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The Governance and Inflation Conundrum



The existing situation presents a bleak outlook for Pakistan as the continuous Governance Crisis and Rising Prices especially Petroleum Prices, have made the Life of ordinary men Miserable. The Growing political Vendetta and intolerance have polarized politics to the extent that even positive criticism invites violence breaking all social and cultural norms and Crossing all the limits of Humanity.  The deepening economic crisis has exposed the government’s efficiency within two months’ tenure.

The IMF’s strict conditions asking for putting a levy on Petroleum Prices, raising  Gas and Electricity Tariffs costing heavy for common people but the Government, on the other hand, seems non-serious on the Inflation issue as within two months of their coalition regime, they have raised the petroleum prices over 100 per Liter that has jolted the working-class especially public transport operators, Rickshaw Drivers and other Market players such as Uber, Careem, InDriver and Bykea etc.

All the business operators are complaining that the rising Inflation and Petroleum prices have affected their businesses miserably. They have raised the prices of their rides and people have limited choices to travel from one place to another, and have nothing than cursing the current coalition Government with the inclusion of tested and Tried corrupt politicians who have dynastic roots in politics and major players of corruption and misappropriation. They have been facing corruption cases and some of them have remained behind the bars in corruption cases.

That is the main reason to have a clean chit, the government took the steps to curtail the NAB Powers by amending the NAB ordinance and Electoral Reforms Bill, rejecting the use of  EVMs in upcoming elections and depriving overseas Pakistanis of their right of casting votes.

Unfortunately, the corrupt and criminal people amended  NAB laws to provide relief to Nawaz Sharif, His Sons, Asif Zardari, Khursheed Shah and several other black sheep who have been looting the Public money for decades and have not left any effort in making  Pakistan a bankrupt country, unlike Sri Lanka.

The ouster of  PTI’s Government in Center through the No-confidence Motion has created a very uncertain situation where people are concerned that what will happen shortly as the current government has been tasked to keep dropping  Petrol, Gas and Electricity bombshells on the public having no sense or feeling that how the labourers, Salaried Persons and workers earn their livelihood to feed their family as daily use items prices are touching the sky. Even the average person cannot purchase a flour bag or Ghee pouch.

On the other hand, the PTI leader adopted the narrative that there were foreign hands involved in the ouster of his PTI-led coalition government waving the letter. Hence the claim has not been proved with evidence.

US involvement in Pakistan’s power politics is not new, the murder of Zulfiquar Ali Bhutto,  PM Liaquat Ali  Khan and the Assassination of Benazir Bhutto are examples that show the US silenced anti-US voices to maintain its hegemony in the region.

It has been our political norm that whoever comes into Government always criticizes the previous regimes and holds them responsible for all the mess that we witness today. They never revisit their steps that have broken the waist of common men. Whenever asked why the petrol, Gas and Electricity prices have been raised every week, the reply comes very irritatingly and insensible that it was essential to raise the fuel prices since there was an agreement with IMF by  PTI Government.

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Therefore, to get the stalled Tranche from IMF, we are compelled to comply with the conditions to get the tranche released at the earliest to escape the shrinking balance of payments issue.

The Inflation has hit the lower-income level people very badly. The purchasing power of an average person has dropped extensively making their lives miserable. The state is like a mother but here, unfortunately, the mother is acting as a stepmother having no sense of love, care, feeling or sympathy.

It can easily be inferred from the incumbent Government tactics that they got the power to get rid of the cases registered during the PTI  regime and make such electoral reforms that could favour them in the upcoming election for stopping the entry of a new political force or PTI.

 They are well aware that if the PTI  or Other political force won the election and formed the Government with a simple majority or with the help of allies, they will try to deliver and fix the economy to the point where they won’t need financial assistance from any state including IMF Program.

Pakistan needs visionary leadership and a team of Professional Economic Experts to steer the country from the existing depreciation of the Rupee against the Dollar, rising fuel prices and daily use items so that it may progress.

Pakistan does not need the capitalists, Feudal Lords, Choudhry’s,  Sardars, Peers and Mirs as legislators but it requires highly Educated, sincere and honest elected representatives having leadership qualities who can restore its former grandeur. Today we have to make the resolve that we have to liberate our country from foreign liability and external debts that have compromised our sovereignty. If we did not resolve the issue of external debt, IMF may put a condition to roll back the nuclear program that has been our biggest deterrence and balance of power tool against our enemies.

