshad Naseem (Punjab) Public Service

34 Ms. Roshan Khursheed Bharucha Social Work

35 Mr. Mehmood ul Haq Alvi (late) Philanthropist

VII. PRESIDENT’S AWARD FOR PRIDE OF PERFORMANCE

36 Syed Tajammul Hussain (Punjab) Science (Artificial Intelligence & Data Science)

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37 Dr. Yasar Ayaz (Punjab) Science (Robotics)

38 Mr. Mumtaz Hussain (Punjab) Engineering( Metallurgy)

39 Mr. Zulfiqar Ali (Punjab) Engineering (Nuclear)

40 Dr. Muhammad Siddique (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)

41 Mr. Shabbir Ahmad (Punjab) Engineering (Chemical)

42 Mr. Wasim Naser (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)

43 Mr. Abdul Ghafoor (Punjab) Engineering (Chemical)

44 Mr. Muhammad Noaman (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Engineering (Mechanical)

45 Dr. Muhammad Shafqat (Punjab) Engineering (Chemical)

46 Mr. Nadeem Rasul (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)

47 Mr. Haseeb Ahmed (Punjab) Engineering (Chemical)

48 Mr. Muhammad Iqbal (Sindh) Engineering (Aerospace)

49 Mr. Shahid Hameed alias Shahid (Punjab) Art (Acting)

50 Ms. Durdana Butt (Punjab) Art (Acting)

51 Mr. Ismail Tara (Sindh) Art (Acting)

52 Mr. Manzoor Ali Mirza (Sindh) Art (Acting)

53 Syed Sajid Hassan (Sindh) Art (Acting)

54 Mr. Shaharyar Zaidi (Sindh) Art (Acting)

55 Syed Mumtaz Ali Shah (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Art (Acting)

56 Mr. Shoukat Mehmood (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Art (Singing)

57 Ms. Qamro Jan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Art (Folk Singing)

58 Ms. Shakila Naz (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Art (Singing)

59 Mr. Jan Ali (Gilgit-Baltistan) Art (Folk Music)

60 Mr. Shakoor (Sindh) Art (Instrumentalist)

61 Mr. Noor Muhammad Jarral (Punjab) Art (Na’at Khuwani)

62 Mr. Imdad Ali Vighio (Sindh) Art (Block Making)

63 Mr. Madad Ali Sindhi (Sindh) Literature

64 Mr. Rifat Abbas alias Ghulam Abbas (Punjab) Literature

65 Mr. Ayaz Gul (Ayaz Ali Dal) (Sindh) Literature

66 Dr. Fazal Khaliq (Balochistan) Literature

67 Mr. Tahir Afridi (late) (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Literature

68 Mr. Muhammad Ali Sadpara (late) (Gilgit Baltistan) Sport (Mountaineer)

69 Ms. Nargis Hameedullah Hazara (Balochistan) Sport (Karate)

70 Mr. Shehzada Sikandar ul Mulk (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Sport (Polo)

71 Ms. Azmat Hassan Baloch (Balochistan) Public Service

72 Ms. Parveen Saeed (Sindh) Social Welfare

73 Ms. Soni Faisal (Sindh) Social Work (Polio & Corona Virus)

74 Mr. Irfan Ullah Jan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Social Activist/ Philanthropist

VIII. SITARA-I-QUAID-I-AZAM

75 Mr. Lu Shan (China) Services to Pakistan

76 Mr. Oh Jay-Hee (Korea) Services to Pakistan

77 Mr. Khalid Mahmood (Norway) Public Service

IX. TAMGHA-I-SHUJA’AT

78 Mr. Muhammad Akbar Khan (Gilgit Baltistan) Gallantry

79 Mr. Iqbal Masih (late) Gallantry

80 Mr. Abdul Ghaffar Shaikh (late) (Sindh) Gallantry

81 Mr. Zia Hussain (late) (Sindh) Gallantry

82 Mr. Tabassum Shabbir Awan (Punjab) Gallantry

83 Mr. Irfan Ahmed Khan Durrani (Islamabad) Gallantry

ALSO READ :  President Dr Arif Alvi Confers Civil Awards on Independence Day

84 Mr. Asadullah Qureshi (Sindh) Gallantry

85 Mr. Muhammad Ali (Gilgit Baltistan) Gallantry

86 Mr. Ahmed Ali (Gilgit Baltistan) Gallantry

87 Mr. Sadiq Hussain (Gilgit Baltistan) Gallantry

88 Mr. Noor ud Din (Gilgit Baltistan) Gallantry

