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Who will be crowned as next pm of Pakistan today?

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Pakistan is Going to win today as Our Voters proved by giving tough time to their Leaders who went to them for canvassing. People quizzed the candidates that first give Account of their Previous Tenure of Five years and then ask for Votes.

The New  Set of Lies came while influencing the People and getting Support from the Voters  But this time the voters were not deceived as they were well prepared,  given the  Media Reports, Political Debates and  Social Media Findings as well as the Surveys that drove the last nail in the coffin and established the winning trends  of  the various Parties especially PTI, PPP and PML –N

The Candidates appeared helpless before the People during the Political campaigning. There were New faces who entered in the Politics very first time and Those who made alliances on the basis to defeat  PPP in Sindh to provide an alternative for the Prosperity of Sindh especially in  Education and Health Sectors. The infrastructure also needs to be improved and as well as the overall Governance Model. There is great Need of altering Centralized  Local Governance System as Local Governance is considered as basic Democracy and the choice of people.

With  PSP  and  GDA making their Debut as Alternative Forces followed by  Religious Parties  Alliance  (Muttahida Majlis-Amal )MMA appear as Strong Contestants and may grab sufficient Seats all over  Pakistan Especially in KPK, Baluchistan, Punjab and Sindh.

In this entire contest, PTI leads the rest based on the  Social Surveys, Gallup Pakistan Surveys, Surveys conducted by Various  Media Houses such as Dawn, Geo  TV and  Duniya TV.

The main contest is between PTI, PPP, PML-N and the   Independent candidates.  The political parties have left the vacuum in Baluchistan as No mainstream party staged any  Political Rally and There was no any Mass  Political Gathering from any leading Political Party  I.e PTI, PPP or  PML –N Except  Baluchistan  Awami Party, National Party of PkMAP and MMA.

The Causes may be the Ongoing incidents of  Suicide Attacks as Happened in Mastung where death Toll surpassed 100 Including the  Great  Leader Siraj Raisani of BAP. Peshawar  Suicide Attack gobbled Haroon Bilour and other  Party ANP. The latest was of Sardar Ikramullah Gandapur of PTI  killed in a  Suicide Attack in DI Khan along with other Party Workers. This insecure environment forced many parties to limit their Political activities as they could not risk the precious lives of their Party  Leaders as well as their energetic workers.

Despite all odds, All the parties tried to reach the Voters and Presented their Political  Manifestos before the People. The Manifestos were full of the new and the  old Promises such as the creation of Jobs, Improving Education and Health Sectors. Improving Infrastructure and Communication gateways. There were also reports of busying and selling of  Votes through Money in Some parts of the Country.

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With ECP  tasked with a mammoth National  Duty assisted  by  Great  Polling  Staff (Trained and Groomed ) as well as given the  First Class Magistrate  Powers and Secured by  Police and  Pak Army Personnel at the  Polling  Station, It is estimated that there would be peaceful environment all-around at all the  Polling stations especially those  Polling Stations that are declared as “Most Sensitive” where  CCTV cameras have been installed for monitoring the  Polling process and avert any untoward situation throughout the country.

Even Army has also been given the Magistrate Powers to make security arrangements at all the Polling Stations.  The Best thing the ECP has done that is “RMS” Results in Management System powered by NADRA Experts.

The Presiding Officers were also trained during their Two days Training regarding “RTS” Result Transmission System. The Dedicated and hardworking Team of  Master Trainers and NADRA Personnel were engaged to train the polling  Staff regarding the use of Android-Based  ECP RTS Application and the way to transmit  NA and PA results to ROs, PEC of the Respective Provinces and the  ECP  Headquarters Islamabad.

These applications were activated by ROs one day prior to the Poll Day.   RTS will prove transparent and timely Result Transmission and it will contribute to the immediate Result consolidation Polling Station wise by Taking Screenshot of Form-45 Result of account.

