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How to tackle Most Common Personal Legal Situations in a Professional Manner



People always try to find solutions to the problems coming in their way. Most people deal with the most common legal situation on professionally, a’s a result, face several legal issues which may become critical if not addressed properly using the most practical legal way. Mostly, all personal legal matters are not be attended by any attorneys or courts. In fact, the majority of legal activities take place out of the court premises.

If you are facing a problem which might be a legal problem for you in near future, then it is always a good idea to follow some basic rules to escape trivial matters becoming bigger if not dealt properly. There are some Golden rules to deal with everything professionally to avoid any legal proceedings against you if you have failed to them in the bud. The following Golden points will enable you to avoid the most common legal situation if followed properly.

Documenting Everything and Writing Agreements:  Many people  make deals or make agreements without any documented Proof  which may lead to frustration if these trivial matters may take you to attorney or Court if the opponent is very tricky since none documented agreements or Promises are sometimes are not acceptable as Legal requirements demand that you must have evidence and witnesses in every deal be to buying or selling property, vehicles, house  or any business deal .

In each case, you must document the things or  Record a Video or Audio of any conversation or record any telephonic call so that you may have the evidence of an issue in case the person whom you made any deal or had any commitment may not change the statements what was agreed upon.  You must take snapshots of Evidence such as Papers, Agreements, witnesses and recording the conversation took place. This may protect you from any possible issues in future.

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Common Situations:  For example, you had a minor accident then what is required for you to escape any legal issues such as taking pictures of your car, ID cards of Emergency personnel, Vehicle insurance documents and conditions and the reasons which caused the accidents.

This may relieve you from several code formatives if you claim from the insurance company for any life Insurance or Car Insurance. Since the activity of testifying the personally taken photographs and the replicated record might be enough to present a shred of the powerful evidence for the claim you made from the company.

Besides Accidents or the personal injury law qualifies you to claim they suffered damages caused by defective products which cause any damage to your health or property etc. The substandard products which are not properly tested that may harm your health or product or any plant may claim for the damage caused by its use.

Medical Mal Practice: There are several issues caused by intentional medical malpractice by Medical practitioners which caused any reaction during your treatment may bring under legal proceedings you may take them to court for any legal action for such negligence.

Intentional Malice or Defamation: Though the Prosecutors may term it as less Evidence, yet you may file criminal charges against any person practising malice intentionally or defaming you publically. Since in civil system, the Personal injury law requires less evidence as compared to criminal law. Other issues may include Slipping from ladder, Assault or dog bite cases.

Well, these are common cases you may encounter for personal injury law or most common legal situation which may be dealt with professionally if you follow the above-discussed points practically to avoid any confusion.

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Federal Judge’s Recent Ruling Deems DACA Program Unlawful Once Again in United States



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In a recent legal development that has sent shockwaves through the immigrant community, a federal judge has once again ruled that the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program is illegal. This decision, which has far-reaching implications, has reignited the debate surrounding DACA and its future. In this comprehensive article, we will delve into the details of this ruling, its background, and the potential consequences it may have for DACA recipients and the immigration policy landscape.

Understanding DACA: A Brief Overview

Before we delve into the recent ruling, it’s essential to have a clear understanding of what DACA is and its history. DACA, established in 2012 under the Obama administration, was designed to provide temporary relief from deportation for undocumented individuals who were brought to the United States as children. To qualify for DACA, applicants had to meet specific criteria, including continuous residence in the U.S. and a clean criminal record.

The Legal Battle Surrounding DACA

The legality of the DACA program has been a contentious issue since its inception. Critics argue that DACA overstepped executive authority and violated immigration laws. Supporters, on the other hand, contend that DACA is a necessary humanitarian measure that protects vulnerable individuals who have spent most of their lives in the United States.

The legal battle surrounding DACA intensified in 2020 when the Trump administration attempted to end the program. This decision led to a series of lawsuits, ultimately landing the case in the lap of federal judges.

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The Recent Ruling: A Closer Look

In July 2021, Judge Andrew Hanen, a federal judge in Texas, ruled that DACA was illegal and ordered a halt to the processing of new applications. This ruling sent shockwaves throughout the immigrant community and sparked renewed calls for comprehensive immigration reform.

Fast forward to the present day, and Judge Hanen has once again ruled that DACA is illegal. In his recent ruling, he cited the same reasons as before, asserting that the program was implemented without following the proper administrative procedures.

Potential Consequences of the Ruling

Judge Hanen’s recent ruling has significant potential consequences for DACA recipients and the broader immigration policy landscape. Here are some of the key implications:

1. Uncertainty for DACA Recipients

DACA recipients, often referred to as “Dreamers,” have lived in the United States for most of their lives. The constant legal battles surrounding the program have created a cloud of uncertainty over their future. With this latest ruling, they face the risk of losing their protected status and potentially facing deportation.