89 Malik Dara Khan (late) (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Gallantry

90 Mr. Muhammad Rahim Shah (Gilgit Baltistan) Gallantry

91 Mr. Saeed Khan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Gallantry

92 Mr. Muhammad Waleed Sabir Khan (Azad Jammu & Kashmir) Gallantry

93 Mr. Waqar Ahmed (Islamabad) Gallantry

94 Mr. Abdul Qahhar Khan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Gallantry

X. TAMGHA-I-IMTIAZ

95 Dr. Samina Roohi (Punjab) Science (Bio-Chemistry)

96 Dr. Nusrat Jehan (Punjab) Science (Physics)

97 Dr. Irfan Ullah Khan (Punjab) Science (Chemistry)

98 Prof. Dr. Syed Ghulam Musharraf (Sindh) Science (Chemistry)

99 Dr. Muhammad Aftab Rafiq (Punjab) Science (Physics)

100 Dr. Ammad Hussain Qureshi (Punjab) Engineering (Metallurgy)

101 Mr. Muhammad Ashraf Khan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Engineering (Mechanical)

102 Maj (R) Imtiaz Ahmed (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)

103 Mr. Muhammad Jamil (Punjab) Engineering(Fluid Power)

104 Mr. Imtiaz Sarwar (Islamabad) Engineering (Electrical & Electronics)

105 Dr. Muhammad Yasir (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Engineering (Aerospace)

106 Mr. Abid Bin Abdul Quddus Qazi (Islamabad) Engineering (Civil)

107 Dr. Muhammad Abid (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)

108 Prof. Dr. Robina Farooq (Punjab) Education

109 Eng. Dr. Faizullah Abbasi (Sindh) Education (Engineering)

110 Prof. Dr. Osman Hasan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Education (Engineering/ Electrical)

111 Prof. Dr. Muhammad Junaid Mughal (Punjab) Education (Science & Technology)

112 Ms. Ghuncha Bibi Alias Saima Noor (Punjab) Art (Acting)

113 Mr. Lal Muhammad (Aman) (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Art (Acting)

114 Ms. Rubina Mustafa Qureshi (Sindh) Art (Singing)

115 Mr. Ejaz Sarhadi (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Art (Sarinda Player)

116 Ms. Momina Duraid Qureshi Art (Drama Director/ Producer)

117 Mr. Sajjad Ahmed (Balochistan) Art (Television Producer)

118 Al-Haaj Saeed Hashmi (late) (Sindh) Art (Na’at Khuwani)

119 Mr. M. Anis Nagi (late) (Punjab) Literature

120 Mr. Johar Ali Raki (Gilgit Baltistan) Public Service

121 Mr. Mansoor Hassan Siddiqui (late) (Punjab) Public Service

122 Ms. Shehla Baqi (Sindh) Public Service (Health)

123 Mr. Asad Mahmood (Punjab) Public Service (Rendering dedicated services with selfless devotion)

124 Mr. Muhammad Hanif Tayyab (Sindh) Social Services

125 Dr. Muhammad Haroon Memon (Sindh) Social Work (Thalassemia)

XI. TAMGHA-I-QUAID-I-AZAM

126 Mr. David Shoebridge (Australia) Human Rights

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Democracy

Missing You! SPSC

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It is disappointing to pen these painful thoughts for such an apex recruiting Agency of Sindh that kept serving the people of  Sindh for decades and kept providing respectable elite Civil services jobs to the underprivileged people regardless of their colour, creed or religion.

SPSC remained the only hope for the youth to get elevated civil service jobs such as EX-PCS and Secretariat services as well as Jobs in other cadres from  BS-16 to BS-20  in various departments of Sindh.

Unfortunately, SPSC bears the brunt of Malpractices and corrupt practices of its chairman and Members who tempered with the result of Meritorious candidates and passed their blue-eyed Candidates through nepotism and favouritism and deprived the deserving candidates of getting Elite Civil Service slots.

