At the invitation of H.E. Xi Jinping, President of the People’s Republic of China, H.E. Dr. Arif Alvi, President of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, visited China from 16-17 March 2020. The President was accompanied by the Foreign Minister, Minister for Planning Development and Special Initiatives, and senior officials. During the visit, President Dr. ArifAlvi met with President Xi Jinping.
Premier Li Keqiang and Chairman National People’s Congress, Li Zhanshu, also met President Dr. Arif Alvi. Given the depth and breadth of Pakistan-China ties and the finest traditions of both countries to always stand by each other particularly in challenging times, President Dr. Arif Alvi’s first visit to Beijing was a singular expression of Pakistan’s solidarity with its “iron brother.”
The visit was undertaken at a time while China was engaged in a massive national struggle to contain the Covid-19. President Dr. Alvi praised the relentless efforts undertaken by China for containing and controlling the virus, and was confident that the Chinese people under the leadership of President Xi Jinping will emerge stronger and victorious in the aftermath of Covid-19.
President Dr. Arif Alvi also appreciated China’s keen resolve to look after Pakistan’s nationals during this difficult time. The Chinese leadership had assured that it was taking the best possible measures to ensure the safety, health and well-being of Pakistani nationals, including the students. President Xi thanked President Alvi for visiting China at a critical time and expressed profound gratitude for Pakistan’s gesture of support and solidarity.
The Chinese leadership stressed that since the outbreak, the Chinese Communist Party and government have given top priority to people’s life and health. On the basis of nation-wide mobilization, China adopted the most comprehensive, rigorous and thorough measures in little time to contain the virus. Chinese side emphasized that China has made major progress in prevention and control of the virus and will win “People’s War” against Covid-19.
Both China and Pakistan underlined that Covid-19 is a common challenge for humanity and all countries should unite and cooperate to overcome this challenge together. President Alvi spoke highly of China’s major progress in battling the epidemic, and acknowledged that China’s efforts have won time and set a model for the rest of the world to combat the epidemic, and have made contribution to safeguarding global public health security. Leaders of the two countries took the opportunity to exchange views on bilateral, regional and international issues of mutual interest.
The exchange was marked by the exceptional warmth, the convergence of views, and strategic trust that characterize the China-Pakistan “All-weather Strategic Cooperative Partnership.” Stressing that the close and strategic ties, and deep-rooted friendship between Pakistan and China served the fundamental interests of the two countries and peoples, and contributed to peace, stability and development in the region, the two sides underscored that the enduring partnership between Pakistan and China remains unaffected by the vicissitudes of the regional and international developments and continues to move from strength to strength.
The two sides reaffirmed their resolve to further strengthen China-Pakistan All-Weather Strategic Cooperative Partnership aimed at building a Community of Shared Future in the New Era. Both sides reaffirmed their support on issues concerning each other’s core national interests. The Chinese side reiterated solidarity with Pakistan in safeguarding its territorial sovereignty, independence and security. The Pakistan side reaffirmed its commitment to the One-China Policy and underscored that affairs related to Hong Kong and Taiwan were China’s internal affairs.
The Pakistan side underlined that due to the developmental measures undertaken by Government of China, Xinjiang was on the path to overall social stability and economic development. Pakistan underscored that the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), a signature project of Belt and Road Initiative(BRI), was transformational. A CPEC Authority was established to oversee the expeditious implementation of CPEC projects.
Both sides maintained that the new phase of high-quality development of CPEC will promote industrialization and socio-economic development in Pakistan. Both sides hoped that the 10th Joint Cooperation Committee (JCC) meeting of CPEC, to be held soon, will further contribute to making CPEC a High-Quality Demonstration Project of BRI. Both sides stressed that the economic and social impact of CPEC on the region will be substantial and beneficial and hoped that the international community will support such efforts that underpin economic development.
Both sides reaffirmed their commitment to fight terrorism in all its forms and manifestations. China recognized measures taken by Pakistan to combat terrorism financing and appreciated the resolve with which Pakistan implemented the Action Plan of FATF. Both sides expressed satisfaction over the close cooperation at multilateral fora and resolved to deepen strategic coordination, consultation and communication. Both sides reaffirmed their commitment to the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, and support for multilateralism and win-win cooperation. Both sides exchanged views on the situation in Jammu & Kashmir.