Truly, the Credit goes to ECP for imparting training to the Polling Staff through the Development Partners  UNDP and  DAI throughout Pakistan. The  Dedicated and  Experienced  Masters Trainers were hired to fulfil that  Mammoth Task and The task was achieved quite nicely above 100% in Sindh,  Punjab, KPK and Baluchistan,  The Polling Staff is ready to undertake today’s polling Proceedings in a Professional Manner and with pride.

The field force of  Polling Staff will be assisted by the Police, The Rangers and the Army to ensure law and order within 400 Square Meter Radius. The Voting time will start from 8:00 Am and will continue without break till 6:00 PM.  The Results are expected to Start Pouring In by 7:00 PM or 8:00 PM and fill the Television Screens.

As per the updated list of  The Election Commission of Pakistan, There are total 3,459 candidates contesting for 272 general seats of the National Assembly whereas  8,396 are running for 577 general seats of the four provincial assemblies of Pakistan.

The National Assembly has total   342 Seats including 60 seats reserved for Women and 10 for Minorities. The Number of directly elected members is 272. The Majority Party is required to obtain at least 172 Seats to have simple Majority to form Government at Centre. The Number of reserved seats for women and Minorities may be inclusive in 172 Seats.

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Punjab enjoys the huge number of NA seats i.e 183, followed by Sindh 75, KPK 43 plus 12 Fata seats after Merger the Total becomes 55, Baluchistan 17 and Federal Capital 2.  That means the parties will consolidate on Punjab,  the high number of  NA seats , Sindh and KPK as the third in a row.

If  PTI  wins  130 General Seats, 30 Women and Minority Seats and 20 Independents join them , they will definitely form their independent Government without any coalition partners. It falls short, then the alliances with MMA, GDA, Baloch  National Parties, MQM or  PSP could not be ruled out as  PPP appears far behind on national front since they have fielded insufficient candidates in Punjab despite having 183 Seats more than required  Simple Majority i.e 172 Seats.

With Leadership in Prison and Disarray, PML-N has not run its Election Campaign Effectively except media campaigns.  The  Media  Campaigns were huge by PPP and PML-N,  Moderate by PTI and MMA.

Moreover, for provincial assemblies, there are 4,036 candidates contesting for 297 general seats of the Punjab Assembly; 2,252 candidates will contest 130 general seats of the Sindh Assembly; 1,165 will compete for 99 KP Assembly seats and 943 will contest for 51 general seats of the Baluchistan Assembly.

If  PTI grabs maximum seats from  Punjab, KPK and few seats from Sindh, it will definitely form Government in KPK, Punjab and with GDA  in Sindh.  But it is up to the  Voters who they vote for and who they want as  Next PM of Pakistan.

Since their votes will decide the Fate of Imran Khan, Bilawal Bhutto or  Shahbaz Sharif as their  PM  for  Next Five Years.  These  Elections are very vital to resolve the issues such as weakening of  Rupee against the dollar ,since it will be the tough challenge for the Finance Minister of the New Government, Followed  By  Energy crisis, law and Order, Education, Health and  Construction of  New Dams for Electricity  Generation and overcoming the  Power Shortfall.

Whoever becomes the Next PM, he will have to solve the long-standing issues and bring Prosperity in Pakistan.  He will have to revisit the foreign Policy,  Internal Policy, water Policy and  Economic Policy to carve them to suit the needs of the country and ensure  Service Delivery.

So , Dear fellow  Pakistanis, be it rain or Sunshine, leave the houses today and cast your precious vote for change.

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Democracy

President Dr Arif Alvi Confers Civil Awards on Independence Day

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On the occasion of Independence Day, 14th August, 2021, the President of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan has been pleased to confer the following ‘Pakistan Civil Awards’ on citizens of Pakistan as well as Foreign Nationals for showing excellence and courage in their respective fields.