2. Renewed Calls for Legislative Action

The legal battles over DACA have underscored the need for comprehensive immigration reform. Many lawmakers, both Democrat and Republican, agree that a permanent solution is necessary to address the status of DACA recipients and other undocumented individuals. This recent ruling may serve as a catalyst for renewed efforts to pass legislation.

3. A Prolonged Legal Battle

It is highly likely that this recent ruling will be appealed. The legal battle surrounding DACA is far from over, and it may eventually reach the Supreme Court for a final decision. Until then, the fate of DACA remains uncertain.

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In conclusion, the recent ruling by Judge Andrew Hanen declaring the DACA program illegal has once again ignited the debate over immigration policy in the United States. The future of DACA recipients hangs in the balance, and the need for comprehensive immigration reform has never been more apparent. As this legal battle continues, it is essential to remember that behind the legal jargon and court decisions are real people whose lives are deeply affected by these rulings. The resolution of the DACA issue will undoubtedly have far-reaching consequences for the nation as a whole, making it a topic that will continue to dominate headlines and shape the future of American immigration policy.

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WHATSAPP Privacy Concerns Affecting Public Data -MOIT&T Pakistan



Reference to on-going news threads by National Media and social media platforms regarding change in privacy terms & conditions of WhatsApp, Ministry of IT & Telecom is monitoring the current developments and clarifications provided by Facebook Inc. in this regard.

It is brought to notice that subject changes in privacy are applicable on WhatsApp business account only, while regular non-business/ individual profiles/ accounts are not affected.   

MOIT&T would like to emphasize here to all such digital social media platforms including WhatsApp administration to adhere by privacy rights of citizens of Pakistan. In this regard, all such digital platforms need to strengthen their engagements with the Government of Pakistan so that concerns of General Public and businesses can be well addressed by all means.

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Law and Justice

National Judicial Policy Making Committee (NJPMC) holds Meeting



A meeting of the National Judicial (Policy Making) Committee, (NJPMC), was held under the Chairmanship of Hon’ble Mr. Justice Gulzar Ahmed, Chief Justice of Pakistan/Chairman, NJPMC, in Committee Room, Supreme Court of Pakistan, Islamabad.

On special invitation, the meeting was graced by Hon’ble Mr. Justice Mushir Alam, Senior Puisne Judge, Supreme Court of Pakistan, Hon’ble Mr. Justice Umar Ata Bandial, Judge, Supreme Court of Pakistan, and Hon’ble Mr. Justice Ijaz Ul Ahsan, Judge, Supreme Court of Pakistan. The meeting was attended by the Hon’ble Members of the NJPMC, including Hon’ble Chief Justice, Federal Shariat Court, Mr. Justice Muhammad Noor Meskanzai, Hon’ble Mr. Justice Ahmed Ali M. Shaikh, Chief Justice, High Court of Sindh (participated in the meeting through video linking), Mr. Justice Waqar Ahmad Seth, Chief Justice, Peshawar High Court, Mr. Justice Athar Minallah, Chief Justice, Islamabad High Court, Mr. Justice Jamal Khan Mandokhail, Chief Justice, High Court of Balochistan and Mr. Justice Muhammad Qasim Khan, Chief Justice, Lahore High Court.

Dr. Muhammad Raheem Awan, Secretary, National Judicial (Policy Making) Committee (NJPMC) convened the meeting. Furthermore, on special invitation, Dr. Zafar Mirza, Special Assistant to Prime Minister for Health and Dr. Khurram Shahzad Akram, Incharge Judges Medical Centre, also attended the meeting.

The Hon’ble Chief Justice of Pakistan/Chairman, NJPMC welcomed the participants and remarked that the prevailing situation on Corona Virus (COVID-19) in the country requires special attention and practical actions. He further remarked that the Supreme Court of Pakistan has already issued instructions regarding preventive measures to minimize the spread of contagion COVID-19. The Hon’ble Chair mentioned that Dr. Zafar Mirza, Special Assistant to Prime Minister for Health, has been specially invited for apprising the Committee regarding various measures taken by the Federal Government to curb the Coronavirus in the Country.

The Hon’ble Chief Justice of Pakistan further remarked that we will not compromise on our judicial system and not let it be derailed by getting panicked as people of Pakistan have great deal of confidence on judicial system so we will never disappoint them. The apex judiciary of the country will ensure and take all the necessary preventive measures for health and safety of our judges, court staff, lawyers, litigants and other justice sector stake holders up to the district and tehsil levels.

