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Kashmiri women demand writ of instruments of human rights



The Vienna Declaration and Program of Action adopted by the World Conference on Human Rights, confirms the human rights of women as an ‘inalienable, integral and indivisible part of human rights.” The Beijing Declaration and Platform of Action, both are an outcome of more than two decades of collective efforts of the international community. NGO’s and civil society at large, and their whole and sole objective was the empowerment of women.

The changing millennium has established the importance of women in the economic, social, cultural and political conditions. And it is a fact that true development of a society cannot be achieved and is not possible without the full participation and involvement of women in all activities of a human society.

Violence against woman remains a major issue in the development and advancement of women. The violations of women’s right during all conflicts has remained an issue in the twentieth century and if not corrected it will surely affect women not only in twenty-first century but also in the next millennium.

As per report of the various NGO’s and human rights agencies, hundreds of thousands of women have been the target of sexual crimes at the hands of the armed forces in Rwanda, Bosnia, Kosovo, Myanmar, Kashmir and elsewhere. These NGO’s have documented incidents of gang-rape of young girls and grand mothers alike. Sexual abuse sometimes in the presence of male family members is used as a weapon of war. Rape by armed forces is, indeed, a gross violation of international human rights and humanitarian law. The condemnation of rape during war and internal conflicts must be condemned by all including Human Rights Council to protect the rights of women in all circumstances.

The report of the ‘Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women’ noted that rape, “is the destructive combination of power, anger and sex which incites sexual violence against women. The victims of rape suffer a disorder, anxiety, and the ‘Rape Trauma Syndrome’ which causes them to constantly relieve their rape through a series of flashbacks, dreams, nightmares and body memories.”

The United Nations High Commissioner on Human Rights (UNHCHR) issued its “Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Kashmir,” on July 8, 2019. The report contains graphic documentation of human rights violations being committed by the Indian military and paramilitary forces in Jammu & Kashmir. This is a significant step towards greater international recognition of the serious abuses committed against Kashmiris at the hands of Indian army. This report takes the veil of secrecy off of India’s crimes against humanity.

The 49-pages report cites specific incidents where the Indian Government violated the very principles of human decency and democratic freedom against the people of Kashmir. It is well documented that the bloody occupation has resulted in massive human rights violations, particularly targeting women and children. The sanctity of women has been violated, in a gruesome and unforgiving fashion. The UN report upholds that [In the 2013 report on her mission to India, the ‘Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women,’ its causes and consequences, said, “[W]omen living in militarized regions, such as Jammu and Kashmir and the north-eastern states, live in a constant state of siege and surveillance, whether in their homes or in public. Information received through both written and oral testimonies highlighted the use of mass rape, allegedly by members of the State security forces, as well as acts of enforced disappearance, killings and acts of torture and ill-treatment, which were used to intimidate and to counteract political opposition and insurgency.”]

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The United Nations report further illustrates that, “One significant case that illustrates the state’s failure to investigate and prosecute allegations of sexual violence and addressing impunity for sexual crimes in Kashmir is the Kunan-Poshpora mass rape, which took place 27 years ago and for which attempts to seek justice have been denied and blocked over the years by the authorities at different levels. According to survivors and a local administration official, on the night of 23 February 1991, soldiers from the 4 Rajputana Rifles regiment of the Indian Army gang-raped around 23 women of Kunan and Poshpora villages of Kupwara district. The Indian Army and Government of India have denied the allegations”

The UN report further details that “Survivors and human rights groups have campaigned for an independent investigation into this case for many years. In October 2011, SHRC directed the state government to reopen and reinvestigate the case and to prosecute a senior official whom it accused of deliberately obstructing the investigation. On 18 July 2013, a court in Kupwara district ordered the state police to reinvestigate the case within three months. When no progress was made despite these orders, five survivors filed a petition in the Jammu and Kashmir High Court in October 2013. In July 2014, the High Court reportedly said the 2011 SHRC recommendations were supported by evidence and asked the state government to consider paying monetary compensation within three months.”

“Do You remember Kunan Poshpora” documentary evidence of five brave Kashmiri women scholars wrote these words on page 1, “This book is about one night in two villages in Kashmir. It is about a night that has refused to end for 24 long years, a night that holds stories of violations, injustice, oppression and falsehood, as well as acts of courage, bravery and truth. This book is about Kunan Poshpora.”

Dr. Nazir Gilani, President JKCHR in a written statement submitted to the UN Secretary General during 58th session of HRC said, “The issues of Kashmiri women have multiplied ever since. The Kunan Poshpora rape case of 1991 and the issue of half-widows (women whose husbands are missing and cannot re-marry) have continued to remain unresolved.”

Dr. Gilani added that “Women of Indian Administered Jammu and Kashmir have descended into a ravine of helplessness from 1990. JKCHR has highlighted the plight of Kashmiri women in its Statements released in the Council, in particular the Statement A/HRC/37/NGO/113 dated 13 February 2018 released at the 37th session.”

