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The Situation Before And After All Parties Conference (APC)

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Ever since  the  PML (N) Led  Coalition  Government  of Veteran Senior Leader and  Two times  Premier   Mian  Mohammad Shareef  came  to  Power  after  May 11 Elections  in which  they  got  heavy  mandate  from  the  Punjab  Province  where  as  PPPP  was  limited  to Sindh  after  losing the  grip  over  Punjab  Provincial  as well  as  Federal  Seats  during much  echoed  Elections  2013 which  brought  about  many upsets  and   people  started  to wonder  that  How  the  heavy weights  were  defeated  by  youth Leaders  of  PTI  in  Khyber Pakhtunkhwa  where  PTI enjoys  simple  Majority  and running the  government  in coalition with the  Moderate  Religious  Party   Jamaat –e-Islami  .

Whereas Baluchistan saw  a  mix response  since  no party has been able to get any clear  majority and  the same Coalition government is  to decide  the  conflict ridden Baluchistan and face the challenging situation of law and order .As for as   the State of Baluchistan  Assembly  is  concerned ,after  assumption of  the Office of Chief Minister  of   Dr Abdul Malik  , A Nationalist Leader , the  situation  is very ambiguous as  the  cabinet is  yet  to be  inducted. So far , he  has  been  sole Leader  to  lead  the  Conflict ridden  and  now  the  Quake  Ridden  Baluchistan government  where  separatists  have  crippled  the  very roots  of  the  peace  and  people  have  been  living a  appalling life. Even the  Passengers  moving in and  from the  parts  of  the  country are  assailed   on the  National Highways as well as  inter Provincial Routes. As many as 300 innocent passengers have lost their life on ethnic backgrounds during their traveling to Quetta and other Balouch dominated routes. Most of the Killings are claimed balouch separatist Groups. This is a dreadful security and Law and Order situation in Baluchistan But the irony is that still the Malik’s Government going without the cabinet.

Sindh  is  the  same  as  it was  five years  ago  in PPP led Coalition government since  the  same  old  faces  except some  new  faces  made  their  way to the  Assemblies  . The PPP’s long time Coalition  party MQM ,  has  been  keeping  itself  away from the  state  of  Government affairs due  to  their inclination towards  PML  (N)  They have also made their participation in the Government  on conditional basis and their under trial Boss Altaf Hussain went further and  held Referendum on the  basis  that whether  they should join the  Government or  not in coalition with  PPP. Despite being offered  to Join the  Sindh Government on Multiple  Occasion by  PPP representation ,MQM is  deliberately  keep  itself  away  from the state of Affairs of PPP but their Governor is  holding the  key Position and many analysts are  of  the  view  that they will retain the position till  the  end  of  PML (N) government tenure .

ors ,rushing to Dubai ,meeting  Party chief at London , PML (N) Government  has not replaced Governor but rather  retained  the  Governor  of  Sindh  Dr  Isharatul Ibad  . Even he has  been tasked  to monitor  the  Targeted  Operation   led   by  CM  Sindh  Syed  Qaim Ali Shah and  initiated  on the  Federal Government  directives  after  they held  the  Cabinet meeting  at  Governor  House  of  Sindh at after  the  strong  demand  of  Traders and Karachi citizens .

It was  decided  that the  targeted  Operation will  be  initiated  and  turned down the  demand of  MQM  to Deploy  Army for Operation  in Karachi as law and  order Situation was  Abysmal and alarming. after  considering   the  Loc  tension  and  massive deployment of  Army in  Pak-Afghan  border  to  control  the  infiltration, It  was  decided unanimously that  the  Operation will be  carried  out by  Rangers  supported  by  Police  on the lines  of  impartiality  as  no  Office  of  any  Political  party  will be  assailed  on the grounds  of  partiality . So far , MQM has  been  frequently  complaining  against  victimization of  the  MQM  and  arrests of  its workers through Press Conferences   but on the  other  hand  the  rangers  and  Police  spokes persons  reject  such claims  and  add  that   the  action  is being taken  on the  strong intelligence  reports  and  criminal  records  .