Hon’ble Chairman, NJPMC, said that detailed instructions have already been issued to all High Courts to take all possible preventive measures by way of case management to ensure that the Court Rooms are not crowded and physical contact between individuals attending Courts is avoided. The Supreme Court of Pakistan has been and will continue to monitor implementation of such measures. The Secretary, NJPMC, briefed the Committee about the prevailing situation on Corona Virus in the country.

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The Secretary also apprised the Committee about preventive measures taken by the august Supreme Court of Pakistan to curb the virus, which include avoiding hand shake, regular use of fumigation and disinfectant for cleaning of court premises/offices, cafeterias, Bar rooms, libraries, mosques and committee room, etc. After deliberations, the Committee unanimously resolved that instructions/guidelines issued by the Supreme Court of Pakistan, shall be adopted by the Federal Shariat Court and High Courts upto the District and Tehsil Courts. Besides, the same may also be forwarded to the superior Judiciary of Azad Jammu and Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan. The Committee also deliberated upon and directed that the jail inmates (prisoners) shall be protected from being exposed to the risk of coronavirus/infection without denial of their right of family meetings, however, authorities will make sure to adopt precautionary measures and regulate the procedure of meetings. The Committee also deliberated upon likelihood of jail inmates to be exposed to coronavirus coming from outside, therefore, visitors visiting jail premises should be examined and properly screened to avoid any threat of infection of coronavirus to the prisoners, if any of the prisoner found infected he will be quarantined within jail premises without any delay from the premises.

The NJPMC unanimously resolved to adopt all these SoPs issued by the Supreme Court of Pakistan, which would be applicable on all the Courts. It is further decided that courts will remain open at all levels by reducing the judicial work load, so that the people working in the courts or visiting shall not be exposed to any risk of getting affected by virus. Therefore, people are urged not to unnecessarily visit court premises unless specifically required by any court. It is further resolved that protocol of health and hygiene would be ensured and adopted.

In this regard like High Courts, District Courts will also reduce the work by hearing urgent matters and discouraging the entry of general public, as well as, assure to conduct screening tests of all persons entering in the Court premises. It is also resolved that no adverse order against any party would be passed in the courts in default i.e. non-prosecution or ex-parte order, etc. The Special Assistant to Prime Minister for Health informed the Committee that the issues like National Health Policy, Coordination, Research and Development, etc., devising guidelines regarding health emergencies and global representations, resides with the Federal Government.

Further informed that in the National Institute of Health, Islamabad, a surveillance unit has been established while there are similar units also operational in the Country and symptoms of Corona Virus are not disease specific. Moreover, the Virus has entered into Country from outside. Whereas, in few days, the Federal Government would import kits which would be made available to the Public Sector Health institution free of cost, moreover, the said free kits will be provided for conducting tests of specified categories of individuals free of cost to the eminent private sector hospitals and diagnostic centers.

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The Special Assistant to the Prime Minister for Health further informed that in the 32nd Meeting of the National Security Committee, dated 13th March, 2020, it was decided that the National Disaster Management Authority would be the lead operational agency of the Federal Government and would coordinate its efforts with the provincial and district authorities for implementation of preventive and curative actions.

He further informed that the Federal Government Hospital, Islamabad, near to the National Institute of Health, Chak Shahzad, Islamabad, is being dedicated to combat Corona Virus. Moreover, the private sector is also coming forward to help the government to combat the Corona Virus. It was further resolved that the Crisis Management Committees would be formed by the respective High Courts to liaison with the concerned authorities for devising mechanism for safe guarding general public, litigants, lawyers, etc., from the spread of Corona Virus in the Federal Shariat Court and respective High Court premises, while for the District Judiciary the Hon’ble Chief Justice, High Courts would devise uniform plan/SoPs after consulting with the respective Administrative Committees, District and Sessions Judges and Bars.

Besides, the High Courts shall decide suitable protocol for type of urgent cases to be fixed for hearing, the number of Judges to hold Court, the duration of their sessions held on rotation and the corresponding number of judges and the staff that shall be on leave during such sessions. Hon’ble Mr. Justice Ijaz ul Ahsan, Judge Supreme Court of Pakistan has been nominated as focal Judge being Chairman of the Supreme Court Health and Safety Committee to ensure the implementation of the directions of the NJPMC. Whereas, the Federal Shariat Court and High Courts would also nominate a Focal Person to maintain the liaison among the Judiciary, Government Departments and relevant authorities.

The Hon’ble Chief Justice of High Courts will take such additional steps including administrative measure in consultation with Provincial health Authorities as may be deemed necessary. In order to ensure uniformity, the Hon’ble Focal Judge of the Supreme Court of Pakistan shall be kept in loop before such additional steps and measures are implemented. It was unanimously agreed that these all measures are taken for three weeks after that these will be reviewed according to the prevailing situation of the county.

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