On the kind invitation, extended by His Royal Highness, Crown Prince, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Defence, the Prime Minister of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, His Excellency Mr. Imran Khan paid an official visit to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia on 7-9 May 2021, corresponding to 25-27 Ramadan 1442/AH. His Royal Highness, the Crown Prince, warmly welcomed the Prime Minister of Pakistan.
2.The two leaders reaffirmed the historical and fraternal ties between the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, reviewed all facets of bilateral cooperation and discussed regional and international issues of mutual interest. The two sides discussed ways to strengthen relations of the two brotherly countries in all fields, and agreed to intensify contacts and cooperation between government officials and the private sector in the two countries with the aim of promoting bilateral relations to the benefit of both countries.
3.His Excellency Prime Minister Imran Khan praised the leadership role of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud in promoting Islamic unity, and the positive role of the Kingdom in resolving the issues facing the Islamic world, as well as its endeavours for regional and international peace and security.
4.The Prime Minister recalled his visits to the Kingdom in 2018 and 2019, as well as the historic visit of His Royal Highness, the Crown Prince, Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Defence to Pakistan in February 2019, during which the two leaders jointly announced the launch of the Saudi-Pakistan Supreme Coordination Council, to further enhance bilateral cooperation based on mutual trust, benefits and common interests of the two countries. The Crown Prince assured the Prime Minister of the Kingdom’s continued support to Prime Minister’s vision to transform Pakistan into a modern developed and welfare state.
5.The two sides discussed ways to strengthen and enhance economic and trade relations by exploring areas of investment and opportunities available in light of the Kingdom’s 2030 vision and Pakistan’s development priorities emanating from a shift from geo-politics to geo-economics. The discussions also focused on increasing cooperation in other fields, including energy, science, technology, agriculture and culture. Both sides expressed satisfaction at existing cooperation in bilateral military and security relations, and agreed to further augment collaboration and cooperation to achieve mutually agreed goals.
6.The two leaders also discussed issues pertaining to the Islamic world. They stressed the need for concerted efforts by the Muslim countries to confront extremism and violence, reject sectarianism, and strive to achieve international peace and security. They also stressed the importance of continuing joint efforts to combat terrorism, in all its forms and manifestations. They reaffirmed that terrorism cannot and should not be associated with any religion, nationality, civilization, or ethnic group.
7.In the constructive spirit of discussions, the two sides reaffirmed their full support for all the legitimate rights of the Palestinian people, especially, their right to self determination and establishment of their independent state with pre-1967 borders and East Jerusalem as its capital, in accordance with the Arab Peace Initiative and relevant UN resolutions. They also expressed their support for political solutions in Syria and Libya, as well as the efforts of the United Nations and its envoys in this regard.
8.The two sides also stressed the importance of supporting efforts to reach a comprehensive political solution to the conflict in Yemen based on the Gulf Initiative and its implementation mechanism, the outcomes of the comprehensive national dialogue, and the relevant Security Council resolutions, including Resolution (2216). They condemned the attacks of terrorist groups and militias, including Houthi militias, by ballistic missiles and drones on the territory of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia against vital installations and civilian objects. They expressed serious concern at the threats posed to the security of oil exports and the stability of energy supplies, which was vital for the progress and development of the region and its peoples. The Prime Minister praised the role of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for the resolution of crisis in Yemen which aims at achieving peace and security in Yemen which will result in prosperity and development of the region and its people.
9.Discussing the situation in Afghanistan, the Crown Prince acknowledged Pakistan’s facilitative role in the Afghan peace process. The two sides, underlining that an inclusive, broad-based and comprehensive political settlement is the only way forward, urged the Afghan parties to realize the historic opportunity for achieving a political settlement in Afghanistan. The two leaders agreed to continue mutual consultations on the Afghan peace process.
10.Pakistan and Saudi Arabia agreed to continue supporting each other at multilateral fora. They agreed to further deepen coordination and cooperation to safeguard mutual interests and uphold the principles of fairness and justice. The two sides also stressed the importance of the commitment by all States to the United Nations Charter, the principles and decisions of international legitimacy, as well as adherence to the principles of good neighbourly relations, respect for the unity and sovereignty of states, non-interference in their internal affairs, and the endeavour to resolve disputes by peaceful means.
