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The Flawed Electoral System And Good Governance

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Pakistan has  been  the  most unfortunate country, governed  by  non professional Feudals ,Capitalists and  less  educated  legislators  who mostly win the  Elections by  rigging  , feudal  influence ,power and strength ,  leaving little  space  for  the  poor  segments of  the  society  to exercise  their  right to  vote for  the  candidates  of  their   choice  . The  Practice  of  Exercising the  vote for the deserving  candidates  has  been  a tough task  for the  people  residing in rural  areas  who are  heavily influenced  by the  Feudal lords  .

These  feudal lords  have  complete control  over these  poor  souls and  force  them , mostly the  small farmers and peasants , to  vote  for the  candidates  he  had  promised  and incase  of  defiance  , get  ready for the serious  consequences. The Polling Stations  are controlled  by the  hired  goons of  these  Feudal contesting candidates  who not only  pressurize  the  polling staff  for the  support of their  candidate  but  even  cast fake  votes  on the  power  of  Guns  . The  poor  polling staff  receiving  life  threats  in the  station  compellingly  nods  to the  wishes  of  these  spoons  who are tasked  to get  support from polling  staff for  maximizing the  chances  of  Success  of their  contesting candidates  .

In  this  condition  ,  the  staff  administering the Polling  station  and  one or  two  Police  security personnel  could  not resist  to the  powerful candidates  who  enjoy the  greater support in the  higher ranks of  bureaucracy  . Such  systems  have produced  the  worthless  politicians  who  grease  their palms  when  they  are  in power  and  spend  the  public  funds  on their  personal  luxuries  forgetting those  who made  their  access  to Assemblies  possible by voting  in their  favor  .

In Pakistan  , the  Elections  are  either  held  before   the  completion of term  or  sometimes  marred  by the  Coup D’états as the  history  reflects  the  story  . Pakistan has been ruled more by the Marshal Law Administers than by the Elected Democratic forces. The Election in Pakistan is contested by various parties in the various provinces. Some  parties  such as  PML (N)  , Pakistan People’s  Party Parliamentarians  have  majority  at federal level  where as  the  some  parties  have  majority at  Provincial  level  . For instance, the  Parties  such as  ANP and  JUI-F  had  massive  majority in the  Khyber Pakhtunkhwa  in previous  term of  Pakistan People’s Party Parliamentarian led  Government  but  after  May 11 2013  Elections  PTI  gained  thumping  popularity  by  winning  the  maximum  number of  seats  in the  General  Elections  and  has  become  the third  largest  party in terms of seats  in Pakistan after  PML(N) and PPPP.

The PTI has also impressive representation in National Assembly, Punjab Assembly and Sindh Assembly as well. Led  by Former  Cricketer  Imran Khan  , PTI  has evolved  into  a  well organized  Party  specially for youth  of  Pakistan  .  Until 2013, there were only two party rule  with majority. But  in may  11 Elections  last  year  , PTI  emerged as  victorious party  with simple  majority in KPK  to form the  Government  with Moderate religious Party  Jamaat Islami in the  Terrorist  hit and  Drone  engulfed  Province  . PPP has  always  won the most seats  in Sindh  followed  by  Urban influenced  MQM  and  PML-Functional  . In  Punjab , its  PML –N and  PML-Q  to appear  victorious but in  last elections  PML-N  was given the clean chit in Punjab to grab the maximum seats  . Though  the  PTI  protested  against the  rigging in   the  constituencies of  Lahore  and  carried  demonstrations  but  to no avail .

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The  Baluchistan  always  gives  mix  response  where  no party gets  simple  majority  in the province  and forms  Government  with other coalition partners but the  PML-N Chief   Mian Nawaz  Shareef  gave the  chance to  nationalists of  BNP to form  the  government with  PML-N  and  other  parties  There are  several parties  registered with   Election Commission of Pakistan  but they are not deep rooted  as compared  to  ,main stream  parties  such as   PML –N , PPPP, MQM  , PTI , MNP , PML-F  , PkMAP  and  PML-Q  . Though  the  nationalists  in Baluchistan contest  the general Elections  but in Sindh It was very first time  that the national parties     such as SUP , STP and  QAT  contested Elections last year but could not win  any seat  even though  they had an alliance.