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Coming  to  KPK  , we  have  experienced  the  worst  state  of  law and  order  situation  since  the  provincial  capital Peshawar  has  become  the  prime target  for  militant  activities  and series  of  Bomb Blasts  herald  the  clear  messages  that   the  terrorists are  running amok  and  the  Federal Interior  Minister  has  been  doing the  job of  just  a  viewer to watch what is  happening in KPK  and  they  do not  seem to be serious regarding security matters concerning the  safety of  precious  lives  of their  fellow  Pakistanis  .

Some  analysts  also  disclose  that  this  may be a  conspiracy  to  fail  the  PTI  Government in KPK  since  it is  very  first time  that  PTI  which is  very  new  in comparison to  the  Professional Political  players    such  as  Jamiat  Ulama –e Islam  , PML N  ,PPP  , ANP  and PKMAP  in respect  of  holding the  important  Government of  KPK may collapse due to challenging law and order situation and prevent them from establishing government in the centre due to long  standing problems  of  Talibanization and Suicide  Bombings   specially tribal belts.

The massive casualties have  already crossed thousands   and  PTI led  government is  between the  devil and deep  see  in controlling  heightened  law  and  order situation which  shows  no improvement  ever since  the  honeymoon period  is  over  as  in Pakistan  it is  rare  to enjoy the   honeymoons  .

If you enjoy the honeymoons, you will be assailed by the powerful goons. The  Most disturbing  is the  Drones  issue  since  drone strikes  are  counterproductive  and  inflict multiple  implications on the  country’s  sovereignty  , Economy  , law and  Order situation and  ignite  a  wave of  hatred  among the  tribal people  specially north Wazirstan . Pakistan has  protested  in United Nations  against  the  drone  strikes  since  they are considered  an attack on the sovereignty of  the Nations  but the  Pakistani pleas  have  not been given due  weightage  by  Obama Administration so far.

As  regards  the  APC  , It was  held  on 9th   September 2013  and  all the  main stream parties  , Chief Ministers and  Governors  of  all fours  provinces  , Chief Army Staff  General  Pervez  Kayani  and  ISI Chief  also  participated  in the  APC  . It  was  decided  after briefing from the  Members and Specially Armed forces Chief and  Intelligence Agency Chief  that  Dialogue  will be  initiated  with the  Taliban since  Pakistan is very peaceful country and  It will prefer  Dialogue  than  initiating iron hand  with the support of  ISI and  Pakistan Army  . But the APC kept the option of military action open in case the talks with Taliban Leaders fail.

All  the  Representatives  of  Main Stream  parties  appreciated the Efforts  and sacrifices  of  Pakistan Army   for the  Sake  of  bringing  Peace in the  region as well as  suppressing militancy  for  the defense  of  the  country  since  Militancy , Terrorism , Religious  Extremism  and  ethnic  Conflicts  have played havoc with the law and order situation and  rocked  the  very roots of  the  country . The  Rising  inflation  and  rapid  devaluation  of  Rupee  has  heralded   serious  repercussions for the  Pakistan having already  fragile  Economy  .  The  fading investments  in the Country  and  growing security concern  on  internal  as well as  External fronts  have  demanded  to  frame  Strict laws  for  the  extermination of  the  anti state elements  who are  mercenaries  and their only role  is  to destabilize  the  country by creating deteriorating law and order situation .

The Most Important  point which  revolves  in  every Pakistani’s  mind  that will  the  dialogue  breed  positive  results  and  who  will  guarantee that  TTP’s multiple  factions will come to terms with the  Government  and accept  the  writ  of   Government since  they do not accept the  accept  even  the  constitution of  Pakistan .  Even the Punjabi faction of Talibans enjoys their unique identity contrasting other Taliban entities.