The investiture ceremony of these awards will take place on Pakistan Day, 23rd March, 2022:- S. No. Name of Awardee Field

I. NISHAN-I-IMTIAZ

1 Mr. Muhammad Naeem (Punjab) Science (Chemistry)

2 Mr. Nazar Muhammad Rashid alias N.M Rashid (late) (Punjab) Literature

3 Mr. Majeed Amjad alias Abdul Majeed (late) (Punjab) Literature II. HILAL-I-PAKISTAN

4 Mr. Li Xiaopeng (China) Services to Pakistan

5 Mr. Zhou Xiaochuan (China) Services to Pakistan

III. HILAL-I-IMTIAZ

6 Dr. Inam ur Rehman (Punjab) Science (Nuclear Physics)

7 Dr. Qamar Mehboob (Punjab ) Engineering (Nuclear)

8 Mr. Tahir Ikram (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)

9 Mr. Jamshed Azim Hashmi (Sindh) Engineering (Electrical & Mechanical)

10 Mr. Rohail Hayat (Punjab) Art (Music Composer)

11 Ms. Kishwar Naheed (Punjab) Literature

IV. SITARA-I-PAKISTAN

12 Mr. Mohamad Azmi Abdul Hamid (Malaysia) Services to Pakistan

13 Mr. Darren Sammy Services to Pakistan

14 Mr. Takamitsu Matsumura (Japan) Literature

15 Sheikh Ahmed bin Hamad Al Khalili (Oman) Religious Scholar

V. SITARA-I-SHUJA’AT

16 Mr. Muhammad Bux Buriro (Sindh) Gallantry

17 Ms. Reshma (Sindh) Gallantry

18 Col. Shafi Ullah Khan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Gallantry

VI. SITARA-I-IMTIAZ

19 Dr. Muhammad Masood ul Hassan (Punjab) Science (Physics)

20 Dr. Syed Hussain Abidi (Punjab) Science (Industrial Biotechnology)

21 Mr. Aslam Umer (Sindh) Engineering (Mechanical)

22 Mr. Tariq Hameed (Punjab) Engineering (Nuclear)

23 Dr. Muhammad Shahzad (Punjab) Control Design System

24 Dr. Syed Waqar Azim (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)

25 Dr. Naveed ur Rehman (Punjab) Avionics & Aerospace

26 Dr. Muhammad Iqbal (Punjab) System Engineering

27 Mr. Arshad Nawaz Khan (Punjab) Engineering (Chemical)

28 Ms. Abida Riaz Shahid Alias Nelo (late) (Punjab) Art (Acting)

29 Mr. Rashid Ali Rana (Punjab) Fine Arts

30 Mr. Shahid Abdullah (Sindh) Architect

31 Syed Akeel Bilgrami (Sindh) Architect

32 Mr. Salman Iqbal (Punjab) Sport (Services to Cricket)

33 Maj. Gen. Arshad Naseem (Punjab) Public Service

34 Ms. Roshan Khursheed Bharucha Social Work

35 Mr. Mehmood ul Haq Alvi (late) Philanthropist

VII. PRESIDENT’S AWARD FOR PRIDE OF PERFORMANCE

36 Syed Tajammul Hussain (Punjab) Science (Artificial Intelligence & Data Science)

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37 Dr. Yasar Ayaz (Punjab) Science (Robotics)

