Ever since the PML (N) Led Coalition Government of Veteran Senior Leader and Two times Premier Mian Mohammad Shareef came to Power after May 11 Elections in which they got heavy mandate from the Punjab Province where as PPPP was limited to Sindh after losing the grip over Punjab Provincial as well as Federal Seats during much echoed Elections 2013 which brought about many upsets and people started to wonder that How the heavy weights were defeated by youth Leaders of PTI in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa where PTI enjoys simple Majority and running the government in coalition with the Moderate Religious Party Jamaat –e-Islami .
Whereas Baluchistan saw a mix response since no party has been able to get any clear majority and the same Coalition government is to decide the conflict ridden Baluchistan and face the challenging situation of law and order .As for as the State of Baluchistan Assembly is concerned ,after assumption of the Office of Chief Minister of Dr Abdul Malik , A Nationalist Leader , the situation is very ambiguous as the cabinet is yet to be inducted. So far , he has been sole Leader to lead the Conflict ridden and now the Quake Ridden Baluchistan government where separatists have crippled the very roots of the peace and people have been living a appalling life. Even the Passengers moving in and from the parts of the country are assailed on the National Highways as well as inter Provincial Routes. As many as 300 innocent passengers have lost their life on ethnic backgrounds during their traveling to Quetta and other Balouch dominated routes. Most of the Killings are claimed balouch separatist Groups. This is a dreadful security and Law and Order situation in Baluchistan But the irony is that still the Malik’s Government going without the cabinet.
Sindh is the same as it was five years ago in PPP led Coalition government since the same old faces except some new faces made their way to the Assemblies . The PPP’s long time Coalition party MQM , has been keeping itself away from the state of Government affairs due to their inclination towards PML (N) They have also made their participation in the Government on conditional basis and their under trial Boss Altaf Hussain went further and held Referendum on the basis that whether they should join the Government or not in coalition with PPP. Despite being offered to Join the Sindh Government on Multiple Occasion by PPP representation ,MQM is deliberately keep itself away from the state of Affairs of PPP but their Governor is holding the key Position and many analysts are of the view that they will retain the position till the end of PML (N) government tenure .
ors ,rushing to Dubai ,meeting Party chief at London , PML (N) Government has not replaced Governor but rather retained the Governor of Sindh Dr Isharatul Ibad . Even he has been tasked to monitor the Targeted Operation led by CM Sindh Syed Qaim Ali Shah and initiated on the Federal Government directives after they held the Cabinet meeting at Governor House of Sindh at after the strong demand of Traders and Karachi citizens .
It was decided that the targeted Operation will be initiated and turned down the demand of MQM to Deploy Army for Operation in Karachi as law and order Situation was Abysmal and alarming. after considering the Loc tension and massive deployment of Army in Pak-Afghan border to control the infiltration, It was decided unanimously that the Operation will be carried out by Rangers supported by Police on the lines of impartiality as no Office of any Political party will be assailed on the grounds of partiality . So far , MQM has been frequently complaining against victimization of the MQM and arrests of its workers through Press Conferences but on the other hand the rangers and Police spokes persons reject such claims and add that the action is being taken on the strong intelligence reports and criminal records .
Coming to KPK , we have experienced the worst state of law and order situation since the provincial capital Peshawar has become the prime target for militant activities and series of Bomb Blasts herald the clear messages that the terrorists are running amok and the Federal Interior Minister has been doing the job of just a viewer to watch what is happening in KPK and they do not seem to be serious regarding security matters concerning the safety of precious lives of their fellow Pakistanis .
Some analysts also disclose that this may be a conspiracy to fail the PTI Government in KPK since it is very first time that PTI which is very new in comparison to the Professional Political players such as Jamiat Ulama –e Islam , PML N ,PPP , ANP and PKMAP in respect of holding the important Government of KPK may collapse due to challenging law and order situation and prevent them from establishing government in the centre due to long standing problems of Talibanization and Suicide Bombings specially tribal belts.
The massive casualties have already crossed thousands and PTI led government is between the devil and deep see in controlling heightened law and order situation which shows no improvement ever since the honeymoon period is over as in Pakistan it is rare to enjoy the honeymoons .
