Elections in Pakistan have always been Marred by Turmoil, rigging, Horse trading, Nepotism, favouritism, manipulation and bartering of votes.The Voters are influenced and threatened to face dire consequences if they did not vote and support any specific Party Leader usually a traditional Feudal who even warns to forcibly displace or disappear any person if they or their favourite candidate was not voted. In the past several decades, Pakistan has never witnessed any free, fair and transparent elections.
However, The Elections held in 1988 under Army are said to be the fair ones as people believe that people were given free choice to vote for their Favourite candidates. Luckily, PPP under Benazir with simple majority formed their Government.
Afterwards, PPP and PML-N had their turns one after another and maintained their duopoly until General Parvez Musharraf’s Toppling of PML-N second Government when his Plane was denied landing and Even The Army chief was changed in his absence while he was on the official visit.
The Army supported their General and helped him become the Marshal Law administrator and then President after Holding a Public Referendum.
Musharraf enjoyed the largest tenure as Martial Law Administrator and then President of Pakistan After General Zial Haque who had enjoyed the largest tenure as both Martial Law Administrator and Then President. Though ,later he declared that he had not imposed any Martial law.
It is Irony that Pakistan has experienced mostly Military Coups than Civilian Governments as a result we had Iskandar Mirza, General Ayoob Khan, General Yahya, General Zial Haq, Zulfiquar Ali Bhutto and Musharraf as CMLAs though General Musharraf Declared that It was not Martial Law but when he imposed Emergency in the country and kept the constitution in abeyance . The people called it Martial Law or Military Rule as the constitution was suspended.
His reforms especially for improving and reforming Local Governance System and an introduction of New Local Governance system in which Commissionerate System was replaced with District Governments where the District Nazim was the Most Powerful Administrator whereas a Grade 20 Officer worked as District coordination officer to ensure coordination between the Various Departments.
Each Department was headed by a grade 19/20 Officer as Executive District officer such as EDO (finance and Planning) EDO (education ) EDO (Health), EDO (Revenue ) EDO (Agriculture ) and So. It was the first time that Finance Department was devolved at District Level which benefitted the People since each Departmental Budget was released from Account-IV of District instead of Account-I i.e. Provincial Government.
The District Nazim with help of EDO(F&P) prepared their own budget and approved the required schemes upon the recommendation of the District Council members and thus over 80 % of the allocated budget was utilized. Such Utilization changed the shape of Urban and Rural areas and Development was evident from the Massive Development schemes and their Proper Implementation.
The Mayor Karachi, Naimutullah Khan did the best and changed the whole scenario of Karachi and made a very Clean and Green City and later the MQMs Mustafa Kamal became Mayor Karachi and targeted the own areas for Development.
Musharraf held a so called referendum and got himself elected as President and then Held Elections in which his party PML Q came into power and formed the Government in Sindh, Center and Punjab. Then in his era, Benazir Bhutto was assassinated and he was held responsible for Benazir Killing. The Country experienced bloody Riots as the angry mobs set the Govt Buildings, Banks, Schools and Police Station on fire and there was Chaos all-around since Musharraf had stopped the Security Personnel not to resist or stop the Protesters who were protesting against the Brutal Killing of their Leader Benazir Bhutto.
At least Benazir Bhutto was successful to make Musharraf as a civilian President when he was compelled through Political Pressure to withdraw from Military Uniform.
PPP won 2008 Election owing to sympathy vote and Yousuf raza Gillani Became the Prime Minister and then Musharraf was given Clear passage to leave the country and Zardari became the President of Pakistan and completed their Tenure of Five Years. Even Supreme court disqualified Gillani over defiance to Write a letter to swiss Government to Freeze the Bank accounts of Zardari by awarding 30 second Sentence . Thus , Raja Parvez Asharaf replaced him as PM
It was the first time that any Democratic Government had completed its tenure, As earlier, none was able to complete their tenure since most of the civilian governments lasted for 2 to three years hardly which were either dissolved by the presidents under articles 58 2B or ousted by CMLAs.
Then in 2013, PML –N came to power and Formed their Government and Mian Mohammad Nawaz Sharif Became the only Person in the History who had become the PM third time in Pakistan . As PPP Government had brought 18th Amendment and made the way for the PM third time to hold the Office and given Provincial Autonomy .
The PML N- Government came under fire when PTI complained that there was rigging in General Elections. Even the Speaker NA Ayaz Sadique was disqualified and there was re-poll on his constituency but he re-won the seat and became the Speaker again. The Model town incident and Long March and Dharnas became the order of the Day and then the tremors of Panama Leaks shook the world hard and The Names of Mian Nawaz Sharif, His Sons Hassan and Hussain Nawaz and Her daughter came in corruption list of Panama Papers. All the Parties Started protests and demanded resignation from Nawaz Sharif but his stubbornness cost him lot and he was disgraced publically when he was disqualified on 20th April, 2017 by Supreme Court of Pakistan after the JIT findings in Panama Papers Case.