11.His Royal Highness, the Crown Prince, welcomed the recent understanding reached between the military authorities of Pakistan and India regarding ceasefire at the Line of Control (LoC), which is based on a 2003 understanding between Pakistan and India. The two sides emphasized the importance of dialogue between Pakistan and India to resolve the outstanding issues between the two countries, especially Jammu and Kashmir dispute, to ensure peace and stability in the region.
12.The Prime Minister congratulated the government of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for successfully organizing and holding the G20 summit meetings and the positive decisions that resulted from it in economic, developmental, environmental, health, energy and other fields.
13.Acknowledging the leading role of the Kingdom in addressing international issues, in particular the challenge posed by climate change, the Prime Minister welcomed “the Saudi Green and Middle East Green Initiatives” launched by His Royal Highness Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud and hoped that the initiatives will have a positive impact on the region, its inhabitants and beyond. The Crown Prince appreciated the Prime Minister’s “Clean and Green Pakistan” initiative, as well as the successful “10 Billion Tree Tsunami” initiative.
14.The Prime Minister appreciated the efforts of the Kingdom and its leadership in serving the Two Holy Mosques, their pilgrims, Umrah performers and visitors, especially in organizing the Hajj season for the past year 1441 AH, despite the challenges posed by the Corona pandemic.
15.In order to further strengthen and diversify bilateral relations, the following agreements and Memoranda of Understanding were signed; i. Agreement on Establishment of Saudi-Pakistan Supreme Coordination Council (SPSCC); ii. MoU in Combating Illicit Traffic in Narcotics, Drugs, Psychotropic Substances and Presursor Chemicals; iii. Framework MoU between SFD and Islamic Republic of Pakistan for financing projects in Energy, Hydropower Generation, Infrastructure, Transport & Communication and Water Resource Development; iiii. Cooperation Agreement in the Field of Combating Crimes; and v. Agreement on Transfer of Convicted Prisoners.
16.The Prime Minister expressed gratitude and offered his best wishes to His Majesty King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, His Royal Highness Crown Prince Muhammad bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Defence, and the brotherly people of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. His Royal Highness the Crown Prince warmly reciprocated with best wishes for the health and wellbeing of the Prime Minister, and prayers for the progress and prosperity of the brotherly people of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
President Dr Arif Alvi Confers Civil Awards on Independence Day
On the occasion of Independence Day, 14th August, 2021, the President of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan has been pleased to confer the following ‘Pakistan Civil Awards’ on citizens of Pakistan as well as Foreign Nationals for showing excellence and courage in their respective fields.
The investiture ceremony of these awards will take place on Pakistan Day, 23rd March, 2022:- S. No. Name of Awardee Field
1 Mr. Muhammad Naeem (Punjab) Science (Chemistry)
2 Mr. Nazar Muhammad Rashid alias N.M Rashid (late) (Punjab) Literature
3 Mr. Majeed Amjad alias Abdul Majeed (late) (Punjab) Literature II. HILAL-I-PAKISTAN
4 Mr. Li Xiaopeng (China) Services to Pakistan
5 Mr. Zhou Xiaochuan (China) Services to Pakistan
6 Dr. Inam ur Rehman (Punjab) Science (Nuclear Physics)
7 Dr. Qamar Mehboob (Punjab ) Engineering (Nuclear)
8 Mr. Tahir Ikram (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)