The  Last  year  Election were  a bit change  as  compared  to previous elections  as  voters  were  required  to place  their  thumb impressions and CNIC number  on the  ballot papers on the reserved  part of the Ballot paper which was  held for record purposes but  the other portion of  the  ballot  paper which was    given to the  voters , did not carry both the  thumb impression and CNIC number thus  making the whole  process questionable and deliberately the  possibility  of  rigging appeared  . The  PTI  even went on to say that the Whole Elections were  rigged  and demanded  re-elections  but  the  demand  was  put down  when they formed  their  Government  in KPK .

Moreover  , the fake Degree  holding  Legislators  were  first  disqualified  and  then permitted to  contest  elections  making  adverse  effect upon the  future  elections  taking the  fake  degree  issue  into consideration . If  you are  allowing those  who  made  false  statement of their  qualifications and  submitted  bogus  degrees  to Election Commission  ,then  how  could  you expect a  Good  governance  from the  candidates  . Everybody  will  raise  fingers  upon them as they  cannot be  sincere  to the  nation whose  precious  votes  were  hijacked  by the  candidate  holding fake degree  .

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The  Fake  Degree  holders  should  have been  given the  exemplary  punishment and  a  life time ban  on their  candidature  for  Provincial  , National and  Senate seats .Our neighboring country  India  has  introduced  e-voting  system  for making the  Election  free  , fair and  transparent  then why can’t we adopt and  introduce  such system  to discourage the  possibilities of  the  rigging and  over influence  . The world has been benefiting from the  technology  but  we are  not  availing the  services of  reputed  Technology giants  to mock test  the e-voting system . Though  mock testing  was  done  in KPK for  local Government Elections  which produced  positive results  .

As Election Commission of Pakistan is  going to hold  Local Bodies Election this  year   in Sindh  , Punjab and  KPK , why not  give  a  try to the  e-voting  to  ensure  maximum  transparency and further  the reputation of  apex  election Body which is  tasked  to hold  Local as  well  as  General    Elections . The  Election  Commission should  mock test  e-voting system  in all the  provinces  and  seek feedback from the  voters  about the  system and  arrange  televised  sessions  for  voter education and introduction of  the  e-voting system which will probably  minimize  the  chances of  bogus voting  and  rigging in the Elections . At the  same  time  the  ballot papers  should carry CNIC , Thumb  impression box  on both  parts  such as  the portion which is reserved for  record and  the portion for casting vote after  stamping  the election sign of the  candidate of  voters’ choice  .

Unless  the whole  Election system  is  completely revamped and improved  , the inefficient  candidates  will keep  on making their way to the assembly  whose  credibility  would  always be  questioned since  systematic  flaws  directly affect the  Governance  system due  non professional and less  educated  candidates  who will  miserably fail  to undertake  the tasks of  Policy making , Legislation and  ensuring good governance . These  people  will be at  mercy of  the  Secretarial  Staff  to guide them  in their  operational and  legislative duties .The Election  commission  may  also contact  the  polling staff  from  NGO’s and  Public  as  in service  Staff is influenced  by the  candidates  easily  . This will greatly help minimize  the  rigging chances  and  encourage the  Good Governance System after success  of  deserving  candidates and  at the same  time  will make whole electoral  system  transparent and fair .

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Democracy

Parliamentary System vs Presidential System: What’s Better for Pakistan?

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Introduction

The failure of the parliamentary system in the country has raised concerns regarding its effectiveness. The populace is divided between the pros and cons of transitioning to a presidential form of governance yet again after the pathetic display of the politicians in the Parliament over the budget proposals. The overarching concern, in either case, is for the delivery of democracy and good governance to the grassroots level.

Bad governance has been construed as a seminal issue in Pakistan. So much so that the country’s populace has been deliberating over Pakistan’s parliamentary system vs a possible presidential system. The country, through history, has experienced different kinds of governments; from democracy to military dictatorship, to civilian martial law by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto.

Pakistan inherited its current government system, the parliamentary form of government, from its former colonial rulers, the British. Ironically, while the parliamentary system has been successful for governance in the latter, the case for Pakistan is on the contrary.

The failure of the parliamentary system in the country has raised many reservations. Does a single solution of a parliamentary form of government resolve all problems? Considering the varying demography, culture, and history of both countries, how can one size be fit for all? Recently, a debate on transitioning to the presidential system has surfaced on social media. The population is divided between the pros and cons of each form of the governing system.

However, in either case, the overarching concern is for the delivery of democracy and good governance to the grass-root level. Both schools of thought are, hence, unanimous regarding their concern for a strong government. The question, however, remains as to which of the governing systems can deliver upon these values effectively.  