Nawaz’s Bad luck did not stop here, He was sentenced on Friday, July 6, 2018, for Ten Years and His Daughter Mariam Nawaz for 7 Years and His Son law Captain Safdar for one Year in Aven Field Reference Filed by NAB under Directions of Supreme court of Pakistan.
With Elections 2018 are just three days Away, All the Political Parties are busy in their Election campaigns. Some of The Election rallies are targeted by Suicide Bombings in Mastung and Among the dead were the Workers of Baluchistan Awami Party) including the party’s provincial candidate, Siraj Raisani whereas in Peshawar Suicide Attack ANP Leader for Provincial Seat Haroon Ahmed Bilour was killed and other Party workers were also Killed in the Suicide Blast .
The Political Pundits and Analysts are of the View that the PTI enjoys a Strong position in KPK, Punjab and Sindh followed by Alliance of Religious Parties (Muttahida Majlis e-Amal ) MMA has also strong position in KPK, Punjab, Sindh and Baluchistan. The Baluchistan is Center for religious parties and has always Mix support for Nationalists such as Baluchistan Awami Party, National Party of Pakistan, JUI, PPP and PML – N.
In Sindh, the Old Parties such as MQM has strong hold in Urban Population of Karachi , Hyderabad ,Mirpur Khas whereas PPP has Strength in Interior Sindh . They are facing strong Resistance from Grand Democratic Alliance headed by PML-Functional Head Pir Pagara and other Nationals. Though MQM has seat adjustment with GDA, yet MQM has always preferred to be in power be it PPP or PML-Q. The Other new Force is Pak Sarzameen Party (PSP) Headed by Mustafa Kamala. The Party consists the old stalwarts of MQM who left MQM after differences with Farooque Sattar and joined PSP. This would be the First Election for them to contest and prove their Strength.
It is estimated that GDA will grab more than 40 Seats in Sindh and form their Government in Sindh and will be recognized as an Alternate Force to PPP .
It is very difficult to break the Monopoly of PPP in Sindh yet People are hopeful that they will get rid of PPP hegemony forever and will prefer Service Delivery. If PTI forms an alliance with GDA in Sindh, With National Party in Baluchistan and with MMA in Punjab, KPK and Baluchistan, it will easily form Government and both PPP and PML-N will sit in opposition benches.
Despite all this , it will be very difficult to make any prediction before General Election 2018 but as per the Social Media Surveys, Gallup Pakistan Surveys and Media Debates, It is assumed that PTI will have the lion’s share in NA and PA Seats in KPK, Punjab, Sindh and Baluchistan followed by MMA and GDA in Sindh. The sympathy vote may play a role for PML-N as their Leader Mian Nawaz Shareef is in Adiala jail along with his daughter as there is no any other chance for them as they were tested thrice by the People of Pakistan. PTI has brighter and stronger position to sweep the GE-2018 and Elect Imran Khan as Next PM of Pakistan Let July 25, 2018, come and decide the Future of mainstream parties i.e PTI, PPP, PML-N or MMA who will be the Next PM. Let’s Wait for Elections Results to pour in.
Survey Results Reveal: Young Right-Wing Women Demand Trump Debate
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A recent survey conducted by Change Research has revealed that young women with right-wing political views are demanding a debate with former President Donald Trump. The survey was conducted in the United States and included participants from different age groups and political affiliations.
The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the survey results and analyze the possible reasons for the demand.
The survey included 1,009 participants from across the United States. The participants were divided into different age groups and political affiliations. The survey found that 57% of young women with right-wing political views demanded a debate with Donald Trump. This is in contrast to other groups, where the demand was much lower.
The survey results raise several questions about the possible reasons for the demand. One possible reason is that young women with right-wing political views see Donald Trump as a strong leader who can represent their interests. They may also see him as a symbol of the conservative movement and want to hear his views on various issues.
Another possible reason is that young women with right-wing political views are dissatisfied with the current political climate and want to hear from a leader who can bring about change. They may see Donald Trump as someone who can shake up the political establishment and bring about the changes they desire.
The demand for a debate with Donald Trump also has several implications. It shows that young women with right-wing political views are an important demographic that cannot be ignored. It also highlights the need for political leaders to engage with young people and understand their concerns.
The demand for a debate with Donald Trump can also be compared to other political debates. For example, the demand for a debate with Bernie Sanders was much higher among young people with left-wing political views. This shows that young people across the political spectrum are interested in hearing from political leaders who represent their views.
The survey results show that young women with right-wing political views are demanding a debate with former President Donald Trump. The demand is much higher among this group compared to other groups. The demand raises several questions about the possible reasons and implications. It also highlights the need for political leaders to engage with young people and understand their concerns.