If you enjoy the honeymoons, you will be assailed by the powerful goons. The Most disturbing is the Drones issue since drone strikes are counterproductive and inflict multiple implications on the country’s sovereignty , Economy , law and Order situation and ignite a wave of hatred among the tribal people specially north Wazirstan . Pakistan has protested in United Nations against the drone strikes since they are considered an attack on the sovereignty of the Nations but the Pakistani pleas have not been given due weightage by Obama Administration so far.
As regards the APC , It was held on 9th September 2013 and all the main stream parties , Chief Ministers and Governors of all fours provinces , Chief Army Staff General Pervez Kayani and ISI Chief also participated in the APC . It was decided after briefing from the Members and Specially Armed forces Chief and Intelligence Agency Chief that Dialogue will be initiated with the Taliban since Pakistan is very peaceful country and It will prefer Dialogue than initiating iron hand with the support of ISI and Pakistan Army . But the APC kept the option of military action open in case the talks with Taliban Leaders fail.
All the Representatives of Main Stream parties appreciated the Efforts and sacrifices of Pakistan Army for the Sake of bringing Peace in the region as well as suppressing militancy for the defense of the country since Militancy , Terrorism , Religious Extremism and ethnic Conflicts have played havoc with the law and order situation and rocked the very roots of the country . The Rising inflation and rapid devaluation of Rupee has heralded serious repercussions for the Pakistan having already fragile Economy . The fading investments in the Country and growing security concern on internal as well as External fronts have demanded to frame Strict laws for the extermination of the anti state elements who are mercenaries and their only role is to destabilize the country by creating deteriorating law and order situation .
The Most Important point which revolves in every Pakistani’s mind that will the dialogue breed positive results and who will guarantee that TTP’s multiple factions will come to terms with the Government and accept the writ of Government since they do not accept the accept even the constitution of Pakistan . Even the Punjabi faction of Talibans enjoys their unique identity contrasting other Taliban entities.
But Before the dialogue , there should be a ceasefire and there should not be any attack on Army convoy , religious Places such as Mosques , Imam Bargahs , Temples and Churches . There should not be forced Disappearances or kidnappings by TTP Factions.
The above questions are very difficult to be answered keeping in view the post APC scenario as many as ten Attacks have made including attack on Church in which innocent Christians were killed . The Peshawar has become the centre of TTP activities and even Legislators have lost their precious lives . The most alarming message was the four bomb blasts in the Provincial headquarters of four provinces at the same day by Suicide bombers raising concerns for the success of talks with Taliban as was decided during APC .
The APC success lies on the above questions and if above questions go unanswered then such APC’s will have the same tragic end as was of earlier one’s on the same issues of terrorism and Militancy. Even some circles in Federal Government specially Interior Ministry are thinking of revisiting their Policy on Security and Dialogue .
They have also drafted the national Security Policy which is yet to get the momentum along with strategy of Developing Rapid Response Force to cope with Situation occurring time to time like the Sikandar Solo drama who made the Capital Police of Islamabad on Hold for Hours and posted the message for the Security Policy makers that he has displayed live show , watched by millions of the people around the world through live coverage of news channels that how a single armed person like Sikandar with help of Sincere wife and injured kids leaked the inefficiency of Islamabad Police that failed to put hold on single superman .
The Demoralized Police have become a laughing stalk for the public and the concerns of public have to a level that they have lost their belief on the Police completely and consider taking their own initiatives for self security . The Same is the situation in Karachi , Peshawar , Quetta , Punjab and other parts of the Country.
Finally , the Government has to rethink ,review ,revisit and redraft the policies and come up with renewed , innovative and lasting solutions specially the security to restore peace in the country since peace is the first step towards the development since peace has multi dimensional effects on the country and it makes the country a friendly place to live and let live and invest the funds and contribute in the development of their beloved country.
The PML (N) will have to take bitter decisions in national interest to bring peace in the region as Pakistan has already paid heavy price for being one of the biggest and important ally of US in war against Terrorism emerging after 9/11 Strikes on WTC . Pakistan has been facing multi faceted threats in the region including internal threats of militancy, Religious Extremism and Ethnic issues.