38 Mr. Mumtaz Hussain (Punjab) Engineering( Metallurgy)

39 Mr. Zulfiqar Ali (Punjab) Engineering (Nuclear)

40 Dr. Muhammad Siddique (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)

41 Mr. Shabbir Ahmad (Punjab) Engineering (Chemical)

42 Mr. Wasim Naser (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)

43 Mr. Abdul Ghafoor (Punjab) Engineering (Chemical)

44 Mr. Muhammad Noaman (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Engineering (Mechanical)

45 Dr. Muhammad Shafqat (Punjab) Engineering (Chemical)

46 Mr. Nadeem Rasul (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)

47 Mr. Haseeb Ahmed (Punjab) Engineering (Chemical)

48 Mr. Muhammad Iqbal (Sindh) Engineering (Aerospace)

49 Mr. Shahid Hameed alias Shahid (Punjab) Art (Acting)

50 Ms. Durdana Butt (Punjab) Art (Acting)

51 Mr. Ismail Tara (Sindh) Art (Acting)

52 Mr. Manzoor Ali Mirza (Sindh) Art (Acting)

53 Syed Sajid Hassan (Sindh) Art (Acting)

54 Mr. Shaharyar Zaidi (Sindh) Art (Acting)

55 Syed Mumtaz Ali Shah (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Art (Acting)

56 Mr. Shoukat Mehmood (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Art (Singing)

57 Ms. Qamro Jan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Art (Folk Singing)

58 Ms. Shakila Naz (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Art (Singing)

59 Mr. Jan Ali (Gilgit-Baltistan) Art (Folk Music)

60 Mr. Shakoor (Sindh) Art (Instrumentalist)

61 Mr. Noor Muhammad Jarral (Punjab) Art (Na’at Khuwani)

62 Mr. Imdad Ali Vighio (Sindh) Art (Block Making)

63 Mr. Madad Ali Sindhi (Sindh) Literature

64 Mr. Rifat Abbas alias Ghulam Abbas (Punjab) Literature

65 Mr. Ayaz Gul (Ayaz Ali Dal) (Sindh) Literature

66 Dr. Fazal Khaliq (Balochistan) Literature

67 Mr. Tahir Afridi (late) (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Literature

68 Mr. Muhammad Ali Sadpara (late) (Gilgit Baltistan) Sport (Mountaineer)

69 Ms. Nargis Hameedullah Hazara (Balochistan) Sport (Karate)

70 Mr. Shehzada Sikandar ul Mulk (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Sport (Polo)

71 Ms. Azmat Hassan Baloch (Balochistan) Public Service

72 Ms. Parveen Saeed (Sindh) Social Welfare

73 Ms. Soni Faisal (Sindh) Social Work (Polio & Corona Virus)

74 Mr. Irfan Ullah Jan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Social Activist/ Philanthropist

VIII. SITARA-I-QUAID-I-AZAM

75 Mr. Lu Shan (China) Services to Pakistan

76 Mr. Oh Jay-Hee (Korea) Services to Pakistan

77 Mr. Khalid Mahmood (Norway) Public Service

IX. TAMGHA-I-SHUJA’AT

78 Mr. Muhammad Akbar Khan (Gilgit Baltistan) Gallantry

79 Mr. Iqbal Masih (late) Gallantry

80 Mr. Abdul Ghaffar Shaikh (late) (Sindh) Gallantry

81 Mr. Zia Hussain (late) (Sindh) Gallantry

82 Mr. Tabassum Shabbir Awan (Punjab) Gallantry

83 Mr. Irfan Ahmed Khan Durrani (Islamabad) Gallantry

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84 Mr. Asadullah Qureshi (Sindh) Gallantry