Being Pakistani, it hurts our sentiments when our enemy, India criticises Pakistan if it begs for financial assistance from  Saudi Arabia, China, or  UAE, how will it demand Kashmir’s freedom.

Pakistan needs to break this begging bowl as Allah has blessed it with all ingredients that can be found in any developed state i.e.  Sea Ports, the Best riverine system, Minerals, Gas, Oil, Agriculture etc., but it lacks the visionary leadership that can transform the country into a developed state. Pakistan should adopt the economic Model that suits its income level. The country cannot be run on IMF Program.

The Government should focus on Education, Health, Infrastructure, employment creation and especially the promotion of Tourism.

Switzerland, Malaysia, UAE, Singapore, Indonesia and UK earn billions of dollars from the tourism Industry, Pakistan needs to explore these sectors so that it can earn passive income. Dubai earns billions from the tourism industry as everybody knows Dubai is desert and tax-free but still earns from Tourism and Industries. 

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The tax-free status will also help promote the set up of the Automobile Industry, Textiles etc that will create jobs for Youth. The Skill development programs must be devised so that same may place talent in jobs.

We love Pakistan as it is our homeland, we have to set aside all our differences and made serious efforts to take this country out of the crisis, As our parties, our designation, portfolios, and Identity rest with our country so we have to put Pakistan first than our priorities. Furthermore, the poor must be saved and fuel prices should be slashed by importing oil from Iran and Russia as these countries have abundant fuel reserves.

All the institutions should work within their limits and don’t attempt to usurp or interfere in the affairs unless required in National interests. Pakistan should adopt a neutral or Independent foreign policy and avoid playing any role in other countries since we have already paid a huge price for the so-called war on terror and have given sacrifices to our Valiant Soldiers, civilians and children’s APS attack.

Pakistan’s valiant forces should not be dragged into political affairs as they have played their pivotal role in maintaining peace and security having given several sacrifices for the defence of the country.

Finally, all the parties must display their political maturity and work together to get the country out of crisis- be it PML N, PPP or PTI. These three mainstream parties have a bigger role to play to find a lasting solution to Water Crisis, Gas and Electricity load shedding, Overpriced Petrol and making serious efforts to bring the daily food items prices down even offering subsidies to facilitate the masses. 

Pakistan has great potential to become an Asian Economic Tiger given its resources and strategic Importance provided that a positive, cooperative, collaborative and tolerant approach should come forward to put the economy on growth on track by bringing reforms.

If there is no political consensus possible then Fresh General Election is the only option to resolve the existing issues as the right to vote will empower the People to elect the best Political party to take the reins of the country and start the journey to the development.

The Big cities Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Islamabad, Hyderabad, Faisalabad, Multan, and Rawalpindi should be revamped and modern facilities should be provided so that Tourism Industry and Job creation process may be expedited.

 It is hoped that all the parties and Institutions will come on the same page and debate and discuss a possible solution to prevent the country from defaulting. The blame game should stop now. Let’s make Pakistan self-sustained and economically stable to develop by leaps and bounds. Let the institutions work in their domain without usurping or interfering in others’ domain.


Socio-Economic Governance in the Caliphate of Hazrat Umar رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُ: A Historical Analysis




Socio-economic governance in the caliphate of Hazrat Umar رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُ is a topic of great interest to historians, economists, and political scientists alike. Hazrat Umar’s tenure as the second caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate (634-644 CE) is widely regarded as a model of good governance and effective leadership. Under his rule, the caliphate experienced significant economic growth, social reforms, and expansion of public services.

Hazrat Umar’s governance structure was characterized by accountability, transparency, and efficiency. He established a system of governance that was based on consultation and consensus-building. This system ensured that the caliphate was governed in a fair and just manner and that the interests of all citizens were taken into account. Hazrat Umar also implemented several economic policies and reforms that helped to promote economic growth and development. These policies included the establishment of a public treasury, the introduction of a system of taxation, and the regulation of trade and commerce.

In addition to his economic policies, Hazrat Umar also implemented several social reforms and public services. He established a system of welfare and charity that provided support to the poor and needy. He also introduced reforms in the areas of education, healthcare, and infrastructure development. These reforms helped to improve the quality of life for citizens and contributed to the overall well-being of the caliphate.