To cope with the long standing issues, PML (N) Government should take everyone on board, be it dialogue with TTP leaders or initiating operation against the Problem makers. The Security Personnel should be trained on modern lines and equipped with sophisticated weapons and equipments to tackle with emerging law and order situation.
Tribal Clashes and the Bloodshed
Tribal Clashes in the parts of Baluchistan and Sindh bring miseries and destruction as warring tribes go on Killing Sprees and do not stop until they equal the numbers.
They go on a massive scale and target indiscriminately, the young and old are consumed in the fire of revenge and vengeance.
Tribal clashes create several socioeconomic problems that compel the tribes men to adopt criminal activities for instance armed robbery, mobile snatching, motorbike snatching and stealing in the rural areas where police patrolling is not available.
Sindh, Baluchistan, KP and Punjab are embedded in the Feudal fabric that is controlling the social, cultural and political arena of these provinces.
This is obviously the great game of some sardars and politicians to incite the tribes to fight to settle their dispute. The disputes are triggered from trivial issues like water share, agriculture land disputes, grazing of animals in somebody’s farmlands, marriage, illicit relations and Karo Kari (honour Killings).
These tribal feuds have already consumed thousands of innocent lives since our judicial system fails to provide relief so people are forced to seek justice from the traditional jirga system, run by the tribal chiefs. Regrettably, the Jirga’s decisions are unmerited in most cases,women are given in exchange to settle the disputes,and the verdicts are binding on both parties.
During the colonial era British conferred various benefits to these feudals due to their allegiance to the British Empire. They were awarded lands and properties along with various titles that still exist in today’s Pakistan.
Titles such as sardar,Mir,Nawab, Khan Bahadur, rais and Muqdum are used even today. The princely states were also classified as Salute and Non-salute states, depending on their favorability with the British.
These states were controlled indirectly by British India. Some examples include Bahawalpur, Khairpur, Makran, and Kalat.
For a long time these entitled elite have been ruling and controlling Sindh, Baluchistan and Punjab, for more than seven decades they have had a stronghold in these areas socially, economically and politically.
There are several sardars who traditionally hold hereditary Turbans (pug) of Tribal chief and control their community along with other communities.
In Baluchistan, the most active Sardari tribes are Bugti, Marri, Mengal, Bizenjo, Jamali, Magsi and Rind, In Sindh Sundrani, Bijarani, Mahar,Chandio, Mazari, Lund, Pitafi, Arbabs, Khoso, Chachar, Teghani, Jatoi, Bhayo and Shar. Syed tribes have been ruling the roost in Sindh for several decades, the most important seat of CM falls in their domain.
The heads of these tribal chiefs are autocratic princes and have totalitarian control over the people of their tribes;they enjoy the full authority in their respective areas.
These jirgas are not only lucrative businesses for the sardars, but they also aid them in consolidating their influence over their tribe members who then vote them to assemblies and the Parliament
The Sundrani, Bijarani, Mahar and Chandio Tribal chiefs control the greatest number of tribes in Sindh whereas Rind, Marri, Bugti and Mengals control most of the Baloch tribes in Baluchistan.
The extent of their control can be assessed on the following point that no one can have even matrimonial proposal without their consent and their verdict is final in all matters.
Feudal influence persists in these areas only because of the absence of writ of state and of law and order.Therefore, the tribesmen are compelled to opt for the Jirgas to settle disputes.
The Jirga process is very slow,both warring tribes must mutually agree to end the dispute, this may involve several sittings. Sometimes, the tribes resume their clashes soon after a settlement and pursue the killing spree owing to resentment by one tribe.
The women especially the young girls bear the brunt of these tribal clashes as unmarried girls are exchanged for compensation in case of murder settlements.These girls live in misery as the family members treat them as the daughter of the enemy and resort to domestic abuse and violence.Consequently, the innocent girls become the victims of these tribal jirgas.
The school going children also become victims of these tribal clashes amid fear of attack if they go to school, the enemy may target these students. Such incidences have been reported in the past.
In a recent incident between the Teghani and Bijarani tribes, two innocent students of matriculation were killed they were prepared to appear in the exams this March, unfortunate death took care that.