85 Mr. Muhammad Ali (Gilgit Baltistan) Gallantry

86 Mr. Ahmed Ali (Gilgit Baltistan) Gallantry

87 Mr. Sadiq Hussain (Gilgit Baltistan) Gallantry

88 Mr. Noor ud Din (Gilgit Baltistan) Gallantry

89 Malik Dara Khan (late) (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Gallantry

90 Mr. Muhammad Rahim Shah (Gilgit Baltistan) Gallantry

91 Mr. Saeed Khan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Gallantry

92 Mr. Muhammad Waleed Sabir Khan (Azad Jammu & Kashmir) Gallantry

93 Mr. Waqar Ahmed (Islamabad) Gallantry

94 Mr. Abdul Qahhar Khan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Gallantry

X. TAMGHA-I-IMTIAZ

95 Dr. Samina Roohi (Punjab) Science (Bio-Chemistry)

96 Dr. Nusrat Jehan (Punjab) Science (Physics)

97 Dr. Irfan Ullah Khan (Punjab) Science (Chemistry)

98 Prof. Dr. Syed Ghulam Musharraf (Sindh) Science (Chemistry)

99 Dr. Muhammad Aftab Rafiq (Punjab) Science (Physics)

100 Dr. Ammad Hussain Qureshi (Punjab) Engineering (Metallurgy)

101 Mr. Muhammad Ashraf Khan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Engineering (Mechanical)

102 Maj (R) Imtiaz Ahmed (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)

103 Mr. Muhammad Jamil (Punjab) Engineering(Fluid Power)

104 Mr. Imtiaz Sarwar (Islamabad) Engineering (Electrical & Electronics)

105 Dr. Muhammad Yasir (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Engineering (Aerospace)

106 Mr. Abid Bin Abdul Quddus Qazi (Islamabad) Engineering (Civil)

107 Dr. Muhammad Abid (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)

108 Prof. Dr. Robina Farooq (Punjab) Education

109 Eng. Dr. Faizullah Abbasi (Sindh) Education (Engineering)

110 Prof. Dr. Osman Hasan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Education (Engineering/ Electrical)

111 Prof. Dr. Muhammad Junaid Mughal (Punjab) Education (Science & Technology)

112 Ms. Ghuncha Bibi Alias Saima Noor (Punjab) Art (Acting)

113 Mr. Lal Muhammad (Aman) (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Art (Acting)

114 Ms. Rubina Mustafa Qureshi (Sindh) Art (Singing)

115 Mr. Ejaz Sarhadi (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Art (Sarinda Player)

116 Ms. Momina Duraid Qureshi Art (Drama Director/ Producer)

117 Mr. Sajjad Ahmed (Balochistan) Art (Television Producer)

118 Al-Haaj Saeed Hashmi (late) (Sindh) Art (Na’at Khuwani)

119 Mr. M. Anis Nagi (late) (Punjab) Literature

120 Mr. Johar Ali Raki (Gilgit Baltistan) Public Service

121 Mr. Mansoor Hassan Siddiqui (late) (Punjab) Public Service

122 Ms. Shehla Baqi (Sindh) Public Service (Health)

123 Mr. Asad Mahmood (Punjab) Public Service (Rendering dedicated services with selfless devotion)

124 Mr. Muhammad Hanif Tayyab (Sindh) Social Services

125 Dr. Muhammad Haroon Memon (Sindh) Social Work (Thalassemia)

XI. TAMGHA-I-QUAID-I-AZAM

126 Mr. David Shoebridge (Australia) Human Rights

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Democracy

Missing You! SPSC

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It is disappointing to pen these painful thoughts for such an apex recruiting Agency of Sindh that kept serving the people of  Sindh for decades and kept providing respectable elite Civil services jobs to the underprivileged people regardless of their colour, creed or religion.

SPSC remained the only hope for the youth to get elevated civil service jobs such as EX-PCS and Secretariat services as well as Jobs in other cadres from  BS-16 to BS-20  in various departments of Sindh.

Unfortunately, SPSC bears the brunt of Malpractices and corrupt practices of its chairman and Members who tempered with the result of Meritorious candidates and passed their blue-eyed Candidates through nepotism and favouritism and deprived the deserving candidates of getting Elite Civil Service slots.

The jobs were reportedly sold like commodities stabbing meritocracy and bringing in a swarm of inefficient and ineligible bureaucracy that played in the hands of feudal lords.

The saga starts from tempering the marks of candidates of CCE 2003 that took almost two decades in litigation but so far no respite has been provided to the candidates/petitioners who approached the Sindh High court to knock the door for justice.

Despite winning the case at all platforms and getting favourable reports i.e Departmental Enquiry, Anti Corruption Establishment Report, NAB report and Judicial Enquiry reports, it was proven that those recommended for appointment were not eligible as most of the candidates were fail in written part and Interview. Even some of the candidates who did not appear in the test were declared as pass.