Key Takeaways

  • Hazrat Umar’s governance structure was characterized by accountability, transparency, and efficiency.
  • His economic policies and reforms helped to promote economic growth and development.
  • His social reforms and public services helped to improve the quality of life for citizens.

Governance Structure Under Hazrat Umar

Hazrat Umar’s governance structure was based on the principles of justice, transparency, and accountability. The caliphate was divided into provinces, each headed by a governor who was responsible for the administration of the province.

Central Administration

The central administration was responsible for the overall governance of the caliphate. Hazrat Umar appointed a council of advisors known as the Shura to assist him in making decisions. The council consisted of prominent companions of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) who were known for their wisdom and knowledge. The council advised the caliph on matters related to governance, economics, and military affairs.

Hazrat Umar also established a treasury known as the Bayt al-Mal, which was responsible for collecting and distributing the state’s revenue. The treasury was managed by a treasurer who was appointed by the caliph. The treasurer was responsible for ensuring that the revenue was collected and distributed fairly and efficiently.

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Judicial Reforms

Hazrat Umar implemented several judicial reforms to ensure that justice was served to all citizens of the caliphate. He appointed judges who were known for their integrity and knowledge of Islamic law. The judges were responsible for hearing cases and delivering verdicts based on Islamic law.

Hazrat Umar also established a system of public prosecutors who were responsible for prosecuting cases on behalf of the state. The prosecutors were appointed by the caliph and were responsible for ensuring that justice was served to all citizens of the caliphate.

In conclusion, Hazrat Umar’s governance structure was based on the principles of justice, transparency, and accountability. The central administration was responsible for the overall governance of the caliphate, while the judicial reforms ensured that justice was served to all citizens of the caliphate.

Economic Policies and Reforms

During Hazrat Umar’s reign, the economic policies and reforms implemented were aimed at promoting social welfare and economic development. The Caliphate of Hazrat Umar saw significant economic growth and development, which was primarily due to the implementation of economic policies and reforms.

Land Revenue System

Hazrat Umar introduced a new land revenue system to ensure that land was used efficiently and productively. The system was based on the principle of equitable distribution of resources, and it helped to promote agriculture and increase productivity. Under this system, land was classified into three categories, namely, fertile, barren, and waste. Each category had its own tax rate, which was determined based on the productivity of the land. The revenue collected from the land was used for the welfare of the people.

Bait-ul-Maal and Welfare

Hazrat Umar established Bait-ul-Maal, which was a treasury that was used to provide financial assistance to the needy and support the welfare of the people. The treasury was funded by the Zakat, which was a tax levied on the wealthy Muslims. The Zakat was used to help the poor, orphans, widows, and the disabled. Additionally, Hazrat Umar also introduced a system of stipends for the poor and needy, which was paid out of the Bait-ul-Maal.

Under Hazrat Umar’s leadership, the Caliphate saw significant economic growth and development, which was primarily due to the implementation of economic policies and reforms. The land revenue system and Bait-ul-Maal were instrumental in promoting agriculture, increasing productivity, and supporting the welfare of the people.

Social Reforms and Public Services

During the reign of Hazrat Umar, several social reforms and public services were implemented to improve the quality of life for the people. These reforms aimed to provide necessities such as education, healthcare, and security to all citizens regardless of their social status.

Education and Knowledge Dissemination

Hazrat Umar established several schools and madrasas throughout the Islamic empire to promote education and knowledge dissemination. These institutions were open to both men and women and offered a wide range of subjects such as Quranic studies, Arabic grammar, mathematics, and astronomy. Teachers were paid from the state treasury, and scholarships were provided to needy students. Hazrat Umar also encouraged the translation of foreign texts into Arabic, which helped to spread knowledge and ideas across the empire.

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Healthcare Initiatives

Hazrat Umar implemented several healthcare initiatives to improve the health of the citizens. He established hospitals and clinics in major cities and provided free medical care to the poor and needy. He also ordered the construction of public baths and provided clean drinking water to the people. Hazrat Umar also made it mandatory for every city to have a public cemetery and appointed a special officer to oversee the burial of the dead.

Overall, these social reforms and public services implemented by Hazrat Umar helped to improve the standard of living for the people of the Islamic empire. They continue to inspire and influence socio-economic governance in the modern world.

Frequently Asked Questions

How did Hazrat Umar’s governance influence legal systems in various countries?