In another ironic incident a 70-year-old man was shot in the head when he was riding his donkey cart to work so he could feed his minor children and wife. Instead of getting food on the table in the evening the family received his dead body.
One recent incident still resonates in the minds of many when 30 innocent lives were lost in exchange of fire between two tribes owing to a trivial issue of illegal grazing of a cow. This continues to happen due to widespread illiteracy and unrestricted use of sophisticated weapons.
This was the one of the worst examples when dozens of men, women and children got butchered in a single day,in a blatant display of barbarity.
The role of Police is very dismal rather dubious since such incidences also occur in cities,in broad day light. Police usually arrive late giving these trigger happy thugs a license to kill innocent people.
The open display of sophisticated weapons like fully automatic fire arms to rocket launchers makes one question how these communities manage to purchase such expensive arms when their purchase requires official approval and some are not even meant for civilians.
In some instances the police becomes an accomplice taking monetary benefits form the tribe that intends on attacking it’s rival turning a blinds eye.
The Government is clueless or an accomplice like the police in these incidents or deliberately avoids legislation against this butchery of humanity since most of the MPA’s and MNA’s are tribal chiefs themselves. They will never legislate against these crimes as they are well aware that legislation means curtailing their own powers and monetary losses.
It is high time that civil society, legal fraternity, and human rights defenders must come forward to stop this massacre in the name tribal disputes and the Supreme Court of Pakistan must take notice of this cold-blooded murder.
The Government should ban the jirgas completely and all murders under the guise of Honour Killings and Tribal disputes should be treated as a crime against humanity with exemplary punishments. Government should also control issuing of licenses to civilians.
The civil society must create awareness against and promote love and harmony among the communities so that they may settle their differences peacefully and never engage in fighting.Precious human lives need to be preserved especially those of the youth.
Revamping College Education-The Challenges and Prospects
College education has been the most neglected segment in Pakistan especially in Sindh where colleges are not provided with the development funds, modern methods of teaching, language, and computer labs and interactive classrooms. The obsolete promotions system and the old nomenclature of posts date back to the 1980s, non-provision of scholarships for higher education to government college teachers, so much so that the heads of colleges are not appointed based on administrative skills and competence.
The non-existence of any clear rules and recruitment policy for the appointment of principals in the government colleges have wreaked havoc with college education outreach and standards since the principals being unaware of even ABC of audit and accounting, DDO powers, responsibilities, drafting and correspondence, communication, office administration, linkages, financial audit, monitoring and evaluation of teachers and students’ outputs, curriculum development, course plan, planning development schemes such as repair and renovation of the college building and procurement procedure.
These trivial issues might have been resolved at the college level, had there been qualified and competent Principals having problem-solving skills and management skills
Mostly the professors in BPS-19 and BPS-20 are posted on administrative or management cadres such as regional directors, DGs and Chairman BISEs. There is no College Teachers Training Institute (CTTI) that may impart training to newly appointed lecturers and other staff that it may increase their productivity. Even representation in the college education department is denied and usurped by powerful PAS, PSS, PCS, PMS and OMG officers who are unaware of the college matters and issues.
Teachers dejected and disillusioned over delayed promotions, often take 18 years to the next grade yet some unfortunate ones get promotions after reaching the superannuation or after retirement. Earlier, the college teachers were provided move over to the next grade after completing their minimum service slab on the given scale but later it was withdrawn.Later, the time scale was granted to the teachers of school education such as PSTs, JSTs and HSTs, and the subject specialists of higher secondary schools, but the college education or higher education teachers were denied these monetary benefits since it provided respite against delayed DPC (Departmental Promotion Committee) by Board I and II to consider the cases of promotions from BS-17 to BS-20 respectively.
It is alarming that some teachers retire serving on the same grade throughout their service period and some get only one promotion to the next grade, given the obsolete promotion system and the so-called Four Tier i.e. Grade wise promotions and appointment for BS-17, BS-18, BS-19, and BS-20.
Teachers’ Unions in all four provinces i.e. SPLA (Sindh), KPLA (KPK), BPLA (Baluchistan) and PPLA (Punjab) have protested for their rights and have been successful in getting their demands approved except SPLA, owing to internal differences, insincerity, individualism and disintegration on the basis of lack of consensus and no consultation with the college fraternity.