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But  Before  the  dialogue  , there  should  be  a  ceasefire  and  there  should not be  any  attack  on Army convoy  , religious  Places  such as  Mosques  , Imam Bargahs , Temples and  Churches  . There should not be forced Disappearances or kidnappings by TTP Factions.

The above questions are  very  difficult  to be answered  keeping  in view  the  post  APC  scenario as many as  ten  Attacks  have made  including  attack  on Church  in which  innocent  Christians  were  killed . The  Peshawar has  become the  centre of  TTP  activities and  even  Legislators  have  lost their  precious lives  . The most alarming  message  was  the four bomb blasts  in the Provincial headquarters  of four provinces  at the same day by Suicide bombers raising concerns  for  the  success of  talks  with Taliban as was decided  during APC .

The  APC  success  lies  on the  above  questions  and  if  above  questions  go unanswered  then  such APC’s  will  have  the  same  tragic  end  as  was  of  earlier  one’s  on the  same  issues of  terrorism and  Militancy.  Even some  circles  in  Federal Government  specially  Interior  Ministry  are thinking of  revisiting their  Policy on  Security and  Dialogue  .

They have also  drafted  the national Security Policy which is  yet to get  the momentum  along with  strategy  of  Developing  Rapid Response  Force  to cope  with  Situation occurring  time to time  like  the  Sikandar  Solo drama who made  the Capital Police of  Islamabad  on Hold  for  Hours  and  posted  the message for the Security Policy makers  that he  has  displayed  live  show  , watched by millions  of  the  people around the world through live coverage of news channels  that  how a single  armed  person like Sikandar  with help  of  Sincere  wife  and  injured  kids  leaked  the  inefficiency of  Islamabad  Police  that  failed  to put hold  on single superman .

The Demoralized  Police  have  become  a laughing stalk for  the public  and  the concerns of  public  have to   a  level that  they have  lost their  belief on the  Police  completely and consider  taking their  own initiatives  for  self  security  . The Same  is the  situation in Karachi  , Peshawar , Quetta  , Punjab and  other parts of  the  Country.

Finally , the Government has  to rethink ,review  ,revisit and redraft the  policies  and  come  up with  renewed  , innovative  and  lasting solutions  specially the security  to restore  peace  in the country since  peace  is the  first step towards  the  development since  peace  has  multi dimensional  effects  on the country and  it makes the country a  friendly  place  to live  and  let  live  and  invest  the  funds and  contribute  in the  development of  their beloved country.

The PML (N) will  have  to take  bitter  decisions in  national interest to  bring peace  in the  region as Pakistan has  already  paid  heavy  price  for  being one of  the biggest  and important ally of  US  in war against  Terrorism emerging  after  9/11 Strikes  on  WTC . Pakistan has been facing multi faceted threats in the region including internal threats of militancy, Religious Extremism and Ethnic issues.

To cope with the long standing issues, PML (N) Government should take everyone on board, be it dialogue with TTP leaders or initiating operation against the Problem makers. The Security Personnel  should  be  trained  on modern lines and equipped  with sophisticated  weapons and  equipments  to tackle  with emerging  law and  order situation.

 

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Conflict

Tribal Clashes and the Bloodshed

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Tribal Clashes in the parts of Baluchistan and Sindh bring miseries and destruction as warring tribes go on Killing Sprees and do not stop until they equal the numbers.

They go on a massive scale and target indiscriminately, the young and old are consumed in the fire of revenge and vengeance.

Tribal clashes create several socioeconomic problems that compel the tribes men to adopt criminal activities for instance armed robbery, mobile snatching, motorbike snatching and stealing in the rural areas where police patrolling is not available.

Sindh, Baluchistan, KP and Punjab are embedded in the Feudal fabric that is controlling the social, cultural and political arena of these provinces.

This is obviously the great game of some sardars and politicians to incite the tribes to fight to settle their dispute. The disputes are triggered from trivial issues like water share, agriculture land disputes, grazing of animals in somebody’s farmlands, marriage, illicit relations and Karo Kari (honour Killings).