Pakistan has experienced both forms of governments, yet a large number of the population is unaware of the merits and demerits of either; an essential understanding is lacking about the deep-seated problems vested within the governmental structure of Pakistan. One of the major reasons for this downfall is the perennial tug of war for power.

Understanding the Presidential and Parliamentary Systems

Many in the country believe that the presidential system is synonymous with dictatorship as it is a ‘one-man’ rule. The main cause behind this perception is that some leading analysts and media persons continue to protect the parliamentary system that has bogged the nation down. To clear such fallacies, one must understand the true meanings and merits of the presidential system.

It is erroneous to tantamount the presidential system with dictatorship as those are two different notions. Moreover, the presidential system is a form of the democratic system; many countries which are perceived as the torchbearers of democracy are under this form of governance. The champions of democracy must realize that the presidential system fuels the argument for effective democracy and is not undemocratic.

In the presidential system, the president is elected by the people directly which makes the power concentrated in his office. This makes the perception of a one-man rule somehow true yet it also leads to a strong government. It preserves the head of the government from the fear of being ousted by the opposition which leads to focus on public development and service delivery.

This lack of fear also entails the depoliticization of administration; talented and skilled manpower is sought to ensure efficient service delivery as the president must maintain his/her popularity with the masses. Moreover, the coercion for compromises inflicted by opposition parties is not there. It provides irrevocable fixed terms to legislators and executives.

As far as the question of one-man rule is concerned, the president can be impeached but by the approval of both houses; the process of impeachment is quite intricate as compared to the parliamentary system. This provides the government with enough strength to deliver favourable services to the common citizens of the nation.

The presidential system engages talented people and paves the way for good governance by limiting the legislature to focus on governance and delivery. In the presidential system, unlike the parliamentary system, the budgetary allocations and spending are delegated to the people at the grass-root level in union councils with checks and rudimentary transparency. The presidential system ensures the separation of power between legislative and executive branches.

It is relevant to mention here that the presidential system ensues the peril of becoming a dictatorship in some cases if the president starts to victimize its political rivals; it becomes complicated to halt his/her activities through impeachment due to the complexity of the system. It can further augment the notion of being discriminating amongst minorities or those factions which are not averse to the president on an ethnic or lingual basis.

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On the other hand, the parliamentary system is much weaker in terms of strength as compared to the presidential system. Impeaching a prime minister is easier in the parliamentary system than doing so in the presidential system. The government thus remains perplexed about its stability as there is no irrevocable fixed term of the executive and legislatures in the parliamentary system.

This forces the governments to make inevitable compromises and compensations to the opposition parties to keep the government intact. These compromises result in a friendly opposition and can hamper a check on the government because the former often seems eager to jump on the bandwagon of the latter to protect its vested interest – which is not about the public service delivery in most of the cases.

The advocates of the parliamentary system posit that it provides equal representation and voice to all the people of the state without discrimination. A major demerit of the parliamentary system is that it does not separate the power between the executive and legislative branches of the government which leads to the politicization of the administration of the country. This politicization then stimulates the culture of patronage, corruption, and decline in the reliance upon professionalism.

Successful Presidential Systems in the World

The United States is exemplary for a successful presidential system. In the US, the presidential system has been deployed since the inception of the country. The United States is a cauldron of different cultures making it a heterogeneous society. The success of the presidential system in the US is no secret; it was its governmental structure that made it a superpower in the world despite being a former colony of Britain which is a parliamentary democracy.

One of the salient features of the United States’ governmental structure is its system of checks and balances of the legislature, judiciary, and executive which ensures the functioning of the three branches constitutionally and in favor of the public interest.

The country has made unprecedented progress in history due to its strong government which may not be the case in the parliamentary system. The system hampers the president to victimize his political rivals thus negates the notion that it can lead to dictatorship. Furthermore, the powers concentrated in the office of the president enable him/her to make crucial decisions that are in favor of the country without compromising with the opposition to secure his/her term.

The presidential form of democracy and its performance in the country amply denote that this form of government can produce exemplary impact, particularly in cases where the parliamentary system has failed – Turkey is one such example.

One cannot disagree with the sharp rise in the soft power among the Muslim countries and progress of Turkey in the recent past which was not possible erstwhile. For this purpose,  Turkey revoked its parliamentary system and adopted the presidential system. Incumbent President Recep Tayyip Erdogan – the former prime minister of the country – has changed the system of the government in the country to ensure strong governance, allowing him to take prompt decisions for the good of the country.