The old players of SPLA went on a solo flight and kept the members of SPLA in limbo that resulted in their downfall who sabotaged the real voice of college teachers and dragged the college teachers in the quagmire of disappointment, deprivation, and injustice. The disparities still continue haunting the college fraternity.
The college teachers were provided move over to next grade after completing their minimum service slab in the given scale but later it was withdrawn
Some progressive young leaders rose up to win support for time scale and staged a showdown which drew the attention of the authorities to the long due issue of promotions and supplementing it with time scale until they get regular time-based promotions. But the old leaders could not digest the successful protest and the landmark court decision directing CM Sindh and Secretary College Education to resolve the issues of promotions and time scale after determining financial requirements and policy matters on a priority basis.
It is also pertinent to note that the civil servants are unaware of the technical terms and issues of colleges and only college teachers can address the needs and resolve the issues of college teachers properly and on a priority basis. The college teachers should also be allocated a 5% to 10% share in administrative posts in Secretariat as our college teachers are the most efficient and talented and can better deliver in policymaking and updating curriculum, service rules drafting and making informed decisions on administrative grounds.
It is shocking and disgusting to express that the teacher who is the factory to produce all the officers, is deplorably considered “not fit” for administrative positions though he/she is recruited through the same SPSC/FPSC. It would be great if the government introduces executive service to join the civil service or secretarial service like SOPE (Section Officers Promotions Exam) conducted by FPSC from the Federal Employees in Grades 7 to 16 have 8 years Experience.
After passing SOPE, they are awarded CSS cadre OMG (Office Management Group). They have been doing a tremendous job as these officers are well aware of day to day office matters and meet deadlines quite easily and require fewer directions. The government should also revise the SNE of the colleges by creating three additional posts i.e. Vice-Principal BS- 18 and Sub Engineer BS 11/16 and Assistant Director (Finance and Planning) BS-17 to run the administrative, development and accounting matters smoothly.
Ineffective SPLA appeared to be in limbo that resulted in its downfall who sabotaged the real voice of college teachers and dragged the College Teachers in the quagmire of disappointment, deprivation and injustice
The Federal colleges and Punjab colleges have Vice Principals who look after or officiate in the absence of principals. There should be either direct appointments through a search committee or Public Service Commission for the position of vice-principals and principals so that most experienced persons may be appointed on the administrative posts. Furthermore, local and international scholarships and study leaves are not granted to college teachers to pursue M.Phil and Ph.D. or Postdoctoral studies as availed by university teachers.
The projectors should be used and the laptop scheme should be initiated for teachers so that teachers can impart education on modern lines and make learning a fun process as students get bored from the lecture of 40 to 45 minutes. The presentations on multimedia projects will make learning interactive and collaborative.
Principals are the team leaders rather than just a boss to scold, report, temper with ACRs or take action against teachers on personal grudges and lenient on blue-eyed teachers. As a fact, the bosses will never take responsibility but they shift responsibility, on the other hand, the leaders always believe in teamwork and take the responsibility of either good or bad and defend their teammates.
Regrettably, so many principals are imposed upon the colleges lacking the competency to run the day to day affairs. Owing to their incompetence, inefficiency, and lack of training, the college academic, and administrative issues surface which prompts the supervisory authorities to intervene and resolve issues. These trivial issues might have been resolved at the college level, had there been qualified and competent Principals having problem-solving skills and management skills. It is also necessary that Executive Management Training should be made compulsory for the Principal before joining. This will further their deliverables.
It is the need of the hour to address the woes of College Teachers and the College. These should be resolved on the war-footing basis to transform colleges into great seats of learning since colleges fill the gaps of higher education where there are no universities. The colleges serve as higher Education intuitions offering degrees at Undergraduate, Graduate and Post Graduate level.
Socio-Economic Implications of Canadian Border Closure With U.S
After doing a detailed analysis of the situation emerging from the closure of the border between Canada and US, it could be assessed that how damaging the decision is for the Economy of Canada, and how beneficial, it will be for Canada, if it decides to re-open the Border which is closed over the fears of an outbreak of Covid-19 Pandemic.