These tribal feuds have already consumed thousands of innocent lives since our judicial system fails to provide relief so people are forced to seek justice from the traditional jirga system, run by the tribal chiefs. Regrettably, the Jirga’s decisions are unmerited in most cases,women are given in exchange to settle the disputes,and the verdicts are binding on both parties.

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During the colonial era British conferred various benefits to these feudals due to their allegiance to the British Empire. They were awarded lands and properties along with various titles that still exist in today’s Pakistan.

Titles such as sardar,Mir,Nawab, Khan Bahadur, rais and Muqdum are used even today. The princely states were also classified as Salute and Non-salute states, depending on their favorability with the British.

These states were controlled indirectly by British India. Some examples include Bahawalpur, Khairpur, Makran, and Kalat.

For a long time these entitled elite have been ruling and controlling Sindh, Baluchistan and Punjab, for more than seven decades they have had a stronghold in these areas socially, economically and politically.

There are several sardars who traditionally hold hereditary Turbans (pug) of Tribal chief and control their community along with other communities.

In Baluchistan, the most active Sardari tribes are Bugti, Marri, Mengal, Bizenjo, Jamali, Magsi and Rind, In Sindh Sundrani, Bijarani, Mahar,Chandio, Mazari, Lund, Pitafi, Arbabs, Khoso, Chachar, Teghani, Jatoi, Bhayo and Shar. Syed tribes have been ruling the roost in Sindh for several decades, the most important seat of CM falls in their domain.

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The heads of these tribal chiefs are autocratic princes and have totalitarian control over the people of their tribes;they enjoy the full authority in their respective areas.

These jirgas are not only lucrative businesses for the sardars, but they also aid them in consolidating their influence over their tribe members who then vote them to assemblies and the Parliament

The Sundrani, Bijarani, Mahar and Chandio Tribal chiefs control the greatest number of tribes in Sindh whereas Rind, Marri, Bugti and Mengals control most of the Baloch tribes in Baluchistan.

The extent of their control can be assessed on the following point that no one can have even matrimonial proposal without their consent and their verdict is final in all matters.

Feudal influence persists in these areas only because of the absence of writ of state and of law and order.Therefore, the tribesmen are compelled to opt for the Jirgas to settle disputes.

These jirgas delegate infinite powers to the arbitrator (Tribal Chief) consequently some decisions are astounding and illogical, but the communities cannot challenge them because of fear and oppression.

The Jirga process is very slow,both warring tribes must mutually agree to end the dispute, this may involve several sittings. Sometimes, the tribes resume their clashes soon after a settlement and pursue the killing spree owing to resentment by one tribe.

The women especially the young girls bear the brunt of these tribal clashes as unmarried girls are exchanged for compensation in case of murder settlements.These girls live in misery as the family members treat them as the daughter of the enemy and resort to domestic abuse and violence.Consequently, the innocent girls become the victims of these tribal jirgas.

The school going children also become victims of these tribal clashes amid fear of attack if they go to school, the enemy may target these students. Such incidences have been reported in the past.

In a recent incident between the Teghani and Bijarani tribes, two innocent students of matriculation were killed they were prepared to appear in the exams this March, unfortunate death took care that.

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In another ironic incident a 70-year-old man was shot in the head when he was riding his donkey cart to work so he could feed his minor children and wife. Instead of getting food on the table in the evening the family received his dead body.

One recent incident still resonates in the minds of many when 30 innocent lives were lost in exchange of fire between two tribes owing to a trivial issue of illegal grazing of a cow. This continues to happen due to widespread illiteracy and unrestricted use of sophisticated weapons.

This was the one of the worst examples when dozens of men, women and children got butchered in a single day,in a blatant display of barbarity.

The role of Police is very dismal rather dubious since such incidences also occur in cities,in broad day light. Police usually arrive late giving these trigger happy thugs a license to kill innocent people.

The open display of sophisticated weapons like fully automatic fire arms to rocket launchers makes one question how these communities manage to purchase such expensive arms when their purchase requires official approval and some are not even meant for civilians.