The jobs were reportedly sold like commodities stabbing meritocracy and bringing in a swarm of inefficient and ineligible bureaucracy that played in the hands of feudal lords.

The saga starts from tempering the marks of candidates of CCE 2003 that took almost two decades in litigation but so far no respite has been provided to the candidates/petitioners who approached the Sindh High court to knock the door for justice.

Despite winning the case at all platforms and getting favourable reports i.e Departmental Enquiry, Anti Corruption Establishment Report, NAB report and Judicial Enquiry reports, it was proven that those recommended for appointment were not eligible as most of the candidates were fail in written part and Interview. Even some of the candidates who did not appear in the test were declared as pass.

The result of the final recommended candidates was tempered. The marks on the face sheet of answer copies were changed as per the reports surfaced.

It is worthy to mention here that those appointed through unfair means and tempered results, surprisingly promoted to the next Grades from time to time and now they are in Grade 19.

Later, in CCE 2013 there was a similar hue and cry about tempered results and bribery amounting to millions, the Sindh High Court passed its judgment making the result Null and void and directed SPSC to conduct both written and interviews afresh.

Thus hundreds of candidates bore the brunt of Malpractices of Commission authorities and many who got recommendations as Section Officers, ACs, AD labour etc were shocked. They wondered why they were punished for the fault of some unscrupulous people that earned a bad name for the SPSC.

Though being disappointed and dejected from the Honourable Courts decision, the candidates reappeared in the written and Interview but shockingly very few got through since the majority of candidates who had cleared the exam previously, could not qualify even written part and Interview.

The Education standards in Sindh have already deteriorated alarmingly, yet those who toil and work hard in the hopes of being the part of Elite Civil service, got disillusioned and dejected when the news broke that all the appointments were made either on payment of huge bribes or political support, plunging the poor hardworking and talented youth into the darkness of Disappointment, Dejection and Hopelessness.

ALSO READ :  Disparities and Protests

These incidents were still fresh in the minds of candidates when they got the shocking news that Sindh High Court Hyderabad Bench announced yet another shocking judgment that jolted the candidates.

The saga starts from tempering the marks of candidates of CCE 2003 that took almost two decades in litigation but so far no respite has been provided to the candidates/petitioners who approached the Sindh High court to knock the door for justice.

 The judgment suspended the SPSC act and made the Recruitments of CCE 2018, Medical Officers and others null and void. Even it suspended all the Members including Chairman and Secretary. The judgments directed the Sindh Government to legislate a new SPSC act making Governor as head to appoint Chairman and Members instead of Chief Minister Sindh.

There have been several interpretations of Law experts regarding the impact of judgment that whether the judgment applies to mentioned Recruitments i.e CCE 2018, Health Department Medical Officers or all the Recruitments to date.

Even the Honourable High court ordered to make the SPSC website offline until the new SPSC act is promulgated.

The news had serious repercussions on the future of youth in Sindh, especially those who had passed the exam with hard work and are serving in the field for almost three years. The clouds of uncertainty have engulfed them and they are waiting for their fate since their training has also been discontinued. There is no clarification whether their services are discontinued in the light of Judgment or still intact. It will be clear after the outcome of the appeal in the Supreme court of Pakistan Karachi registry.

Their future is bleak. Even, several candidates had either appeared in the written tests of various departments and cleared including those who were awaiting Interview results. There were some candidates whose interviews were scheduled but all in vain.

With each passing day, the suspicion and fears are mounting with concerns that whether the SPSC will be restored with the appointment of a new chairman, Members and Secretary or it will remain in a dormant state since the Honourable court has not given any time frame to Sindh Government for legislation and transfer of powers of appointment of Chairman and Members to Governor so that concerns of candidates may be addressed.

Furthermore, the decision also impacted the recruitment process of lecturers in the college Education Department where more than 6000 lecturers were to be appointed and even written tests were conducted from over 100000 candidates and subsequently their results were uploaded on the SPSC website.