The powers are now separate in the country. Legislative powers are vested in the Grand National Assembly while executive powers are exercised by the Council of Ministers which is directly appointed and headed by the president. The rationale behind the change in the structure of government in Turkey was to have a strong government that could make bold and efficient decisions without facing hindrances from the opposition.

The example of China and Russia would be pertinent to cite here as the governmental structure in both these countries concentrates powers in the office of the president. Some might oppose these examples as they are not democratic countries, however, these countries comprise strong and stable federal governments which along with many other factors have contributed to the rise of both these nations in the 21st century.

Parliamentary System vs Presidential System in Pakistan

Good governance has been the core issue of the country. Pakistan has experienced both forms of government in history: the presidential form under the military rules and also during the civilian martial law of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, and the parliamentary system during the democratic regimes. If we look at the facts and figures of the progress and prosperity of the country, it is easily understandable that the country was doing well in terms of improving living standards, education, health, and development during the three military regimes when the presidential system was in effect.

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The local body system was also endorsed in its true spirit as stated by Ishrat Hussain, Advisor for Institutional Reforms and Austerity of Pakistan, in his book Governing the Ungovernable: Institutional Reforms for Democratic Governance in Pakistan. Although the presidential form of the government was experienced under the non-democratic military rule yet the progress made during the military rule by no means justifies the intervention of non-democratic forces in the democratic process.

Pakistan comprises of heterogeneous society and all the segments of the society must get equal representation in the government which is only possible in the parliamentary system. This argument is used by the advocates of the parliamentary system in the country but the question is that has this equal representation resolved the issues of the people that are being represented? The answer is a big no.

The plight of the people of Baluchistan, Sindh, and FATA is an utter substantiation of the bad performance of the parliamentary system. Most of the politicians in the country are averse to the debate on the change of the governmental structure arguing that the presidential system is dictatorial. In reality, the presidential system is not undemocratic instead it is one of the forms of the democratic systems imposed in many countries of the world.

The presidential system is not perilous for the democracy but, in reality, it is a threat to the vested interest of the corrupt political elite of the country. Many argue that the parliamentary system is working well in Britain, Canada, and many other countries but the reality is that the literacy level in these countries is much higher than that of Pakistan.

Most of the politicians in the latter country are feudal lords who lack the essential knowledge regarding the functioning of the democracy and parliamentary system, and also the competence to rule the country effectively. It is a common perception in the country that most of the politicians are corrupt and they participate in politics to serve their interests.

Pakistan inherited the parliamentary system from its former colonial ruler. The structure bequeathed by the British to the subcontinent was deliberately designed to centralize the monopolistic control through political mafias as the former were least concerned about their colonial subjects.

The populace of Pakistan needs service delivery to the grassroots level. For this purpose, a country needs strong, well-structured, and agile local governments which are fully accountable to the people and can also eliminate the notion that resources are not allocated equally in every region which is possible in the presidential system as has been experienced in previous such governments in the country.

The agile local governments can also be used to curb the sentiment of being dealt unfairly by the central government. If the parliamentary system was able to do so then the plight of Baluchistan would have been different which delineates the failure of the parliamentary system in Pakistan.

The wealthy elite, through the parliamentary system, succeeds to reach the apex ministries in Pakistan based on its influence while being incompetent. The history of the country is replete with such instances. Unfortunately, the country’s politicians who are seen to be the torchbearers of the democracy manifest such undemocratic attitudes.

One such example is the statement of the Minister of Railway after the recent accident when he refused to resign from his office. If a similar incident would have happened in Britain or any other parliamentary country, the situation would have been otherwise. Hence, keeping the undemocratic attitude of the people and politicians of the country in mind, it is unjust to compare the country with Western countries where the parliamentary system is performing best.

In Pakistan, a fresh debate of the parliamentary system vs the presidential system must be launched by the political scientists and leading think tanks to assess which form of government is most effective for the country’s performance. Pakistan severely needs strong governance and political stability in light of its declining condition under the parliamentary system.

This failure, by no means, advocates the military’s intervention in the country. Nevertheless, the political elite must become actualized of their corruption and incompetency which paves the way for non-democratic forces to intervene.

A change of system or at the very minimum, a healthy and lucrative debate on this subject is crucially needed for the continuity of democracy in the country, and further to remove the resentments of the minority factions and destitute of the country. The essential concern must remain the amelioration of the plight of the people and not merely an adherence to a specific governance form.

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President Dr Arif Alvi Confers Civil Awards on Independence Day

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On the occasion of Independence Day, 14th August, 2021, the President of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan has been pleased to confer the following ‘Pakistan Civil Awards’ on citizens of Pakistan as well as Foreign Nationals for showing excellence and courage in their respective fields.