9 Mr. Jamshed Azim Hashmi (Sindh) Engineering (Electrical & Mechanical)
10 Mr. Rohail Hayat (Punjab) Art (Music Composer)
11 Ms. Kishwar Naheed (Punjab) Literature
12 Mr. Mohamad Azmi Abdul Hamid (Malaysia) Services to Pakistan
13 Mr. Darren Sammy Services to Pakistan
14 Mr. Takamitsu Matsumura (Japan) Literature
15 Sheikh Ahmed bin Hamad Al Khalili (Oman) Religious Scholar
16 Mr. Muhammad Bux Buriro (Sindh) Gallantry
17 Ms. Reshma (Sindh) Gallantry
18 Col. Shafi Ullah Khan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Gallantry
19 Dr. Muhammad Masood ul Hassan (Punjab) Science (Physics)
20 Dr. Syed Hussain Abidi (Punjab) Science (Industrial Biotechnology)
21 Mr. Aslam Umer (Sindh) Engineering (Mechanical)
22 Mr. Tariq Hameed (Punjab) Engineering (Nuclear)
23 Dr. Muhammad Shahzad (Punjab) Control Design System
24 Dr. Syed Waqar Azim (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)
25 Dr. Naveed ur Rehman (Punjab) Avionics & Aerospace
26 Dr. Muhammad Iqbal (Punjab) System Engineering
27 Mr. Arshad Nawaz Khan (Punjab) Engineering (Chemical)
28 Ms. Abida Riaz Shahid Alias Nelo (late) (Punjab) Art (Acting)
29 Mr. Rashid Ali Rana (Punjab) Fine Arts
30 Mr. Shahid Abdullah (Sindh) Architect
31 Syed Akeel Bilgrami (Sindh) Architect
32 Mr. Salman Iqbal (Punjab) Sport (Services to Cricket)
33 Maj. Gen. Arshad Naseem (Punjab) Public Service
34 Ms. Roshan Khursheed Bharucha Social Work
35 Mr. Mehmood ul Haq Alvi (late) Philanthropist
VII. PRESIDENT’S AWARD FOR PRIDE OF PERFORMANCE
36 Syed Tajammul Hussain (Punjab) Science (Artificial Intelligence & Data Science)
37 Dr. Yasar Ayaz (Punjab) Science (Robotics)
38 Mr. Mumtaz Hussain (Punjab) Engineering( Metallurgy)
39 Mr. Zulfiqar Ali (Punjab) Engineering (Nuclear)
40 Dr. Muhammad Siddique (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)
41 Mr. Shabbir Ahmad (Punjab) Engineering (Chemical)
42 Mr. Wasim Naser (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)
43 Mr. Abdul Ghafoor (Punjab) Engineering (Chemical)
44 Mr. Muhammad Noaman (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Engineering (Mechanical)
45 Dr. Muhammad Shafqat (Punjab) Engineering (Chemical)
46 Mr. Nadeem Rasul (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)
47 Mr. Haseeb Ahmed (Punjab) Engineering (Chemical)
48 Mr. Muhammad Iqbal (Sindh) Engineering (Aerospace)
49 Mr. Shahid Hameed alias Shahid (Punjab) Art (Acting)
50 Ms. Durdana Butt (Punjab) Art (Acting)
51 Mr. Ismail Tara (Sindh) Art (Acting)
52 Mr. Manzoor Ali Mirza (Sindh) Art (Acting)
53 Syed Sajid Hassan (Sindh) Art (Acting)
54 Mr. Shaharyar Zaidi (Sindh) Art (Acting)
55 Syed Mumtaz Ali Shah (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Art (Acting)
56 Mr. Shoukat Mehmood (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Art (Singing)
57 Ms. Qamro Jan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Art (Folk Singing)
58 Ms. Shakila Naz (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Art (Singing)
59 Mr. Jan Ali (Gilgit-Baltistan) Art (Folk Music)
60 Mr. Shakoor (Sindh) Art (Instrumentalist)
61 Mr. Noor Muhammad Jarral (Punjab) Art (Na’at Khuwani)
62 Mr. Imdad Ali Vighio (Sindh) Art (Block Making)
63 Mr. Madad Ali Sindhi (Sindh) Literature
64 Mr. Rifat Abbas alias Ghulam Abbas (Punjab) Literature
65 Mr. Ayaz Gul (Ayaz Ali Dal) (Sindh) Literature
66 Dr. Fazal Khaliq (Balochistan) Literature
67 Mr. Tahir Afridi (late) (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Literature
68 Mr. Muhammad Ali Sadpara (late) (Gilgit Baltistan) Sport (Mountaineer)
69 Ms. Nargis Hameedullah Hazara (Balochistan) Sport (Karate)
70 Mr. Shehzada Sikandar ul Mulk (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Sport (Polo)
71 Ms. Azmat Hassan Baloch (Balochistan) Public Service