A Tribute to Late Li Keqiang: The Former Premier of China
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In a world marked by political upheavals and power struggles, the life and legacy of Li Keqiang, the former Premier of China, stand out as a testament to leadership, vision, and unwavering dedication. This opinion article pays tribute to a man whose name has become synonymous with transformative change and indomitable will. Li Keqiang often referred to as “PM” for his role as the Premier of China, left an indelible mark on the world stage. This piece will delve into his remarkable contributions, his visionary leadership, and the grand state funeral that honoured his memory.
Li Keqiang: A Brief Biography
Li Keqiang, born on July 1, 1955, in Hefei, Anhui Province, China, had a humble beginning. He rose through the ranks of the Communist Party of China and, after years of dedicated service, became the Premier in 2013. His journey from an ordinary Chinese citizen to one of the most influential political figures in the world is a testament to his perseverance and commitment to public service.
Early Life and Education
Li’s early life was marked by modesty and a deep desire for knowledge. He pursued his education diligently and later graduated from Peking University, where he earned a degree in economics. This solid academic foundation would prove crucial in shaping his vision for China’s future.
Li Keqiang’s Contributions
Economic Reforms and Modernization
Li’s tenure as Premier witnessed significant strides in China’s economic growth. His commitment to economic reforms and modernization programs played a pivotal role in lifting millions of Chinese citizens out of poverty. His “Chinese Dream” initiative aimed to make China a more equitable and prosperous nation.
Li believed that economic development should benefit all segments of society, not just the elite. His policies aimed at reducing income inequality, ensuring equal access to education and healthcare, and creating opportunities for entrepreneurs and small businesses.
Under Li Keqiang’s leadership, China took significant steps to address environmental issues. He recognized the importance of sustainability and pushed for initiatives to combat air pollution, promote clean energy, and reduce carbon emissions. His emphasis on environmental protection showcased his commitment to a harmonious society and a better future for the planet.
As China’s Premier, Li played a vital role in shaping the country’s foreign policy. He believed in peaceful coexistence, diplomatic negotiations, and mutual respect among nations. His vision for a globally interconnected world that respected each country’s sovereignty marked a shift in China’s approach to international relations.
The Visionary Leader
Li Keqiang was not merely a statesman; he was a visionary leader who saw China’s potential on the world stage. His vision extended beyond economic growth to encompass a global perspective. He envisioned a China that would lead in innovation, technology, and sustainable development.
State Funeral: A Grand Tribute
Li Keqiang’s passing was a moment of profound sorrow for the Chinese people. To honor his memory, a grand state funeral was held. Dignitaries from across the world attended, paying their respects to a leader who had left an indelible mark on history.
The funeral was a sombre yet majestic event, reflecting the respect and admiration Li commanded. It served as a reminder of the significant contributions he made to his nation and the world.
In the annals of history, Li Keqiang’s name will forever be etched as a visionary leader and a statesman of unparalleled influence. His contributions to China’s growth, his commitment to environmental stewardship, and his vision for a globally interconnected world continue to inspire. The grand state funeral that honoured his memory was a fitting tribute to a life well lived.
Li Keqiang’s legacy serves as a reminder that true leadership goes beyond politics; it is about leaving the world better than you found it. His journey, from humble beginnings to the highest echelons of power, is a testament to the potential within each of us to make a positive impact on the world. Li Keqiang will always be remembered as a beacon of hope, a symbol of dedication, and a source of inspiration for generations to come.
From Gerontocracy to Youthcracy: The Dilemma of Political Parties in Pakistan
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The political landscape of Pakistan is undergoing a profound transformation, marked by a shift from gerontocracy to youthcracy. This article provides an in-depth exploration of this transition, its implications for political parties, and the evolving dynamics of power in the country. In a comprehensive examination, we delve into the challenges and opportunities faced by political parties as they adapt to this rapidly changing political landscape.
Gerontocracy, a term that has been frequently used to characterize the Pakistani political system, describes a situation where the elderly wield considerable power and influence in the governance of a nation. In Pakistan, this phenomenon has prevailed for decades, with senior politicians dominating the political stage. However, as the demographics of the country evolve, with a growing population of young citizens, political parties are confronted with a complex dilemma.
The Emergence of Youthcracy
The Power of the Youth Vote
Pakistan boasts a vibrant and youthful population, with a significant percentage under the age of 30. These young individuals are increasingly becoming politically aware and active, wielding the potential to reshape the nation’s political landscape. The emergence of youth power, often referred to as youthcracy, has become a defining feature of contemporary Pakistani politics.
The power of the youth vote cannot be overstated. The sheer number of young voters makes them a formidable force to be reckoned with. Political parties are beginning to recognize that winning the allegiance of this demographic is no longer an option but a necessity.