The investiture ceremony of these awards will take place on Pakistan Day, 23rd March, 2022:- S. No. Name of Awardee Field

I. NISHAN-I-IMTIAZ

1 Mr. Muhammad Naeem (Punjab) Science (Chemistry)

2 Mr. Nazar Muhammad Rashid alias N.M Rashid (late) (Punjab) Literature

3 Mr. Majeed Amjad alias Abdul Majeed (late) (Punjab) Literature II. HILAL-I-PAKISTAN

4 Mr. Li Xiaopeng (China) Services to Pakistan

5 Mr. Zhou Xiaochuan (China) Services to Pakistan

III. HILAL-I-IMTIAZ

6 Dr. Inam ur Rehman (Punjab) Science (Nuclear Physics)

7 Dr. Qamar Mehboob (Punjab ) Engineering (Nuclear)

8 Mr. Tahir Ikram (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)

9 Mr. Jamshed Azim Hashmi (Sindh) Engineering (Electrical & Mechanical)

10 Mr. Rohail Hayat (Punjab) Art (Music Composer)

11 Ms. Kishwar Naheed (Punjab) Literature

IV. SITARA-I-PAKISTAN

12 Mr. Mohamad Azmi Abdul Hamid (Malaysia) Services to Pakistan

13 Mr. Darren Sammy Services to Pakistan

14 Mr. Takamitsu Matsumura (Japan) Literature

15 Sheikh Ahmed bin Hamad Al Khalili (Oman) Religious Scholar

V. SITARA-I-SHUJA’AT

16 Mr. Muhammad Bux Buriro (Sindh) Gallantry

17 Ms. Reshma (Sindh) Gallantry

18 Col. Shafi Ullah Khan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Gallantry

VI. SITARA-I-IMTIAZ

19 Dr. Muhammad Masood ul Hassan (Punjab) Science (Physics)

20 Dr. Syed Hussain Abidi (Punjab) Science (Industrial Biotechnology)

21 Mr. Aslam Umer (Sindh) Engineering (Mechanical)

22 Mr. Tariq Hameed (Punjab) Engineering (Nuclear)

23 Dr. Muhammad Shahzad (Punjab) Control Design System

24 Dr. Syed Waqar Azim (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)

25 Dr. Naveed ur Rehman (Punjab) Avionics & Aerospace

26 Dr. Muhammad Iqbal (Punjab) System Engineering

27 Mr. Arshad Nawaz Khan (Punjab) Engineering (Chemical)

28 Ms. Abida Riaz Shahid Alias Nelo (late) (Punjab) Art (Acting)

29 Mr. Rashid Ali Rana (Punjab) Fine Arts

30 Mr. Shahid Abdullah (Sindh) Architect

31 Syed Akeel Bilgrami (Sindh) Architect

32 Mr. Salman Iqbal (Punjab) Sport (Services to Cricket)

33 Maj. Gen. Arshad Naseem (Punjab) Public Service

34 Ms. Roshan Khursheed Bharucha Social Work

35 Mr. Mehmood ul Haq Alvi (late) Philanthropist

VII. PRESIDENT’S AWARD FOR PRIDE OF PERFORMANCE

36 Syed Tajammul Hussain (Punjab) Science (Artificial Intelligence & Data Science)

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37 Dr. Yasar Ayaz (Punjab) Science (Robotics)