72 Ms. Parveen Saeed (Sindh) Social Welfare
73 Ms. Soni Faisal (Sindh) Social Work (Polio & Corona Virus)
74 Mr. Irfan Ullah Jan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Social Activist/ Philanthropist
75 Mr. Lu Shan (China) Services to Pakistan
76 Mr. Oh Jay-Hee (Korea) Services to Pakistan
77 Mr. Khalid Mahmood (Norway) Public Service
78 Mr. Muhammad Akbar Khan (Gilgit Baltistan) Gallantry
79 Mr. Iqbal Masih (late) Gallantry
80 Mr. Abdul Ghaffar Shaikh (late) (Sindh) Gallantry
81 Mr. Zia Hussain (late) (Sindh) Gallantry
82 Mr. Tabassum Shabbir Awan (Punjab) Gallantry
83 Mr. Irfan Ahmed Khan Durrani (Islamabad) Gallantry
84 Mr. Asadullah Qureshi (Sindh) Gallantry
85 Mr. Muhammad Ali (Gilgit Baltistan) Gallantry
86 Mr. Ahmed Ali (Gilgit Baltistan) Gallantry
87 Mr. Sadiq Hussain (Gilgit Baltistan) Gallantry
88 Mr. Noor ud Din (Gilgit Baltistan) Gallantry
89 Malik Dara Khan (late) (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Gallantry
90 Mr. Muhammad Rahim Shah (Gilgit Baltistan) Gallantry
91 Mr. Saeed Khan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Gallantry
92 Mr. Muhammad Waleed Sabir Khan (Azad Jammu & Kashmir) Gallantry
93 Mr. Waqar Ahmed (Islamabad) Gallantry
94 Mr. Abdul Qahhar Khan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Gallantry
95 Dr. Samina Roohi (Punjab) Science (Bio-Chemistry)
96 Dr. Nusrat Jehan (Punjab) Science (Physics)
97 Dr. Irfan Ullah Khan (Punjab) Science (Chemistry)
98 Prof. Dr. Syed Ghulam Musharraf (Sindh) Science (Chemistry)
99 Dr. Muhammad Aftab Rafiq (Punjab) Science (Physics)
100 Dr. Ammad Hussain Qureshi (Punjab) Engineering (Metallurgy)
101 Mr. Muhammad Ashraf Khan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Engineering (Mechanical)
102 Maj (R) Imtiaz Ahmed (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)
103 Mr. Muhammad Jamil (Punjab) Engineering(Fluid Power)
104 Mr. Imtiaz Sarwar (Islamabad) Engineering (Electrical & Electronics)
105 Dr. Muhammad Yasir (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Engineering (Aerospace)
106 Mr. Abid Bin Abdul Quddus Qazi (Islamabad) Engineering (Civil)
107 Dr. Muhammad Abid (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)
108 Prof. Dr. Robina Farooq (Punjab) Education
109 Eng. Dr. Faizullah Abbasi (Sindh) Education (Engineering)
110 Prof. Dr. Osman Hasan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Education (Engineering/ Electrical)
111 Prof. Dr. Muhammad Junaid Mughal (Punjab) Education (Science & Technology)
112 Ms. Ghuncha Bibi Alias Saima Noor (Punjab) Art (Acting)
113 Mr. Lal Muhammad (Aman) (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Art (Acting)
114 Ms. Rubina Mustafa Qureshi (Sindh) Art (Singing)
115 Mr. Ejaz Sarhadi (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Art (Sarinda Player)
116 Ms. Momina Duraid Qureshi Art (Drama Director/ Producer)
117 Mr. Sajjad Ahmed (Balochistan) Art (Television Producer)
118 Al-Haaj Saeed Hashmi (late) (Sindh) Art (Na’at Khuwani)
119 Mr. M. Anis Nagi (late) (Punjab) Literature
120 Mr. Johar Ali Raki (Gilgit Baltistan) Public Service
121 Mr. Mansoor Hassan Siddiqui (late) (Punjab) Public Service
122 Ms. Shehla Baqi (Sindh) Public Service (Health)
123 Mr. Asad Mahmood (Punjab) Public Service (Rendering dedicated services with selfless devotion)
124 Mr. Muhammad Hanif Tayyab (Sindh) Social Services
125 Dr. Muhammad Haroon Memon (Sindh) Social Work (Thalassemia)
126 Mr. David Shoebridge (Australia) Human Rights
Missing You! SPSC
It is disappointing to pen these painful thoughts for such an apex recruiting Agency of Sindh that kept serving the people of Sindh for decades and kept providing respectable elite Civil services jobs to the underprivileged people regardless of their colour, creed or religion.