Ironically, public service commissions of other provinces such as PPSC, BPSC, KPPSC, AJKPSC and FPSC are Functioning in full swing and the recruitment process in other provinces has been transparent but unfortunately, the Sindh Government has wreaked havoc with all the institutions and did not even spare SPSC -the apex Civil service Recruitment Agency to pursue the meritocracy and transparency in appointment of Civil servants.

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Due to misappropriation, mismanagement, nepotism, favouritism and corruption, today the Prestigious body SPSC was forced to close the doors for youth and it has borne the brunt of corrupt souls who have not left any stone unturned to mint money from poor people whose dream to become part of Civil service stood unfulfilled even seems a nightmare. According to some reports if Assistant Commissioners get the seats on the payment of ten million then the poor can only dream of such elevated and lucrative posts and their intelligence, efficiency and talent get rotten if meritocracy is strangulated under the weight of Bribery.

It is high time that our youth should be vocal and raise their voice against the criminal silence of the Sindh Government as the Government has failed miserably to pursue the case in the Supreme Court due to its unwillingness and negligence, leaving hundreds of youth falling prey to unemployment, disappointment and disillusionment.

The Chief Justice Supreme court of Pakistan and Chief Justice High Court of Sindh are humbly appealed to review the decision and pass orders to Sindh Government for legislation to restore SPSC and appointment of new Chairman and Members by Governor as practised in other provinces so that future of youth could be saved and they should be prevented from getting overage.

Furthermore, in the upcoming CCE 2022, 20 years of General age relaxation may be granted so that the delay caused by various judgments of the Honourable Courts due to corrupt practices of Commission may be compensated and the level playing field may be provided to candidates to contest Competitive Exam. The courts always provide relief to petitioners but the culprits behind such corrupt practices may also be punished so that future incidents could be averted.

It is further recommended that on the lines of FPSC’s, Section Officers Promotional Exam (SOPE) may be introduced through which lower grade employees having completed 5 to 7 years in departments can be appointed through SPSC as SOs and unlike Transfer to OMG Policy of FPSC, there should be an exam for those in BS-17 and BS-18 officers of other cadres to be part of PMS or PSS. This will help in filling the shortage of civil servants in the provincial secretariat.

It is also recommended that there should be Executive Service where BS-19 officers could be inducted from senior Civil Servants of various departments.

SPSC is the driving force to bring in a bunch of civil bureaucracy, Professionals, Technical hands and other security personnel of higher grade. The dormant state SPSC has already created serious staff shortages and impacted the performance of various departments especially College Education, School Education, Health and Civil Bureaucracy that are in constant need of fresh blood to serve the nation with dignity and dedication.

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Conflict

Tribal Clashes and the Bloodshed

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Tribal Clashes in the parts of Baluchistan and Sindh bring miseries and destruction as warring tribes go on Killing Sprees and do not stop until they equal the numbers.

They go on a massive scale and target indiscriminately, the young and old are consumed in the fire of revenge and vengeance.

Tribal clashes create several socioeconomic problems that compel the tribes men to adopt criminal activities for instance armed robbery, mobile snatching, motorbike snatching and stealing in the rural areas where police patrolling is not available.

Sindh, Baluchistan, KP and Punjab are embedded in the Feudal fabric that is controlling the social, cultural and political arena of these provinces.

This is obviously the great game of some sardars and politicians to incite the tribes to fight to settle their dispute. The disputes are triggered from trivial issues like water share, agriculture land disputes, grazing of animals in somebody’s farmlands, marriage, illicit relations and Karo Kari (honour Killings).

These tribal feuds have already consumed thousands of innocent lives since our judicial system fails to provide relief so people are forced to seek justice from the traditional jirga system, run by the tribal chiefs. Regrettably, the Jirga’s decisions are unmerited in most cases,women are given in exchange to settle the disputes,and the verdicts are binding on both parties.

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During the colonial era British conferred various benefits to these feudals due to their allegiance to the British Empire. They were awarded lands and properties along with various titles that still exist in today’s Pakistan.

Titles such as sardar,Mir,Nawab, Khan Bahadur, rais and Muqdum are used even today. The princely states were also classified as Salute and Non-salute states, depending on their favorability with the British.

These states were controlled indirectly by British India. Some examples include Bahawalpur, Khairpur, Makran, and Kalat.