The Pakistan side briefed the Chinese side on the latest developments, including its concerns, position, and current urgent issues. The Chinese side underscored that it was paying close attention to the current situation and reiterated that the Kashmir issue was a dispute left from history, and should be properly and peacefully resolved based on the UN Security Council resolutions and bilateral agreements. China opposes any unilateral actions that complicate the situation.
Both Pakistan and China welcomed the signing of the Peace Agreement between the U.S. and Taliban and hoped that the intra-Afghan negotiations would be the next logical step. The two sides agreed that all Afghan parties must seize this historic opportunity and work together constructively to secure durable peace and stability in Afghanistan.
The two sides further emphasized the need for the international community to help establish peace as well as extend support for post-conflict reconstruction and economic development in Afghanistan. Pakistan underscored the need to assist the Afghan government in creating an enabling environment and instituting “pull” factors to enable the Afghan refugees to return to their homeland with dignity and honour.
Both sides maintained that they will continue to support a peaceful, stable, united, sovereign, democratic and prosperous Afghanistan, at peace with its neighbors. During the visit, President Dr. Arif Alvi and President Xi Jinping witnessed signing of various Agreements/MoUs. President Dr. Arif Alvi thanked the leadership and people of China for their gracious hospitality and invited the Chinese leadership to visit Pakistan at a mutually convenient time. Both sides agreed to maintain high-level exchanges and mutual contacts.
The ‘Live and Let Live’ Era is Over: China and the US Are on a Collision Course
The notion of ‘live and let live’ has long been touted as a potential cornerstone for a stable and cooperative relationship between China and the United States, the world’s two largest economies. However, recent developments paint a rather grim picture, suggesting that this once-envisioned approach may be teetering on the brink of collapse.
A Brief History of ‘Live and Let Live’
The concept of ‘live and let live’ gained prominence during the Cold War era, when the US and the Soviet Union, the two dominant superpowers, sought to avoid direct confrontation while maintaining their respective spheres of influence. This approach, characterized by a degree of tolerance and accommodation, helped prevent global catastrophe.
In the context of China-US relations, ‘live and let live’ has been interpreted as a tacit agreement to coexist peacefully, acknowledging each other’s interests and refraining from interference in domestic affairs. This approach has been credited with fostering economic interdependence and preventing major conflicts.
The Erosion of ‘Live and Let Live’
- Ideological Differences: The fundamental ideological differences between the two countries, with China’s authoritarian system contrasting sharply with the US’s democratic values, have created a persistent source of tension.
- Economic Rivalry: The rapid rise of China’s economy has transformed the global landscape, leading to concerns about its economic dominance and potential threat to US interests.
- Geopolitical Competition: The expanding geopolitical influence of China, particularly in the Asia-Pacific region, has heightened US anxieties about its strategic ambitions.
- Technological Advancement: China’s rapid technological advancements, particularly in areas like artificial intelligence and 5G, have raised concerns about potential US vulnerabilities.
The Impact of Recent Developments
- Trade War: The ongoing trade war between the two countries has imposed significant economic costs and raised concerns about a broader decoupling of their economies.
- Technology Crackdown: The US’s crackdown on Chinese technology companies, such as Huawei and TikTok, has intensified technological rivalry and raised concerns about protectionism.
- Taiwan Tensions: The heightened tensions surrounding Taiwan, with China’s increasing military assertiveness, have raised fears of a potential conflict.
- South China Sea Disputes: The ongoing territorial disputes in the South China Sea have remained a flashpoint for potential conflict.
The Path Forward
Amidst these challenges, the future of ‘live and let live’ between China and the US remains uncertain. Both countries face a difficult decision: to continue pursuing a cooperative approach or embrace a more confrontational stance.
A return to the ‘live and let live’ approach would require a significant shift in both countries’ attitudes and policies. It would demand a willingness to compromise, acknowledge each other’s interests, and refrain from provocative actions.
However, the path forward is fraught with challenges. The deeply entrenched ideological differences, economic rivalry, and geopolitical competition make it difficult to envision a return to the status quo.