Hazrat Umar’s governance had a significant impact on legal systems in various countries. He established a system of justice that was based on the principles of fairness and equality. Under his leadership, judges were appointed based on their knowledge of the law and their ability to dispense justice impartially. This system of justice was so effective that it was adopted by many countries, including Egypt, Syria, and Iraq.

What were the key components of the economic system established by Caliph Umar?

Caliph Umar established an economic system that was based on the principles of fairness and equality. He introduced a system of taxation that was based on the ability to pay, and he ensured that the revenue collected was used for the benefit of the people. He also established a system of public works that provided employment opportunities for the poor and helped to improve the infrastructure of the empire.

Which social reforms were introduced during the reign of Hazrat Umar?

Hazrat Umar introduced several social reforms during his reign. He established a system of welfare that provided for the needs of the poor and the needy. He also established a system of education that ensured that every child had access to education, regardless of their social status. Additionally, he introduced several measures to protect the rights of women and minorities.

What was the extent of the empire under Caliph Umar in terms of area?

The empire under Caliph Umar’s rule was vast and extended from the borders of China to the Atlantic Ocean. It included parts of modern-day Asia, Africa, and Europe. The empire was divided into several provinces, each of which was governed by a governor who was appointed by the Caliph.

Can you describe some notable stories that exemplify Umar ibn al-Khattab’s leadership?

There are several notable stories that exemplify Umar ibn al-Khattab’s leadership. One such story is that of him walking the streets of Medina at night to ensure that the needs of the people were being met. Another story is that of him refusing to take a salary for his work as Caliph, stating that he did not want to burden the treasury with unnecessary expenses.

What are the primary sources for studying the laws and governance of Caliph Umar?

The primary sources for studying the laws and governance of Caliph Umar are the Quran, the Hadith, and the biographies of the Prophet Muhammad and his companions. These sources provide a detailed account of the laws and governance of the early Islamic state, including the reforms introduced by Hazrat Umar.

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US-China Decoupling Could Jeopardize AI Governance: Insights from Henry Kissinger




In the realm of global geopolitics, few figures have commanded as much respect and influence as Henry Kissinger. As a diplomat, strategist, and thinker, he has played an instrumental role in shaping the course of international relations for over half a century. His insights on international affairs have often transcended the boundaries of time and context, providing us with invaluable perspectives on the complex challenges that face the world today. One such challenge, which has been at the forefront of discussions in recent years, is the relationship between the United States and China, particularly in the context of artificial intelligence (AI) governance.

U.S. President Joe Biden shakes hands with Chinese President Xi Jinping as they meet on the sidelines of the G20 leaders’ summit in Bali, Indonesia, November 14, 2022. REUTERS/Kevin Lamarque

In this extensive opinion piece, we will delve into the views of Henry Kissinger on why a US-China decoupling in the field of AI would have detrimental consequences for global AI governance. We will examine the dynamics of this relationship, explore the significance of AI governance, and consider Kissinger’s insights on how these factors intersect and impact the world’s future.

Understanding the US-China Relationship

The relationship between the United States and China has evolved significantly over the past several decades. From the initial stages of opening diplomatic ties in the 1970s to becoming two of the world’s largest economies, the trajectory of their relationship has been marked by cooperation, competition, and complex interdependence.

During the early years of this relationship, cooperation was the dominant theme. Diplomatic efforts led by Kissinger himself resulted in the normalization of relations between the two countries. This paved the way for economic engagement and trade, which in turn, contributed to China’s rapid economic growth and transformation.

However, as China emerged as an economic powerhouse, the nature of the relationship began to shift. Competition in various domains, including trade, technology, and influence in global institutions, became more pronounced. The rise of China’s tech industry, particularly in AI, further intensified the competitive aspect of their relationship. Both countries began investing heavily in AI research and development, aiming to establish dominance in this crucial technology.

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The Significance of AI Governance

Artificial intelligence holds tremendous promise and potential for humanity. It has the capacity to revolutionize industries, enhance healthcare, improve education, and address complex global challenges. However, it also presents a range of ethical, legal, and security concerns that require careful governance.

AI governance refers to the framework of rules, norms, and institutions that guide the development, deployment, and use of AI technologies. It encompasses issues such as data privacy, bias and fairness in AI algorithms, autonomous weapon systems, and the ethical implications of AI in decision-making processes. Effective AI governance is crucial to harness the benefits of AI while mitigating its risks.