SPSC remained the only hope for the youth to get elevated civil service jobs such as EX-PCS and Secretariat services as well as Jobs in other cadres from BS-16 to BS-20 in various departments of Sindh.
Unfortunately, SPSC bears the brunt of Malpractices and corrupt practices of its chairman and Members who tempered with the result of Meritorious candidates and passed their blue-eyed Candidates through nepotism and favouritism and deprived the deserving candidates of getting Elite Civil Service slots.
The jobs were reportedly sold like commodities stabbing meritocracy and bringing in a swarm of inefficient and ineligible bureaucracy that played in the hands of feudal lords.
The saga starts from tempering the marks of candidates of CCE 2003 that took almost two decades in litigation but so far no respite has been provided to the candidates/petitioners who approached the Sindh High court to knock the door for justice.
Despite winning the case at all platforms and getting favourable reports i.e Departmental Enquiry, Anti Corruption Establishment Report, NAB report and Judicial Enquiry reports, it was proven that those recommended for appointment were not eligible as most of the candidates were fail in written part and Interview. Even some of the candidates who did not appear in the test were declared as pass.
The result of the final recommended candidates was tempered. The marks on the face sheet of answer copies were changed as per the reports surfaced.
It is worthy to mention here that those appointed through unfair means and tempered results, surprisingly promoted to the next Grades from time to time and now they are in Grade 19.
Later, in CCE 2013 there was a similar hue and cry about tempered results and bribery amounting to millions, the Sindh High Court passed its judgment making the result Null and void and directed SPSC to conduct both written and interviews afresh.
Thus hundreds of candidates bore the brunt of Malpractices of Commission authorities and many who got recommendations as Section Officers, ACs, AD labour etc were shocked. They wondered why they were punished for the fault of some unscrupulous people that earned a bad name for the SPSC.
Though being disappointed and dejected from the Honourable Courts decision, the candidates reappeared in the written and Interview but shockingly very few got through since the majority of candidates who had cleared the exam previously, could not qualify even written part and Interview.
The Education standards in Sindh have already deteriorated alarmingly, yet those who toil and work hard in the hopes of being the part of Elite Civil service, got disillusioned and dejected when the news broke that all the appointments were made either on payment of huge bribes or political support, plunging the poor hardworking and talented youth into the darkness of Disappointment, Dejection and Hopelessness.
These incidents were still fresh in the minds of candidates when they got the shocking news that Sindh High Court Hyderabad Bench announced yet another shocking judgment that jolted the candidates.
The judgment suspended the SPSC act and made the Recruitments of CCE 2018, Medical Officers and others null and void. Even it suspended all the Members including Chairman and Secretary. The judgments directed the Sindh Government to legislate a new SPSC act making Governor as head to appoint Chairman and Members instead of Chief Minister Sindh.
There have been several interpretations of Law experts regarding the impact of judgment that whether the judgment applies to mentioned Recruitments i.e CCE 2018, Health Department Medical Officers or all the Recruitments to date.
Even the Honourable High court ordered to make the SPSC website offline until the new SPSC act is promulgated.
The news had serious repercussions on the future of youth in Sindh, especially those who had passed the exam with hard work and are serving in the field for almost three years. The clouds of uncertainty have engulfed them and they are waiting for their fate since their training has also been discontinued. There is no clarification whether their services are discontinued in the light of Judgment or still intact. It will be clear after the outcome of the appeal in the Supreme court of Pakistan Karachi registry.
Their future is bleak. Even, several candidates had either appeared in the written tests of various departments and cleared including those who were awaiting Interview results. There were some candidates whose interviews were scheduled but all in vain.
With each passing day, the suspicion and fears are mounting with concerns that whether the SPSC will be restored with the appointment of a new chairman, Members and Secretary or it will remain in a dormant state since the Honourable court has not given any time frame to Sindh Government for legislation and transfer of powers of appointment of Chairman and Members to Governor so that concerns of candidates may be addressed.