The ‘live and let live’ approach between China and the US has served as a crucial stabilizing force in international relations. However, recent developments suggest that this approach is facing an existential crisis. Both countries must carefully consider the consequences of their actions and make a concerted effort to avert a downward spiral that could have devastating global consequences. Embracing a more cooperative approach, while acknowledging and addressing underlying differences, remains the only viable path forward for ensuring a stable and prosperous future for both nations.
The Challenges to “Two State and Combined State Solution” of Gaza Crisis: A Comprehensive Analysis
The Gaza Crisis has been ongoing for decades and has been a major source of conflict in the Middle East. The crisis has been characterized by violence, poverty, and political instability. The Two-State Solution has been proposed as a possible solution to the crisis. This solution involves the creation of two separate states, one for Israelis and one for Palestinians, living side by side in peace and security.
The historical background of the Gaza Crisis is complex and multifaceted. The conflict is rooted in the displacement of Palestinians during the creation of Israel in 1948, and the subsequent occupation and annexation of Palestinian land by Israel. The crisis has been characterized by violence, poverty, and political instability. The Two-State Solution has been proposed as a possible solution to the crisis. This solution involves the creation of two separate states, one for Israelis and one for Palestinians, living side by side in peace and security.
Table of Contents
- The Two-State Solution has been proposed as a possible solution to the Gaza Crisis.
- The crisis has been ongoing for decades and is characterized by violence, poverty, and political instability.
- The historical background of the crisis is complex and multifaceted, rooted in the displacement of Palestinians during the creation of Israel in 1948.
Historical Background of Gaza Crisis
The Gaza Strip has been at the center of conflict between Israel and Palestine for decades. Understanding the historical background of the Gaza crisis is crucial in comprehending the current situation and potential solutions.
The Birth of Israel
The Gaza Strip was originally part of the British Mandate of Palestine, which was established after World War I. In 1947, the United Nations proposed a partition of the land into two states, one for Jews and one for Arabs. The plan was accepted by the Jews, but rejected by the Arabs, who believed that the land belonged to them. In 1948, Israel declared its independence, and neighboring Arab countries invaded, starting the first Arab-Israeli War. The war resulted in Israel’s victory and the displacement of hundreds of thousands of Palestinians, including many who fled to the Gaza Strip.
Six Day War
In 1967, tensions between Israel and its Arab neighbors escalated, leading to the Six Day War. Israel emerged victorious, occupying the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, East Jerusalem, and the Golan Heights. The occupation of the Gaza Strip led to the establishment of Israeli settlements and the displacement of more Palestinians.
First and Second Intifada
In 1987, the First Intifada began, a Palestinian uprising against Israeli occupation. The uprising lasted six years and led to the establishment of the Palestinian Authority. In 2000, the Second Intifada began, after peace talks failed to reach a resolution. The violence resulted in the deaths of thousands of Palestinians and Israelis and the destruction of infrastructure in the Gaza Strip.
The historical background of the Gaza crisis is complex and multifaceted. The conflict has resulted in the displacement of thousands of Palestinians and has led to the establishment of Israeli settlements in the Gaza Strip. Understanding this history is crucial in finding a lasting solution to the crisis.
Understanding the Two State Solution
Concept and Origin
The Two State Solution is a proposed solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict that aims to establish two separate states for the two nations. The concept of a two-state solution emerged in the 1930s and 1940s, when the British Mandate for Palestine was coming to an end. The idea was to divide the land between Jews and Arabs, with each group having their own independent state. The United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution in 1947 that called for the partition of Palestine into two states, one for Jews and the other for Arabs. While the Jewish community accepted the resolution, the Arab states rejected it, and the ensuing conflict resulted in the displacement of hundreds of thousands of Palestinians.
Proposed Geographic Division
The proposed geographic division of the two-state solution would involve the establishment of a Palestinian state in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, with East Jerusalem as its capital. Israel would retain control over the remaining territories, including the settlements in the West Bank. The borders between the two states would be based on the pre-1967 borders, with some territorial swaps to account for Israeli settlements in the West Bank.
The idea of a two-state solution has been the basis of peace negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians for decades. However, the negotiations have been fraught with difficulties, and a final agreement has yet to be reached. The ongoing conflict between the two sides, including the Gaza crisis, has made it increasingly difficult to achieve a two-state solution. Nevertheless, many still believe that a two-state solution is the best way to achieve a lasting peace between Israel and Palestine.