The result of the final recommended candidates was tempered. The marks on the face sheet of answer copies were changed as per the reports surfaced.

It is worthy to mention here that those appointed through unfair means and tempered results, surprisingly promoted to the next Grades from time to time and now they are in Grade 19.

Later, in CCE 2013 there was a similar hue and cry about tempered results and bribery amounting to millions, the Sindh High Court passed its judgment making the result Null and void and directed SPSC to conduct both written and interviews afresh.

Thus hundreds of candidates bore the brunt of Malpractices of Commission authorities and many who got recommendations as Section Officers, ACs, AD labour etc were shocked. They wondered why they were punished for the fault of some unscrupulous people that earned a bad name for the SPSC.

Though being disappointed and dejected from the Honourable Courts decision, the candidates reappeared in the written and Interview but shockingly very few got through since the majority of candidates who had cleared the exam previously, could not qualify even written part and Interview.

The Education standards in Sindh have already deteriorated alarmingly, yet those who toil and work hard in the hopes of being the part of Elite Civil service, got disillusioned and dejected when the news broke that all the appointments were made either on payment of huge bribes or political support, plunging the poor hardworking and talented youth into the darkness of Disappointment, Dejection and Hopelessness.

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These incidents were still fresh in the minds of candidates when they got the shocking news that Sindh High Court Hyderabad Bench announced yet another shocking judgment that jolted the candidates.

The saga starts from tempering the marks of candidates of CCE 2003 that took almost two decades in litigation but so far no respite has been provided to the candidates/petitioners who approached the Sindh High court to knock the door for justice.

 The judgment suspended the SPSC act and made the Recruitments of CCE 2018, Medical Officers and others null and void. Even it suspended all the Members including Chairman and Secretary. The judgments directed the Sindh Government to legislate a new SPSC act making Governor as head to appoint Chairman and Members instead of Chief Minister Sindh.

There have been several interpretations of Law experts regarding the impact of judgment that whether the judgment applies to mentioned Recruitments i.e CCE 2018, Health Department Medical Officers or all the Recruitments to date.

Even the Honourable High court ordered to make the SPSC website offline until the new SPSC act is promulgated.

The news had serious repercussions on the future of youth in Sindh, especially those who had passed the exam with hard work and are serving in the field for almost three years. The clouds of uncertainty have engulfed them and they are waiting for their fate since their training has also been discontinued. There is no clarification whether their services are discontinued in the light of Judgment or still intact. It will be clear after the outcome of the appeal in the Supreme court of Pakistan Karachi registry.

Their future is bleak. Even, several candidates had either appeared in the written tests of various departments and cleared including those who were awaiting Interview results. There were some candidates whose interviews were scheduled but all in vain.

With each passing day, the suspicion and fears are mounting with concerns that whether the SPSC will be restored with the appointment of a new chairman, Members and Secretary or it will remain in a dormant state since the Honourable court has not given any time frame to Sindh Government for legislation and transfer of powers of appointment of Chairman and Members to Governor so that concerns of candidates may be addressed.

Furthermore, the decision also impacted the recruitment process of lecturers in the college Education Department where more than 6000 lecturers were to be appointed and even written tests were conducted from over 100000 candidates and subsequently their results were uploaded on the SPSC website.

Ironically, public service commissions of other provinces such as PPSC, BPSC, KPPSC, AJKPSC and FPSC are Functioning in full swing and the recruitment process in other provinces has been transparent but unfortunately, the Sindh Government has wreaked havoc with all the institutions and did not even spare SPSC -the apex Civil service Recruitment Agency to pursue the meritocracy and transparency in appointment of Civil servants.

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Due to misappropriation, mismanagement, nepotism, favouritism and corruption, today the Prestigious body SPSC was forced to close the doors for youth and it has borne the brunt of corrupt souls who have not left any stone unturned to mint money from poor people whose dream to become part of Civil service stood unfulfilled even seems a nightmare. According to some reports if Assistant Commissioners get the seats on the payment of ten million then the poor can only dream of such elevated and lucrative posts and their intelligence, efficiency and talent get rotten if meritocracy is strangulated under the weight of Bribery.