Furthermore, the decision also impacted the recruitment process of lecturers in the college Education Department where more than 6000 lecturers were to be appointed and even written tests were conducted from over 100000 candidates and subsequently their results were uploaded on the SPSC website.
Ironically, public service commissions of other provinces such as PPSC, BPSC, KPPSC, AJKPSC and FPSC are Functioning in full swing and the recruitment process in other provinces has been transparent but unfortunately, the Sindh Government has wreaked havoc with all the institutions and did not even spare SPSC -the apex Civil service Recruitment Agency to pursue the meritocracy and transparency in appointment of Civil servants.
Due to misappropriation, mismanagement, nepotism, favouritism and corruption, today the Prestigious body SPSC was forced to close the doors for youth and it has borne the brunt of corrupt souls who have not left any stone unturned to mint money from poor people whose dream to become part of Civil service stood unfulfilled even seems a nightmare. According to some reports if Assistant Commissioners get the seats on the payment of ten million then the poor can only dream of such elevated and lucrative posts and their intelligence, efficiency and talent get rotten if meritocracy is strangulated under the weight of Bribery.
It is high time that our youth should be vocal and raise their voice against the criminal silence of the Sindh Government as the Government has failed miserably to pursue the case in the Supreme Court due to its unwillingness and negligence, leaving hundreds of youth falling prey to unemployment, disappointment and disillusionment.
The Chief Justice Supreme court of Pakistan and Chief Justice High Court of Sindh are humbly appealed to review the decision and pass orders to Sindh Government for legislation to restore SPSC and appointment of new Chairman and Members by Governor as practised in other provinces so that future of youth could be saved and they should be prevented from getting overage.
Furthermore, in the upcoming CCE 2022, 20 years of General age relaxation may be granted so that the delay caused by various judgments of the Honourable Courts due to corrupt practices of Commission may be compensated and the level playing field may be provided to candidates to contest Competitive Exam. The courts always provide relief to petitioners but the culprits behind such corrupt practices may also be punished so that future incidents could be averted.
It is further recommended that on the lines of FPSC’s, Section Officers Promotional Exam (SOPE) may be introduced through which lower grade employees having completed 5 to 7 years in departments can be appointed through SPSC as SOs and unlike Transfer to OMG Policy of FPSC, there should be an exam for those in BS-17 and BS-18 officers of other cadres to be part of PMS or PSS. This will help in filling the shortage of civil servants in the provincial secretariat.
It is also recommended that there should be Executive Service where BS-19 officers could be inducted from senior Civil Servants of various departments.
SPSC is the driving force to bring in a bunch of civil bureaucracy, Professionals, Technical hands and other security personnel of higher grade. The dormant state SPSC has already created serious staff shortages and impacted the performance of various departments especially College Education, School Education, Health and Civil Bureaucracy that are in constant need of fresh blood to serve the nation with dignity and dedication.
Tribal Clashes and the Bloodshed
Tribal Clashes in the parts of Baluchistan and Sindh bring miseries and destruction as warring tribes go on Killing Sprees and do not stop until they equal the numbers.
They go on a massive scale and target indiscriminately, the young and old are consumed in the fire of revenge and vengeance.
Tribal clashes create several socioeconomic problems that compel the tribes men to adopt criminal activities for instance armed robbery, mobile snatching, motorbike snatching and stealing in the rural areas where police patrolling is not available.
Sindh, Baluchistan, KP and Punjab are embedded in the Feudal fabric that is controlling the social, cultural and political arena of these provinces.
This is obviously the great game of some sardars and politicians to incite the tribes to fight to settle their dispute. The disputes are triggered from trivial issues like water share, agriculture land disputes, grazing of animals in somebody’s farmlands, marriage, illicit relations and Karo Kari (honour Killings).
These tribal feuds have already consumed thousands of innocent lives since our judicial system fails to provide relief so people are forced to seek justice from the traditional jirga system, run by the tribal chiefs. Regrettably, the Jirga’s decisions are unmerited in most cases,women are given in exchange to settle the disputes,and the verdicts are binding on both parties.
During the colonial era British conferred various benefits to these feudals due to their allegiance to the British Empire. They were awarded lands and properties along with various titles that still exist in today’s Pakistan.
Titles such as sardar,Mir,Nawab, Khan Bahadur, rais and Muqdum are used even today. The princely states were also classified as Salute and Non-salute states, depending on their favorability with the British.