In summary, the Two State Solution is a proposed solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict that aims to establish two separate states for the two nations. The proposed geographic division would involve the establishment of a Palestinian state in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, with East Jerusalem as its capital. While the negotiations have been difficult, many believe that a two-state solution is the best way to achieve a lasting peace between Israel and Palestine.
United Nations’ Stance
The United Nations has been a vocal advocate for a two-state solution to the Gaza crisis. In 1947, the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 181, which called for the partition of Palestine into two states, one Jewish and one Arab. The UN has continued to support a two-state solution to the conflict, with the Security Council passing numerous resolutions calling for an end to the occupation of Palestinian territories and the establishment of a Palestinian state.
United States’ Approach
The United States has historically been a key player in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and has long supported a two-state solution. In 2002, the US proposed the “Roadmap for Peace,” which outlined a series of steps to be taken by both Israelis and Palestinians to reach a two-state solution. However, the Trump administration in 2017 recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and moved the US embassy there, which was seen as a significant blow to the prospects of a two-state solution.
European Union’s Position
The European Union has also been a strong supporter of a two-state solution to the Gaza crisis. The EU has provided significant financial aid to the Palestinian Authority and has been involved in numerous peace talks between Israel and Palestine. In 2016, the EU issued a statement calling for a two-state solution and condemning Israeli settlements in the West Bank. The EU has also been critical of the Trump administration’s decision to move the US embassy to Jerusalem, which it sees as a violation of international law.
Challenges to the Two State Solution
The Two State Solution has been proposed as a resolution to the Gaza Crisis, but it faces many challenges. These challenges are political, security-related, and economic.
One of the main challenges to the Two State Solution is the political disputes between Israel and Palestine. The two sides have different visions for the future of the region, and they have been unable to come to an agreement on how to move forward. The Palestinian leadership began seriously to consider a Two State Solution after the 1973 October War, but the solution faces insurmountable challenges given the current political climate.
Security concerns are another major challenge to the Two State Solution. Both Israel and Palestine have legitimate security concerns, and they are unwilling to compromise on these issues. The Gaza War of 2014 highlighted the security concerns of both sides, and it has made it even more difficult to find a solution that is acceptable to all parties.
Finally, economic hurdles are also a challenge to the Two State Solution. The Gaza Strip is one of the most impoverished regions in the world, and it is heavily dependent on foreign aid. The economic situation in the region is further complicated by the ongoing conflict between Israel and Palestine. The lack of economic opportunities and the ongoing conflict have created a vicious cycle of poverty and violence in the region.
In conclusion, the Two State Solution faces many challenges, including political disputes, security concerns, and economic hurdles. These challenges must be addressed if there is to be a peaceful and just resolution to the Gaza Crisis.
Alternatives to the Two State Solution
While the Two State Solution has been the primary focus of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, there have been alternative proposals put forward. Here are two potential alternatives:
One State Solution
The One State Solution proposes that Israel and Palestine should be combined into a single state. This state would be democratic and would allow for equal rights for all citizens, regardless of their ethnicity or religion. Supporters of this solution argue that it would lead to a more peaceful and stable region, as it would eliminate the need for borders and would promote cooperation between Israelis and Palestinians.
However, critics argue that this solution is not feasible, as it would require both sides to give up their national identities and would be difficult to implement in practice. Additionally, it is unclear how the rights of minority groups would be protected in a single state solution.
Another alternative to the Two State Solution is a Confederation Model. This model proposes that Israel and Palestine would each have their own separate governments, but would share certain institutions and cooperate on issues such as security and economic development. This solution would allow for greater autonomy for both sides, while still promoting cooperation and peace in the region.
Supporters of this model argue that it would allow for greater self-determination for both Israelis and Palestinians, while still maintaining a level of cooperation that would promote stability in the region. However, critics argue that this solution would be difficult to implement in practice, as it would require both sides to give up a certain level of sovereignty and would require a high level of trust between the two governments.
Overall, while the Two State Solution has been the primary focus of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, it is important to consider alternative proposals that may lead to a more peaceful and stable region.