38 Mr. Mumtaz Hussain (Punjab) Engineering( Metallurgy)

39 Mr. Zulfiqar Ali (Punjab) Engineering (Nuclear)

40 Dr. Muhammad Siddique (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)

41 Mr. Shabbir Ahmad (Punjab) Engineering (Chemical)

42 Mr. Wasim Naser (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)

43 Mr. Abdul Ghafoor (Punjab) Engineering (Chemical)

44 Mr. Muhammad Noaman (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Engineering (Mechanical)

45 Dr. Muhammad Shafqat (Punjab) Engineering (Chemical)

46 Mr. Nadeem Rasul (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)

47 Mr. Haseeb Ahmed (Punjab) Engineering (Chemical)

48 Mr. Muhammad Iqbal (Sindh) Engineering (Aerospace)

49 Mr. Shahid Hameed alias Shahid (Punjab) Art (Acting)

50 Ms. Durdana Butt (Punjab) Art (Acting)

51 Mr. Ismail Tara (Sindh) Art (Acting)

52 Mr. Manzoor Ali Mirza (Sindh) Art (Acting)

53 Syed Sajid Hassan (Sindh) Art (Acting)

54 Mr. Shaharyar Zaidi (Sindh) Art (Acting)

55 Syed Mumtaz Ali Shah (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Art (Acting)

56 Mr. Shoukat Mehmood (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Art (Singing)

57 Ms. Qamro Jan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Art (Folk Singing)

58 Ms. Shakila Naz (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Art (Singing)

59 Mr. Jan Ali (Gilgit-Baltistan) Art (Folk Music)

60 Mr. Shakoor (Sindh) Art (Instrumentalist)

61 Mr. Noor Muhammad Jarral (Punjab) Art (Na’at Khuwani)

62 Mr. Imdad Ali Vighio (Sindh) Art (Block Making)

63 Mr. Madad Ali Sindhi (Sindh) Literature

64 Mr. Rifat Abbas alias Ghulam Abbas (Punjab) Literature

65 Mr. Ayaz Gul (Ayaz Ali Dal) (Sindh) Literature

66 Dr. Fazal Khaliq (Balochistan) Literature

67 Mr. Tahir Afridi (late) (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Literature

68 Mr. Muhammad Ali Sadpara (late) (Gilgit Baltistan) Sport (Mountaineer)

69 Ms. Nargis Hameedullah Hazara (Balochistan) Sport (Karate)

70 Mr. Shehzada Sikandar ul Mulk (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Sport (Polo)

71 Ms. Azmat Hassan Baloch (Balochistan) Public Service

72 Ms. Parveen Saeed (Sindh) Social Welfare

73 Ms. Soni Faisal (Sindh) Social Work (Polio & Corona Virus)

74 Mr. Irfan Ullah Jan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Social Activist/ Philanthropist

VIII. SITARA-I-QUAID-I-AZAM

75 Mr. Lu Shan (China) Services to Pakistan

76 Mr. Oh Jay-Hee (Korea) Services to Pakistan

77 Mr. Khalid Mahmood (Norway) Public Service

IX. TAMGHA-I-SHUJA’AT

78 Mr. Muhammad Akbar Khan (Gilgit Baltistan) Gallantry

79 Mr. Iqbal Masih (late) Gallantry

80 Mr. Abdul Ghaffar Shaikh (late) (Sindh) Gallantry

81 Mr. Zia Hussain (late) (Sindh) Gallantry

82 Mr. Tabassum Shabbir Awan (Punjab) Gallantry

83 Mr. Irfan Ahmed Khan Durrani (Islamabad) Gallantry

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84 Mr. Asadullah Qureshi (Sindh) Gallantry