For a long time these entitled elite have been ruling and controlling Sindh, Baluchistan and Punjab, for more than seven decades they have had a stronghold in these areas socially, economically and politically.

There are several sardars who traditionally hold hereditary Turbans (pug) of Tribal chief and control their community along with other communities.

In Baluchistan, the most active Sardari tribes are Bugti, Marri, Mengal, Bizenjo, Jamali, Magsi and Rind, In Sindh Sundrani, Bijarani, Mahar,Chandio, Mazari, Lund, Pitafi, Arbabs, Khoso, Chachar, Teghani, Jatoi, Bhayo and Shar. Syed tribes have been ruling the roost in Sindh for several decades, the most important seat of CM falls in their domain.

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The heads of these tribal chiefs are autocratic princes and have totalitarian control over the people of their tribes;they enjoy the full authority in their respective areas.

These jirgas are not only lucrative businesses for the sardars, but they also aid them in consolidating their influence over their tribe members who then vote them to assemblies and the Parliament

The Sundrani, Bijarani, Mahar and Chandio Tribal chiefs control the greatest number of tribes in Sindh whereas Rind, Marri, Bugti and Mengals control most of the Baloch tribes in Baluchistan.

The extent of their control can be assessed on the following point that no one can have even matrimonial proposal without their consent and their verdict is final in all matters.

Feudal influence persists in these areas only because of the absence of writ of state and of law and order.Therefore, the tribesmen are compelled to opt for the Jirgas to settle disputes.

These jirgas delegate infinite powers to the arbitrator (Tribal Chief) consequently some decisions are astounding and illogical, but the communities cannot challenge them because of fear and oppression.

The Jirga process is very slow,both warring tribes must mutually agree to end the dispute, this may involve several sittings. Sometimes, the tribes resume their clashes soon after a settlement and pursue the killing spree owing to resentment by one tribe.

The women especially the young girls bear the brunt of these tribal clashes as unmarried girls are exchanged for compensation in case of murder settlements.These girls live in misery as the family members treat them as the daughter of the enemy and resort to domestic abuse and violence.Consequently, the innocent girls become the victims of these tribal jirgas.

The school going children also become victims of these tribal clashes amid fear of attack if they go to school, the enemy may target these students. Such incidences have been reported in the past.

In a recent incident between the Teghani and Bijarani tribes, two innocent students of matriculation were killed they were prepared to appear in the exams this March, unfortunate death took care that.

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In another ironic incident a 70-year-old man was shot in the head when he was riding his donkey cart to work so he could feed his minor children and wife. Instead of getting food on the table in the evening the family received his dead body.

One recent incident still resonates in the minds of many when 30 innocent lives were lost in exchange of fire between two tribes owing to a trivial issue of illegal grazing of a cow. This continues to happen due to widespread illiteracy and unrestricted use of sophisticated weapons.

This was the one of the worst examples when dozens of men, women and children got butchered in a single day,in a blatant display of barbarity.

The role of Police is very dismal rather dubious since such incidences also occur in cities,in broad day light. Police usually arrive late giving these trigger happy thugs a license to kill innocent people.

The open display of sophisticated weapons like fully automatic fire arms to rocket launchers makes one question how these communities manage to purchase such expensive arms when their purchase requires official approval and some are not even meant for civilians.

In some instances the police becomes an accomplice taking monetary benefits form the tribe that intends on attacking it’s rival turning a blinds eye.

The Government is clueless or an accomplice like the police in these incidents or deliberately avoids legislation against this butchery of humanity since most of the MPA’s and MNA’s are tribal chiefs themselves. They will never legislate against these crimes as they are well aware that legislation means curtailing their own powers and monetary losses.

It is high time that civil society, legal fraternity, and human rights defenders must come forward to stop this massacre in the name tribal disputes and the Supreme Court of Pakistan must take notice of this cold-blooded murder.

The Government should ban the jirgas completely and all murders under the guise of Honour Killings and Tribal disputes should be treated as a crime against humanity with exemplary punishments. Government should also control issuing of licenses to civilians.

The civil society must create awareness against and promote love and harmony among the communities so that they may settle their differences peacefully and never engage in fighting.Precious human lives need to be preserved especially those of the youth.

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