Impact on the Palestinian-Israeli Relations
The Gaza Crisis has had a significant impact on the Palestinian-Israeli relations. The conflict has been ongoing for decades, and the Gaza Crisis has added another layer of complexity to the issue. The following subsections detail the impact of the crisis on the Palestinian-Israeli relations.
The Gaza Crisis has had a devastating socio-economic impact on the Palestinian people. The conflict has resulted in widespread poverty, unemployment, and a lack of access to basic necessities such as food, water, and healthcare. According to a report by the United Nations, the poverty rate in Gaza is over 50%, and the unemployment rate is over 40%. The crisis has also resulted in the displacement of thousands of Palestinians, further exacerbating the socio-economic issues in the region.
The Gaza Crisis has also had a significant political impact on the Palestinian-Israeli relations. The conflict has led to a breakdown in communication between the two sides, making it difficult to reach a lasting peace agreement. The crisis has also led to an increase in tensions between the two sides, with both sides accusing the other of violating international law and committing human rights abuses.
In conclusion, the Gaza Crisis has had a profound impact on the Palestinian-Israeli relations. The crisis has worsened the socio-economic conditions in Gaza and has led to a breakdown in communication between the two sides. The political impact of the crisis has also been significant, with both sides accusing the other of violating international law and committing human rights abuses.
The Two-State Solution of Gaza Crisis is a complex and controversial issue that has been the subject of much debate and discussion. Despite efforts by various international bodies and governments to resolve the crisis, the situation remains unresolved.
The key challenge to the two-state solution is the ongoing conflict between Israelis and Palestinians. The conflict has resulted in significant loss of life and property, and has created deep-seated mistrust between the two sides.
Another significant challenge to the two-state solution is the political and economic instability in the region. The Gaza Strip is one of the most densely populated areas in the world, and the lack of economic opportunities has contributed to the ongoing crisis.
Despite these challenges, there are reasons to be optimistic about the prospects for a two-state solution. The international community has been actively involved in promoting peace and stability in the region, and there have been some positive developments in recent years.
The Two-State Solution of Gaza Crisis is a complex issue that requires a multi-faceted approach. While there are significant challenges to overcome, there are also reasons to be optimistic about the prospects for a peaceful resolution. The international community must continue to work towards a sustainable and lasting peace in the region.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the history of the two-state solution for Gaza?
The concept of a two-state solution for the Israeli-Palestinian conflict has been around for decades. It was first proposed in the 1930s, and the United Nations formally endorsed the idea in 1947. The two-state solution envisions the creation of an independent Palestinian state alongside Israel, with the two states living in peace and security.
Is a two-state solution still a viable option for resolving the Gaza crisis?
There is no simple answer to this question. While many people still believe that a two-state solution is the best way to resolve the Gaza crisis, others are skeptical that it can ever be achieved. The situation in Gaza is complex, and there are many factors that make a two-state solution difficult to achieve. Some experts argue that the continued expansion of Israeli settlements in the West Bank has made a two-state solution less likely, while others point to the ongoing violence and political instability in Gaza as major obstacles to peace.
What are the potential obstacles to achieving a two-state solution for Gaza?
There are many potential obstacles to achieving a two-state solution for Gaza, including political, economic, and security issues. One of the biggest obstacles is the ongoing conflict between Israel and Hamas, which has led to several wars and countless acts of violence. Other obstacles include the continued expansion of Israeli settlements in the West Bank, the lack of a unified Palestinian leadership, and the economic and humanitarian crisis in Gaza.
What is Hamas’ stance on a two-state solution for Gaza?
Hamas, which controls Gaza, has historically been opposed to a two-state solution. The group’s charter calls for the destruction of Israel and the establishment of an Islamic state in all of historic Palestine. However, some members of Hamas have indicated that they may be willing to accept a two-state solution under certain conditions, such as the removal of Israeli settlements from the West Bank and the establishment of a Palestinian capital in East Jerusalem.
Are there any alternative solutions to the Gaza crisis besides a two-state solution?
There are several alternative solutions that have been proposed to resolve the Gaza crisis, including a one-state solution, a confederation of two states, and a regional peace agreement involving multiple Arab states. However, each of these solutions has its own set of challenges and obstacles, and none has gained widespread support.
How would a one-state solution differ from a two-state solution for Gaza?