It is high time that our youth should be vocal and raise their voice against the criminal silence of the Sindh Government as the Government has failed miserably to pursue the case in the Supreme Court due to its unwillingness and negligence, leaving hundreds of youth falling prey to unemployment, disappointment and disillusionment.

The Chief Justice Supreme court of Pakistan and Chief Justice High Court of Sindh are humbly appealed to review the decision and pass orders to Sindh Government for legislation to restore SPSC and appointment of new Chairman and Members by Governor as practised in other provinces so that future of youth could be saved and they should be prevented from getting overage.

Furthermore, in the upcoming CCE 2022, 20 years of General age relaxation may be granted so that the delay caused by various judgments of the Honourable Courts due to corrupt practices of Commission may be compensated and the level playing field may be provided to candidates to contest Competitive Exam. The courts always provide relief to petitioners but the culprits behind such corrupt practices may also be punished so that future incidents could be averted.

It is further recommended that on the lines of FPSC’s, Section Officers Promotional Exam (SOPE) may be introduced through which lower grade employees having completed 5 to 7 years in departments can be appointed through SPSC as SOs and unlike Transfer to OMG Policy of FPSC, there should be an exam for those in BS-17 and BS-18 officers of other cadres to be part of PMS or PSS. This will help in filling the shortage of civil servants in the provincial secretariat.

It is also recommended that there should be Executive Service where BS-19 officers could be inducted from senior Civil Servants of various departments.

SPSC is the driving force to bring in a bunch of civil bureaucracy, Professionals, Technical hands and other security personnel of higher grade. The dormant state SPSC has already created serious staff shortages and impacted the performance of various departments especially College Education, School Education, Health and Civil Bureaucracy that are in constant need of fresh blood to serve the nation with dignity and dedication.

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Conflict

Tribal Clashes and the Bloodshed

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Tribal Clashes in the parts of Baluchistan and Sindh bring miseries and destruction as warring tribes go on Killing Sprees and do not stop until they equal the numbers.

They go on a massive scale and target indiscriminately, the young and old are consumed in the fire of revenge and vengeance.

Tribal clashes create several socioeconomic problems that compel the tribes men to adopt criminal activities for instance armed robbery, mobile snatching, motorbike snatching and stealing in the rural areas where police patrolling is not available.

Sindh, Baluchistan, KP and Punjab are embedded in the Feudal fabric that is controlling the social, cultural and political arena of these provinces.

This is obviously the great game of some sardars and politicians to incite the tribes to fight to settle their dispute. The disputes are triggered from trivial issues like water share, agriculture land disputes, grazing of animals in somebody’s farmlands, marriage, illicit relations and Karo Kari (honour Killings).

These tribal feuds have already consumed thousands of innocent lives since our judicial system fails to provide relief so people are forced to seek justice from the traditional jirga system, run by the tribal chiefs. Regrettably, the Jirga’s decisions are unmerited in most cases,women are given in exchange to settle the disputes,and the verdicts are binding on both parties.

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During the colonial era British conferred various benefits to these feudals due to their allegiance to the British Empire. They were awarded lands and properties along with various titles that still exist in today’s Pakistan.

Titles such as sardar,Mir,Nawab, Khan Bahadur, rais and Muqdum are used even today. The princely states were also classified as Salute and Non-salute states, depending on their favorability with the British.

These states were controlled indirectly by British India. Some examples include Bahawalpur, Khairpur, Makran, and Kalat.

For a long time these entitled elite have been ruling and controlling Sindh, Baluchistan and Punjab, for more than seven decades they have had a stronghold in these areas socially, economically and politically.

There are several sardars who traditionally hold hereditary Turbans (pug) of Tribal chief and control their community along with other communities.