85 Mr. Muhammad Ali (Gilgit Baltistan) Gallantry

86 Mr. Ahmed Ali (Gilgit Baltistan) Gallantry

87 Mr. Sadiq Hussain (Gilgit Baltistan) Gallantry

88 Mr. Noor ud Din (Gilgit Baltistan) Gallantry

89 Malik Dara Khan (late) (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Gallantry

90 Mr. Muhammad Rahim Shah (Gilgit Baltistan) Gallantry

91 Mr. Saeed Khan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Gallantry

92 Mr. Muhammad Waleed Sabir Khan (Azad Jammu & Kashmir) Gallantry

93 Mr. Waqar Ahmed (Islamabad) Gallantry

94 Mr. Abdul Qahhar Khan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Gallantry

X. TAMGHA-I-IMTIAZ

95 Dr. Samina Roohi (Punjab) Science (Bio-Chemistry)

96 Dr. Nusrat Jehan (Punjab) Science (Physics)

97 Dr. Irfan Ullah Khan (Punjab) Science (Chemistry)

98 Prof. Dr. Syed Ghulam Musharraf (Sindh) Science (Chemistry)

99 Dr. Muhammad Aftab Rafiq (Punjab) Science (Physics)

100 Dr. Ammad Hussain Qureshi (Punjab) Engineering (Metallurgy)

101 Mr. Muhammad Ashraf Khan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Engineering (Mechanical)

102 Maj (R) Imtiaz Ahmed (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)

103 Mr. Muhammad Jamil (Punjab) Engineering(Fluid Power)

104 Mr. Imtiaz Sarwar (Islamabad) Engineering (Electrical & Electronics)

105 Dr. Muhammad Yasir (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Engineering (Aerospace)

106 Mr. Abid Bin Abdul Quddus Qazi (Islamabad) Engineering (Civil)

107 Dr. Muhammad Abid (Punjab) Engineering (Mechanical)

108 Prof. Dr. Robina Farooq (Punjab) Education

109 Eng. Dr. Faizullah Abbasi (Sindh) Education (Engineering)

110 Prof. Dr. Osman Hasan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Education (Engineering/ Electrical)

111 Prof. Dr. Muhammad Junaid Mughal (Punjab) Education (Science & Technology)

112 Ms. Ghuncha Bibi Alias Saima Noor (Punjab) Art (Acting)

113 Mr. Lal Muhammad (Aman) (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Art (Acting)

114 Ms. Rubina Mustafa Qureshi (Sindh) Art (Singing)

115 Mr. Ejaz Sarhadi (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) Art (Sarinda Player)

116 Ms. Momina Duraid Qureshi Art (Drama Director/ Producer)

117 Mr. Sajjad Ahmed (Balochistan) Art (Television Producer)

118 Al-Haaj Saeed Hashmi (late) (Sindh) Art (Na’at Khuwani)

119 Mr. M. Anis Nagi (late) (Punjab) Literature

120 Mr. Johar Ali Raki (Gilgit Baltistan) Public Service

121 Mr. Mansoor Hassan Siddiqui (late) (Punjab) Public Service

122 Ms. Shehla Baqi (Sindh) Public Service (Health)

123 Mr. Asad Mahmood (Punjab) Public Service (Rendering dedicated services with selfless devotion)

124 Mr. Muhammad Hanif Tayyab (Sindh) Social Services

125 Dr. Muhammad Haroon Memon (Sindh) Social Work (Thalassemia)

XI. TAMGHA-I-QUAID-I-AZAM

126 Mr. David Shoebridge (Australia) Human Rights

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Democracy

Missing You! SPSC

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on

It is disappointing to pen these painful thoughts for such an apex recruiting Agency of Sindh that kept serving the people of  Sindh for decades and kept providing respectable elite Civil services jobs to the underprivileged people regardless of their colour, creed or religion.

SPSC remained the only hope for the youth to get elevated civil service jobs such as EX-PCS and Secretariat services as well as Jobs in other cadres from  BS-16 to BS-20  in various departments of Sindh.

Unfortunately, SPSC bears the brunt of Malpractices and corrupt practices of its chairman and Members who tempered with the result of Meritorious candidates and passed their blue-eyed Candidates through nepotism and favouritism and deprived the deserving candidates of getting Elite Civil Service slots.

The jobs were reportedly sold like commodities stabbing meritocracy and bringing in a swarm of inefficient and ineligible bureaucracy that played in the hands of feudal lords.

The saga starts from tempering the marks of candidates of CCE 2003 that took almost two decades in litigation but so far no respite has been provided to the candidates/petitioners who approached the Sindh High court to knock the door for justice.

Despite winning the case at all platforms and getting favourable reports i.e Departmental Enquiry, Anti Corruption Establishment Report, NAB report and Judicial Enquiry reports, it was proven that those recommended for appointment were not eligible as most of the candidates were fail in written part and Interview. Even some of the candidates who did not appear in the test were declared as pass.

The result of the final recommended candidates was tempered. The marks on the face sheet of answer copies were changed as per the reports surfaced.

It is worthy to mention here that those appointed through unfair means and tempered results, surprisingly promoted to the next Grades from time to time and now they are in Grade 19.

Later, in CCE 2013 there was a similar hue and cry about tempered results and bribery amounting to millions, the Sindh High Court passed its judgment making the result Null and void and directed SPSC to conduct both written and interviews afresh.

Thus hundreds of candidates bore the brunt of Malpractices of Commission authorities and many who got recommendations as Section Officers, ACs, AD labour etc were shocked. They wondered why they were punished for the fault of some unscrupulous people that earned a bad name for the SPSC.

Though being disappointed and dejected from the Honourable Courts decision, the candidates reappeared in the written and Interview but shockingly very few got through since the majority of candidates who had cleared the exam previously, could not qualify even written part and Interview.

The Education standards in Sindh have already deteriorated alarmingly, yet those who toil and work hard in the hopes of being the part of Elite Civil service, got disillusioned and dejected when the news broke that all the appointments were made either on payment of huge bribes or political support, plunging the poor hardworking and talented youth into the darkness of Disappointment, Dejection and Hopelessness.

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These incidents were still fresh in the minds of candidates when they got the shocking news that Sindh High Court Hyderabad Bench announced yet another shocking judgment that jolted the candidates.