A one-state solution would involve the creation of a single, democratic state in which Israelis and Palestinians would have equal rights and representation. This would be a major departure from the two-state solution, which envisions the creation of two separate states. While a one-state solution has some appeal to those who believe in equal rights for all, it is also seen as a highly controversial and difficult solution to implement, given the deep divisions and historical animosity between Israelis and Palestinians.
AI Revolution Begins: U.S. and China Join Forces in Historic AI Agreement
The recent Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) summit in San Francisco was marked by a renewed sense of optimism and cooperation on the issue of artificial intelligence (AI). Amidst growing geopolitical tensions, the summit saw political and business leaders from the United States and China agree to establish an intergovernmental dialogue on AI, signalling a potential thaw in relations between the two superpowers.
AI: A Major Focus of the Summit
AI was a major focus of the summit, with numerous discussions and events dedicated to exploring the potential of this transformative technology. Tech executives from leading companies like Microsoft, OpenAI, Google, and Meta participated in panel discussions and keynote speeches, sharing their insights on the latest AI advancements and their vision for the future.
The Need for U.S.-China Cooperation
Despite the ongoing rivalry between the United States and China, there was a broad consensus among summit participants that cooperation between the two countries is essential for responsible and beneficial AI development. U.S. President Joe Biden and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping acknowledged the importance of collaboration in their bilateral meeting, paving the way for the establishment of the AI dialogue.
Tech Leaders Welcome the Agreement
Tech industry leaders welcomed the agreement between the U.S. and China, recognizing its potential to foster innovation and address shared challenges related to AI. Google CEO Sundar Pichai emphasized the critical role of open dialogue between the two countries in advancing AI responsibly.
Key Points of the AI Dialogue
The AI dialogue is expected to focus on several key areas, including:
- Promoting responsible AI development: The dialogue will seek to establish principles and guidelines for ethical and responsible AI development, ensuring that AI technologies are used in a way that benefits society and minimizes potential harm.
- Enhancing AI research and innovation: The two countries will collaborate on joint research projects and knowledge exchange to accelerate AI innovation and address shared challenges in areas like healthcare, climate change, and sustainable development.
- Addressing AI security concerns: The dialogue will explore ways to mitigate security risks associated with AI, such as the potential for misuse or malicious cyberattacks.
The Way Forward
The establishment of the U.S.-China AI dialogue marks a significant step forward in international cooperation on this critical technology. While challenges remain, the summit’s positive tone and the agreement between the two superpowers offer hope for a more collaborative approach to AI development and governance.
The APEC summit’s focus on AI and the subsequent agreement between the U.S. and China highlight the growing recognition of AI’s transformative potential and the need for international cooperation in shaping its future. As AI continues to evolve and permeate various aspects of our lives, the ongoing dialogue between these two major players will be crucial in ensuring that AI is harnessed for the benefit of all.
10 Best US Presidents of All Time: A Comprehensive Ranking
COP 28 Dubai 2023: Uniting for a Sustainable Future Amidst Climate Change Challenges
TPNW can prevent nuclear disaster in South Asia
Henry Kissinger’s Death: What You Need to Know About His Legacy
France Bans Smoking on All Beaches: Surprising Move by European Country
✨Shocking Truth: The Dark Secrets Behind Western Leaders’ Moral Collapse on Gaza Crisis
Unveiling the Megacities: A Comprehensive Look at the World’s Urban Giants
The Challenges to “Two State and Combined State Solution” of Gaza Crisis: A Comprehensive Analysis
Australia-China Relations: Can Anthony Albanese Thaw the Frozen Ties?
AI Revolution Begins: U.S. and China Join Forces in Historic AI Agreement
News2 years ago
Prioritizing health & education most effective way to improve socio-economic status: President
China2 years ago
Coronavirus Pandemic and Global Response
Canada2 years ago
Socio-Economic Implications of Canadian Border Closure With U.S
Conflict2 years ago
Kashmir Lockdown, UNGA & Thereafter
Democracy2 years ago
Missing You! SPSC
Democracy2 years ago
President Dr Arif Alvi Confers Civil Awards on Independence Day
Featured3 years ago
The Right-Wing Politics in United States & The Capitol Hill Mayhem
Digital3 years ago
Pakistan Moves Closer to Train One Million Youth with Digital Skills