In some instances the police becomes an accomplice taking monetary benefits form the tribe that intends on attacking it’s rival turning a blinds eye.

The Government is clueless or an accomplice like the police in these incidents or deliberately avoids legislation against this butchery of humanity since most of the MPA’s and MNA’s are tribal chiefs themselves. They will never legislate against these crimes as they are well aware that legislation means curtailing their own powers and monetary losses.

It is high time that civil society, legal fraternity, and human rights defenders must come forward to stop this massacre in the name tribal disputes and the Supreme Court of Pakistan must take notice of this cold-blooded murder.

The Government should ban the jirgas completely and all murders under the guise of Honour Killings and Tribal disputes should be treated as a crime against humanity with exemplary punishments. Government should also control issuing of licenses to civilians.

The civil society must create awareness against and promote love and harmony among the communities so that they may settle their differences peacefully and never engage in fighting.Precious human lives need to be preserved especially those of the youth.

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Education

Revamping College Education-The Challenges and Prospects

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College education has been the most neglected segment in Pakistan especially in Sindh where colleges are not provided with the development funds, modern methods of teaching, language, and computer labs and interactive classrooms. The obsolete promotions system and the old nomenclature of posts date back to the 1980s, non-provision of scholarships for higher education to government college teachers, so much so that the heads of colleges are not appointed based on administrative skills and competence.

The non-existence of any clear rules and recruitment policy for the appointment of principals in the government colleges have wreaked havoc with college education outreach and standards since the principals being unaware of even ABC of audit and accounting, DDO powers, responsibilities, drafting and correspondence, communication, office administration, linkages, financial audit, monitoring and evaluation of teachers and students’ outputs, curriculum development, course plan, planning development schemes such as repair and renovation of the college building and procurement procedure.

These trivial issues might have been resolved at the college level, had there been qualified and competent Principals having problem-solving skills and management skills

Mostly the professors in BPS-19 and BPS-20 are posted on administrative or management cadres such as regional directors, DGs and Chairman BISEs. There is no College Teachers Training Institute (CTTI) that may impart training to newly appointed lecturers and other staff that it may increase their productivity. Even representation in the college education department is denied and usurped by powerful PAS, PSS, PCS, PMS and OMG officers who are unaware of the college matters and issues.

Teachers dejected and disillusioned over delayed promotions, often take 18 years to the next grade yet some unfortunate ones get promotions after reaching the superannuation or after retirement. Earlier, the college teachers were provided move over to the next grade after completing their minimum service slab on the given scale but later it was withdrawn.Later, the time scale was granted to the teachers of school education such as PSTs, JSTs and HSTs, and the subject specialists of higher secondary schools, but the college education or higher education teachers were denied these monetary benefits since it provided respite against delayed DPC (Departmental Promotion Committee) by Board I and II to consider the cases of promotions from BS-17 to BS-20 respectively.

It is alarming that some teachers retire serving on the same grade throughout their service period and some get only one promotion to the next grade, given the obsolete promotion system and the so-called Four Tier i.e. Grade wise promotions and appointment for BS-17, BS-18, BS-19, and BS-20.

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Teachers’ Unions in all four provinces i.e. SPLA (Sindh), KPLA (KPK), BPLA (Baluchistan) and PPLA (Punjab) have protested for their rights and have been successful in getting their demands approved except SPLA, owing to internal differences, insincerity, individualism and disintegration on the basis of lack of consensus and no consultation with the college fraternity.

The old players of SPLA went on a solo flight and kept the members of  SPLA in limbo that resulted in their downfall who sabotaged the real voice of college teachers and dragged the college teachers in the quagmire of disappointment, deprivation, and injustice. The disparities still continue haunting the college fraternity.