These states were controlled indirectly by British India. Some examples include Bahawalpur, Khairpur, Makran, and Kalat.
For a long time these entitled elite have been ruling and controlling Sindh, Baluchistan and Punjab, for more than seven decades they have had a stronghold in these areas socially, economically and politically.
There are several sardars who traditionally hold hereditary Turbans (pug) of Tribal chief and control their community along with other communities.
In Baluchistan, the most active Sardari tribes are Bugti, Marri, Mengal, Bizenjo, Jamali, Magsi and Rind, In Sindh Sundrani, Bijarani, Mahar,Chandio, Mazari, Lund, Pitafi, Arbabs, Khoso, Chachar, Teghani, Jatoi, Bhayo and Shar. Syed tribes have been ruling the roost in Sindh for several decades, the most important seat of CM falls in their domain.
The heads of these tribal chiefs are autocratic princes and have totalitarian control over the people of their tribes;they enjoy the full authority in their respective areas.
These jirgas are not only lucrative businesses for the sardars, but they also aid them in consolidating their influence over their tribe members who then vote them to assemblies and the Parliament
The Sundrani, Bijarani, Mahar and Chandio Tribal chiefs control the greatest number of tribes in Sindh whereas Rind, Marri, Bugti and Mengals control most of the Baloch tribes in Baluchistan.
The extent of their control can be assessed on the following point that no one can have even matrimonial proposal without their consent and their verdict is final in all matters.
Feudal influence persists in these areas only because of the absence of writ of state and of law and order.Therefore, the tribesmen are compelled to opt for the Jirgas to settle disputes.
The Jirga process is very slow,both warring tribes must mutually agree to end the dispute, this may involve several sittings. Sometimes, the tribes resume their clashes soon after a settlement and pursue the killing spree owing to resentment by one tribe.
The women especially the young girls bear the brunt of these tribal clashes as unmarried girls are exchanged for compensation in case of murder settlements.These girls live in misery as the family members treat them as the daughter of the enemy and resort to domestic abuse and violence.Consequently, the innocent girls become the victims of these tribal jirgas.
The school going children also become victims of these tribal clashes amid fear of attack if they go to school, the enemy may target these students. Such incidences have been reported in the past.
In a recent incident between the Teghani and Bijarani tribes, two innocent students of matriculation were killed they were prepared to appear in the exams this March, unfortunate death took care that.
In another ironic incident a 70-year-old man was shot in the head when he was riding his donkey cart to work so he could feed his minor children and wife. Instead of getting food on the table in the evening the family received his dead body.
One recent incident still resonates in the minds of many when 30 innocent lives were lost in exchange of fire between two tribes owing to a trivial issue of illegal grazing of a cow. This continues to happen due to widespread illiteracy and unrestricted use of sophisticated weapons.
This was the one of the worst examples when dozens of men, women and children got butchered in a single day,in a blatant display of barbarity.
The role of Police is very dismal rather dubious since such incidences also occur in cities,in broad day light. Police usually arrive late giving these trigger happy thugs a license to kill innocent people.
The open display of sophisticated weapons like fully automatic fire arms to rocket launchers makes one question how these communities manage to purchase such expensive arms when their purchase requires official approval and some are not even meant for civilians.
In some instances the police becomes an accomplice taking monetary benefits form the tribe that intends on attacking it’s rival turning a blinds eye.
The Government is clueless or an accomplice like the police in these incidents or deliberately avoids legislation against this butchery of humanity since most of the MPA’s and MNA’s are tribal chiefs themselves. They will never legislate against these crimes as they are well aware that legislation means curtailing their own powers and monetary losses.
It is high time that civil society, legal fraternity, and human rights defenders must come forward to stop this massacre in the name tribal disputes and the Supreme Court of Pakistan must take notice of this cold-blooded murder.
The Government should ban the jirgas completely and all murders under the guise of Honour Killings and Tribal disputes should be treated as a crime against humanity with exemplary punishments. Government should also control issuing of licenses to civilians.
The civil society must create awareness against and promote love and harmony among the communities so that they may settle their differences peacefully and never engage in fighting.Precious human lives need to be preserved especially those of the youth.
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