In Baluchistan, the most active Sardari tribes are Bugti, Marri, Mengal, Bizenjo, Jamali, Magsi and Rind, In Sindh Sundrani, Bijarani, Mahar,Chandio, Mazari, Lund, Pitafi, Arbabs, Khoso, Chachar, Teghani, Jatoi, Bhayo and Shar. Syed tribes have been ruling the roost in Sindh for several decades, the most important seat of CM falls in their domain.

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The heads of these tribal chiefs are autocratic princes and have totalitarian control over the people of their tribes;they enjoy the full authority in their respective areas.

These jirgas are not only lucrative businesses for the sardars, but they also aid them in consolidating their influence over their tribe members who then vote them to assemblies and the Parliament

The Sundrani, Bijarani, Mahar and Chandio Tribal chiefs control the greatest number of tribes in Sindh whereas Rind, Marri, Bugti and Mengals control most of the Baloch tribes in Baluchistan.

The extent of their control can be assessed on the following point that no one can have even matrimonial proposal without their consent and their verdict is final in all matters.

Feudal influence persists in these areas only because of the absence of writ of state and of law and order.Therefore, the tribesmen are compelled to opt for the Jirgas to settle disputes.

These jirgas delegate infinite powers to the arbitrator (Tribal Chief) consequently some decisions are astounding and illogical, but the communities cannot challenge them because of fear and oppression.

The Jirga process is very slow,both warring tribes must mutually agree to end the dispute, this may involve several sittings. Sometimes, the tribes resume their clashes soon after a settlement and pursue the killing spree owing to resentment by one tribe.

The women especially the young girls bear the brunt of these tribal clashes as unmarried girls are exchanged for compensation in case of murder settlements.These girls live in misery as the family members treat them as the daughter of the enemy and resort to domestic abuse and violence.Consequently, the innocent girls become the victims of these tribal jirgas.

The school going children also become victims of these tribal clashes amid fear of attack if they go to school, the enemy may target these students. Such incidences have been reported in the past.

In a recent incident between the Teghani and Bijarani tribes, two innocent students of matriculation were killed they were prepared to appear in the exams this March, unfortunate death took care that.

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In another ironic incident a 70-year-old man was shot in the head when he was riding his donkey cart to work so he could feed his minor children and wife. Instead of getting food on the table in the evening the family received his dead body.

One recent incident still resonates in the minds of many when 30 innocent lives were lost in exchange of fire between two tribes owing to a trivial issue of illegal grazing of a cow. This continues to happen due to widespread illiteracy and unrestricted use of sophisticated weapons.

This was the one of the worst examples when dozens of men, women and children got butchered in a single day,in a blatant display of barbarity.

The role of Police is very dismal rather dubious since such incidences also occur in cities,in broad day light. Police usually arrive late giving these trigger happy thugs a license to kill innocent people.

The open display of sophisticated weapons like fully automatic fire arms to rocket launchers makes one question how these communities manage to purchase such expensive arms when their purchase requires official approval and some are not even meant for civilians.

In some instances the police becomes an accomplice taking monetary benefits form the tribe that intends on attacking it’s rival turning a blinds eye.

The Government is clueless or an accomplice like the police in these incidents or deliberately avoids legislation against this butchery of humanity since most of the MPA’s and MNA’s are tribal chiefs themselves. They will never legislate against these crimes as they are well aware that legislation means curtailing their own powers and monetary losses.

It is high time that civil society, legal fraternity, and human rights defenders must come forward to stop this massacre in the name tribal disputes and the Supreme Court of Pakistan must take notice of this cold-blooded murder.

The Government should ban the jirgas completely and all murders under the guise of Honour Killings and Tribal disputes should be treated as a crime against humanity with exemplary punishments. Government should also control issuing of licenses to civilians.

The civil society must create awareness against and promote love and harmony among the communities so that they may settle their differences peacefully and never engage in fighting.Precious human lives need to be preserved especially those of the youth.

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