The college teachers were provided move over to next grade after completing their minimum service slab in the given scale but later it was withdrawn

Some progressive young leaders rose up to win support for time scale and staged a showdown which drew the attention of the authorities to the long due issue of promotions and supplementing it with time scale until they get regular time-based promotions. But the old leaders could not digest the successful protest and the landmark court decision directing CM Sindh and Secretary College Education to resolve the issues of promotions and time scale after determining financial requirements and policy matters on a priority basis.

It is also pertinent to note that the civil servants are unaware of the technical terms and issues of colleges and only college teachers can address the needs and resolve the issues of college teachers properly and on a priority basis. The college teachers should also be allocated a 5% to 10% share in administrative posts in Secretariat as our college teachers are the most efficient and talented and can better deliver in policymaking and updating curriculum, service rules drafting and making informed decisions on administrative grounds.

It is shocking and disgusting to express that the teacher who is the factory to produce all the officers, is deplorably considered “not fit” for administrative positions though he/she is recruited through the same SPSC/FPSC. It would be great if the government introduces executive service to join the civil service or secretarial service like SOPE (Section Officers Promotions Exam) conducted by FPSC from the Federal Employees in Grades 7 to 16 have 8 years Experience.

After passing SOPE, they are awarded CSS cadre OMG (Office Management Group). They have been doing a tremendous job as these officers are well aware of day to day office matters and meet deadlines quite easily and require fewer directions. The government should also revise the SNE of the colleges by creating three additional posts i.e. Vice-Principal BS- 18 and Sub Engineer BS 11/16 and Assistant Director (Finance and Planning) BS-17 to run the administrative, development and accounting matters smoothly.

Ineffective SPLA appeared to be in limbo that resulted in its downfall who sabotaged the real voice of college teachers and dragged the College Teachers in the quagmire of disappointment, deprivation and injustice

The Federal colleges and Punjab colleges have Vice Principals who look after or officiate in the absence of principals. There should be either direct appointments through a search committee or Public Service Commission for the position of vice-principals and principals so that most experienced persons may be appointed on the administrative posts. Furthermore, local and international scholarships and study leaves are not granted to college teachers to pursue M.Phil and Ph.D. or Postdoctoral studies as availed by university teachers.

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The projectors should be used and the laptop scheme should be initiated for teachers so that teachers can impart education on modern lines and make learning a fun process as students get bored from the lecture of 40 to 45 minutes. The presentations on multimedia projects will make learning interactive and collaborative.

Principals are the team leaders rather than just a boss to scold, report, temper with ACRs or take action against teachers on personal grudges and lenient on blue-eyed teachers. As a fact, the bosses will never take responsibility but they shift responsibility, on the other hand, the leaders always believe in teamwork and take the responsibility of either good or bad and defend their teammates.

Regrettably, so many principals are imposed upon the colleges lacking the competency to run the day to day affairs. Owing to their incompetence, inefficiency, and lack of training, the college academic, and administrative issues surface which prompts the supervisory authorities to intervene and resolve issues. These trivial issues might have been resolved at the college level, had there been qualified and competent Principals having problem-solving skills and management skills. It is also necessary that Executive Management Training should be made compulsory for the Principal before joining. This will further their deliverables.

It is the need of the hour to address the woes of College Teachers and the College. These should be resolved on the war-footing basis to transform colleges into great seats of learning since colleges fill the gaps of higher education where there are no universities. The colleges serve as higher Education intuitions offering degrees at Undergraduate, Graduate and Post Graduate level.

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Canada

Socio-Economic Implications of Canadian Border Closure With U.S

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After doing a  detailed analysis of the situation emerging from the closure of the border between    Canada and  US, it could be assessed that how damaging the decision is for the  Economy of Canada, and how beneficial, it will be for Canada, if it decides to re-open the Border which is closed over the fears of an outbreak of Covid-19 Pandemic.

Since, some people think that given the maximum number of  Covid-19 cases and several deaths worldwide, the decision should stay as there are thousands of cases and deaths over covid-19 in the US. They deem it a good step to keep the border shut over the fears of  Novel Corona Virus with the US and Mexico. 