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How many Kashmiri women have to be dishonored before one concludes that a human rights violation has taken place? This is one of the questions that is on the minds of millions of Kashmiri women. Please remember that these women live under the stranglehold of a 900,000 strong army of occupation. These women are not oblivious to the world events. They know that in welcoming the appointment of a ‘Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women,’ the Vienna Declaration declared that “the human rights of women are an inalienable, integral and indivisible part of the universal human rights.” They wonder what action was taken by this Rapporteur, whose mandate included action on “state-sponsored violence against women.” They waited with hope because the same document had asked the United Nations human rights body to “strengthen mechanisms or accountability to ensure that governments take steps to end discrimination and punish perpetrators of violence against them.” (Reference UN documents: E/CN/4/1995/NGO/28, and /5).

These violated Kashmiri women ask: what action has been taken to enforce the writ of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women?

Are these reports and revelations not enough to shake the conscience of the world powers and the Human Rights Council? The perpetrator of this state policy, India, has the temerity to sit not only in the Human Rights Council but also in the Security Council. Why does the international community not condemn India?

During the years of suffering in Jammu & Kashmir, despite some intermittent and half-hearted efforts, the situation has worsened. And why has that been so? Because the response of the international community to the predicament of Kashmiri people has been essentially weak and lacking in credibility. It is equally true that the United Nations mechanisms do not effectively address massive human rights violations. In the situations of armed conflicts and civil strife, it is the innocent people who are killed and brutalized.

There is need to forcefully deal with the root cause of the conflict. If the United Nations continues to apply its writ selectively, then the tide of world opinion may turn against it. If we continue to target small countries and overlooking the pernicious acts of the bigger countries, then the global family may lose its hope and the United Nations system may lose much more than that – its credibility.

The suggestion made by Dr. Nazir Gilani is very pertinent when he said, “It is high time that Human Rights Council addresses the question of sexual violence committed against Kashmiri women as detailed in Paras 125 to 133 of OHCHR Report of 14 June 2018. The Kunan-Poshpora mass rape victims have not received any justice for the past 30 years. Many of the victims have died while waiting for justice.”

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Human Rights

International Women’s Day 2022



Every year, women and men around the world celebrate International Women’s Day (IWD) on March 8. The IWD has grown from a labour movement to an annual event recognised by the UN. The seeds for which were planted back in 1908, when 15,000 women marched through the streets of New York; demanding shorter working hours, higher wages and the right to vote. Clara Zetkin, an activist and advocate for women’s rights, suggested an exclusive international day designated solely for the empowerment of women. It was unanimously agreed upon at the International Conference of Working Women in Copenhagen in 1910 and first officially celebrated in 1911 in four countries. In 1975, the UN started celebrating the day internationally.

The IWD has become a day to celebrate the struggles and momentous achievements of women. On this day, we look back at how far women have come in society. The political roots of the day are still exemplified in strikes and protests to raise awareness about lasting inequality. The UN announced their theme for IWD 2022 as “Gender equality today for a sustainable tomorrow.” They will be hosting events, including an international virtual conference, to recognise how women worldwide are responding to climate change. According to the IWD’s website, this year’s selected hashtag is #BreakTheBias, which asks people to imagine “a world free of bias, stereotypes and discrimination.”

Aurat March has proven to be a phenomenal success; forcing societies to acknowledge the efforts of women.

The IWD is celebrated worldwide with festivals and protests. According to the World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Report 2021, the time needed to close the global gender gap has increased from 99.5 years to 135.6 years. A 2021 study by UN Women based on 13 countries depicted that 45 per cent of women claimed that they or a woman they knew experienced some form of violence during the pandemic-with the most common forms of abuse being verbal and outright denial of basic resources.

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Such statistics highlight the unfortunate realities of women worldwide. With an aim to bring about positive change, feminist groups around the world have organised demonstrations in the last few years; demanding equal working rights, abortion rights and an end to violence against women. Many campaign for their governments to revoke gender discriminative laws and push for new laws to protect women.

The first IWD march in Pakistan, known as the Aurat March, was organised by a small group of women in 2018 in Karachi who hoped to draw attention to the violence and inequality faced by women across the country. When women organised the first Aurat March, they did not expect a large turnout. However, women from all walks of life joined together to raise their voices for basic rights. Issues such as inheritance rights, rights to education, access to health services, domestic violence and equal wages were raised through speeches and placards.

Although many dismissed the massive turnout as a one-time fluke, women took it as a wake-up call. The event only increased in magnitude over the subsequent years. The march spread to a multitude of cities across Pakistan and even men began to participate in the event. Aurat March has proven to be a phenomenal success; forcing societies to acknowledge the efforts of women.

With continued support and the organisation of the annual Aurat Marches, Pakistani women hope to achieve similar milestones. Women who take part in the march display a great deal of symbolic power, but such outrage of demanding rights is limited to the more urban areas in Pakistan – Lahore, Islamabad and Karachi – even though around 63 per cent of Pakistani women live in rural areas.

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While women worldwide and in Pakistan’s urban areas hope to close the wage gap and attain more positions of leadership, women from rural areas in Pakistan would like to be able to leave their homes without permission from male family members; most are currently financially and emotionally dependent on men.

Therefore, although the Aurat March provides an excellent opportunity for Pakistani women to raise their voices against the injustice they face, the march is restricted in its scope, as most of its participants are from urban towns and not subjected to the even greater barriers faced by rural women. The march seems to comprise only a small subset of Pakistan’s women: the urban and upper-middle classes. This year, protestors hope to see organisers make a greater effort to include various ethnicities, classes and sects of women in Pakistan.

Via DT

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