Since, some people think that given the maximum number of Covid-19 cases and several deaths worldwide, the decision should stay as there are thousands of cases and deaths over covid-19 in the US. They deem it a good step to keep the border shut over the fears of Novel Corona Virus with the US and Mexico.
Though some sections consider the move as a right decision based on the covid0-19 statistics some experts term it very dangerous for Canadian Economy as it will be affected as major industries such Tourism and Travel, Immigration affected very badly and economic cannot be put on hold for long as the numbers show that 75% to 80% Canadian exports go to the US while 30% to 40% US exports make their way in Canada.
Thus the economy has been hit very badly due to this prolonged closure and shutdown of Economic activities will ultimately pose a grave threat to falling in Recession and Falling of Reserves.
The Canadian authorities will have to swallow a hard pill to re-open the b border for essential and non-essential travel since both types of entries in the country contribute to the economy of the country.
At the moment, Canada has limited Covid-19 infections as compared to the US that has a massive number of infections in the world.
According to the Border Management Experts, this could be the only problem that might have prompted Canadian Prime Minister to extend the closure for another month until some SOP’s may be developed to ensure on border covid-19 Testing and Scanning so that preventive measures should be taken to keep the infection ratio low in Canada.
The World economies are affected very badly over the lockdowns announced to prevent Covid-19 outbreak and their economy has been under pressure already and the financial experts predict the worst type recession shortly.
The people of both countries are of the view that the Prolonged border closure has caused an economic crisis and several Industries such as Hotel Industry, Travel Tours and Immigration, Food and beverages Industry, sports Industry, Education have been affected very badly and both Canada and the US cannot afford to sustain more jolts to their economy as economic activities have dropped to almost 80% and ring the alarm bells for the leadership to decide immediately what their next plan will for the border.
Whether they will reopen it in phases or provide restrict access to essential travel such health workers, Airline Crew, Food and Goods services, People visiting ailing relatives and other related activities that fall within the purview of “ essential”.
Although, the global Pandemic has created a situation like recession which is going from bad to worse each Passing day, yet in such scenario “keeping borders Closed” for trade and Business Opportunities and other travel, entertainment industry, will incur an irreparable loss to the Economy of both Canada and US as both countries have signed several Trade Agreements and US has been losing millions of Dollars in terms ” US Entry Waivers” and this is putting pressure on world’s biggest economy.
Even it is a great blow to the Immigrants who wish to travel to neighbouring countries.
Both Canada and the United States are providing millions of dollars to people as relief package, Health and social security and other procurements such Covid-19 testing kits and establishing new isolation and Quarantine centres as the infections surge in the US and worldwide.
In such circumstances halting economic activities are suicidal for Canada and Virus affected the US by keeping borders close for non-essential or optional purposes despite putting some curbs on essential travels such putting immigrants in 14 days quarantine and other immigration-related curbs.
The economists fear that what would be the consequences if the covid-19 vaccine was unavailable till the end of the year 2021, will they still keep the border closed, sounds like insensible and disastrous for all types Industries and Sectors including Immigration and Border services.
So, it would be prudent on the part of Both Canada and US to think over the re-opening of their border so that people intending to visit their relatives on both sides of borders may have uninterrupted access and they must be facilities at the border checkpoints for covid-19 so that the fears of Canadian authorities about getting soaring infections may be dispelled by assuring them safety measures at border crossing points.
Furthermore, the fears cannot be treated with medicines but they could be soothed with confidence-building measures as the statistics show that 65% Canadian fear to get contracted by Virus while over 60% US people have a similar situation for contracting virus.
Despite all this, nobody knows that when these borders will reopen for general people apart from essential travel as most people are in the grip of fear and prefer staying at home as per WHO guidelines, that may be the issue that both Canadian and US Governments are lingering on the issue and prefer extending closure as both nations enjoy cordial relation and the closure is a mutual decision of both countries.
Recently, though some Tour industry groups recorded their protest and demanded to re-open the border. The decision could not be influenced until the general public presses their respective Governments to review the decision and take some bold steps to save their economies falling to prey to this pandemic.
Both Canada and the US cannot afford to lose millions of Dollars in border trade and border revenues such as Entry waivers, customs etc to boost their economies.
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