Challenges Faced by Political Parties
Balancing Experience and Fresh Perspective
One of the foremost challenges confronting political parties in Pakistan is how to navigate the delicate balance between the seasoned politicians who have long held sway and the energetic yet relatively inexperienced youth. The interplay between experience and fresh perspectives has become a pivotal factor for the success of any political party.
While experienced politicians bring a wealth of knowledge and a deep understanding of the intricacies of governance, they may also be associated with entrenched interests and resistance to change. In contrast, the youth represent innovation, fresh ideas, and a desire for reform. Striking the right equilibrium between these two demographics is crucial for political parties seeking to remain relevant and effective.
Adapting to Modern Communication
The youth are digitally connected, and their political awakening often happens on social media platforms. Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and TikTok have become powerful tools for mobilization and advocacy. Political parties must adapt to these changing communication dynamics to engage with the younger generation effectively.
Traditional campaign methods, such as door-to-door canvassing and rallies, are no longer sufficient. Digital campaigns, online debates, and viral content creation have become the norm. Political parties must invest in sophisticated digital strategies, engaging with the youth where they are most active and receptive.
Strategies for Political Parties
Navigating the transition from gerontocracy to youthcracy requires strategic foresight and adaptability. Here are key strategies that political parties can employ to thrive in this evolving political landscape:
Encouraging Youth Participation
To embrace youthcracy, political parties must actively encourage young individuals to participate in politics. This goes beyond tokenism and superficial youth wings within parties. It involves offering substantial leadership roles to young politicians, mentorship programs, and providing platforms for the youth to voice their concerns.
Moreover, political parties should prioritize issues that resonate with the youth, such as education, employment opportunities, and environmental sustainability. Addressing these concerns demonstrates a commitment to the aspirations of the younger generation.
Embracing Technological Advancements
Utilizing technology for outreach, campaigns, and information dissemination is no longer optional—it is imperative. Political parties need to harness the power of data analytics, targeted advertising, and social media engagement to connect with the younger audience effectively.
Digital platforms provide an opportunity for direct interaction with voters, allowing parties to gauge sentiment, address concerns in real time, and tailor their messaging to specific demographics. This digital transformation also extends to fundraising efforts, which can now be conducted online with greater efficiency and transparency.
Promoting Transparency and Accountability
The youth are often more critical of corruption and inefficiency in government. Political parties must prioritize transparency and accountability to gain the trust of this demographic. Implementing robust anti-corruption measures, disclosing sources of funding, and holding party members accountable for misconduct are essential steps.
Furthermore, political parties should adopt a culture of inclusivity, where decisions are made collectively, and policies are developed through open dialogue. This approach not only fosters trust but also ensures that the concerns of diverse segments of the population, including the youth, are considered.
The transformation from gerontocracy to youthcracy is reshaping the landscape of Pakistani politics. This paradigm shift presents both challenges and opportunities for political parties. Those who successfully adapt to these changes will be better positioned to address the evolving needs and aspirations of the Pakistani population.
As we move forward, the key to political success in Pakistan lies in embracing the demographic realities of the country. The youth are not merely the future; they are the present. Their voices, aspirations, and demands must be at the forefront of political agendas.
In conclusion, the era of youthcracy in Pakistan signals a new dawn in the nation’s political history. It is a testament to the vitality and dynamism of the country’s youth. Political parties that understand this transition and respond proactively will not only survive but thrive in the evolving landscape of Pakistani politics.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
- What is gerontocracy in the context of Pakistani politics? Gerontocracy refers to a political system where older individuals hold significant power and influence in the government.
- What is youthcracy, and how is it affecting political parties in Pakistan? Youthcracy represents the growing influence of the younger generation in politics, challenging traditional power dynamics within political parties in Pakistan.
- Why is the youth vote important in Pakistani politics? The youth vote is crucial because Pakistan has a significant young population, and their political engagement can shape the country’s future.
- How can political parties in Pakistan encourage youth participation? Political parties can encourage youth participation by offering leadership roles, mentorship programs, and creating platforms for young voices.
- What role does technology play in the transition to youthcracy? Technology is essential for reaching and engaging with the youth. Political parties need to utilize digital strategies for effective communication.
- Why is transparency and accountability important in attracting the youth to vote? The youth often demand transparency and accountability in politics, and parties that prioritize these values are more likely to gain their trust.
- What are the benefits of a political party embracing both experience and fresh perspectives? Embracing both experience and fresh perspectives allows a party to draw on the wisdom of seasoned politicians while also tapping into the energy and innovation of the youth.
- How can political parties effectively use social media to engage with the youth? Political parties can use social media by creating engaging content, participating in online discussions, and addressing the concerns and issues that matter most to young voters.
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