In the context of US-China relations, AI governance is not merely a domestic concern but a global one. Both countries are at the forefront of AI research and development, and the decisions they make regarding AI governance will have far-reaching consequences for the entire world. As AI becomes increasingly integrated into various aspects of society, it is imperative that international norms and standards are established to ensure its responsible and ethical use.

Kissinger’s Perspective on US-China Decoupling and AI Governance

Henry Kissinger, in his thoughtful analysis of the US-China relationship, has consistently advocated for a pragmatic approach that prioritizes cooperation over confrontation. He argues that a US-China decoupling in the realm of AI would be detrimental to global AI governance for several reasons.

  1. Interconnectedness: Kissinger highlights the deep interconnectedness of the US and Chinese tech sectors. Companies from both countries collaborate, invest, and compete in the global tech ecosystem. A sudden and extensive decoupling would disrupt supply chains, research collaborations, and the flow of talent, harming technological progress and innovation.
  2. AI Development: China has made significant strides in AI development, often focusing on applications that differ from those in the West. A decoupling could lead to the parallel development of AI technologies with different values, standards, and goals, potentially creating a global divide in AI governance.
  3. Global Norms: Kissinger underscores the importance of establishing global norms for AI governance that reflect a consensus among major stakeholders, including the US and China. A decoupling could hinder the negotiation and implementation of such norms, leaving a void that could be filled by conflicting standards and regulations.
  4. Coordinated Responses: In the face of ethical dilemmas and challenges associated with AI, Kissinger argues that it is crucial for the US and China to work together to find common ground. Whether it’s addressing algorithmic bias or the use of AI in surveillance, coordinated responses are more likely to yield meaningful results.
  5. Global Leadership: As AI becomes increasingly central to technological advancement, global leadership in AI governance is a position of significant influence. Kissinger contends that the US and China should vie for leadership in shaping AI governance rather than isolating themselves from each other. Cooperation in this domain can help set the agenda for global AI norms.
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Henry Kissinger’s perspective on the US-China decoupling and its impact on AI governance offers a valuable and nuanced view of the complex dynamics at play in the global arena. While competition between the US and China in the realm of AI is undeniable, Kissinger’s emphasis on cooperation and coordination is a timely reminder of the importance of finding common ground in addressing the challenges posed by artificial intelligence.

As AI continues to evolve and shape the future, the world must come together to develop ethical frameworks and governance structures that ensure its responsible use. A US-China decoupling would not only hinder progress in AI but also risk fragmenting the global AI governance landscape. To navigate this critical juncture in history successfully, policymakers, technologists, and diplomats must heed Kissinger’s wisdom and strive for collaborative solutions that prioritize the common good of humanity over individual interests.

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From Gerontocracy to Youthcracy: The Dilemma of Political Parties in Pakistan




The political landscape of Pakistan is undergoing a profound transformation, marked by a shift from gerontocracy to youthcracy. This article provides an in-depth exploration of this transition, its implications for political parties, and the evolving dynamics of power in the country. In a comprehensive examination, we delve into the challenges and opportunities faced by political parties as they adapt to this rapidly changing political landscape.

Understanding Gerontocracy

Gerontocracy, a term that has been frequently used to characterize the Pakistani political system, describes a situation where the elderly wield considerable power and influence in the governance of a nation. In Pakistan, this phenomenon has prevailed for decades, with senior politicians dominating the political stage. However, as the demographics of the country evolve, with a growing population of young citizens, political parties are confronted with a complex dilemma.

The Emergence of Youthcracy

The Power of the Youth Vote

Pakistan boasts a vibrant and youthful population, with a significant percentage under the age of 30. These young individuals are increasingly becoming politically aware and active, wielding the potential to reshape the nation’s political landscape. The emergence of youth power, often referred to as youthcracy, has become a defining feature of contemporary Pakistani politics.

The power of the youth vote cannot be overstated. The sheer number of young voters makes them a formidable force to be reckoned with. Political parties are beginning to recognize that winning the allegiance of this demographic is no longer an option but a necessity.

Challenges Faced by Political Parties

Balancing Experience and Fresh Perspective

One of the foremost challenges confronting political parties in Pakistan is how to navigate the delicate balance between the seasoned politicians who have long held sway and the energetic yet relatively inexperienced youth. The interplay between experience and fresh perspectives has become a pivotal factor for the success of any political party.