Though some sections consider the move as a right decision based on the covid0-19 statistics some experts term it very dangerous for  Canadian Economy as it will be affected as major industries such Tourism and Travel, Immigration affected very badly and economic cannot be put on hold for long as the numbers show that  75% to 80% Canadian exports go to the US while 30% to 40% US exports make their way in  Canada.

Thus the economy has been hit very badly due to this prolonged closure and shutdown of Economic activities will ultimately pose a grave threat to falling in Recession and Falling of  Reserves.

The Canadian authorities will have to swallow a hard pill to re-open the b border for essential and non-essential travel since both types of entries in the country contribute to the economy of the country.

At the moment, Canada has limited Covid-19 infections as compared to the US that has a massive number of infections in the world.

According to the Border Management Experts, this could be the only problem that might have prompted  Canadian Prime Minister to extend the closure for another month until some  SOP’s may be developed to ensure on border covid-19 Testing and Scanning so that preventive measures should be taken to keep the infection ratio low in Canada.

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 The World economies are affected very badly over the lockdowns announced to prevent Covid-19 outbreak and their economy has been under pressure already and the financial experts predict the worst type recession shortly. 

The people of both countries are of the view that the Prolonged border closure has caused an economic crisis and several Industries such as Hotel Industry, Travel Tours and Immigration, Food and beverages Industry, sports Industry, Education have been affected very badly and both Canada and the US cannot afford to sustain more jolts to their economy as economic activities have dropped to almost  80%  and ring the alarm bells for the leadership to decide immediately what their next plan will for the border.

Whether they will reopen it in phases or provide restrict access to essential travel such health workers, Airline Crew, Food and Goods services, People visiting ailing relatives and other related activities that fall within the purview of  “ essential”.

Although, the global Pandemic has created a situation like recession which is going from bad to worse each Passing day, yet in such scenario “keeping borders Closed” for trade and Business Opportunities and other travel, entertainment industry, will incur an irreparable loss to the Economy of both Canada and US as both countries have signed several Trade Agreements and US has been losing millions of Dollars in terms ” US Entry Waivers” and this is putting pressure on world’s biggest economy. 

Even it is a great blow to the Immigrants who wish to travel to neighbouring countries.

Both Canada and the United States are providing millions of dollars to people as relief package, Health and social security and other procurements such  Covid-19 testing kits and establishing new isolation and Quarantine centres as the infections surge in the US and worldwide.

In such circumstances halting economic activities are suicidal for  Canada and Virus affected the US  by keeping borders close for non-essential or optional purposes despite putting some curbs on essential travels such putting immigrants in 14 days quarantine and other immigration-related curbs. 

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The economists fear that what would be the consequences if the covid-19 vaccine was unavailable till the end of the year 2021, will they still keep the border closed, sounds like insensible and disastrous for all types Industries and Sectors including  Immigration and Border services. 

So, it would be prudent on the part of Both Canada and US  to think over the re-opening of their border so that people intending to visit their relatives on both sides of borders may have uninterrupted access and they must be facilities at the border checkpoints for covid-19 so that the fears of  Canadian authorities about getting soaring infections may be dispelled by assuring them safety measures at border crossing points.

Furthermore,  the fears cannot be treated with medicines but they could be soothed with confidence-building measures as the statistics show that  65% Canadian fear to get contracted by Virus while over 60% US people have a similar situation for contracting virus.

Despite all this, nobody knows that when these borders will reopen for general people apart from essential travel as most people are in the grip of fear and prefer staying at home as per WHO guidelines, that may be the issue that both Canadian and US Governments are lingering on the issue and prefer extending closure as both nations enjoy cordial relation and the closure is a mutual decision of both countries.

Recently, though some Tour industry groups recorded their protest and demanded to re-open the border. The decision could not be influenced until the general public presses their respective Governments to review the decision and take some bold steps to save their economies falling to prey to this pandemic.

Both Canada and the US  cannot afford to lose millions of Dollars in border trade and border revenues such as Entry waivers, customs etc to boost their economies.

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