The saga starts from tempering the marks of candidates of CCE 2003 that took almost two decades in litigation but so far no respite has been provided to the candidates/petitioners who approached the Sindh High court to knock the door for justice.

 The judgment suspended the SPSC act and made the Recruitments of CCE 2018, Medical Officers and others null and void. Even it suspended all the Members including Chairman and Secretary. The judgments directed the Sindh Government to legislate a new SPSC act making Governor as head to appoint Chairman and Members instead of Chief Minister Sindh.

There have been several interpretations of Law experts regarding the impact of judgment that whether the judgment applies to mentioned Recruitments i.e CCE 2018, Health Department Medical Officers or all the Recruitments to date.

Even the Honourable High court ordered to make the SPSC website offline until the new SPSC act is promulgated.

The news had serious repercussions on the future of youth in Sindh, especially those who had passed the exam with hard work and are serving in the field for almost three years. The clouds of uncertainty have engulfed them and they are waiting for their fate since their training has also been discontinued. There is no clarification whether their services are discontinued in the light of Judgment or still intact. It will be clear after the outcome of the appeal in the Supreme court of Pakistan Karachi registry.

Their future is bleak. Even, several candidates had either appeared in the written tests of various departments and cleared including those who were awaiting Interview results. There were some candidates whose interviews were scheduled but all in vain.

With each passing day, the suspicion and fears are mounting with concerns that whether the SPSC will be restored with the appointment of a new chairman, Members and Secretary or it will remain in a dormant state since the Honourable court has not given any time frame to Sindh Government for legislation and transfer of powers of appointment of Chairman and Members to Governor so that concerns of candidates may be addressed.

Furthermore, the decision also impacted the recruitment process of lecturers in the college Education Department where more than 6000 lecturers were to be appointed and even written tests were conducted from over 100000 candidates and subsequently their results were uploaded on the SPSC website.

Ironically, public service commissions of other provinces such as PPSC, BPSC, KPPSC, AJKPSC and FPSC are Functioning in full swing and the recruitment process in other provinces has been transparent but unfortunately, the Sindh Government has wreaked havoc with all the institutions and did not even spare SPSC -the apex Civil service Recruitment Agency to pursue the meritocracy and transparency in appointment of Civil servants.

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Due to misappropriation, mismanagement, nepotism, favouritism and corruption, today the Prestigious body SPSC was forced to close the doors for youth and it has borne the brunt of corrupt souls who have not left any stone unturned to mint money from poor people whose dream to become part of Civil service stood unfulfilled even seems a nightmare. According to some reports if Assistant Commissioners get the seats on the payment of ten million then the poor can only dream of such elevated and lucrative posts and their intelligence, efficiency and talent get rotten if meritocracy is strangulated under the weight of Bribery.

It is high time that our youth should be vocal and raise their voice against the criminal silence of the Sindh Government as the Government has failed miserably to pursue the case in the Supreme Court due to its unwillingness and negligence, leaving hundreds of youth falling prey to unemployment, disappointment and disillusionment.

The Chief Justice Supreme court of Pakistan and Chief Justice High Court of Sindh are humbly appealed to review the decision and pass orders to Sindh Government for legislation to restore SPSC and appointment of new Chairman and Members by Governor as practised in other provinces so that future of youth could be saved and they should be prevented from getting overage.

Furthermore, in the upcoming CCE 2022, 20 years of General age relaxation may be granted so that the delay caused by various judgments of the Honourable Courts due to corrupt practices of Commission may be compensated and the level playing field may be provided to candidates to contest Competitive Exam. The courts always provide relief to petitioners but the culprits behind such corrupt practices may also be punished so that future incidents could be averted.

It is further recommended that on the lines of FPSC’s, Section Officers Promotional Exam (SOPE) may be introduced through which lower grade employees having completed 5 to 7 years in departments can be appointed through SPSC as SOs and unlike Transfer to OMG Policy of FPSC, there should be an exam for those in BS-17 and BS-18 officers of other cadres to be part of PMS or PSS. This will help in filling the shortage of civil servants in the provincial secretariat.

It is also recommended that there should be Executive Service where BS-19 officers could be inducted from senior Civil Servants of various departments.

SPSC is the driving force to bring in a bunch of civil bureaucracy, Professionals, Technical hands and other security personnel of higher grade. The dormant state SPSC has already created serious staff shortages and impacted the performance of various departments especially College Education, School Education, Health and Civil Bureaucracy that are in constant need of fresh blood to serve the nation with dignity and dedication.

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