While experienced politicians bring a wealth of knowledge and a deep understanding of the intricacies of governance, they may also be associated with entrenched interests and resistance to change. In contrast, the youth represent innovation, fresh ideas, and a desire for reform. Striking the right equilibrium between these two demographics is crucial for political parties seeking to remain relevant and effective.

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Adapting to Modern Communication

The youth are digitally connected, and their political awakening often happens on social media platforms. Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and TikTok have become powerful tools for mobilization and advocacy. Political parties must adapt to these changing communication dynamics to engage with the younger generation effectively.

Traditional campaign methods, such as door-to-door canvassing and rallies, are no longer sufficient. Digital campaigns, online debates, and viral content creation have become the norm. Political parties must invest in sophisticated digital strategies, engaging with the youth where they are most active and receptive.

Strategies for Political Parties

Navigating the transition from gerontocracy to youthcracy requires strategic foresight and adaptability. Here are key strategies that political parties can employ to thrive in this evolving political landscape:

Encouraging Youth Participation

To embrace youthcracy, political parties must actively encourage young individuals to participate in politics. This goes beyond tokenism and superficial youth wings within parties. It involves offering substantial leadership roles to young politicians, mentorship programs, and providing platforms for the youth to voice their concerns.

Moreover, political parties should prioritize issues that resonate with the youth, such as education, employment opportunities, and environmental sustainability. Addressing these concerns demonstrates a commitment to the aspirations of the younger generation.

Embracing Technological Advancements

Utilizing technology for outreach, campaigns, and information dissemination is no longer optional—it is imperative. Political parties need to harness the power of data analytics, targeted advertising, and social media engagement to connect with the younger audience effectively.

Digital platforms provide an opportunity for direct interaction with voters, allowing parties to gauge sentiment, address concerns in real time, and tailor their messaging to specific demographics. This digital transformation also extends to fundraising efforts, which can now be conducted online with greater efficiency and transparency.

Promoting Transparency and Accountability

The youth are often more critical of corruption and inefficiency in government. Political parties must prioritize transparency and accountability to gain the trust of this demographic. Implementing robust anti-corruption measures, disclosing sources of funding, and holding party members accountable for misconduct are essential steps.

Furthermore, political parties should adopt a culture of inclusivity, where decisions are made collectively, and policies are developed through open dialogue. This approach not only fosters trust but also ensures that the concerns of diverse segments of the population, including the youth, are considered.

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The transformation from gerontocracy to youthcracy is reshaping the landscape of Pakistani politics. This paradigm shift presents both challenges and opportunities for political parties. Those who successfully adapt to these changes will be better positioned to address the evolving needs and aspirations of the Pakistani population.

As we move forward, the key to political success in Pakistan lies in embracing the demographic realities of the country. The youth are not merely the future; they are the present. Their voices, aspirations, and demands must be at the forefront of political agendas.

In conclusion, the era of youthcracy in Pakistan signals a new dawn in the nation’s political history. It is a testament to the vitality and dynamism of the country’s youth. Political parties that understand this transition and respond proactively will not only survive but thrive in the evolving landscape of Pakistani politics.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. What is gerontocracy in the context of Pakistani politics? Gerontocracy refers to a political system where older individuals hold significant power and influence in the government.
  2. What is youthcracy, and how is it affecting political parties in Pakistan? Youthcracy represents the growing influence of the younger generation in politics, challenging traditional power dynamics within political parties in Pakistan.
  3. Why is the youth vote important in Pakistani politics? The youth vote is crucial because Pakistan has a significant young population, and their political engagement can shape the country’s future.
  4. How can political parties in Pakistan encourage youth participation? Political parties can encourage youth participation by offering leadership roles, mentorship programs, and creating platforms for young voices.
  5. What role does technology play in the transition to youthcracy? Technology is essential for reaching and engaging with the youth. Political parties need to utilize digital strategies for effective communication.
  6. Why is transparency and accountability important in attracting the youth to vote? The youth often demand transparency and accountability in politics, and parties that prioritize these values are more likely to gain their trust.
  7. What are the benefits of a political party embracing both experience and fresh perspectives? Embracing both experience and fresh perspectives allows a party to draw on the wisdom of seasoned politicians while also tapping into the energy and innovation of the youth.
  8. How can political parties effectively use social media to engage with the youth? Political parties can use social media by creating engaging content, participating in online discussions, and addressing the concerns and issues that matter most to young voters.
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